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ICOS-CH Phase 2

English title ICOS-CH Phase 2
Applicant Buchmann Nina
Number 173691
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Departement Umweltsystemwissenschaften ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.07.2017 - 30.06.2021
Approved amount 4'313'464.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Environmental Research

Keywords (6)

Climate change; forest ecosystem; atmosphere; Earth system science; greenhouse gas budget; International research infrastructure

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Schweiz beteiligt sich seit 2013 am europäischen Forschungsinfrastruktur-Konsortium ICOS RI (Integrated Carbon Observation System Research Infrastructure), welches zum Ziel hat, den Kohlenstoffkreislauf sowie die Treibhausgasflüsse über Europa mit Hilfe von standardisierten Messungen (d. h. einheitlichen Messinstrumenten und Protokollen) zu beobachten und zu erforschen. Das nationale Konsortium ICOS-CH ist mit zwei Messstationen der höchsten Klasse (Jungfraujoch und Davos-Seehornwald) in ICOS RI vertreten. Während die ICOS-CH Partner Uni Bern, Uni Basel, Empa und MeteoSchweiz vorwiegend für die Messungen auf dem Jungfraujoch verantwortlich sind, sind die Partner ETH Zürich (National Focal Point) und WSL am Standort Davos-Seehornwald aktiv.
Lay summary

In der Phase 2 (2017-2020) von ICOS-CH werden die beiden sogenannten Klasse 1 Standorte Jungfraujoch und Davos so aufgerüstet, dass sie den Anforderungen und Standards von ICOS RI erfüllen. Das Personal an den Partnerinstitutionen koordiniert, unterhält und betreibt die beiden Standorte und stellt den Datentransfer an ICOS RI sicher. So können zwei Schweizer Standorte mit exzellenter Infrastruktur geschaffen werden, die Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern die einzigartige Möglichkeit gibt, Forschung zur Treibhausgasflüssen zu betreiben und die Daten nahezu in Echtzeit nutzen zu können.

Beide Standorte werden seit vielen Jahren erfolgreich betrieben und geniessen international hohes Ansehen. Mit ICOS-CH Phase 2 wird dies weitergeführt. Die beiden Standorte liefern zudem Daten und Informationen an Interessenträger in der Schweiz und in Europa. Mit den Forschungszielen wird ICOS-CH zur Eindämmung bzw. zur Bewältigung des Klimawandels beitragen, insbesondere mit umfassenden Untersuchungen zum Treibhausgasinventar, zur indirekten Inventarverifikation sowie zur Quantifizierung von Boden und Ökosystemen als Treibhausgasquellen oder –senken.

 

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 31.03.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Determinants of legacy effects in pine trees – implications from an irrigation‐stop experiment
Zweifel Roman, Etzold Sophia, Sterck Frank, Gessler Arthur, Anfodillo Tommaso, Mencuccini Maurizio, von Arx Georg, Lazzarin Martina, Haeni Matthias, Feichtinger Linda, Meusburger Katrin, Knuesel Simon, Walthert Lorenz, Salmon Yann, Bose Arun K., Schoenbeck Leonie, Hug Christian, De Girardi Nicolas, Giuggiola Arnaud, Schaub Marcus, Rigling Andreas (2020), Determinants of legacy effects in pine trees – implications from an irrigation‐stop experiment, in New Phytologist, nph.16582-nph.16582.
SoilTemp: a global database of near‐surface temperature
Lembrechts Jonas J., Aalto Juha, Ashcroft Michael B., De Frenne Pieter, Kopecký Martin, Lenoir Jonathan, Luoto Miska, Maclean Ilya M.D., Roupsard Olivier, Fuentes‐Lillo Eduardo, García Rafael A., Pellissier Loïc, Pitteloud Camille, Alatalo Juha M., Smith Stuart W., Björk Robert G., Muffler Lena, Cesarz Simone, Gottschall Felix, Backes Amanda Ratier, Okello Joseph, Urban Josef, Plichta Roman, Svátek Martin, et al. (2020), SoilTemp: a global database of near‐surface temperature, in Global Change Biology, gcb.15123-gcb.15123.
Assessing the response of forest productivity to climate extremes in Switzerland using model–data fusion
Trotsiuk Volodymyr, Hartig Florian, Cailleret Maxime, Babst Flurin, Forrester David I., Baltensweiler Andri, Buchmann Nina, Bugmann Harald, Gessler Arthur, Gharun Mana, Minunno Francesco, Rigling Andreas, Rohner Brigitte, Stillhard Jonas, Thürig Esther, Waldner Peter, Ferretti Marco, Eugster Werner, Schaub Marcus (2020), Assessing the response of forest productivity to climate extremes in Switzerland using model–data fusion, in Global Change Biology, 26(4), 2463-2476.
Recent advances in measurement techniques for atmospheric carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide observations
Zellweger Christoph, Steinbrecher Rainer, Laurent Olivier, Lee Haeyoung, Kim Sumin, Emmenegger Lukas, Steinbacher Martin, Buchmann Brigitte (2019), Recent advances in measurement techniques for atmospheric carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide observations, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12(11), 5863-5878.
