Project

Back to overview

Integrating spatial predictions of vegetation, soils, geomorphology and hydrology for improved assessment of ecosystem services under climate change

English title Integrating spatial predictions of vegetation, soils, geomorphology and hydrology for improved assessment of ecosystem services under climate change
Applicant Guisan Antoine
Number 162754
Funding scheme Interdisciplinary projects
Research institution Département d'Ecologie et d'Evolution Faculté de Biologie et de Médecine Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.01.2016 - 31.05.2020
Approved amount 888'120.00
Show all

All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Ecology

Keywords (8)

Végétation; Télédétection satellitaire; Géomorphologie; Intégration de données; Hydrogéologie; Sols; Ecologie; Pergélisol

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
EcoGeo INTEGRALP - Intégrer les prédictions spatiales de végétation, sols, géomorphologie et hydrologie pour une meilleure prédiction des écosystèmes et de leur services dans un contexte de changements climatiques
Lay summary
Comprendre la distribution spatiale des organismes et des facteurs environnementaux est nécessaire pour prédire la réponse des écosystèmes, et de leur services à l’homme, dans la perspective des changements climatiques. Un tel objectif ne peut être atteint qu’en améliorant notre capacité de quantifier la distribution spatiale des facteurs environnementaux clés. La télédétection satellitaire est un outil particulièrement prometteur dans ce context, car elle permet la mesure de variations environnementales à haute résolution sur de grandes étendues spatiales. Le but premier de ce projet multidisciplinaire est de combiner des analyses de la végétation, des sols, de la géomorphologie, et de l’hydrologie dans une même région, de manière à ce que les observations et predictions de l’un puisse servir à prédire les autres, et les écosystèmes. Ce projet réside à l’interface entre écologie et sciences environnementales, en se basant sur les dernières technologies en télédétection et analyses spatiales. Les modèles développés permettront en particulier d’obtenir de meilleures predictions de l’impact des changements climatiques sur les écosystèmes et plus particulièrement sur leur capacité à délivrer deux types de services: la qualité visuelle du paysage et l’approvisionnement en eau. Ces predictions seront discutées avec un groupe d’acteurs de la gestion environnementale, pour voir comment ces changements pourraient affecter les sociétés humnaines et leur bien-être. Ce projet devrait donc permettre d’améliorer notre capacité de modéliser les écosystèmes et leur services, mais aussi les liens entre science et société.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.12.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Influence of microclimate and geomorphological factors on alpine vegetation in the Western Swiss Alps
Giaccone Elisa, Luoto Miska, Vittoz Pascal, Guisan Antoine, Mariéthoz Grégoire, Lambiel Christophe (2019), Influence of microclimate and geomorphological factors on alpine vegetation in the Western Swiss Alps, in Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 44(15), 3093-3107.
Spatial modelling of soil water holding capacity improves models of plant distributions in mountain landscapes
Cianfrani C., Buri A., Vittoz P., Grand S., Zingg B., Verrecchia E., Guisan A. (2019), Spatial modelling of soil water holding capacity improves models of plant distributions in mountain landscapes, in Plant and Soil, 438(1-2), 57-70.
Generalizing soil properties in geographic space: Approaches used and ways forward
Cianfrani Carmen, Buri Aline, Verrecchia Eric, Guisan Antoine (2018), Generalizing soil properties in geographic space: Approaches used and ways forward, in PLOS ONE, 13(12), e0208823-e0208823.
A 3D geological model of a structurally complex Alpine region as a basis for interdisciplinary research
Thornton James M., Mariethoz Gregoire, Brunner Philip (2018), A 3D geological model of a structurally complex Alpine region as a basis for interdisciplinary research, in Scientific Data, 5(1), 180238-180238.

