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In and Around the Master's Workshop Craftsmen as Moral Warrantors of Neighbourhood Solidarities in Egypt

English title In and Around the Master's Workshop Craftsmen as Moral Warrantors of Neighbourhood Solidarities in Egypt
Applicant Dennerlein Bettina
Number 162938
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Abteilung Islamwissenschaft Asien-Orient-Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Other languages and literature
Start/End 01.12.2015 - 31.01.2019
Approved amount 220'741.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other languages and literature
Ethnology

Keywords (6)

Arab Spring; Urban Neighbourhoods; Politics; Middle East; Security; Statehood

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Forschungsprojekt soll erklären, auf welche Art Sicherheit in Ägypten diskutiert und erlebt wird. Zu diesem Zweck werden die institutionellen und interpersönlichen Netzwerke analysiert, auf die sich die Leute für ihre Sicherheit stützen. Die Forschung wird sich auf Kairo konzentrieren, die Hauptstadt und grösste Agglomeration des Landes.
Lay summary

Seit dem Aufstand in 2011sind viele Ägypter auf Grund der politischen Gewalt und der steigenden Delinquenz beunruhigt, die ihnen als Ergebnisse der Schwächung des Staates erscheinen. Als Konsequenz ist Sicherheit zu einer der Hauptfragen in der politischen Debatte geworden. In grossen Städten wie Kairo und Alexandria haben viele Einwohner geschwankt zwischen dem Wunsch nach einer Rückkehr starker Institutionen, die in der Lage wären, die Gewalt einzudämmen, und dem Willen, die Sicherheit ihrer Viertel in eigener Hand zu nehmen. In diesem Kontext haben sich Rufe nach  nationaler Einheit und Dynamiken, die die lokale Autonomie der verschiedenen Stadtteile fördern, vielfach gemischt. Solche Akteure, die sich oft abseits der politischen Ereignissen haben halten wollen, gehören jetzt zu den grössten Unterstützern des Stabilitätsdiskurses, der inzwischen dominant geworden ist.       

Das Verständnis der Strategien, welche Kairos Einwohner zur Gewährleistung ihrer Sicherheit anwenden, soll als Hinweis auf ihr Verhältnis zum Staat untersucht werden. Wahrung von Normalität, hier verstanden als Gewährleistung einer vorhersehbaren Lebenswelt, wird als zentrale Aufgabe der Staatsinstitutionen wahrgenommen, welche sich überschneidet mit der Verteidigung des Alltags auf lokaler Ebene. Die simultane Mobilisierung bei Akteuren von institutionellen und interpersonellen Netzwerken fördert zugleich die Überwindung einer simplistischen Dichotomie zwischen Staat und Gesellschaft. Erstens wird diese Forschung es uns ermöglichen, die Situation in einem wichtigen Land des Vorderen Orient besser zu verstehen. Sie wird zur gleichen Zeit ein bedeutender Beitrag zu der generellen Frage der Rolle des Staates darstellen und neue Modelle für vergleichende Studien bieten.     

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 05.11.2015

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
This research aims to understand the ways in which security is discussed and experienced in Egypt. In order to examine this, the research will focus on Cairo, the capital of the country and the major city in Egypt. It will analyse the networks of institutional and interpersonal support on which people rely on for protection and safety inside their neighbourhoods.
Lay summary

Since the 2011 uprising in Egypt, many people have become increasingly worried about the violence of political trouble and the rise in common delinquency, resulting from the weakening of the State. As a consequence, security issues have become a major point of contention in the political field. Many inhabitants of big cities like Cairo and Alexandria have oscillated between demanding the re-establishment of strong institutions that are able to suppress violence, and ensuring the protection of their own areas during turbulent periods. Therefore, in this setting, claims for national unity and dynamics favouring the local autonomy of neighbourhoods increasingly overlap. These actors who largely stayed apart from the political upheaval have now become strong supporters of the stability discourse, which has since become dominant.

