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The contribution of vocational skills development to inclusive industrial growth and transformation: An analysis of critical factors in 6 countries

English title The contribution of vocational skills development to inclusive industrial growth and transformation: An analysis of critical factors in 6 countries
Applicant Maurer Markus
Number 169470
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich
Institution of higher education Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich - PHZH
Main discipline Educational science and Pedagogy
Start/End 01.09.2017 - 31.08.2020
Approved amount 1'452'573.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Educational science and Pedagogy
Economics

Keywords (5)

industry training; sustainability of development interventions; vocational education and training; impact of training; developing countries

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Dieses Projekt untersucht jene Faktoren, welche Ausbildungsprojekte dabei unterstützen oder daran hindern, zu nachhaltigem industriellem Wachstum und industrieller Transformation beizutragen.
Lay summary

Das gewachsene Interesse der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit an der Berufsbildung führte in den letzten Jahren auch zu einer Zunahme von Projekten und Programmen, mittels welchen Industrieausbildungen unterstützt wurden. Es ist jedoch wenig darüber bekannt, inwiefern solche Initiativen zu industriellem Wachstum und industrieller Transformation – und letztlich auch zu mehr zur Armutsreduktion beitragen. Aus diesem Grund untersuch das vorliegende Projekt die Faktoren, welche Ausbildungsprojekte dabei unterstützen oder daran hindern, zu nachhaltigem industriellem Wachstum und industrieller Transformation beizutragen. Es untersucht hierzu Ausbildungsinitiativen aus sechs Ländern, wobei es sich um drei Entwicklungsländer in Südostasien (Bangladesch, Kambodscha und Laos) sowie drei weiteren Ländern (Äthiopien, Südafrika und Vietnam) handelt.

Ein wichtiger Fokus liegt dabei auch auf der Frage, welche Unterschiede sich zwischen Projekten auf unterschiedlichen Qualifikationsniveaus feststellen lassen. Sollte sich dabei herausstellen, dass Projekte, die sich an Angestellte auf niedrigem Qualifikationsniveau richten (z.B. an Näherinnen der Bekleidungsindustrie) einen wesentlich geringeren Beitrag zu industriellem Wachstum und industrieller Transformation leisten als etwa Projekte, die auf die Ausbildung von Techniker setzen, wäre dies von einiger Relevanz für die Berufsbildungsstrategien zahlreichen Geberländer, die vor dem Hintergrund der Armutsreduktion primär Ausbildungen auf niedrigem Qualifikationsniveau unterstützen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.08.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Department of Economics, University of Dhaka (Atonu Rabbani) Bangladesh (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Paññasastra University of Cambodia (PUC) Campuchea (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Regional Association for Vocational Teacher Education in East and Southeast Asia (RAVTE) Campuchea (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
B,S,S. (Basel/Switzerland), Michael Morlok Vietnam (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Singizi (Carmel Marock) South Africa (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology Education University (HCMUTE) Vietnam (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Trade and Industrial Policy Strategy (TIPS, Saul Levin) South Africa (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Cambodia Development Resource Institute (CDRI) Campuchea (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
ICTVET (LELAM-TVET4INCOME) Talk given at a conference Linking VSD to Inclusive Growth: Why labour processes and context matter 11.09.2019 Kathmandu, Nepal Teutoburg-Weiss Hannes;
ECER Talk given at a conference Linking TVET to Inclusive Growth: Insights from the International Project "Skills for Industry" 03.09.2019 Hamburg, Germany Teutoburg-Weiss Hannes; Allais Stephanie;
IIPPE Annual Conference Talk given at a conference Linking vocational skills development to inclusive growth: A political economic approach 04.07.2019 Lille, France Teutoburg-Weiss Hannes;
XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology Talk given at a conference The Contribution of Vocational Skills Development to Inclusive Industrial Growth and Transformation 17.07.2018 Toronto, Canada Teutoburg-Weiss Hannes;
INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL OF THE ALUMNI NETWORK „EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER" at Dresden/Leipzig Talk given at a conference An analysis of critical factors in Lao PDR „Vocational skills program development of Garment, Food and Beverage processing to inclusive industrial growth and transformation“ 19.06.2018 Dresden, Germany Khammounty Bounseng;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Stakeholder Meeting "Skills for industry in Lao PDR" - Presentation 13.03.2019 Vientiane, Laos
National Inception Workshop in Bangladesh 13.10.2018 Dhaka, Bangladesh
National Inception Workshop in Cambodia 14.09.2018 Phnom Penh, Campuchea
National Inception Workshop in Vietnam 17.08.2018 NamDinh Province, Vietnam
National Inception Workshop in South Africa 16.08.2018 Johannesburg, South Africa
National Inception Workshop in Laos 15.08.2018 Vientiane, Laos
National Inception Workshop in Ethiopia 22.07.2018 Mekelle, Ethiopia

