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Context-dependence of biodiversity effects and real-world perspective

English title Context-dependence of biodiversity effects and real-world perspective
Applicant Fischer Markus
Number 166017
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Ecology
Start/End 01.06.2017 - 31.05.2020
Approved amount 243'700.00
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Keywords (4)

biodiversity; ecosystem functions; ecosystem services; grassland

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Wiesen mit mehr Pflanzenarten liefern mehr Leistungen für den Menschen, wie viele Experimente andeuten. Allerdings ist die Bedeutung dieser Beziehung in genutzten und ungenutzten Wiesen in echten Landschaften noch weitgehend unbekannt.
Lay summary

Wir vergleichen deshalb Ergebnisse des grössten europäischen Diversitätsexperiments mit denen des grössten europäischen Biodiversitätsprojekts in Wiesen in drei Regionen in Mitteleuropa im Hinblick auf verschiedene Hypothesen zur Bedeutung der Biodiversität für das Funktionieren von Ökosystemen. Wir erwarten neue Erkenntnisse zur Bedeutung der Biodiversität und zur Aussagekraft experimenteller Ergebnisse.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.12.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
The results of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning experiments are realistic
Jochum Malte, Fischer Markus, Isbell Forest, Roscher Christiane, van der Plas Fons, Boch Steffen, Boenisch Gerhard, Buchmann Nina, Catford Jane A., Cavender-Bares Jeannine, Ebeling Anne, Eisenhauer Nico, Gleixner Gerd, Hölzel Norbert, Kattge Jens, Klaus Valentin H., Kleinebecker Till, Lange Markus, Le Provost Gaëtane, Meyer Sebastian T., Molina-Venegas Rafael, Mommer Liesje, Oelmann Yvonne, Penone Caterina, et al. (2020), The results of biodiversity–ecosystem functioning experiments are realistic, in Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1-10.
Transferring biodiversity-ecosystem function research to the management of ‘real-world’ ecosystems
Manning Peter, Loos Jacqueline, Barnes Andrew D., Batáry Péter, Bianchi Felix J.J.A., Buchmann Nina, De Deyn Gerlinde B., Ebeling Anne, Eisenhauer Nico, Fischer Markus, Fründ Jochen, Grass Ingo, Isselstein Johannes, Jochum Malte, Klein Alexandra M., Klingenberg Esther O.F., Landis Douglas A., Lepš Jan, Lindborg Regina, Meyer Sebastian T., Temperton Vicky M., Westphal Catrin, Tscharntke Teja (2019), Transferring biodiversity-ecosystem function research to the management of ‘real-world’ ecosystems, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 323-356.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Jena experiment consortium Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Pete Manning at Senckenberg BiK-F, Frankfurt Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Valuation of grassland species diversity and related ecosystem services in Europe Individual talk Comparing biodiversity - ecosystem functioning results between the Jena Experiment and the Biodiversity Exploratories 11.09.2017 Zürich, Switzerland Buchmann Nina; Jochum Malte;


Abstract

While increased plant diversity typically increases many ecosystem functions in experiments manipulating plant diversity, evidence for such relationships from real-world systems is much less clear. Therefore we compare plant diversity - ecosystem function relationships between the Jena experiment and the Biodiversity Exploratories, i.e. between one of the longest running and data-rich grassland experiments in this context and real-world grasslands in three regions. We do these comparisons exploring various options of describing diversity via phylogenetic and functional trait measures, and of subsetting the experimental and real-world datasets. We expect novel insights into the relevance of biodiversity for the functioning of natural ecosystems and for interpreting experimental results.
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