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From the interstellar medium to the present day solar system - Noble gases in extraterrestrial matter as unique process tracers

English title From the interstellar medium to the present day solar system - Noble gases in extraterrestrial matter as unique process tracers
Applicant Busemann Henner
Number 163098
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Geochemie und Petrologie ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Geochemistry
Start/End 01.11.2015 - 31.10.2018
Approved amount 312'389.00
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Keywords (7)

Meteorites; Organic Matter; Formation of the Solar System; Comets; Noble Gases; Volatile Elements; Interplanetary Dust Particles

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Viele der Prozesse, die zur Bildung unseres Sonnensystems vor 4.56 Milliarden Jahren und danach zu seiner jetzigen Form führten, sind nicht vollständig verstanden. Das Verständnis dieser Vorgänge ist nicht nur wichtig, um z.B. den Ursprung der Erde zu erklären, sondern auch, um dieses Wissen auf die wachsende Zahl neu entdeckter fremder Planetensysteme im Weltraum anzuwenden. So sind z. B. Ursprung, Transportmechanismen und Veränderungen in der Zusammensetzung der sogenannten volatilen (flüchtigen) Elemente und Moleküle in den verschiedenen Himmelskörpern unseres Sonnensystem nur unzureichend bekannt. Diese zum Teil für die Entstehung von Leben besonders wichtigen Phasen umfassen z. B. die gasförmigen Edelgase, Wasser(stoff), Kohlenstoff, Stickstoff und organische Verbindungen.
Lay summary

Das Ziel dieses Projekts ist, mit Hilfe der Edelgase zum besseren Verständnis der grundlegenden Prozesse beizutragen, die zur Bildung des heutigen Sonnensystems führten. Edelgase, flüchtig als auch inert, sind bestens geeignet, physikalische Prozesse als auch die chronologische Abfolge dieser Prozesse aufzudecken. Sie sind in Feststoffen und der irdischen Atmosphäre vergleichsweise selten und auch in geringen Mengen im Labor gut zu messen. Wir werden die fünf Elemente mit insgesamt 23 stabilen Isotopen sowohl in seltenen extraterrestrischen Proben wie auch in organischen Proben, die dem Material im interstellarem Raum ähnlich sind, analysieren. Wir werden Kometenstaub und interplanetaren Staub sowie Separate von Meteoriten messen, um (i) den Ursprung der organischen Materie, die zu Beginn des Sonnensystems vorhanden war, besser zu verstehen, (ii) den Edelgasinhalt von Kometen besser zu bestimmen und generell den Beitrag von Kometen zum Budget der volatilen Elemente im inneren Sonnenystem abzuschätzen. Desweiteren werden wir nach Signaturen zu suchen, die auf Phasen hinweisen, die bereits vor der Bildung unseres Sonnensystems in früheren Sterngenerationen gebildet wurden. Die zeitliche Abfolge und die Bedeutung der verschiedenen Prozesse und Phasen für die Bildung unseres Sonnensystems sollen hiermit besser charakterisiert werden.