Attribution of N 2 O sources in a grassland soil with laser spectroscopy based isotopocule analysis
Ibraim Erkan, Wolf Benjamin, Harris Eliza, Gasche Rainer, Wei Jing, Yu Longfei, Kiese Ralf, Eggleston Sarah, Butterbach-Bahl Klaus, Zeeman Matthias, Tuzson Béla, Emmenegger Lukas, Six Johan, Henne Stephan, Mohn Joachim (2019), Attribution of N 2 O sources in a grassland soil with laser spectroscopy based isotopocule analysis, in Biogeosciences, 16(16), 3247-3266.
Current atmospheric nitrogen deposition still exceeds critical loads for sensitive, semi-natural ecosystems in Switzerland
Kosonen Zaida, Schnyder Elvira, Hiltbrunner Erika, Thimonier Anne, Schmitt Maria, Seitler Eva, Thöni Lotti (2019), Current atmospheric nitrogen deposition still exceeds critical loads for sensitive, semi-natural ecosystems in Switzerland, in Atmospheric Environment, 211, 214-225.
Using freezing spectra characteristics to identify ice-nucleating particle populations during the winter in the Alps
Creamean Jessie M., Mignani Claudia, Bukowiecki Nicolas, Conen Franz (2019), Using freezing spectra characteristics to identify ice-nucleating particle populations during the winter in the Alps, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(12), 8123-8140.
Covariations between plant functional traits emerge from constraining parameterization of a terrestrial biosphere model
Peaucelle Marc, Bacour Cédric, Ciais Philippe, Vuichard Nicolas, Kuppel Sylvain, Peñuelas Josep, Belelli Marchesini Luca, Blanken Peter D., Buchmann Nina, Chen Jiquan, Delpierre Nicolas, Desai Ankur R., Dufrene Eric, Gianelle Damiano, Gimeno‐Colera Cristina, Gruening Carsten, Helfter Carole, Hörtnagl Lukas, Ibrom Andreas, Joffre Richard, Kato Tomomichi, Kolb Thomas E., Law Beverly, Lindroth Anders, et al. (2019), Covariations between plant functional traits emerge from constraining parameterization of a terrestrial biosphere model, in Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28(9), 1351-1365.
Memory effects of climate and vegetation affecting net ecosystem CO2 fluxes in global forests
Besnard Simon, Carvalhais Nuno, Arain M. Altaf, Black Andrew, Brede Benjamin, Buchmann Nina, Chen Jiquan, Clevers Jan G. P. W, Dutrieux Loïc P., Gans Fabian, Herold Martin, Jung Martin, Kosugi Yoshiko, Knohl Alexander, Law Beverly E., Paul-Limoges Eugénie, Lohila Annalea, Merbold Lutz, Roupsard Olivier, Valentini Riccardo, Wolf Sebastian, Zhang Xudong, Reichstein Markus (2019), Memory effects of climate and vegetation affecting net ecosystem CO2 fluxes in global forests, in PLOS ONE, 14(2), e0211510-e0211510.
How did Swiss forest trees respond to the hot summer 2015?
BurriSusanne, HaelerElena, EugsterWerner, HaeniMatthias, EtzoldSophia, WalthertLorenz, BraunSabine, ZweifelRoman (2019), How did Swiss forest trees respond to the hot summer 2015?, in Die Erde, 150(4), 214-229.
Ancillary vegetation measurements at ICOS ecosystem stations
Gielen Bert, Acosta Manuel, Altimir Nuria, Buchmann Nina, Cescatti Alessandro, Ceschia Eric, Fleck Stefan, Hörtnagl Lukas, Klumpp Katja, Kolari Pasi, Lohila Annalea, Loustau Denis, Marańon-Jimenez Sara, Manise Tanguy, Matteucci Giorgio, Merbold Lutz, Metzger Christine, Moureaux Christine, Montagnani Leonardo, Nilsson Mats B., Osborne Bruce, Papale Dario, Pavelka Marian, Saunders Matthew, et al. (2018), Ancillary vegetation measurements at ICOS ecosystem stations, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 645-664.
Assimilating phenology datasets automatically across ICOS ecosystem stations
Hufkens Koen, Filippa Gianluca, Cremonese Edoardo, Migliavacca Mirco, D’Odorico Petra, Peichl Matthias, Gielen Bert, Hörtnagl Lukas, Soudani Kamel, Papale Dario, Rebmann Corinna, Brown Tim, Wingate Lisa (2018), Assimilating phenology datasets automatically across ICOS ecosystem stations, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 677-687.
Eddy covariance raw data processing for CO2 and energy fluxes calculation at ICOS ecosystem stations
Sabbatini Simone, Mammarella Ivan, Arriga Nicola, Fratini Gerardo, Graf Alexander, Hörtnagl Lukas, Ibrom Andreas, Longdoz Bernard, Mauder Matthias, Merbold Lutz, Metzger Stefan, Montagnani Leonardo, Pitacco Andrea, Rebmann Corinna, Sedlák Pavel, Šigut Ladislav, Vitale Domenico, Papale Dario (2018), Eddy covariance raw data processing for CO2 and energy fluxes calculation at ICOS ecosystem stations, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 495-515.