Understanding the strategies deployed by inhabitants of Cairo in order to enhance their security is an important tool for analysing the linkage of State and society. This mobilisation of networks, which are both institutional and interpersonal, allows the overcoming of simple dichotomies. Protecting normality, the guarantee of any predictable setting, which is congruent with the defence of everyday life undertaken at the local level, therefore becomes a central task of State institutions. Hence, whilst helping understand the situation in an important country in the Middle East, this research will examine general issues of representation and of the role of the State.  This will provide new models for comparative studies on a crucial topic for all political regimes.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 05.11.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
al-Intag al-Ma’rifa fi al-Jami’at al-Masriyya [Knowledge Production at Egyptian Universities]
Cantini Daniele (ed.) (2018), al-Intag al-Ma’rifa fi al-Jami’at al-Masriyya [Knowledge Production at Egyptian Universities], Idafat: al-majallah al-arabiyya li-l-ulum al-ijtima'yya, Beirut.
Contested Genderscapes: Islamic Languages of Women’s Rights in the Arab Region
DennerleinBettina (2018), Contested Genderscapes: Islamic Languages of Women’s Rights in the Arab Region, in Amir-Moazami S, Hirschler K, Krawietz B, Freitag U, Gräf B (ed.), Brill, Leiden, 310-326.
Family Affairs: The Doing and Undoing of Family in Modern and Contemporary Egypt
DennerleinBettina, KreilAymon (2018), Family Affairs: The Doing and Undoing of Family in Modern and Contemporary Egypt, in Mueller Simone, Malinar Angelika (ed.), Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 279-294.
Intag al-Ma’rifa fi mustawa al-Doktorah fi al-Ulum al-Insaniyya wa al-Ijtima’iyya fi al-Jami’at al-Masriyya [Knowledge Production at the doctoral level in Humanities and Social Sciences at Egyptian Un
CantiniDaniele (2018), Intag al-Ma’rifa fi mustawa al-Doktorah fi al-Ulum al-Insaniyya wa al-Ijtima’iyya fi al-Jami’at al-Masriyya [Knowledge Production at the doctoral level in Humanities and Social Sciences at Egyptian Un, in Idafat: al-majallah al-arabiyya li-l-ulum al-ijtima'yya, 41-42, 13-30.
Introduction: Rethinking private higher education, a collection of ethnographies
CantiniDaniele (2018), Introduction: Rethinking private higher education, a collection of ethnographies, in Cantini Daniele (ed.), Haymarket Books, Chicago, IL, 1-26.
Reinventing Love ? Gender, Intimacy and Romance in the Arab World
KreilAymon (2018), Reinventing Love ? Gender, Intimacy and Romance in the Arab World, in Fortier Corinne, Maffi Irene, Kreil Aymon (ed.), Peter Lang, Bern, 9-32.
Reinventing Love? Gender, intimacy and romance in the Arab World
Maffi Irene, Kreil Aymon, Fortier Corinne (ed.) (2018), Reinventing Love? Gender, intimacy and romance in the Arab World, Peter Lang, Bern.
Religion als Reform. Iṣlāḥ und Gesellschaft in Marokko, 1830-1912
DennerleinBettina (2018), Religion als Reform. Iṣlāḥ und Gesellschaft in Marokko, 1830-1912, ZMO Studies, Berlin.
Rethinking politics of higher education: Ethnographic Perspectives
Cantini Daniele (ed.) (2018), Rethinking politics of higher education: Ethnographic Perspectives, Haymarket Books, Chicago, IL.
Romantic Love and Finding a Place in Life: Jordanian university students and their loving subjectivities
CantiniDaniele (2018), Romantic Love and Finding a Place in Life: Jordanian university students and their loving subjectivities, in Kreil Aymon, Fortier Corinne, Maffi Irene (ed.), Peter Lang, Bern, 141-163.
The Sensory Experience of Internationalism : On Aissa Deebi’s Exile is Hard Work
KreilAymon (2018), The Sensory Experience of Internationalism : On Aissa Deebi’s Exile is Hard Work, in Deebi Aissa, Simblist Noah (ed.), Birzeit Museum Press, Birzeit, Ramallah, 42-49.
Kulturalisierung transnational. Der Streit um Ehe, Familie und Sexualität ‚im Islam
DennerleinBettina (2017), Kulturalisierung transnational. Der Streit um Ehe, Familie und Sexualität ‚im Islam, in Freiburger Zeitschrift für GeschlechterStudien , 2, 37-54.
Qahera Here and There : Navigating contexts in the translation of a Muslim Egyptian superheroine
KreilAymon (2017), Qahera Here and There : Navigating contexts in the translation of a Muslim Egyptian superheroine, in Lund Martin, Lewis David (ed.), Ilex Foundation, Boston (Mass.), 187-207.
Sexual rights and their discontents. Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī on homosexuality and the ‘Islamic family’
DennerleinBettina (2017), Sexual rights and their discontents. Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī on homosexuality and the ‘Islamic family’, in Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies , 17, 247-267.
Dire le harcèlement sexuel en Égypte : Les aléas de traduction d’une catégorie juridique
KreilAymon (2016), Dire le harcèlement sexuel en Égypte : Les aléas de traduction d’une catégorie juridique, in Critique Internationale, 70, 101-114.
Geschlechterverhältnisse in muslimischen Gesellschaften
DennerleinBettina (2016), Geschlechterverhältnisse in muslimischen Gesellschaften, in Brunner R (ed.), Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, 463-480.
