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Turbulence and Particles in Environmental Fluid Dynamics (TENACEOUS)

English title Turbulence and Particles in Environmental Fluid Dynamics (TENACEOUS)
Applicant Holzner Markus
Number 172916
Funding scheme SNSF Professorships
Research institution Institut für Umweltingenieurwissenschaften ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Fluid Dynamics
Start/End 01.06.2017 - 31.05.2019
Approved amount 792'834.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Fluid Dynamics
Cardiovascular Research
Ecology
Biophysics

Keywords (11)

Hydrodynamics; Marine; Ecohydraulics; Aquatic ; Benthic; Infiltration; Nanoparticles; Particles; Remobilization; Plankton; Turbulence

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Der Bereich der Gewässerkunde vereint ein breites Spektrum an Disziplinen, die sich mit grundlegenden Aspekten der wasserbezogenen Probleme unserer modernen Gesellschaft befassen. Aquatische Ökosysteme (Flüsse, Estuare, Seen, Feuchtgebiete und Ozeane) sind durch Interaktionen von physikalischen, bioligischen und chemischen Prozessen auf einer breiten räumlichen und zeitlichen Skala strukturiert. Die Ökohydraulik ist eine junge, aufkommende Forschungsdisziplin, welche diese Interaktionen entschlüsselt und Lösungen für umweltverträgliche Nutzung unserer Gewässer anbietet.
Lay summary

TENACIOUS ist ein interdisziplinäres SNSF Professorship Programm mit dem Ziel, die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Strömungen und transportierten Partikeln (Sedimentkörner, Organismen, Nährstoffe etc.) über einem breiten Skalenspektrum besser zu verstehen. Besondere Betrachtung kommt "aktiven" Partikeln zu, d.h. Partikel, die auf die Strömung zurückwirken und diese beeinflussen, beispielsweise durch ihre Motilität (Organismen), Trägheit (Sandkörner) oder das Ausbilden von Rauigkeit (Phytobenthos). Experimente beruhend auf der "Lagrange'schen Perspektive", d.h. im mit Partikeln mitbewegten Bezugssystem, sind dank neuartiger Hochgeschwindigkeitskameras jetzt durchfürbar. Sie erlauben es, zentrale und vielfältige umweltströmungsmechanische Vorgänge, wie die turbulente Mischung, Dispersion von Schadstoffen im Untergrund, Geschiebetransport und das Kollektivverhalten von Plankton Organismen zu untersuchen.

TENACIOUS' spezifische Ziele sind:

1. Wir beleuchten, wie physikalische und biologische Faktoren sich auf das kollektive Schwimmverhalten von planktonischen und benthischen Organismen in turbulenten Strömungen auswirken, um ein tieferes Verständnis von Umweltauswirkungen natürlichen oder anthropogenen Ursprungs auf mehreren räumlichen Skalen und biologischen Ebenen zu ermöglichen.

2. Wir untersuchen die Retention und Remobilisierung von Kolloiden im Grundwasser, um zu verstehen, welche Kombinationen von physikalischen und chemischen Veränderungen in Aquiferen die Freisetzung von Nanopartikeln und Kolloiden induzieren.