ICOS eddy covariance flux-station site setup: a review
Rebmann Corinna, Aubinet Marc, Schmid HaPe, Arriga Nicola, Aurela Mika, Burba George, Clement Robert, De Ligne Anne, Fratini Gerardo, Gielen Bert, Grace John, Graf Alexander, Gross Patrick, Haapanala Sami, Herbst Mathias, Hörtnagl Lukas, Ibrom Andreas, Joly Lilian, Kljun Natascha, Kolle Olaf, Kowalski Andrew, Lindroth Anders, Loustau Denis, Mammarella Ivan, et al. (2018), ICOS eddy covariance flux-station site setup: a review, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 471-494.
Importance of reporting ancillary site characteristics, and management and disturbance information at ICOS stations
Saunders Matthew, Dengel Sigrid, Kolari Pasi, Moureaux Christine, Montagnani Leonardo, Ceschia Eric, Altimir Nuria, López-Ballesteros Ana, Marańon-Jimenez Sara, Acosta Manuel, Klumpp Katja, Gielen Bert, de Beeck Maarten Op, Hörtnagl Lukas, Merbold Lutz, Osborne Bruce, Grünwald Thomas, Arrouays Dominique, Boukir Hakima, Saby Nicolas, Nicolini Giacomo, Papale Dario, Jones Michael (2018), Importance of reporting ancillary site characteristics, and management and disturbance information at ICOS stations, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 457-469.
Quantifying the effect of forest age in annual net forest carbon balance
Besnard Simon, Carvalhais Nuno, Arain M Altaf, Black Andrew, de Bruin Sytze, Buchmann Nina, Cescatti Alessandro, Chen Jiquan, Clevers Jan G P W, Desai Ankur R, Gough Christopher M, Havrankova Katerina, Herold Martin, Hörtnagl Lukas, Jung Martin, Knohl Alexander, Kruijt Bart, Krupkova Lenka, Law Beverly E, Lindroth Anders, Noormets Asko, Roupsard Olivier, Steinbrecher Rainer, Varlagin Andrej, et al. (2018), Quantifying the effect of forest age in annual net forest carbon balance, in Environmental Research Letters, 13(12), 124018-124018.
Soil-meteorological measurements at ICOS monitoring stations in terrestrial ecosystems
de Beeck Maarten Op, Gielen Bert, Merbold Lutz, Ayres Edward, Serrano-Ortiz Penelope, Acosta Manuel, Pavelka Marian, Montagnani Leonardo, Nilsson Mats, Klemedtsson Leif, Vincke Caroline, De Ligne Anne, Moureaux Christine, Marańon-Jimenez Sara, Saunders Matthew, Mereu Simone, Hörtnagl Lukas (2018), Soil-meteorological measurements at ICOS monitoring stations in terrestrial ecosystems, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 619-631.
Standardisation of eddy-covariance flux measurements of methane and nitrous oxide
Nemitz Eiko, Mammarella Ivan, Ibrom Andreas, Aurela Mika, Burba George G., Dengel Sigrid, Gielen Bert, Grelle Achim, Heinesch Bernard, Herbst Mathias, Hörtnagl Lukas, Klemedtsson Leif, Lindroth Anders, Lohila Annalea, McDermitt Dayle K., Meier Philip, Merbold Lutz, Nelson David, Nicolini Giacomo, Nilsson Mats B., Peltola Olli, Rinne Janne, Zahniser Mark (2018), Standardisation of eddy-covariance flux measurements of methane and nitrous oxide, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 517-549.
Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe’s terrestrial ecosystems: a review
Franz Daniela, Acosta Manuel, Altimir Núria, Arriga Nicola, Arrouays Dominique, Aubinet Marc, Aurela Mika, Ayres Edward, López-Ballesteros Ana, Barbaste Mireille, Berveiller Daniel, Biraud Sébastien, Boukir Hakima, Brown Timothy, Brümmer Christian, Buchmann Nina, Burba George, Carrara Arnaud, Cescatti Allessandro, Ceschia Eric, Clement Robert, Cremonese Edoardo, Crill Patrick, Darenova Eva, et al. (2018), Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe’s terrestrial ecosystems: a review, in International Agrophysics, 32(4), 439-455.
A Conceptual Tree Model Explaining Legacy Effects on Stem Growth
Zweifel Roman, Sterck Frank (2018), A Conceptual Tree Model Explaining Legacy Effects on Stem Growth, in Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 1, 1-9.
Three-dimensional methane distribution simulated with FLEXPART 8-CTM-1.1 constrained with observation data
Groot Zwaaftink Christine D., Henne Stephan, Thompson Rona L., Dlugokencky Edward J., Machida Toshinobu, Paris Jean-Daniel, Sasakawa Motoki, Segers Arjo, Sweeney Colm, Stohl Andreas (2018), Three-dimensional methane distribution simulated with FLEXPART 8-CTM-1.1 constrained with observation data, in Geoscientific Model Development, 11(11), 4469-4487.
The MUSICA IASI CH4 and N2O products and their comparison to HIPPO, GAW and NDACC FTIR references
García Omaira E., Schneider Matthias, Ertl Benjamin, Sepúlveda Eliezer, Borger Christian, Diekmann Christopher, Wiegele Andreas, Hase Frank, Barthlott Sabine, Blumenstock Thomas, Raffalski Uwe, Gómez-Peláez Angel, Steinbacher Martin, Ries Ludwig, de Frutos Angel M. (2018), The MUSICA IASI CH4 and N2O products and their comparison to HIPPO, GAW and NDACC FTIR references, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11(7), 4171-4215.