 Die Erforschung des Weltraums und die Entstehung unseres Sonnensystems ist generell von grossem gesellschaftlichen Interesse. Dies zeigt sich z. B. durch die Berichterstattung über die Landung von Philae auf dem Kometen Tschurjumow-Gerassimenko oder das grosse Interesse der Bevölkerung an Meteoriten und Einschlagereignissen wie kürzlich beim Meteor von Tscheljabinsk. Die mit grossen Kosten verbundenen Missionen, die Proben von Kometen (Stardust) oder Asteroiden (Hayabusa, Osiris Rex) auf die Erde bringen, werden nur durch Laboruntersuchungen auf dem neuesten Stand der Technik sinnvoll. Unser Projekt ermöglicht auch die Weiterentwicklung dieser Methoden.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.10.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Drs C. Alexander, L. Nittler, DTM/Carnegie Institution of Washington DC United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. P. Hoppe, MPI Mainz Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. U. Böttger, DLR Berlin Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. C. Materese, Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, NASA Research Park, Moffett Field, CA United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. P. Clay, Profs J. D. Gilmour, I. Lyon, SEAES, Univ. of Manchester Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. A. Irving, University of Washington, Seattle, WA United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. A. Wittmann, Eyring Materials Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Drs E. Berger, L. Keller, NASA, JSC Houston, TX United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Drs D. Schrader, J. Davidson, Arizona State University, Tempe United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. C. Vollmer, Institut für Mineralogie, Universität Münster Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. A. King, Natural History Museum London Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. S. Sandford, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Seminar NHM London Individual talk The effect of aqueous alteration on primordial noble gases in CM chondrites. 20.09.2018 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Busemann Henner; Krietsch Daniela;
81st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference Noble gas record in a large number of shergottites: Potential implication for the number of ejection events on Mars. 22.07.2018 Moskau, Russia Krietsch Daniela; Busemann Henner;
81st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference Noble gases in glass and mineral grains separated from the unbrecciated lunar mare basalts LaPaz Icefield 02205, 02224, 02226, 02436. 22.07.2018 Moskau, Russia Busemann Henner; Will Patrizia Beatrice;
81st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference 21Ne cosmic-ray exposure ages of brachinites and brachinite-like achondrites. 22.07.2018 Moskau, Russia Busemann Henner; Krietsch Daniela;
Internal group seminar, Cosmochemistry group Individual talk Solar wind of mysterious origin in unbrecciated lunar mare basalts. 19.04.2018 Zürich, Switzerland Will Patrizia Beatrice; Busemann Henner;
49th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Poster Cosmic-ray exposure ages of brachinites and brachinite-like achondrites. 19.03.2018 Houston, Texas, United States of America Busemann Henner; Krietsch Daniela;
3S - Solar-System symposium in Sapporo Talk given at a conference The Evolution of Primordial Noble Gas Carriers in Meteorites 26.02.2018 Sapporo, Japan Busemann Henner;
Internal group seminar, Isotope Geochemistry Group Individual talk Noble gases in CM chondrites: Effect of aqueous alteration and cosmic ray exposure (CRE) ages. 16.11.2017 Zürich, Switzerland Busemann Henner; Krietsch Daniela;
Paneth Kolloquium Talk given at a conference Analysing a STARDUST analogue sample mixture by closed-system step etching – a major step towards measuring all cometary noble gases. 11.10.2017 Nördlingen, Germany Will Patrizia Beatrice; Busemann Henner;
Paneth Kolloquium Talk given at a conference Noble gases in CM chondrites: Effect of aqueous alteration and cosmic ray exposure (CRE) ages. 11.10.2017 Nördlingen, Germany Krietsch Daniela; Busemann Henner;
DINGUE 5, Workshop on "Developments In Noble Gas Understanding and Expertise" Talk given at a conference The fate of primordial noble gases during planetesimal differentiation 12.08.2017 Paris, France Busemann Henner;
DINGUE 5, Workshop on "Developments In Noble Gas Understanding and Expertise" Talk given at a conference Towards analyzing all noble gases in cometary dust by closed-system step etching (CSSE) 11.08.2017 Paris, France Will Patrizia Beatrice; Busemann Henner;
80th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference The enrichment of noble gases in cluster chondrite clasts 23.07.2017 Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America Busemann Henner;
80th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference The effect of aqueous alteration on primordial noble gases in CM chondrites. 23.07.2017 Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America Busemann Henner; Krietsch Daniela;
80th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Poster Experimental noble gas trapping in organic residues – On the way to understanding «Phase Q»? 23.07.2017 Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America Busemann Henner; Will Patrizia Beatrice;
80th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference Primordial noble gases in “Phase Q” from the CV3 chondrite Vigarano studied by closed-system step etching (CSSE) 23.07.2017 Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America Busemann Henner; Will Patrizia Beatrice;
3S - Solar-System symposium in Sapporo Talk given at a conference Noble Gases in Various Chondrite Classes – Clues to Parent Body Processing and the Origin of the Terrestrial Volatiles 13.02.2017 Sapporo, Japan Busemann Henner;
79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society Talk given at a conference Noble gases in recently found hot and cold desert lunar meteorites. 07.08.2016 Berlin, Germany Will Patrizia Beatrice; Busemann Henner;
Goldschmidt 2016 Talk given at a conference The Primordial Noble Gas Content of CR and CI Chondrites 26.06.2016 Yokohama, Japan Busemann Henner;
DINGUE 4, Workshop on "Developments In Noble Gas Understanding and Expertise" Talk given at a conference Noble Gases in CR Chondrites: The Primordially Trapped Inventory and Records of Parent Body, Space and Terrestrial Processing 13.04.2016 Nancy, France Busemann Henner;


Awards

Title Year
Annual Meeting Student Travel Award - Barringer Crater Company 2018
Annual Meeting Student Travel Award - Barringer Crater Company 2018
Fellow of the Meteoritical Society 2018
Annual Meeting Student Travel Award - Barringer Crater Company 2017
Annual Meeting Student Travel Award - Barringer Crater Company 2017
Annual Meeting Student Travel Award - Barringer Crater Company 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
182649 Understanding the messages from space recorded in the noble gases to understand the formation of the solar system 01.11.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

In this proposal we will describe examinations of a large variety of extraterrestrial materials, from interplanetary dust particles to meteoritic and analogue organic matter, and primitive meteorites. We wish to further our understanding of the processes that led to the formation and early evolution of the solar system and shaped it into its present state. All tasks presented here have in common that the unique properties of the noble gases will be utilised to assess physical processes that once affected the examined matter. Project A (“noble gases on ice”) will focus on the original matter that formed the solar system. We plan to (i)elucidate how the noble gases could have been delivered to the meteorite and comet forming regions of the solar system in their original carrier phases by examining organic matter analogues formed in irradiated ices, (ii)search for unknown isotopically anomalous phases in meteorites with distinct acid susceptibilities that potentially also carry nucleosynthetic noble gas components to better characterise stellar nucleosynthesis in stars, (iii)examine the noble gases in possibly cometary matter (Antarctic micrometeorites and interplanetary dust particles) that might have survived essentially unaltered the planetary accretion in the colder outer reaches of the solar system, (iv)analyse a bulk sample as well as an acid-resistant residue of one of the most primitive chondrites (DOM 08066), to define the “Ur” composition of the trapped noble gas component Q typically found in meteorites, which subsequently was modified during parent body thermal metamorphism and aqueous alteration.Project B aims to shed more light on the primordially trapped “subsolar” or “Ar-rich” component carried in HF-soluble minerals and found in many meteorite classes such as E, LL, CV and CO chondrites. Online etching of an irradiated and an unirradiated bulk sample of one of the most pristine meteorites ever found, the CO chondrite DOM 08066, will allow to better assess the elemental and isotopic composition of this elusive component, the chemistry of the carrier minerals and potentially the timing of its incorporation.
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