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Swiss membership in the International Scientific Continental Drilling Program ICDP

English title Swiss membership in the International Scientific Continental Drilling Program ICDP
Applicant Anselmetti Flavio S.
Number 169911
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Institut für Geologie Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Geology
Start/End 01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 158'303.00
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All Disciplines (15)

Discipline
Geology
Molecular Biology
Paleontology (biol.)
Hydrology, Limnology, Glaciology
Biochemistry
Palaeontology
Geochemistry
Other disciplines of Earth Sciences
Geochronology
Geomorphology
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Ecology
Geophysics
Mineralogy
Environmental Research

Keywords (8)

Deep biosphere; Cataclysmic events; Earthquakes; Scientific Drilling; Climate Change; Earth Sciences; Heat and mass transport; Global Cycles

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Mitgliedschaft in den beiden grossen internationalen wissenschaftlichen Tiefbohrprogrammen IODP und ICDP ermöglicht es den Forschenden an Schweizer Universitäten, aktiv Bohrungen vorzuschlagen, mitzuleiten und zu beproben. Dadurch wird ein breites Forschungsspektrum abgedeckt, das ohne Tiefbohrungen nicht behandelt werden kann (Naturgefahren, Umwelt- und Klimaänderungen, Biosphäre des Untergrundes, Ursprung des Lebens, Dynamik und Prozesse des Erdinnern, angewandte Aspekte wie Rohstoffe und Geothermie).
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel der Mitgliedschaften

Tiefbohrungen ermöglichen den Zugang zu verborgenen geologischen und biologischen Archiven im Erdinnern. Um diese kostspieligen Bohrungen durchführen zu können, hat sich die internationale Forschungsgemeinschaft in grossen Programmen zusammengeschlossen: i) im Rahmen des 'International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) durch das marine Tiefbohrungen auf allen Weltmeeren ermöglicht werden; und ii) im Rahmen des 'International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP)', welches kontinentale Tiefbohrungen ermöglicht. Damit steht die 'gesamte' Erdoberfläche und deren Untergrund als potentielles Bohrziel für die Schweizer Forschungsgemeinschaft zur Verfügung. Es können verschiedene Bohrinfrastrukturen und Bohrlochinstrumente durch die Forscher der Mitgliedsländer benutzt werden.