Low number concentration of ice nucleating particles in an aged smoke plume
Conen Franz, Bukowiecki Nicolas, Gysel Martin, Steinbacher Martin, Fischer Andrea, Reimann Stefan (2018), Low number concentration of ice nucleating particles in an aged smoke plume, in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 144(715), 1991-1994.
History of chemically and radiatively important atmospheric gases from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE)
Prinn Ronald G., Weiss Ray F., Arduini Jgor, Arnold Tim, DeWitt H. Langley, Fraser Paul J., Ganesan Anita L., Gasore Jimmy, Harth Christina M., Hermansen Ove, Kim Jooil, Krummel Paul B., Li Shanlan, Loh Zoë M., Lunder Chris R., Maione Michela, Manning Alistair J., Miller Ben R., Mitrevski Blagoj, Mühle Jens, O&, apos, Doherty Simon, Park Sunyoung, Reimann Stefan, Rigby Matt, et al. (2018), History of chemically and radiatively important atmospheric gases from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE), in Earth System Science Data, 10(2), 985-1018.
Adaptive selection of diurnal minimum variation: a statistical strategy to obtain representative atmospheric CO2 data and its application to European elevated mountain stations
Yuan Ye, Ries Ludwig, Petermeier Hannes, Steinbacher Martin, Gómez-Peláez Angel J., Leuenberger Markus C., Schumacher Marcus, Trickl Thomas, Couret Cedric, Meinhardt Frank, Menzel Annette (2018), Adaptive selection of diurnal minimum variation: a statistical strategy to obtain representative atmospheric CO2 data and its application to European elevated mountain stations, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11(3), 1501-1514.
Impacts of droughts and extreme-temperature events on gross primary production and ecosystem respiration: a systematic assessment across ecosystems and climate zones
von Buttlar Jannis, Zscheischler Jakob, Rammig Anja, Sippel Sebastian, Reichstein Markus, Knohl Alexander, Jung Martin, Menzer Olaf, Arain M. Altaf, Buchmann Nina, Cescatti Alessandro, Gianelle Damiano, Kiely Gerard, Law Beverly E., Magliulo Vincenzo, Margolis Hank, McCaughey Harry, Merbold Lutz, Migliavacca Mirco, Montagnani Leonardo, Oechel Walter, Pavelka Marian, Peichl Matthias, Rambal Serge, et al. (2018), Impacts of droughts and extreme-temperature events on gross primary production and ecosystem respiration: a systematic assessment across ecosystems and climate zones, in Biogeosciences, 15(5), 1293-1318.
Inverse modelling of European CH4 emissions during 2006–2012 using different inverse models and reassessed atmospheric observations
Bergamaschi Peter, Karstens Ute, Manning Alistair J., Saunois Marielle, Tsuruta Aki, Berchet Antoine, Vermeulen Alexander T., Arnold Tim, Janssens-Maenhout Greet, Hammer Samuel, Levin Ingeborg, Schmidt Martina, Ramonet Michel, Lopez Morgan, Lavric Jost, Aalto Tuula, Chen Huilin, Feist Dietrich G., Gerbig Christoph, Haszpra László, Hermansen Ove, Manca Giovanni, Moncrieff John, Meinhardt Frank, et al. (2018), Inverse modelling of European CH4 emissions during 2006–2012 using different inverse models and reassessed atmospheric observations, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(2), 901-920.
Spatiotemporal patterns of the fossil-fuel CO2 signal in central Europe: results from a high-resolution atmospheric transport model
Liu Yu, Gruber Nicolas, Brunner Dominik (2017), Spatiotemporal patterns of the fossil-fuel CO2 signal in central Europe: results from a high-resolution atmospheric transport model, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(22), 14145-14169.
A CO-based method to determine the regional biospheric signal in atmospheric CO2
Oney Brian, Gruber Nicolas, Henne Stephan, Leuenberger Markus, Brunner Dominik (2017), A CO-based method to determine the regional biospheric signal in atmospheric CO2, in Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 69(1), 1353388-1353388.
Estimation of high-resolution terrestrial evapotranspiration from Landsat data using a simple Taylor skill fusion method
Yao Yunjun, Liang Shunlin, Li Xianglan, Zhang Yuhu, Chen Jiquan, Jia Kun, Zhang Xiaotong, Fisher Joshua B., Wang Xuanyu, Zhang Lilin, Xu Jia, Shao Changliang, Posse Gabriela, Li Yingnian, Magliulo Vincenzo, Varlagin Andrej, Moors Eddy J., Boike Julia, Macfarlane Craig, Kato Tomomichi, Buchmann Nina, Billesbach D.P., Beringer Jason, Wolf Sebastian, et al. (2017), Estimation of high-resolution terrestrial evapotranspiration from Landsat data using a simple Taylor skill fusion method, in Journal of Hydrology, 553, 508-526.