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Indo-Swiss-Workshop (organized by ZHAW and ICSSR) - The Utilisation of Skills: The VSD, work organization and technology nexus Workshop 25.11.2019 Delhi, India Teutoburg-Weiss Hannes;
Logistics conference for export-led economic growth of Ethiopia (int. conference organised by GIZ) Talk 13.11.2019 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Berhe Hadush;
Making skills work for economic transformation (int. Conference organised by GIZ) Talk 29.07.2019 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Berhe Hadush; Allais Stephanie;
2nd International TVET Conference: TVET in context: challenges for ‘best practice’ in Africa Talk 29.07.2019 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Allais Stephanie;
Journal of Vocational Education and Training 13th International Conference Talk 29.06.2019 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Allais Stephanie;
DEZA f2f-event employment and income network Workshop 07.05.2019 Solothurn, Switzerland Maurer Markus; Teutoburg-Weiss Hannes;
TVET Strategy (organised by the federal TVET Agency) Talk 27.03.2019 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Berhe Hadush;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Stakeholder Meeting - Skills for industry in Lao PDR 13.06.2019 Vientiane, Laos
National Inception Workshop in Bangladesch 13.10.2018 Dhaka , Bangladesh
National Inception Workshop in Cambodia 14.09.2018 Phnom Penh, Campuchea
National Inception Workshop in Vietnam 17.08.2018 NamDinh Province , Vietnam
National Inception Workshop in South Africa 16.08.2018 Johannesburg , South Africa
National Inception Workshop in Laos 15.08.2018 Vientiane , Laos
National Inception Workshop in Ethiopia 22.07.2018 Mekelle, Ethiopia

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media "Growth of Bangladesh’s Pharma Industry: Some Implications" National Daily Newapaper, Nov, 2019 International 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Addressing the skilled workforce shortage: The key to inclusive growth and transformation (PB) Researchgate International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Entwicklung durch Berufsbildungsprogramme Internet der PH ZH International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Expert from 5 Countries discussed the Skill for Industry Education (Laos) International 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Policy Brief Cambodia: "Skills and transformation in Cambodia‘s industry" International 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Policy Brief Cambodia: "Skills and transformation in Laos' Industry" Linkedin of Bopharath SRY (CDRI) International 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Policy Brief Laos: "Boosting Growth and Transformation in Laos' Industry" International 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Policy Brief Vietnam: "Vietnam’s Skilled Workforce Shortage" International 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Profil 2018-2019 - Nützt Berufsbildung? S. 18 International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Skill gaps in Lao PDR Industry Vientiane Time International 2019
Media relations: radio, television The contribution of vocation skills dev. programs to the incl. indust. growth and transformation Radio (Aethiopien) International 2019
Media relations: radio, television The role of higher education and TVET instit. for the growth and transform. of manufact. indust. Tigray Mass Media Agency (Ethiopien) International 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Projekt Website PH ZH Website International 2018
Other activities Inside 02/2017: Internat Teamarbeit: Wie hängen Berufsbildung und industrieller Wandel zusammen? German-speaking Switzerland 2017

Abstract

Renewed donor interest in vocational skills development (VSD) has led to a growing number of initiatives that aim at developing skills for the industry. Little is known, however, about the contribution of such initiatives to inclusive industrial growth and transformation, and, in consequence, to more and better jobs and reduced poverty. The proposed project therefore aims at studying the critical factors that help or hinder skills development initiatives contribute to inclusive industrial growth and transformation. In order to reach this objective, the project will analyse programmes from a total of six countries, whereby three least developed countries from South and Southeast Asia (i.e. Bangladesh, Cambodia and Laos) are compared with three contrasting countries (i.e. Ethiopia, South Africa and Vietnam), two of which being classified as middle-income. Combining approaches from the impact evaluation literature and the political-economic literature on skills formation regimes, the project is particularly interested in the influence of a) the country context (e.g. the overall political framework, the role of industrial policy, and the priorities in education and training policy) as well as that of b) the respective industry (e.g. its skill needs, its position in the global value chain, and the role of the associations). Thus, it will assess the following hypotheses: firstly, VSD initiatives that focus on higher skill levels are more likely to contribute to inclusive industrial growth and transformation than those that focus on lower skill levels; secondly, VSD initiatives in countries with a clear strategy and the respective capacity to link education and training to industrial development are more likely to contribute to inclusive industrial growth and transformation than others. If these hypotheses were to be correct, this would also imply that a stronger political focus on developing skills at all occupational levels in industries of low and middle-income countries will be an important element to reach the newly declared SDGs.
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