Das multidisziplinäre Profil von TENACIOUS wird nationale und internationale wissenschaftlichen Kooperationen fördern und festigen, mit Ergebnissen, die sowohl grundlegende als auch praktische Forschungsfragen vorantreiben werden. Die Verbreitung von Wissen wird durch Publikationen in internationalen Fachzeitschriften, Präsentationen auf internationalen Konferenzen und nationalen wissenschaftliche Foren gefördert.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.04.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Hemodynamic Changes in the Right Ventricle Induced by Variations of Cardiac Output: A Possible Mechanism for Arrhythmia Occurrence in the Outflow Tract
Gülan Utku, Saguner Ardan Muammer, Akdis Deniz, Gotschy Alexander, Tanner Felix C., Kozerke Sebastian, Manka Robert, Brunckhorst Corinna, Holzner Markus, Duru Firat (2019), Hemodynamic Changes in the Right Ventricle Induced by Variations of Cardiac Output: A Possible Mechanism for Arrhythmia Occurrence in the Outflow Tract, in Scientific Reports, 9(1), 100-100.
Mixing and entrainment are suppressed in inclined gravity currents
van Reeuwijk Maarten, Holzner Markus, Caulfield C. P. (2019), Mixing and entrainment are suppressed in inclined gravity currents, in Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 873, 786-815.
Determination of the Effective Viscosity of Non-newtonian Fluids Flowing Through Porous Media
Eberhard Ursin, Seybold Hansjoerg J., Floriancic Marius, Bertsch Pascal, Jiménez-Martínez Joaquin, Andrade José S., Holzner Markus (2019), Determination of the Effective Viscosity of Non-newtonian Fluids Flowing Through Porous Media, in Frontiers in Physics, 7, 71.
Performance Analysis of the Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation ( TAVI ) on Blood Flow Hemodynamics: An Optical Imaging‐based In Vitro Study
Gülan Utku, Appa Harish, Corso Pascal, Templin Christian, Bezuidenhout Deon, Zilla Peter, Duru Firat, Holzner Markus (2019), Performance Analysis of the Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation ( TAVI ) on Blood Flow Hemodynamics: An Optical Imaging‐based In Vitro Study, in Artificial Organs, aor.13504-aor.13504.
Comprehensive In Vitro Study of the Flow Past Two Transcatheter Aortic Valves: Comparison with a Severe Stenotic Case
Corso Pascal, Gülan Utku, Cohrs Nicholas, Stark Wendelin Jan, Duru Firat, Holzner Markus (2019), Comprehensive In Vitro Study of the Flow Past Two Transcatheter Aortic Valves: Comparison with a Severe Stenotic Case, in Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 1-17.
Quantifying physical disintegration of faeces in sewers: Stochastic model and flow reactor experiments
Penn Roni, Maurer Max, Michalec François-Gaël, Scheidegger Andreas, Zhou Jiande, Holzner Markus (2019), Quantifying physical disintegration of faeces in sewers: Stochastic model and flow reactor experiments, in Water Research, 152, 159-170.
A Novel Approach for 3D-Structural Identification through Video Recording: Magnified Tracking
Harmanci Yunus, Gülan Utku, Holzner Markus, Chatzi Eleni (2019), A Novel Approach for 3D-Structural Identification through Video Recording: Magnified Tracking, in Sensors, 19(5), 1229-1229.
Assessment of the Flow Field in the HeartMate 3 Using Three-Dimensional Particle Tracking Velocimetry and Comparison to Computational Fluid Dynamics
Thamsen Bente, Gülan Utku, Wiegmann Lena, Loosli Christian, Schmid Daners Marianne, Kurtcuoglu Vartan, Holzner Markus, Meboldt Mirko (2019), Assessment of the Flow Field in the HeartMate 3 Using Three-Dimensional Particle Tracking Velocimetry and Comparison to Computational Fluid Dynamics, in ASAIO Journal, 1-1.
Counter-current swimming of lotic copepods as a possible mechanism for drift avoidanceBenthic copepods swim actively to reduce downstream drift
Sidler Daniel, Michalec François-Gaël, Holzner Markus (2018), Counter-current swimming of lotic copepods as a possible mechanism for drift avoidanceBenthic copepods swim actively to reduce downstream drift, in Ecohydrology, 11(7), e1992-e1992.
The influence of bileaflet prosthetic aortic valve orientation on the blood flow patterns in the ascending aorta
Gülan Utku, Holzner Markus (2018), The influence of bileaflet prosthetic aortic valve orientation on the blood flow patterns in the ascending aorta, in Medical Engineering & Physics, 60, 61-69.
Blood flow patterns and pressure loss in the ascending aorta: A comparative study on physiological and aneurysmal conditions
Gülan Utku, Calen Christelle, Duru Firat, Holzner Markus (2018), Blood flow patterns and pressure loss in the ascending aorta: A comparative study on physiological and aneurysmal conditions, in Journal of Biomechanics.
Inhomogeneous growth of fluctuations of concentration of inertial particles in channel turbulence