Estimation of the fossil fuel component in atmospheric CO2 based on radiocarbon measurements at the Beromünster tall tower, Switzerland
Berhanu Tesfaye A., Szidat Sönke, Brunner Dominik, Satar Ece, Schanda Rüdiger, Nyfeler Peter, Battaglia Michael, Steinbacher Martin, Hammer Samuel, Leuenberger Markus (2017), Estimation of the fossil fuel component in atmospheric CO2 based on radiocarbon measurements at the Beromünster tall tower, Switzerland, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(17), 10753-10766.
Adaptive Baseline Finder, a statistical data selection strategy to identify atmospheric CO2 baseline levels and its application to European elevated mountain stations
Yuan Ye, Ries Ludwig, Petermeier Hannes, Steinbacher Martin, Gómez-Peláez Angel J., Leuenberger Markus C., Schumacher Marcus, Trickl Thomas, Couret Cedric, Meinhardt Frank, Menzel Annette (2017), Adaptive Baseline Finder, a statistical data selection strategy to identify atmospheric CO2 baseline levels and its application to European elevated mountain stations, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 1-27.
PathfinderTURB: an automatic boundary layer algorithm. Development, validation and application to study the impact on in situ measurements at the Jungfraujoch
Poltera Yann, Martucci Giovanni, Collaud Coen Martine, Hervo Maxime, Emmenegger Lukas, Henne Stephan, Brunner Dominik, Haefele Alexander (2017), PathfinderTURB: an automatic boundary layer algorithm. Development, validation and application to study the impact on in situ measurements at the Jungfraujoch, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(16), 10051-10070.
Winter respiratory C losses provide explanatory power for net ecosystem productivity
Haeni M., Zweifel R., Eugster W., Gessler A., Zielis S., Bernhofer C., Carrara A., Grünwald T., Havránková K., Heinesch B., Herbst M., Ibrom A., Knohl A., Lagergren F., Law B. E., Marek M., Matteucci G., McCaughey J. H., Minerbi S., Montagnani L., Moors E., Olejnik J., Pavelka M., Pilegaard K., et al. (2017), Winter respiratory C losses provide explanatory power for net ecosystem productivity, in Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122(1), 243-260.

Datasets

ICOS Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Mole Fractions of CO2, CH4, CO, 14CO2 and Meteorological Observations 2016-2018, final quality controlled Level 2 data

Author Colomb, A; Conil, S; Delmotte, M; Heliasz, O; Hermannsen, O; Holst, J; Keronen, P; Kominkova, K; Kubistin, D; Laurent, O; Lehner, I; Levula, J; Lindauer, M; Lunder, C; Lund Myhre, C; Marek, M; Marklund, P; Mölder, M; Ottosson Löfvenius, M; Pichon, J-M; Plass-Dûlmer, C; Ramonet, M; Schumacher , M; Steinbacher, M; Vitkova, G; Weyrauch, D; Yver-Kwok, C
Publication date 24.08.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) doi:10.18160/rhkc-vp22
Repository ICOS Carbon Portal
Abstract
The first full Level 2 (final quality controlled observational) data from the atmospheric network has been released on 24 August 2018 by the ICOS Atmosphere Thematic Center. The data concerns the stations Gartow, Hohenpeißenberg, Hyltemossa, Jungfraujoch, Křešín u Pacova, Norunda, OPE, Puy de Dome, SMEAR, Svartberget, and Zeppelin Observatory.Carbon Portal minted a DOI for the complete collection of this release that contains the final quality controlled hourly averaged data for the mole fractions of CO2, CO and CH4 and meteorological observations measured at the relevant vertical levels of the measurements stations, and where available 14C in CO2 in two-weekly integrated samples, for the years 2016-2018.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Dr. Andreas Ibrom, Technische Universität Dänemark Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Simone Sabbatini, Universita degli studi della Tuscia Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Dario Papale, Universita degli studi della Tuscia Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Gerardo Fratini, LI-COR, Inc. United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Beat Rihm, Meteotest Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Dr. Ingeborg Levin, Universität Heidelberg Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. • Eleonora Canfora, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici Italy (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Dr. Timo Vesala, Helsinki University Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Ivan Mammarella, Universität Helsinki Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Dr. Anders Lindroth, Lund University Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Werner Kutsch, ICOS ERIC Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Lukas Siebicke, Universität Göttingen Germany (Europe)
- Publication
Dr. Michel Ramonet, LSCE France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Huilin Chen, Universitä Groningen Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Peter Bergamaschi, Joint Research Centre Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. George Burba, LI-COR, Inc., USA United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Antje-Maria Lucas-Moffat, Deutscher Wetterdienst Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Dr. Sara Knox, University of British Columbia Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Eiko Nemitz, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Alex Vermeulen, Universität Lund Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Jonathan Jürgensen, Universität Göttingen Germany (Europe)
- Publication
Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Schmid, KIT-IFU, Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Olli Peltola, Universität Helsinki Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Dr. Reinhart Ceulemans, University of Antwerp Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Philippe Ciais, LSCE France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Meelis Mölder, Lund University Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Corinna Rebmann, UFZ Leipzig Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Ingrid van der Laan-Luijkx, Universität Wageningen Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Bert Gielen, University of Antwerp Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Domenico Vitale, Universita degli studi della Tuscia Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Rona Thompson, NILU Norway (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Ludwig Ries, UBA Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Arthur Gessler, WSL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Giacomo Nicolini Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Lutz Merbold, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi Kenya (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Armin Jordan Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