Datasets

A 3D geological model of a structurally complex Alpine region as a basis for interdisciplinary research

Author Thornton, James M
Publication date 30.10.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) 30375991
Repository Europe PMC


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Maison de la Rivière Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Dr. Steve Berg, Aquanty Inc. Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. B. Schaefli, University of Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
WSL/ETH Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
INRIA, Nancy France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. T. Battin, EPFL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. M. Luoto, Univ. Helsinki Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Numerous colleagues, University of Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof R. Therrien, Universite Laval Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
14th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster 3D geological modelling as a basis for hydrogeological investigations in complex mountain terrain 18.11.2020 Geneva, Switzerland Thornton James; Brunner Philip; Mariethoz Gregoire;
World Biodiversity Forum Talk given at a conference Different aspects of global change govern responses of vegetation and soil in the European Alps 23.02.2020 Davos, Switzerland Guisan Antoine; Cianfrani Carmen;
Biology20 Talk given at a conference Different aspects of global change govern responses of vegetation and soil in the European Alps 06.02.2020 Fribourg, Switzerland Guisan Antoine; Cianfrani Carmen;
Biennial conference 2019 of the Swiss Geomorphological Society Talk given at a conference Semi-automated geomorphological mapping 04.09.2019 Bellinzona, Switzerland Lambiel Christophe; Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire;
GAC-MAC-IAH Talk given at a conference Integrated hydrological modelling of a steep, geologically complex, snow-dominated Alpine catchment 12.05.2019 Québec , Canada Brunner Philip; Thornton James; Mariethoz Gregoire;
EGU General Assembly Talk given at a conference Semi-automated geomorphological map through multiple-point geostatistics 07.04.2019 Vienna, Austria Lambiel Christophe; Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire;
16th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster How geomorphological factors and microclimate influence alpine vegetation? Cases study in the Western Swiss Alps 30.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland Lambiel Christophe; Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire;
Swiss Geoscience Meeting Talk given at a conference Integrated hydrological modelling of a steep, geologically complex, snow-dominated Alpine catchment 30.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland Thornton James; Brunner Philip; Mariethoz Gregoire;
16th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Geological modelling as a basis for hydrogeological investigations in complex mountain terrain 30.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland Mariethoz Gregoire; Thornton James; Brunner Philip;
VIII Italian Young Geomorphologists’ Days Talk given at a conference Geomorphological map on extended surface: a new approach based on multiple-point geostatistics 26.06.2018 Milan, Veny Valley, Italy Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire; Lambiel Christophe;
5th European Conference on Permafrost Talk given at a conference Debris size classification of alpine landforms using high-resolution images 23.06.2018 Chamonix, France Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire; Lambiel Christophe;
Computational Methods in Water Resources XXII Talk given at a conference Developing an integrated hydrological model of a steep, geologically complex, snow-dominated Alpine catchment 03.06.2018 St-Malo, France Brunner Philip; Thornton James; Mariethoz Gregoire;
EGU General Assembly Talk given at a conference Influence of morphodynamics and earth surface processes on alpine vegetation in the Western Swiss Alps 08.04.2018 Vienna, Austria Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire; Lambiel Christophe;
Journées des jeunes géomorphologues Poster Le rôle de la variabilité géomorphologique sur les communautés végétales à l’étage alpin : cas d’étude dans les Alpes 26.01.2018 Lyon, France Lambiel Christophe; Mariethoz Gregoire; Giaccone Elisa;
International Association of Hydrogeologists 44th Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Reducing uncertainty in integrated hydro(geo)logical models by incorporating various novel, spatially distributed measurements 25.09.2017 Dubrovnik, Croatia Thornton James; Mariethoz Gregoire; Brunner Philip;
Swiss Geomorphological Society Meeting Talk given at a conference Influence of geo-components on vegetation in the alpine environment 31.08.2017 Zermatt, Switzerland Mariethoz Gregoire; Giaccone Elisa; Lambiel Christophe;
EGU General Assembly Poster Interactions between geomorphology and vegetation in the Western Swiss Alps: first investigations 23.04.2017 Vienna, Austria Lambiel Christophe; Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire;
EGU General Assembly Poster Modeling soil water content for vegetation modeling improvement 17.04.2017 Vienna, Austria Cianfrani Carmen; Guisan Antoine;
Biology17 Poster Interactions between geomorphology and vegetation in the Vaud Alps: first investigations 02.02.2017 Bern, Switzerland Mariethoz Gregoire; Lambiel Christophe; Giaccone Elisa;
14th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster How geomorphological factors and microclimate influence alpine vegetation? Cases study in the Western Swiss Alps 18.11.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Lambiel Christophe; Giaccone Elisa; Mariethoz Gregoire;
EGU General Assembly Talk given at a conference Predicting plant distribution in an heterogeneous Alpine landscape: does soil matter? 17.04.2016 Vienna, Austria Guisan Antoine; Cianfrani Carmen;


Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Inauguration ClimExpo 01.07.2019 Château d'Oex, Switzerland
EcoGeoIntegralp Workshop with Stakeholder 09.02.2017 Château d’Oex, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions ClimExpo Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2019

Awards

Title Year
James Thornton recieved the Adrien Guébhard-Séverine Price from the University of Neuchâtel for his outstanding PhD thesis in hydrology intitled "Fully-integrated hydrological modelling in steep, snow-dominated, geologically complex Alpine terrain". 2020

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
184908 Comparative biogeography and spatial modelling of soil microbial communities in the Swiss Alps (SOMETALP) 01.11.2019 Project funding (Div. I-III)
153460 Ecosystem engineers' contribution to soil structure formation in floodplains (FloodSTRESS) 01.01.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
170753 A state of the art UAV system for hyperspectral, thermal and LIDAR mapping 01.04.2017 R'EQUIP
152866 Challenges in simulating alpine species assemblages under global change (SESAM'ALP) 01.06.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
152924 Analysis and modelling of the mountain permafrost distribution using machine learning 01.06.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
179017 Advancing hydrogeological modeling through novel tracer approaches, the explicit simulation of tracers and advanced inversion methods 01.12.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)
159756 Fusing multiple sources of remote sensing data using textural information: high-resolution, high-frequency monitoring in alpine environments 01.09.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Background. Progressing in our capacity to obtain spatial representation of key biotic and abiotic environmental factors is a major challenge for predicting the response of ecosystems and their services to climate change. Meeting this challenge requires combining field surveys, most recent numeric data and advanced remote sensing technology. This is best addressed in a multidisciplinary way, focusing research efforts in different fields of natural sciences jointly in a same geographic area, so that one component can serve for predicting another. This project aims to tackle this challenge and allow a step forward by linking data and models for 1) vegetation, 2) soils, 3) geomorphology and 4) hydrology, which are usually developed separately. It thus lies at the crossroads between plant/vegetation ecology and environmental sciences.Specific aims. To use the most recent measurement, remote sensing data and techniques, and spatial modelling approaches to generate new sets of spatially-distributed data and use them to improve models in the four above-mentioned fields. This will generate improved climate change predictions for vegetation and hydrological regimes, considering multiple interactions between all ecosystem components. These predictions will ultimately be used to assess, in collaboration with a group of stakeholders, how changes in two key ecosystem services - landscape scenic value and water provision - could impact on human well-being.Methods. Three nested scales will be considered in the Swiss Western Alps of Canton de Vaud: regional, local and three focus sites. A broad range of data and methods will be used, including field surveys for geomorphology, a large set of existing data for vegetation, soils and hydrology, remote sensing images from drones, planes and satellites, advanced GIS analyses and spatial modelling (e.g. dispersal for plants, vegetation dynamics), physically based hydrogeological modelling and advanced geostatistical algorithms. Funding requested. Salaries for 1 postdoc, who will also help coordinating the project, and for 2 PhD students; field survey in remote alpine areas, data acquisition, travel to conferences, and the organization of two stakeholder workshops. One PhD student funded by UNIL will also participate to the project as matching funds. Total requested: CHF 793’319.Expected added value and impact. This project will greatly contribute to advance our fundamental understanding of the links between the various ecosystem components, and how these interact to improve our predictive capacity, with a specific focus on vegetation and hydrology. The further use of the improved models and landscape simulations to assess changes in ecosystem services is a rarely performed exercise, which will allow implicating stakeholders early in the scientific process, yielding added value through boosting both technology transfer and the science-society (public) and science-policy (managers, decision-makers) dialogs.
-