Fouxon Itzhak, Schmidt Lukas, Ditlevsen Peter, van Reeuwijk Maarten, Holzner Markus (2018), Inhomogeneous growth of fluctuations of concentration of inertial particles in channel turbulence, in Physical Review Fluids, 3(6), 064301-064301.
Pore-Scale Hydrodynamics in a Progressively Bioclogged Three-Dimensional Porous Medium: 3-D Particle Tracking Experiments and Stochastic Transport Modeling
Carrel M., Morales V. L., Dentz M., Derlon N., Morgenroth E., Holzner M. (2018), Pore-Scale Hydrodynamics in a Progressively Bioclogged Three-Dimensional Porous Medium: 3-D Particle Tracking Experiments and Stochastic Transport Modeling, in Water Resources Research, 54(3), 2183-2198.
Polymers Reduce Drag More than Expected
Holzner Markus (2018), Polymers Reduce Drag More than Expected, in Physics, 11, 29.
Small-scale entrainment in inclined gravity currents
van Reeuwijk Maarten, Krug Dominik, Holzner Markus (2018), Small-scale entrainment in inclined gravity currents, in Environmental Fluid Mechanics, 18(1), 225-239.
Behavioral response of the freshwater cyclopoid copepod Eucyclops serrulatus to hydropeaking and thermopeaking in a laboratory flume
Sidler Daniel, Michalec François-Gaël, Holzner Markus (2018), Behavioral response of the freshwater cyclopoid copepod Eucyclops serrulatus to hydropeaking and thermopeaking in a laboratory flume, in Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 33(1), 115-127.
Zooplankton can actively adjust their motility to turbulent flow
Michalec François-Gaël, Fouxon Itzhak, Souissi Sami, Holzner Markus (2017), Zooplankton can actively adjust their motility to turbulent flow, in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(52), E11199-E11207.
Clogging of an Alpine streambed by silt-sized particles – Insights from laboratory and field experiments
Fetzer Jasmin, Holzner Markus, Plötze Michael, Furrer Gerhard (2017), Clogging of an Alpine streambed by silt-sized particles – Insights from laboratory and field experiments, in Water Research, 126, 60-69.
Investigation of Atrial Vortices Using a Novel Right Heart Model and Possible Implications for Atrial Thrombus Formation
Gülan Utku, Saguner Ardan, Akdis Deniz, Gotschy Alexander, Manka Robert, Brunckhorst Corinna, Holzner Markus, Duru Firat (2017), Investigation of Atrial Vortices Using a Novel Right Heart Model and Possible Implications for Atrial Thrombus Formation, in Scientific Reports, 7(1), 16772-16772.
Stochastic dynamics of intermittent pore-scale particle motion in three-dimensional porous media: Experiments and theoryPARTICLE MOTION DYNAMICS IN POROUS MEDIA
Morales V. L., Dentz M., Willmann M., Holzner M. (2017), Stochastic dynamics of intermittent pore-scale particle motion in three-dimensional porous media: Experiments and theoryPARTICLE MOTION DYNAMICS IN POROUS MEDIA, in Geophysical Research Letters, 44(18), 9361-9371.
Short-term exposure to gold nanoparticle suspension impairs swimming behavior in a widespread calanoid copepod
Michalec François-Gaël, Holzner Markus, Barras Alexandre, Lacoste Anne-Sophie, Brunet Loïc, Lee Jae-Seong, Slomianny Christian, Boukherroub Rabah, Souissi Sami (2017), Short-term exposure to gold nanoparticle suspension impairs swimming behavior in a widespread calanoid copepod, in Environmental Pollution, 228, 102-110.
Biofilm imaging in porous media by laboratory X-Ray tomography: Combining a non-destructive contrast agent with propagation-based phase-contrast imaging tools
Carrel Maxence, Beltran Mario A., Morales Verónica L., Derlon Nicolas, Morgenroth Eberhard, Kaufmann Rolf, Holzner Markus (2017), Biofilm imaging in porous media by laboratory X-Ray tomography: Combining a non-destructive contrast agent with propagation-based phase-contrast imaging tools, in PLOS ONE, 12(7), e0180374-e0180374.
Inertial particles distribute in turbulence as Poissonian points with random intensity inducing clustering and supervoiding
Schmidt Lukas, Fouxon Itzhak, Holzner Markus (2017), Inertial particles distribute in turbulence as Poissonian points with random intensity inducing clustering and supervoiding, in Physical Review Fluids, 2(7), 074302-074302.
Fractal scaling of the turbulence interface in gravity currents
Krug Dominik, Holzner Markus, Marusic Ivan, van Reeuwijk Maarten (2017), Fractal scaling of the turbulence interface in gravity currents, in Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 820, R3-R3.
Shear-scaling-based approach for irreversible energy loss estimation in stenotic aortic flow – An in vitro study
Gülan Utku, Binter Christian, Kozerke Sebastian, Holzner Markus (2017), Shear-scaling-based approach for irreversible energy loss estimation in stenotic aortic flow – An in vitro study, in Journal of Biomechanics, 56, 89-96.

