functional magnetic resonance imaging; predisposition; genetics; cortical folding; diffusion tensor imaging; expertise; audition; structural magnetic resonance imaging ; language; brain plasticity; dyslexia; computational morphology; computational modelling; bilingualism; simultaneous interpretation
Rutten Sanne, Santoro Roberta, Hervais-Adelman Alexis, Formisano Elia, Golestani Narly (2019), Cortical encoding of speech enhances task-relevant acoustic information, in Nature Human Behaviour
, 3(9), 974-987.
Momenian Mohammad, Nilipour Reza, Samar Reza Ghafar, Cappa Stefano F., Golestani Narly (2018), Morpho-syntactic complexity modulates brain activation in Persian-English bilinguals: An fMRI study, in Brain and Language
, 185, 9-18.
Hervais-Adelman Alexis, Egorova Natalia, Golestani Narly (2018), Beyond bilingualism: multilingual experience correlates with caudate volume, in Brain Structure and Function
, 223(7), 3495-3502.
Vandermosten Maaike, Wouters Jan, Ghesquière Pol, Golestani Narly (2018), Statistical Learning of Speech Sounds in Dyslexic and Typical Reading Children, in Scientific Studies of Reading
, 23(1), 116-127.
Hervais-Adelman Alexis, Moser-Mercer Barbara, Golestani Narly (2018), Commentary: Broca Pars Triangularis Constitutes a “Hub” of the Language-Control Network during Simultaneous Language Translation
, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Switzerland.
Marie Damien, Golestani Narly (2017), Brain structural imaging of receptive speech and beyond: a review of current methods, in Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
, 32(7), 870-890.
Hervais-Adelman Alexis, Moser-Mercer Barbara, Murray Micah, Golestani. Narly (2017), Cortical thickness increases after simultaneous interpretation training, in Neuropsychologia
, 98, 212-219.
Kartushina Natalia, Frauenfelder Ulrich H., Golestani Narly (2016), How and When Does the Second Language Influence the Production of Native Speech Sounds: A Literature ReviewL2 Influences on L1: A Literature Review, in Language Learning
, 66(S2), 155-186.
Vandermosten Maaike, Price Cathy J., Golestani Narly (2016), Plasticity of white matter connectivity in phonetics experts, in Brain Structure and Function
, 221(7), 3825-3833.
Kartushina Natalia, Hervais-Adelman Alexis, Frauenfelder Ulrich Hans, Golestani Narly (2016), Mutual influences between native and non-native vowels in production: Evidence from short-term visual articulatory feedback training, in Journal of Phonetics
, 57, 21-39.
This SNSF extension has as research objectives to elucidate the relative contributions of nature versus nurture with respect to the brain and language in humans, using non-invasive brain imaging methods. Our studies span different levels of language processing, ranging from low-level, auditory processing to higher-level, linguistic processing, to studies on multilingualism, and finally, to processes beyond language per se such as the cognitive and executive control mechanisms required to manage multilingualism. The research agenda will include a) a detailed exploration of auditory cortex function and dysfunction using novel computational modelling methods; b) the development of a novel computational morphometry approach to quantify the shape and size of the auditory cortex, and application of this method to different existing data-sets in populations previously shown to display auditory cortex alterations; c) investigation of molecular genetic influences on auditory cortex morphology and on related measures of domain-specific aptitude; d) longitudinal behavioural testing and functional brain imaging of dyslexia, in particular in relation to novel intervention approaches; and d) investigation of brain structural correlates of speaking two or more languages, and investigation of brain functional and structural correlates of executive skill in simultaneous interpreters. These studies will a) pave the way for explanatory models of auditory brain response and of higher-level, top-down influences on that response, b) allow to tease apart the relative influences of nature and of nurture on auditory cortex features and on related domain-specific aptitudes, c) allow to develop explanatory models of auditory cortex functional alterations in dyslexia, and possibly lead to new intervention for this disorder, and d) advance our understanding of the neural adaptations that accompany the heightened executive skills in interpreters and in multilingual individuals, skills which have previously been shown to confer protective effects in diseases such as dementia.