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext der Bohrprogramme

Wissenschaftliche Tiefbohrungen liefern neue und wichtige Informationen nicht nur im Bereich der Grundlagenforschung in den Geo- und Biowissenschaften, sondern sie ermöglichen auch neue Einblicke in gesellschaftlich relevante Themen. Dazu gehören die Untersuchung von Naturgefahren wie Erdbeben, Tsunamis, Vulkane und Meteorite, eine nachhaltige Nutzung der Rohstoffe, und die Auswirkungen und Milderung der Klima- und Umweltveränderungen. Die grosse Anzahl der laufenden IODP und ICDP Projekte, sowie deren internationale Sichtbarkeit, erlaubt es Schweizer Forschenden neue Themen in der Forschung aktiv mitzubestimmen und somit die Forschungslandschaft entscheidend zu mitzuprägen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.10.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Evidence for carbon cycling in a large freshwater lake in the Balkans over the last 0.5 million years using the isotopic composition of bulk organic matter
Zanchetta Giovanni, Baneschi Ilaria, Francke Alexander, Boschi Chiara, Regattieri Eleonora, Wagner Bernd, Lacey Jack H., Leng Melanie J., Vogel Hendrik, Sadori Laura (2018), Evidence for carbon cycling in a large freshwater lake in the Balkans over the last 0.5 million years using the isotopic composition of bulk organic matter, in Quaternary Science Reviews, 202, 154-165.
The Lake CHAd Deep DRILLing project (CHADRILL) – targeting ∼ 10 million years of environmental and climate change in Africa
Sylvestre Florence, Schuster Mathieu, Vogel Hendrik, Abdheramane Moussa, Ariztegui Daniel, Salzmann Ulrich, Schwalb Antje, Waldmann Nicolas (2018), The Lake CHAd Deep DRILLing project (CHADRILL) – targeting ∼ 10 million years of environmental and climate change in Africa, in Scientific Drilling, 24, 71-78.
Climatic and tectonic controls on source-to-sink processes in the tropical, ultramafic catchment of Lake Towuti, Indonesia
Morlock Marina A., Vogel Hendrik, Nigg Valentin, Ordoñez Luis, Hasberg Ascelina K. M., Melles Martin, Russell James M., Bijaksana Satria (2018), Climatic and tectonic controls on source-to-sink processes in the tropical, ultramafic catchment of Lake Towuti, Indonesia, in Journal of Paleolimnology, 1-17.
Modern sedimentation processes in Lake Towuti, Indonesia, revealed by the composition of surface sediments
Hasberg Ascelina K. M., Bijaksana Satria, Held Peter, Just Janna, Melles Martin, Morlock Marina A., Opitz Stephan, Russell James M., Vogel Hendrik, Wennrich Volker (2018), Modern sedimentation processes in Lake Towuti, Indonesia, revealed by the composition of surface sediments, in Sedimentology.
Pleistocene sea-floor fibrous crusts and spherulites in the Danakil Depression (Afar, Ethiopia)
Jaramillo-Vogel David, Foubert Anneleen, Braga Juan Carlos, Schaegis Jean-Charles, Atnafu Balemwal, Grobety Bernard, Kidane Tesfaye (2018), Pleistocene sea-floor fibrous crusts and spherulites in the Danakil Depression (Afar, Ethiopia), in Sedimentology, 1(1-33), 1-33.
Multiple Quaternary erosion and infill cycles in overdeepened basins of the northern Alpine foreland
Buechi Marius W., Graf Hans Rudolf, Haldimann Peter, Lowick Sally E., Anselmetti Flavio S. (2018), Multiple Quaternary erosion and infill cycles in overdeepened basins of the northern Alpine foreland, in Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 111(1-2), 133-167.
Microbial community composition along a 50 000-year lacustrine sediment sequence
Vuillemin Aurèle, Ariztegui Daniel, Horn Fabian, Kallmeyer Jens, Orsi William D (2018), Microbial community composition along a 50 000-year lacustrine sediment sequence, in FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 94(4), 1-20.
Porewater salinity reveals past lake-level changes in Lake Van, the Earth’s largest soda lake
Tomonaga Yama, Brennwald Matthias S., Livingstone David M., Kwiecien Olga, Randlett Marie-Ève, Stockhecke Mona, Unwin Katie, Anselmetti Flavio S., Beer Jürg, Haug Gerald H., Schubert Carsten J., Sturm Mike, Kipfer Rolf (2017), Porewater salinity reveals past lake-level changes in Lake Van, the Earth’s largest soda lake, in Scientific Reports, 7(1), 313-313.
Linear and non-linear responses of vegetation and soils to glacial-interglacial climate change in a Mediterranean refuge
Holtvoeth Jens, Vogel Hendrik, Valsecchi Verushka, Lindhorst Katja, Schouten Stefan, Wagner Bernd, Wolff George A. (2017), Linear and non-linear responses of vegetation and soils to glacial-interglacial climate change in a Mediterranean refuge, in Scientific Reports, 7(1), 8121-8121.
Report on the ICDP workshop DIVE (Drilling the Ivrea–Verbano zonE)
Pistone Mattia, Müntener Othmar, Ziberna Luca, Hetényi György, Zanetti Alberto (2017), Report on the ICDP workshop DIVE (Drilling the Ivrea–Verbano zonE), in Scientific Drilling, 23, 47-56.
Scientific Drilling at Lake Tanganyika, Africa: A Transformative Record for Understanding Evolution in Isolation and the Biological History of the African Continent, University of Basel, 6–8 June 2016
Cohen Andrew S., Salzburger Walter (2017), Scientific Drilling at Lake Tanganyika, Africa: A Transformative Record for Understanding Evolution in Isolation and the Biological History of the African Continent, University of Basel, 6–8 June 2016, in Scientific Drilling, 22, 43-48.
Subglacial emplacement of tills and meltwater deposits at the base of overdeepened bedrock troughs
Buechi Marius W., Frank Stephan M., Graf Hans Rudolf, Menzies John, Anselmetti Flavio S. (2017), Subglacial emplacement of tills and meltwater deposits at the base of overdeepened bedrock troughs, in Sedimentology, 64(3), 658-685.
Subglacial emplacement of tills and meltwater deposits at the base of overdeepened bedrock troughs
Buechi Marius W., Frank Stephan M., Graf Hans Rudolf, Menzies John, Anselmetti Flavio S. (2017), Subglacial emplacement of tills and meltwater deposits at the base of overdeepened bedrock troughs, in Sedimentology, 64(3), 658-685.