Datasets

Bioclogging in porous media - Particle Trajectory Data Markus Holzner

Author Carrel, Maxence
Publication date 01.01.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000237865
Repository ETH Research Collection


Biofilm Imaging in Porous Media by Laboratory X-ray Tomography

Author Carrel, Maxence
Publication date 07.02.2017
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.17612/P7Q07W
Repository digitalrocksportal


Research Data supporting: "The influence of bileaflet prosthetic aortic valve orientation on the blood flow patterns in the ascending aorta"

Author Gülan, Utku
Publication date 01.01.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000264751
Repository ETH Research Collection


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Marine and Aquatic Sciences / Université de Lille and CNRS France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
River Engineering / VAW, D-BAUG (ETH Zürich) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Process Engineering in Urban Water Management / IfU, D-BAUG (ETH Zürich) and EAWAG Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Institute of Mechanical Systems Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Photogrammetry (ETH Zurich) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Photrack AG Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Fluid Dynamics Group / Universidad Politecnica de Madrid Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, ETHZ Oman (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
EOOS Wien Austria (Europe)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Eawag Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Max Planck Institut for Meteorology Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Fluid Mechanics Section / Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Interpore 2019 Talk given at a conference Assessing pore network model performance for predicting flowand transport in three dimensional porous media 06.05.2019 Valencia, Spain Krol Quirine;
Institute of Fluid Dynamics Seminar Individual talk Active response of zooplankton to turbulence 13.01.2019 Toulouse, France Michalec Francois;
Isopod Symposium Individual talk Active response of invertebrates to hydro- and thermopeaking 20.12.2018 Eawag Dübendorf, Switzerland Holzner Markus;
Snow morphology talk Individual talk Snow morphology 12.11.2018 Saint Martin d'Hères, France Krol Quirine;
International Snow Science Workshop Poster Sedimentation velocity of snow flakes 07.10.2018 Innsbruck, Austria Krol Quirine;
IAHR Europe Conference 2018 Talk given at a conference Active response of freshwater invertebrates to hydro-and thermopeaking in a laboratory flume 12.06.2018 Trento, Italy Holzner Markus;
5th IAHR Europe Congress Talk given at a conference Active response of freshwater invertebrates to hydro - and thermopeaking in a laboratory flume. 11.06.2018 Trento, Italy Holzner Markus;
ASLO Ocean Sciences Meeting Talk given at a conference Zooplankton can actively adjust their motility to turbulent flow 11.02.2018 Portland, United States of America Michalec Francois;
COST Action MP1305 Meeting: Flowing matter 2018 Talk given at a conference Zooplankton can actively adjust their motility to turbulent flow 05.02.2018 Lisbon, Portugal Holzner Markus;
AGU Fall meeting 2017 Talk given at a conference Pores-scale hydrodynamics in a progressively bio-clogged three-dimensional porous medium: 3D particle tracking experiments and stochastic transport modelling 11.12.2017 San Francisco, United States of America Holzner Markus;
Advanced Biofilm Course-course 2017 Poster Biofilm growth in 3D porous media 09.10.2017 Kopenhagen, Denmark Krol Quirine;
Turbulent Flows Summer School Talk given at a conference Multiscale aspects of turbulent entrainment 24.07.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Holzner Markus;
Environmental Fluid Mechanics Symposium Talk given at a conference Turbulence and environmental transport: at the frontiers of fluid mechanics and ecohydraulics 19.06.2017 Pittsburgh, United States of America Holzner Markus;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
D-BAUG Inside Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 17.06.2017 Zurich, Switzerland Zeugin Till; Michalec Francois; Krol Quirine; Holzner Markus;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media BZ Berner Zeitung Springender Ruderfusskrebs German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Plankton schwimmt gegen den Strom SNSF News German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Ruderfusskrebse bewegen sich in turbulenter Strömung mit Sprüngen Blick.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Tierwelt - Ruderfusskrebse bewegen sich in turbulenter Strömung mit Sprüngen NZZ Online German-speaking Switzerland 2017