Territories of Desire : A geography of competing intimacies in Cairo
KreilAymon (2016), Territories of Desire : A geography of competing intimacies in Cairo, in Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies , 12(2), 166-180.
The Price of Love : Valentine’s Day in Egypt and its enemies
KreilAymon (2016), The Price of Love : Valentine’s Day in Egypt and its enemies, in Arab Studies Journal, 24(2), 128-146.
The Trouble of Love in the Arab World : Romance, marriage, and the shaping of intimate lives
KreilAymon, MaffiIrene, FortierCorinne (2016), The Trouble of Love in the Arab World : Romance, marriage, and the shaping of intimate lives, in Arab Studies Journal, 24(2), 96-101.
The Trouble of Love in the Arab World : Romance, marriage, and the shaping of intimate lives
Kreil Aymon, Fortier Corinne, Maffi Irene (ed.) (2016), The Trouble of Love in the Arab World : Romance, marriage, and the shaping of intimate lives, Arab Studies Journal, Washington, DC.
Le « parti du canapé » : Mise en retrait de la politique et défense du quotidien en Égypte
KreilAymon, Le « parti du canapé » : Mise en retrait de la politique et défense du quotidien en Égypte, in Mehdi Larbi, Bazin Laurent (ed.), L'Harmattan, Paris.
Reforming universities in the Middle East – trends and contestations from Egypt and Jordan
CantiniDaniele, Reforming universities in the Middle East – trends and contestations from Egypt and Jordan, in LATISS: learning & teaching, 12.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Central European University Hungary (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Ghent University Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Centre d'étude et de documentation économiques, juridiques et sociales, Cairo Egypt (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Oriental Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences Czech Republic (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
The Pillars of Rules: The Writ of Dynasties and Nation-States in the Middle East and South Asia Talk given at a conference Unsteady Power in the Ḥāra : A craftsman’s changing realms of authority in Cairo (2013-2017) 31.01.2019 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
The Pillars of Rule Talk given at a conference Knowledge, made in Egypt. An institutional approach to the production of knowledge and research since 1908 31.01.2019 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Cantini Daniele;
The Pillars of Rule. The Writ of Dynasties and Nation States in the Middle East and South Asia Talk given at a conference Genealogy, Nationalism, and the Politics of Reform in Morocco since 1999 31.01.2019 Asien-Orient Institut, Universitaet Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
International Conference: Pillars of Rule: the Writ of Dynasties and Nation-States in the Middle East and South Asia Talk given at a conference Organisation of the conference (together with Prof. Nicolas Martin) 31.01.2019 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Cantini Daniele; Dennerlein Bettina; Kreil Aymon;
En quête d’archives/In Search of Archives Talk given at a conference Citizenship and the Politics of Archive in Morocco (2004-2011) 25.01.2019 Berlin, Germany Dennerlein Bettina;
Fellow-Präsentation, Käthe Hamburger Kolleg Dynamics in the History of Religion between Asia and Europe Individual talk Gender, Islamic Normativity and Cultural Critique in the Arab Region 21.01.2019 Bochum, Germany Dennerlein Bettina;
workshop Political Orders in the Making: Cases from Inside and Across the Sahara Talk given at a conference Report from the International Conference: No Country for Anthropologists? Contemporary Ethnographic Research in the Middle East 12.01.2019 Bayreuth, Germany Cantini Daniele;
workshop organized within the project “Everyday religious practices of Muslim youth in Niger” Talk given at a conference Students’ activism in/on universities in the Middle East – taking institutions seriously 11.12.2018 Leibnitz Institut ZMO, Berlin, Germany Cantini Daniele;
MESA (Middle East Studies Association) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Gendering Nationalism. The Moroccan ‚Revolution of the King and the People 14.11.2018 San Antonio, United States of America Dennerlein Bettina;
MESA (Middle East Studies Association) Talk given at a conference Organisation of Panel "Beyond Revolution: Emerging gendered perspectives from modern Arab history" 14.11.2018 San Antonio, United States of America Dennerlein Bettina; Kreil Aymon;
MESA Talk given at a conference I <3 the State of Emergency” : June 30, 2013 in Egypt as experience of revolutionary subjectivation 14.11.2018 San Antonio, United States of America Kreil Aymon;
No Country for Anthropologists? Contemporary ethnographic research in the Middle East Talk given at a conference Introduction to the conference, discussion of one panel 02.11.2018 Universitaet Zuerich, Switzerland Cantini Daniele; Kreil Aymon;
workshop ‘University Management and the (Re)-Organisation of Academia’ Talk given at a conference Managing a new kind of universities – ethnographic insights from low-fees, for-profit new private universities in Egypt 10.10.2018 Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE), University of Stockholm, Sweden Cantini Daniele;