SCS Symposium on Environmental Sciences - On The Top Talk given at a conference Top-down emission estimation – measurements and modelling at Jungfraujoch 25.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland Emmenegger Lukas;
EGU General Assembly 2019 Talk given at a conference Effect of the extreme summer 2018 on the carbon and water budgets of a subalpine coniferous forest in Switzerland 08.04.2019 Wien, Austria Gharun Mana; Buchmann Nina; Burri Susanne; Hörtnagl Lukas;
EGU General Assembly 2019 Talk given at a conference A decade of continuous high altitude atmospheric CO2 isotope ratio (δ13C, δ18O) measurements at Jungfraujoch, CH 08.04.2019 Wien, Austria Emmenegger Lukas; Pieber Simone;
EGU General Assembly 2019 Talk given at a conference Quality control supporting climate policy and research: Assessing two decades of GAW audit results for N2O and CO 08.04.2019 Wien, Austria Emmenegger Lukas;
EGU General Assembly 2019 Talk given at a conference Swiss Nitrous Oxide and Methane Emissions Estimated by Inverse Modelling 08.04.2019 Wien, Austria Wyss Simon; Leuenberger Markus; Emmenegger Lukas;
Ringo Annual Meeting Talk given at a conference A decade of continuous and discrete trace gas and stable CO2 isotope ratio measurements at Jungfraujoch, Switzerland 20.03.2019 Southampton, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Emmenegger Lukas; Pieber Simone;
20th Anniversary of EUROFLUX Workshop 2018 Talk given at a conference Subalpine coniferous forest in Switzerland has been a C sink and increased its water use efficiency 10.12.2018 Hyytiälä, Finland Hörtnagl Lukas; Gharun Mana; Buchmann Nina;
16th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Talk given at a conference A decade of continuous atmospheric CO2 isotope ratio measurements at Jungfraujoch 30.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland Emmenegger Lukas; Pieber Simone;
VAO symposium Talk given at a conference Comparison of two high Alpine CO2 records from the Jungfraujoch area 13.11.2018 Grenoble, France Steinbacher Martin; Leuenberger Markus;
VAO symposium Poster Seasonal cycle in „near baseline“ CO2 and O2 at Jungfraujoch 13.11.2018 Grenoble, France Leuenberger Markus;
First IG3IS Symposium Talk given at a conference Top-down emission estimation to support national inventories: A Swiss perspective 13.11.2018 Genf, Switzerland Emmenegger Lukas;
IG3IS - TRANSCOM meeting Talk given at a conference Top-down Validation of Swiss non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions 17.09.2018 Lund, Sweden Emmenegger Lukas; Leuenberger Markus;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Poster First eddy covariance flux analysis at the tall tower site Beromünster, Switzerland 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Leuenberger Markus;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Talk given at a conference A low-cost sensor network to monitor the CO2 emissions of the City of Zurich 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Emmenegger Lukas;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Poster Inverse Modelling of Swiss CH4 and N2O Emissions 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Emmenegger Lukas; Leuenberger Markus;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Talk given at a conference Twenty years of evapotranspiration measurement over a sub-alpine coniferous forest in Switzerland 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Hörtnagl Lukas; Burri Susanne; Gharun Mana; Buchmann Nina;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Talk given at a conference Continuous atmospheric greenhouse gas measurements in a semi-remote area in the Kyrgyz Republic – first scientific findings towards policy making 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Emmenegger Lukas;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Poster Two decades of ecosystem CO2 gas exchange above a sub-alpine coniferous forest in Switzerland 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Gharun Mana; Hörtnagl Lukas; Buchmann Nina; Burri Susanne; Etzold Sophia;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Poster Measuring atmospheric argon at Jungfrau East Ridge to estimate the oceanic influence on atmospheric oxygen using a mass spectrometer 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Leuenberger Markus; Schibig Michael Ferdinand;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Talk given at a conference The Flying Tree Top Sampler - Sampling foliage from the uppermost canopy of trees using a Drone 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Buchmann Nina; Käslin Florian;
ICOS Science Conference 2018 Poster ICOS Switzerland – Greenhouse gas stories from high altitudes 11.09.2018 Prag, Czech Republic Burri Susanne; Buchmann Nina;
International Workshop on GAW Activities Jakarta Talk given at a conference Quality Control of Greenhouse Gas Measurements 07.08.2018 Jakarta, Indonesia Steinbacher Martin;
Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Sciences seminar series at the James Cook University Individual talk Resilience of forest and agroecosystems today and in the future 01.08.2018 Cairns, Australia Linwood Paul; Buchmann Nina; Beck Ivo; Gharun Mana; Burri Susanne; Hörtnagl Lukas;
WSL annual meeting for innovative projects Poster Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) - the WSL contribution 11.06.2018 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Etzold Sophia;
Swiss Global Change Day 2018 Poster Carbon sequestration and climate sensitivity of two Swiss mountain forests 19.04.2018 Bern, Switzerland Hörtnagl Lukas; Buchmann Nina; Burri Susanne; Etzold Sophia;