Awards

Title Year
ETH Silver Medal for an outstanding PhD thesis awarded to Lukas Schmidt (Doktorvater: M. Holzner) 2017

Use-inspired outputs


Start-ups

Name Year

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
159686 Novel approach for image-based estimation of stenosis severity and energy loss in aortic flow 01.09.2015 Interdisciplinary projects
160327 Investigation of Flow Patterns and Mechanical Stresses on the Right Ventricle using a Novel Right Heart Model: Implications for Morphological Changes in the Athlete’s Heart and Pathogenesis of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia 01.04.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
144645 Turbulence and Particles in Environmental Fluid Dynamics (TIPFluiD) 01.06.2013 SNSF Professorships
150794 Darwin Duo Laser 01.12.2013 R'EQUIP

Abstract

The domain of water sciences includes a broad spectrum of disciplines, which deal with fundamental aspects of water-related problems of modern society. Aquatic ecosystems (streams, rivers, estuaries, lakes, wetlands and marine environments) are structured by the interaction of physical, biological and chemical processes at multiple spatial and temporal scales. TENACIOUS is an interdisciplinary professorship program aimed at understanding feedback mechanisms between fluid flow and transported particles at multiple scales for the case where particles are active, i.e. they react back to the flow due to inertia or motility. Experiments that rely on the Lagrangian approach, i.e. based on a moving frame reference system that follows the motion of particles, have become available today and allow studying key environmental problems such as turbulent mixing and contaminant dispersion, transport of sediments and colloidal aggregates, collective motion of planktonic organisms, etc., in a most direct way.In the first phase of the professorship a large interdisciplinary research team has been established that focuses on hydromechanics, environmental transport processes, and flow-organism interactions in the frame of a SNSF Professorship whose focal themes are:•To uncover universal relations governing organisms in natural and man-made water bodies, where fluid flow shapes complex systems at every scale, ranging from fish schools and plankton swarms down to bacterial colonies, and to translate these relations into optimal design and intervention criteria.•To understand and model ecohydraulic processes at physical interfaces (e.g. surface-subsurface flow) whose set of chemical and physical attributes, biotic properties and material flow processes supports a large diversity and strength of interactions between organisms at different temporal and spatial scales. •To understand and model human impacts on aquatic ecosystems such as pollution dispersion, adverse impacts of hydropower operation, channelization and flood control, and to design new mitigation strategies based on the fundamental understanding of physico-biological couplings.The aim of this follow-up proposal is to advance two key lines of investigation emerged as novel and relevant in the first phase and to generalize findings on flow-organism interactions across spatial scales, leading to a high impact and a review paper on universal relations governing organisms in natural and man-made water bodies. This will provide the transition to a possible ETH Chair in ‘Multiscale Ecohydraulics’ currently under discussion in the Department. The two specific research objectives of the follow-up proposal are:1)To elucidate how physical and biological factors affect collective swimming behavior of planktonic and benthic organisms in turbulent flow to enable a deeper understanding of environmental impacts of natural or anthropogenic origin at multiple spatial scales and biological levels.2)To investigate the dynamics of colloidal particle remobilization in laboratory experiments mimicking high-rate well pumping and rain infiltration events in soils, to understand which specific combinations of physical and chemical changes in aquifers induce the release of nanoparticles and colloids.TENACIOUS’ multidisciplinary profile will continue to favour and consolidate existing international and national scientific collaborations, with anticipated results meeting both basic and practical research questions. Diffusion of knowledge will be promoted by publications in peer-reviewed international journals, presentations at relevant international conferences (e.g. IAHR, ASLO, AGU, APS) and national scientific forums.
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