Gender Studies; History of nursing; History of emotions; Visual Culture Studies; History of humanitarianism; History of medicine; Literary and Cultural Studies
Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (2019), Afterword, in Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (ed.), Illinois University Press, Urbana/Champaign, 263-265.
Pichel Beatriz, Martín Moruno Dolores (ed.) (2019), Emotional Bodies: the Historical Performativity of Emotions
, Illinois University Press, Urbana-Champaign.
Martín MorunoDolores (2019), Fearful Female Bodies: The Pétroleuses of the Paris Commune, in Martín Pichel Dolores Beatriz (ed.), University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Champaign, 175-193.
Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (2019), Introduction. What Love Does, in Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (ed.), Illinois University Press, Urbana/Champaign, 1-12.
Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (2019), Part I. Diseased Bodies under Construction, in Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (ed.), Illinois University Press, Urbana/Champaign, 15-18.
Martín/PichelDolores/Beatriz (2019), Part II. Performing Emotional Bodies, in Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (ed.), Illinois University Press, Urbana/Champaign, 73-75.
Martín/PichelDolores/Beatriz (2019), Part III. Making Social Bodies, in Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (ed.), Illinois University Press, Urbana/Champaign, 145-149.
Martín/PichelDolores/Beatriz (2019), Part IV. Humanitarian Bodies in Action, in Martín/Pichel Dolores/Beatriz (ed.), Illnois University Press, Urbana/Champaign, 195-197.
Bláquez OmatIsabel (2019), El practicante. El nacimiento de una nueva profesión sanitaria en España, in Gesnerus
, 76(1), 117-119.
Bound AlbertiFay (2018), This Mortal Coil. The Human Body in History and Culture, in Gesnerus
, 74(2), 275-276.
RatcliffMarc J. (2017), Genèse d'une découverte. La division des infusoires (1765-1766), in Isis
, 104(4), 913-914.
Martín MorunoDolores (2017), ¿Un país para los refugiados? Las enfermeras suizas de los trenes de la Gran Guerra
, SEHM, Ciudad real.
Martín Moruno Dolores (2017), Tejiendo redes de cuidado: la compasión como conocimiento de las mujeres humanitarias en la guerra
, Sociedad española de historia de la medicina, Ciudad Real.
Those Women who performed Humanitarian Action: A Gendered history of Compassion from the Franco-Prussian World to WWIIIn the beginning of humanitarianism, various agents -businessmen, military physicians, political representatives of the European Empires, as well as some active women in social reform movements- contributed to shaping compassion as an emotion of transnational scope. In this way, compassion is able to connect geographically distant people in order to mobilize the necessary resources to provide effective assistance in the field. In particular, this project focuses on demonstrating how women participated in the construction of modern humanitarianism by producing a gendered conception of compassion. They achieved this, by identifying this ability to feel other’s suffering and to relieve it with the implementation of a set of caring practices, whose exclusively female competences, justified their action in emergency relief operations. Thus, compassion provided them with an agency when creating networks aimed at assisting different types of victims, which are here represented by means of the wounded soldiers in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71), the disabled prisoners during the First World War (1914-9) as well as the refugees resulting from the Republican exile throughout the Spanish Civil War (1936-9) and the persecution of the Jews during the Second World War (1939-1945). This research seeks to retrace those networks, as they promoted the development of a know-how strongly rooted in emotions, notably in love, sympathy and compassion, which women would have cultivated for centuries in the domestic sphere. This know-how will be interpreted here as a situated knowledge that these women humanitarians - ambulance women, nurses, but also other volunteers involved in the protection of victims- have produced throughout the main armed conflicts of the second half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. The objectives are to shed light on the caring practices that they provided in the name of a gendered conception of compassion, as well as to disclose the power relations brought into play by this emotion throughout the history of total wars. Considering that compassion always entails an asymmetric relationship between the humanitarian holder and the recipient, the study of its changing relations when women faced the suffering of various distressed populations - the wounded soldiers, the disabled prisoners and the refugees- allow us to show the evolution of humanitarian aid from the late-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century.