EGU General Assembly 2018 Poster Multi-Component Environmental Gas Sensing using Dual-Wavelength Quantum Cascade Lasers 08.04.2018 Wien, Austria Emmenegger Lukas;
EGU General Assembly 2018 Talk given at a conference Seasonal patterns of atmospheric N2O isotopic composition observed at the alpine station Jungfraujoch 08.04.2018 Wien, Austria Emmenegger Lukas;
EGU General Assembly 2019 Poster Carbon Tracker Switzerland: A high resolution data assimilation system for biospheric CO2 fluxes 08.04.2018 Wien, Austria Emmenegger Lukas;
15th National GCOS Roundtable Talk given at a conference Long-term Time Series, Quality Assurance and Control — Atmospheric Composition 25.01.2018 Bern, Switzerland Steinbacher Martin;
15th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Two decades of ecosystem CO2 and H2O gas exchange above a sub-alpine coniferous forest in Switzerland 27.11.2017 Davos, Switzerland Hörtnagl Lukas; Burri Susanne; Etzold Sophia; Buchmann Nina;
15th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Large-scale CO2 flux estimated from CO2 and 222Rn measurements on Jungfraujoch 18.11.2017 Davos, Switzerland Leuenberger Markus;
15th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Talk given at a conference Tree growth patterns and water relations of beech, spruce, pine, fir and oak trees across Switzerland 18.11.2017 Davos, Switzerland Etzold Sophia; Burri Susanne;
15th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Beyond CO2 – Tackling the full greenhouse gas budget of a sub-alpine forest ecosystem 18.11.2017 Davos, Switzerland Hörtnagl Lukas; Burri Susanne; Buchmann Nina;
15th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Harmonization of atmospheric greenhouse gas observations in Europe 18.11.2017 Davos, Switzerland Emmenegger Lukas;
15th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Talk given at a conference Estimation of the fossil-fuel component in atmospheric CO2 based on radiocarbon measurements at the Beromünster tall tower 18.11.2017 Davos, Switzerland Steinbacher Martin; Leuenberger Markus;
LWF workshop Talk given at a conference Two decades of ecosystem fluxes above a sub-alpine coniferous forest in Switzerland. SwissForestLab 31.10.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Hörtnagl Lukas;
10th International Carbon Dioxide Conference Talk given at a conference Estimation of the fossil-fuel component in atmospheric CO2 based on radiocarbon measurements at the Beromünster tall tower, Switzerland 21.08.2017 Interlaken, Switzerland Leuenberger Markus; Steinbacher Martin;
10th International Carbon Dioxide Conference Poster 10-years of combined CO2 and O2 measurements at two remote sites of Jungfraujoch, Switzerland and Puy de Dôme, France 21.08.2017 Interlaken, Switzerland Steinbacher Martin; Leuenberger Markus; Schibig Michael Ferdinand;
10th International Carbon Dioxide Conference Poster ., High altitude CO2 measurements at the Jungfraujoch (Switzerland): Comparison between the Sphinx (3570 m a.s.l.) and East Ridge (3690 m a.s.l.) 21.08.2017 Interlaken, Switzerland Schibig Michael Ferdinand; Leuenberger Markus; Steinbacher Martin;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Swiss Chemical Society Symposium on Environmental Sciences: On the Top. Chemical Landmark 2019. 25.04.2019 Bern, Switzerland
Session at EGU General Assembly 2019 (Scaling terrestrial ecosystem carbon and water response from leaf to continent with observations and simulations) 08.04.2019 Wien, Austria
EPS (European Physical Society) Historic Site 2019 07.02.2019 Bern, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Auszeichnung für Spitzenforschung auf dem Jungfraujoch Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ) German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Chemical Landmark 2019 – Hochalpine Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch Akademie der Naturwissenschaften Schweiz, Plattform Chemie German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media De la recherche à 3570 mètres La Liberté Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media De la recherche à 3570 mètres au Jungfraujoch arcinfo Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Der Direktor über die Bedeutung der Station SRF 1, News, Regionaljournal Bern Freiburg Wallis German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media EPS Historic Site 2019 SPG Mitteilungen International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Forschung auf 3570 Metern über Meer Berner Zeitung / Tages Anzeiger / Badener Tagblatt / Höfner Volksblatt / Volksblatt Liechtenstein German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Jungfraujoch, lanceur d'alerte pour le climat L'Alpe International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Jungfraujoch: Auszeichnung für Forschung in schwindelnder Höhe Berner Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Jungfraujoch: eccellenza non solo turistica, ma anche scientifica tvsvizzera.it Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Jungfraujoch: Preis für Forschungsstelle Radio BeO, News German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television La station de recherche du Jungfraujoch couronnée par deux prix scientifiques RTS Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media La stazione di ricerca sullo Jungfrau ottiene il Chemical Landmark La Regione Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Long-Term Environmental Research - The Davos Seehornwald Site. Excursion Guide. International 2019