25. DAVO Kongress Talk given at a conference Panel Writing the Egyptian Society : Analytical perspectives on the Egyptian press and journalists’ autobiographies 06.10.2018 Frankfurt, Germany Kreil Aymon; Cantini Daniele;
25. DAVO Congress Talk given at a conference Revolutionary phenomena, agents of conservativism, civic associations? Al-lijân al-sha’abeya (popular committees) in the Egyptian press, 2011-2013 04.10.2018 Frankfurt Universitaet, Germany Cantini Daniele;
Writing the Egyptian Society : Analytical perspectives on the Egyptian press and journalists’ autobiographies Talk given at a conference Organisation of panel at the DAVO conference, discussion of papers 04.10.2018 Universitaet Frankfurt, Germany Kreil Aymon;
Panel Carving Out Spaces for Intimacy : Ethnographies of relationships in North Africa – WOCMES (world congress of Middle East Studies) Talk given at a conference Marriage Even Though : Customary marriage in Egypt, or the precarious conciliation of contradicting desires 19.07.2018 Universidad de Sevilla, Spain Kreil Aymon;
5. WOCMES Talk given at a conference Doctoral Studies at Egyptian Public Universities; conditions and constraints of knowledge production 18.07.2018 Universidad de Sevilla, Spain Cantini Daniele;
7th Ethnography and Education Conference Talk given at a conference Ethnographies of university life from a troubled periphery: audit practices and quality assessment in private universities in Egypt 07.06.2018 Università di Bergamo, Italy Cantini Daniele;
Atelier Doing Research on the Middle East Seven Years after the “Arab Spring” : Conditions of knowledge production and methodological considerations Talk given at a conference Limited Access : Ethnography in the Contemporary Middle East 06.06.2018 BGSMCS, Berlin, Germany Kreil Aymon;
Lecture series - Department of Social Anthropology Individual talk Ethnography of a university? The University of Jordan as an institution, and how to study it 31.05.2018 University of Stockholm, Sweden Cantini Daniele;
Al-Maǧlis al-alā li-l-Thaqāfa (Conseil Supérieur de la Culture) Individual talk Mā bad al-istishrāq : Baḍ al-afkār li-taǧdīd al-ḥiwār 09.05.2018 Kairo, Egypt Kreil Aymon;
Atelier préparatoire In 2016 : How it feld to live in the Arab World five years after the “Arab Spring” Talk given at a conference Valentine's Day in 2016 18.04.2018 Oslo University, Norway Kreil Aymon;
Séminaire-atelier La calligrafia islamica, tra Nigeria, Morocco, e Egitto Talk given at a conference Masters, Pupils, and Youtubers: Arabic Calligraphy in Contemporary Egypt 09.03.2018 Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venenzia, Italy Kreil Aymon;
Atelier Representations of Change : Time, space and power in qualitative research on the MENA region and Europe Talk given at a conference Contested Terminologies of Change: Ethnographic perspectives on the notion of « empowerment » in Egypt and Morocco 24.02.2018 Centrum für Nah- und Mitteloststudien – Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany Kreil Aymon;
Representations of Change : Time, space and power in qualitative research on the MENA region and Europe Talk given at a conference Organisation of workshop (with Yasmine Berriane, Christoph Schwarz, Felix Lang) 22.02.2018 Marburg Universitaet, Germany Kreil Aymon;
Atelier French Orientalism and its Afterlifes in Japan and the Middle East Talk given at a conference Beyond Ink and Paper : Devising universals in Japanese and Arabic writing practices and aesthetics in France 10.02.2018 Maison de la culture du Japon, Paris, France Kreil Aymon;
Lecture series Individual talk Le tracé des lignes : Calligraphies et calligraphes en Égypte contemporaine 30.11.2017 CEDEJ, Egypt Kreil Aymon;
Atelier germano-danois Muslim Subjectivities Talk given at a conference "Normal People” : Social Conformance as a Value in Contemporary Egypt 08.09.2017 Hamburg Universitaet, Germany Kreil Aymon;
European Congress on World and Global History Talk given at a conference Organisation of Panel (with Giedre Sabaseviciute) Translating the People’s Will : Struggles around the concept of revolution 02.09.2017 Budapest, Hungary Kreil Aymon;
Fifth European Congress on World and Global History: Ruptures, Empires and Revolutions Talk given at a conference Non-Revolution and the Re-Negotiation of Gender: ‘La Révolution du Roi et du Peuple’ in Post-Independence Morocco 02.09.2017 Budapest, Hungary Dennerlein Bettina;
Panel After Revolution? Gendered perspectives from the modern history of the MENA region – European Congress on World and Global History Talk given at a conference Savior or Traitor ? Sissi, the “June 30 Revolution” of 2013, and Women’s Organisations in Egypt 01.09.2017 Budapest, Hungary Kreil Aymon;
International Workshop: The Making of Sexuality, University of Zurich Talk given at a conference Sexuality in Contemporary Islamic Discourse: Negotiating the Religious-Secular Divide 15.07.2017 AOI, Universitaet Zurich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
The Making of Sexuality. Entangled Histories of Regulation, Intelligibility and Subjectivation Talk given at a conference Organisation of the international workshop (together with Monika Gsell and Helena Rust) 15.06.2017 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