The environmental and evolutionary history of Lake Ohrid (FYROM/Albania): interim results from the SCOPSCO deep drilling project
Wagner Bernd, Wilke Thomas, Francke Alexander, Albrecht Christian, Baumgarten Henrike, Bertini Adele, Combourieu-Nebout Nathalie, Cvetkoska Aleksandra, D&, apos, Addabbo Michele, Donders Timme H., Föller Kirstin, Giaccio Biagio, Grazhdani Andon, Hauffe Torsten, Holtvoeth Jens, Joannin Sebastien, Jovanovska Elena, Just Janna, Kouli Katerina, Koutsodendris Andreas, Krastel Sebastian, Lacey Jack H., Leicher Niklas, Leng Melanie J., et al. (2017), The environmental and evolutionary history of Lake Ohrid (FYROM/Albania): interim results from the SCOPSCO deep drilling project, in Biogeosciences, 14(8), 2033-2054.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Scientific Drilling Community Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
162810 Paleoecological indicators in lake sediments based on a multidisciplinary approach of endospore-forming Firmicutes and the chemical and isotopic composition of sediments and organic matter 01.12.2015 Interdisciplinary projects
155891 Noble gas temperature reconstructions in stalagmites and new paleoclimate archives 01.05.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
147145 Swiss Membership in the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) 01.01.2014 Research Infrastructure
149247 4D-DIAGENESIS@MOUND: Understanding the temporal and spatial variability of early diagenesis in carbonate mounds 01.01.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
182090 Swiss membership in the International Scientific Continental Drilling Program ICDP 01.01.2019 Research Infrastructure
182091 Swiss participation in the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) through membership in the European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling (ECORD) 01.01.2019 Research Infrastructure
153125 Faunal assemblages from active, declining and buried cold-water coral ecosystems. 01.04.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
143340 The Swiss contribution to the ICDP Lake Van Drilling Project: Linking modern seismic and biogeochemical signatures to 500,000 years of environmental history 01.01.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
162447 Noble gases trapped in the pore fluids of aquatic sediments as environmental tracers 01.10.2016 Project funding (Div. I-III)
166180 PaleoMOUNDBase: towards a new COST Action to fill the gap in understanding carbonate mound dynamics 01.01.2016 International Exploratory Workshops
147139 Swiss participation in the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) through membership in the European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling (ECORD) 01.01.2014 Research Infrastructure
153054 Climate history of the Indo-Pacific region and subsurface biosphere of Lake Towuti: The Swiss contribution to the ICDP Towuti Drilling Project (drilling part) 01.06.2014 Research Infrastructure
163114 SERENA - SEdimentary REcord of the Northern Afar: Insights in the flooding history of the Danakil Depression 01.07.2016 Project funding (Div. I-III)
154810 QuantiCarb@Spring - processes and quantification of CaCO3 fabric-specific layering at hot springs and its environmental implications 01.07.2015 Ambizione
153053 Climate history of the Indo-Pacific region and subsurface biosphere of Lake Towuti: The Swiss contribution to the ICDP Towuti Drilling Project (research part) 01.01.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
155927 From Satellites to Molecules (SAM): Strategies and tools for reconstructing Late Pleistocene climate in northeastern Patagonia 01.04.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Continental scientific drilling allows to investigate the geological subsurface of the continents including its fluids and biosphere. As logistics and costs of such drilling campaigns are significant, the science communities of 23 nations joined during the last decades to form the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP). Switzerland joined the ICDP in 2009 as regular member, offering now the Swiss scientists the opportunity to propose, conduct and sample drilling operations anywhere on the continents. ICDP emphasizes in particular drilling targets with societal significance. The new research plan includes topics of i) active faulting and earthquake, ii) global cycles affecting climate and environmental change, ii) heat and mass transport, iv) the deep hidden biosphere, and v) cataclysmic events and impact craters. The past years have shown, that Swiss researchers were intensely involved addressing these topics with many ICDP drilling projects. In particular, a high number of ICDP proposals have even been (co-)proposed by researchers from Swiss institutions, documenting that the Swiss science community takes a leading role in fostering scientific continental drilling. In addition, representatives of Swiss research institutions are also active on various panels evaluating, steering and managing the international continental drilling activities. A philosophy of 'drilling without limits' will be achieved by close cooperation between the marine and the continental scientific drilling communities, accessible through concomitant membership in the International Continental Drilling Project (IODP). Consequently, the Swiss scientific drilling community merges its activities under the swissdrilling.ch umbrella, representing both, marine and continental projects. Some of the newly proposed initiatives qualify for the recently encouraged 'amphibious' approach, for which marine-continental transects can be proposed within the same proposal. The ICDP membership is also important for students and young researchers, as the program offer a variety of opportunities providing promising perspectives for the future.
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