Media relations: radio, television Neuer Fokus für die Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch SRF 1, Schweiz Aktuell German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Preis für Forschung auf Jungfraujoch Teletext German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Premio per la Jungfraujoch RTI, Telegiornale Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Recherche: Honneurs pour la station du Jungfraujoch Le Matin Western Switzerland 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Spitzenforschung auf 3500 m auf dem Jungfraujoch ETH Zürich, Department Chemie und Angewandte Biowissenschaften, Homepage International German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Top of Europe: ausgezeichnete Forschung auf 3450 Metern über Meer Medienmitteilung SCNAT Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Wegen Klimawandel steigt Interesse am Joch SRF 1, News, Regionaljournal Bern Freiburg Wallis German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media «Top of Europe» – auch bei Messung von Treibhausgasen Naturwissenschaften Schweiz Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland International German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media «Top of Europe» – auch bei Treibhausgasmessungen myscience.ch Italian-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch übernimmt wichtige Rolle beim Klimaschutz Punkt4info German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Other activities Infotafel an der Station in Davos: Messen und Forschen für die Umwelt German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Jungfraujoch gehört zu den Besten Tagesanzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Jungfraujoch, la sentinelle du climate Le Quotidien Jurassien Western Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media La sentinelle du Climat La Liberté Western Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media La sentinelle du climat Le Courrier Genève Western Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Zertifizierte Messung der Treibhausgase Energie-cluster.ch German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2018

Awards

Title Year
Jungfraujoch station: "Chemical Landmark 2019" der "Platform Chemistry" der Akademie der Naturwissenschaften Schweiz 2019
Jungfraujoch station: Historic Site of the European Physical Society 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
172433 Reconciling innovative farming practices and networks to enable sustainable development of smart Swiss farming systems 01.01.2018 NRP 73 Sustainable Economy
148994 ICOS-Zusatz an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch, 2013-2016 01.12.2013 Research Infrastructure
146373 The role of diffuse radiation for a long-term arable crop rotation at Oensingen, Switzerland (Acronym: DiRad Oensingen) 01.04.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
157172 Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2015-2017 01.01.2015 Research Infrastructure
154245 Robust models for assessing the effectiveness of technologies and managements to reduce N2O emissions from grazed pastures (Models4Pastures) 01.12.2014 FACCE Joint Programming Initiative
170726 IsoConCair: Charakterisierung der Konzentrations- und Isotopenzusammensetzung der Hauptluftkomponenten 01.12.2016 R'EQUIP
172550 Klima- und Umweltphysik: Isotope im Erdklimasystem (icoCEP) 01.04.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)
148992 ICOS-CH: Integrated Carbon Observation System in Switzerland 01.07.2013 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

ICOS-CH, Phase 2, is the Swiss contribution to the Integrated Carbon Observation System Research Infrastructure (ICOS RI) which entered into its operational phase end of 2015 (as Integrated Carbon Observation System European Research Infrastructure Consortium, ICOS ERIC). Overarching goals of ICOS RI are to quantify and to understand the greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of the European continent and adjacent regions based on highly standardized measurements (i.e., sensors and protocols) in the atmosphere, in terrestrial ecosystems and in the ocean, and to distribute data and data products to stakeholders and user communities. With the ICOS-CH network, i.e. ETH Zurich (National Focal Point), Empa, WSL, University of Bern, University of Basel and MeteoSwiss, Switzerland participates in ICOS RI since its beginning in 2013. Two Class 1 sites had been chosen due to their science history: one ecosystem site (Davos, DAV) and one atmospheric site (Jungfraujoch, JFJ). During Phase 1 (2013-2017), both sites have been upgraded according to ICOS RI requirements, when specifications and protocols were available, while basic measurements continued. At DAV, a new data acquisition system, near-real time data transfer and data processing were developed, tested and implemented. 20 years of data were reprocessed and made openly available. Five large automated chambers to measure forest floor GHG fluxes were built and installed in the field, one of them tested for operation during winter. Sensors at the tower were renewed, new equipment for net ecosystem CH4 and N2O fluxes was installed and runs - compliant with ICOS - since end of 2015. At JFJ, ICOS conforming continuous GHG analysers were installed and underwent the required testing. The ICOS mobile lab was installed at JFJ for six weeks to audit setup and instrument performance. Automated data processing was implemented to allow direct data transfer to the central database. A ceilometer to determine the planetary boundary layer (PBL) height above JFJ was installed at the Kleine Scheidegg, approximately 5 km north and 1.5 km below JFJ, and extensive algorithms for PBL detection were developed and validated. Flask sampling continued. Both sites were among the first within ICOS RI to enter the labelling process in 2016 (Step 1 successfully finished, Step 2 on-going). Swiss staff participated in training courses on ICOS quality assurance procedures.In Phase 2 (2017-2020), the Swiss contribution to ICOS RI will be coordinated within Subproject A, also responsible for communication within and beyond ICOS-CH. The site infrastructure needs to be completed according to the finalized ICOS RI protocols (in Subprojects B and C for DAV and JFJ, respectively). Then, both sites need to be maintained at Class 1 level, i.e., with comprehensive variable sets, regular measurement campaigns, very high data quality requirements, fast response/repair times when sensors should fail, and near real-time data provision to ICOS RI. This requires continuous data quality assurance and quality control, ensured by well-trained technical staff and data scientists. Thus, ICOS-CH provides a unique opportunity for scientists to contribute to excellent research and scientific innovations based on high precision, continuous, open-access data, a comprehensive set of measurements, an excellent infrastructure as well as on-site validations for research related to Earth system science.
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