International Workshop: the Making of Sexuality Talk given at a conference In and Out of Morals : Fun Time and Norms of Desire in Egypt 15.06.2017 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
International GENiUS Workshop Concepts that Matter! Terminologies of women and gender in transnational perspective Talk given at a conference Women’s and Family Empowerment : Ethnographic Perspectives from Morocco and Egypt 08.04.2017 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
Concepts that Matter! Terminologies of Women and Gender in Transnational Perspective Talk given at a conference Organisation of Workshop (together with Yasmine Berriane and Sarah Farag) 07.04.2017 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
Concepts that Matter! Terminologies of Women and Gender in Transnational Perspective Talk given at a conference The Politics of Women’s Rights in Islamic Discourse 07.04.2017 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
Moments of Pleasure : Time, Ethics and Desire in Contemporary Egypt Individual talk Moments of Pleasure : Time, Ethics and Desire in Contemporary Egypt 08.03.2017 Tokyo University (Todai), Japan Kreil Aymon;
Lecture Series in Modern Middle East Studies Individual talk The Riddles of Desire : Norms and Pleasures in Egypt 02.03.2017 National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) – Osaka, Japan Kreil Aymon;
Lecture series Individual talk L’aube comme seul horizon : Transgressions festives et subjectivités masculines au Caire 23.02.2017 UCL, Belgium Kreil Aymon;
PhD-Program in Social and Political Change Talk given at a conference Temporary Streamgages : Assessing social change through qualitative method 01.12.2016 Dipartimento di Culture, Politica e Società – Università degli Studi – Turin, Italy Kreil Aymon;
Séminaire Trajectoires du politique : Penser les processus de politisation, dépolitisation et repolitisation dans les sociétés arabes en conflit Talk given at a conference Le parti du canapé : Mise en retrait du politique et défense du quotidien au Caire 22.11.2016 Institut d’Études politiques – Aix-en-Provence , France Kreil Aymon;
Colloque Petits riens urbains Talk given at a conference Espaces sécurisés : Le Caire, fragments d’une ville assiégée 18.11.2016 Institut d’ethnologue – Université de Neuchâtel , Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
Human : Non-Human – Bodies, Things, and Matter across Asia and Europe Talk given at a conference Normative Bodies and Bodies of Norms in Modern Islamic Legal Discourse 06.10.2016 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
Human : Non-Human – Bodies, Things, and Matter across Asia and Europe Talk given at a conference Organisation of the conference (with Prof. Malinar and Prof. Riemenschnitter) 06.08.2016 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
Ringvorlesung: Anderes Wissen. Kritische Betrachtungen globaler Wissensproduktion Individual talk Der Topos von der ‚Krise der Männlichkeit‘ in der MENA Region 09.06.2016 FU Berlin, Germany Dennerlein Bettina;
Conférence internationale Talking about « Arabs » : Echoes from different Europes Talk given at a conference A Collective Stir of Echoes : Cologne, taharrush gamea, and sexual anxiety in Europe 28.05.2016 Prag, Czech Republic Kreil Aymon;
Workshop Methodological and Ethical Challenges in Qualitative Research Projects Talk given at a conference In a Lover’s Guise : Reassessing ethnography as a courting relationship 11.05.2016 Zuerich, Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
Cycle de conférences Parcours d’ethnologues Individual talk Evénements politiques et dilemmes de l’engagement 28.03.2016 Institut d'Ethnologie - Neuchatel, Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
Zwischen Wandel und Kontinuität : Politik und Gesellschaft in Nordafrika, Seminar an der Fakultaet fuer Politikwissenschaten Individual talk Schutz des Alltags und politische Legitimierung in Kairo 23.03.2016 Zuerich, Switzerland Kreil Aymon;
Panel Revolutions and Wars in the 19th and 20th Century: Research, Politics, Ethic and Militancy in the Human and Social Sciences – Conférence de la SESAMO Talk given at a conference Provincialiser la contre-hégémonie : Espaces de positionnement scientifique et engagements militants à l’aune du soulèvement égyptien de 2011 18.03.2016 Università di Catania, Italy Kreil Aymon;
Feminism and Theory in the Arab World an International Exploratory Workshop Talk given at a conference Organisation of the workshop (with Yasmine Berriane) 17.03.2016 AOI, Zuerich, Switzerland Dennerlein Bettina;
Rencontres de la Chaire d’Etudes africaines – Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique Individual talk La force de l’évidence : Défense du quotidien et légitimation politique au Caire 10.12.2015 Rabat, Morocco Kreil Aymon;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Conférence No Country for Anthropologists? Contemporary ethnographic research in the Middle East 02.11.2018 ISEK, Zuerich, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Table ronde The Struggle over Universals : Claiming the world within and beyond war, occupation and International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Participation à la table-ronde autour de l’exposition d’Aissa Deebi Esthétiques de l’exil Western Switzerland 2016

Abstract

In the wake of the 2011 uprising, most research on Egypt has focused on political activists and the limits of the regime. The political configuration after the military’s intervention in 2013 seems to hint at the resilience of authoritarian regimes - rehabilitating works on this phenomenon that were probably a bit too hastily dismissed in the years following the uprising. Hence, the image of passive crowds asking for a strong regime to provide order and stability has gained new momentum. In contrast to approaches that oscillate according to the turn of events, this project tries to overcome simple dichotomies through an ethnographic study of the ways security becomes a topic in Cairo’s streets. By exploring the spaces of negotiation between state institutions and actors around security issues at the level of two low-income neighbourhoods, it sheds light on the micro-politics of Egyptian statehood. The project looks more specifically at the ways people define, organise and locate security in the area they live in and on whom they count for protection in case of trouble. An ethnographic inquiry will allow us to better grasp the complexity of the processes involved, by uncovering the sometimes slight differences in how people understand security and by relating them to structural features of the respective neighbourhood, such as its age, the network resources of its inhabitants, and its loyalty to the state. An analysis of the ambivalent image and role of the police, as protector and threat, will allow us to better understand the networks of trust and defiance underpinning the politics of institutional participation in Egypt. In addition, the diverse practices that aim at insulating neighbourhoods in order to protect them from unsafe surroundings will be closely studied. The local creation of safe neighbourhoods goes hand in hand with keeping them free from “politics” (siyasa ), identified as a potential threat to their security - strangely echoing official discourses claiming that monopolizing the realm of politics protects the unity of the nation. An analysis of the official media’s national narratives of security will allow a careful contextualization of the discourses and practices of security at the neighbourhood level and possible interferences between the two. In the official press, the defence of a safe everyday appears most clearly linked to the drawing of an equilibrium of power that gives free hand to the state to exclusively handle public affairs. Hence, unintended overlaps may occur between the ideal of a neighbourhood community staying at a distance from formal politics and the imaginary of the state’s total control of political expression. Beyond the Egyptian case, this research will provide us with important tools to link the issue of vulnerability with the structuring of the public sphere and the building of local counterpublics.
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