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Facilitating Access of Georgian Researchers and Students to Novel Materials Synthesis and Large-Scale Facilities at Paul Scherrer Institute

English title Facilitating Access of Georgian Researchers and Students to Novel Materials Synthesis and Large-Scale Facilities at Paul Scherrer Institute
Applicant Conder Kazimierz
Number 160484
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Paul Scherrer Institut
Institution of higher education Paul Scherrer Institute - PSI
Main discipline Condensed Matter Physics
Start/End 01.06.2015 - 30.11.2018
Approved amount 100'000.00
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Keywords (3)

large-scale facilities; advanced materials; research and teaching in Physics

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Grossforschungsanlagen spielen für den wissenschaftlichen und technologischen Fortschritt eine wichtige Rolle. Denn somit wird eine inspirierende, wissenschaftliche Umgebung entwickelt, in welcher sich Wissenschaftler, Technologien und Kapital zusammenschliessen. Des Weiteren schafft diese Umgebung interdisziplinares Milieu, welches für Ausbildung junger Wissenschaftler sowie der Wissensvermittlung dienen sollte. Dabei muss beachtet werden, dass für hervorragende wissenschaftliche Arbeiten an Grossforschungsanlagen Materialien von höchster Qualität benötigt werden müssen. Und um die Synthese von solchen Materialien durchführen zu können, braucht es nebst einem hoch ausgebildeten Personal auch sehr viel Infrastruktur. Aufgrund der Entwicklungsphase, in welcher sich Georgien momentan befindet, fehlen diese benötigen Ressourcen für einen Aufbau und Unterhalt von solchen Grossforschungsanlagen.
Lay summary

Titel des Forschungsprojekts

Gewährleistung eines erleichternden Zugangs zu den neuartigen Materialsynthese Methoden und Grossforschungsanlagen am Paul Scherrer Institut für Wissenschaftler aus Georgien

 Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Ziel des vorhandenen Institutional Partnership (IP) Projekts ist die Umsetzung von gemeinsamen Lehr-, Schulungs- und Forschungsinitiativen sowie Mobilitätsprogrammen um junge georgische Wissenschaftler und Studenten aus Tbilisi-Staatsuniversität (TSU) einen erleichternden Zugang zu hochmodernen Methoden der Materialsynthese und Grossforschungsanlagen am Paul Scherrer Institut zu gewährleisten. Ausserdem wird dieses Projekt von der langjährig bestehenden wissenschaftlichen und technischen Zusammenarbeit zwischen den beiden Partnern an der TSU und Festkörperchemie Gruppe in Laboratorium für Entwicklung und Methoden PSI profitieren können.

 Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Das vorhandene IP Projekt wird den georgischen Wissenschaftlern eine einzigartige Möglichkeit eröffnen, um Materialsyntheseexperimente und Messungen an Grossforschungsanlagen am PSI durchzuführen zu können. Das Erreichen des Projektziels wird weiterhin zu einer hohen Forschungskompetenz in die Lehrpläne der TSU beitragen, sowie junge und hoch talentierte Leute für die Forschung gewinnen, Lehr- und Forschungsinfrastruktur modernisieren und eine Integration der TSU im internationalen Forschungsnetzwerk ermöglichen.    

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 29.05.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Magnetism in semiconducting molybdenum dichalcogenides
Guguchia Z., Kerelsky A., Edelberg D., Banerjee S., von Rohr F., Scullion D., Augustin M., Scully M., Rhodes D. A., Shermadini Z., Luetkens H., Shengelaya A., Baines C., Morenzoni E., Amato A., Hone J. C., Khasanov R., Billinge S. J. L., Santos E., Pasupathy A. N., Uemura Y. J. (2018), Magnetism in semiconducting molybdenum dichalcogenides, in Science Advances, 4(12), eaat3672-eaat3672.
Signatures of the topological s +− superconducting order parameter in the type-II Weyl semimetal T d-MoTe2
Guguchia Z., von Rohr F., Shermadini Z., Lee A. T., Banerjee S., Wieteska A. R., Marianetti C. A., Frandsen B. A., Luetkens H., Gong Z., Cheung S. C., Baines C., Shengelaya A., Taniashvili G., Pasupathy A. N., Morenzoni E., Billinge S. J. L., Amato A., Cava R. J., Khasanov R., Uemura Y. J. (2017), Signatures of the topological s +− superconducting order parameter in the type-II Weyl semimetal T d-MoTe2, in Nature Communications, 8(1), 1082-1082.
Complementary Response of Static Spin-Stripe Order and Superconductivity to Nonmagnetic Impurities in Cuprates
Guguchia Z., Roessli B., Khasanov R., Amato A., Pomjakushina E., Conder K., Uemura Y. J., Tranquada J. M., Keller H., Shengelaya A. (2017), Complementary Response of Static Spin-Stripe Order and Superconductivity to Nonmagnetic Impurities in Cuprates, in Physical Review Letters, 119(8), 087002-087002.
Nonthermal effects in photostimulated solid state reaction of Mn doped SrTiO3
Daraselia D., Japaridze D., Jibuti Z., Shengelaya A., Mueller K. A. (2017), Nonthermal effects in photostimulated solid state reaction of Mn doped SrTiO3, in JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, (14), 145104-1-145104-6.
Cooperative coupling of static magnetism and bulk superconductivity in the stripe phase of La2-xBaxCuO4: Pressure-and doping-dependent studies
Guguchia Z., Khasanov R., Shengelaya A., Pomjakushina E., Billinge S. J. L., Amato A., Morenzoni E., Keller H. (2016), Cooperative coupling of static magnetism and bulk superconductivity in the stripe phase of La2-xBaxCuO4: Pressure-and doping-dependent studies, in PHYSICAL REVIEW B, (21), 214511-1-214511-15.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Tbilisi State University Georgia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Scattering methods, Prof. M. Angst/Peter Grünberg Institute/Jülich Research Center Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Group of Muon Spin Spectroscopy at PSI, Prof. E. Morenzoni, Dr. A. Amato Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Columbia University, group of Prof. Y. Uemura United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
European Materials Research Society Fall Meeting 2018 Talk given at a conference Coulomb engineering and interface superconductivity 17.09.2018 Warsaw, Poland Shengelaia Alexander;
Quantum physics in Complex Matter Talk given at a conference Rapid Synthesis of Superconducting and Magnetic oxides by Light Irradiation 03.06.2017 Ischia, Italy Shengelaia Alexander;
SUPERSTRIPES 2016, Quantum In Complex Matter Talk given at a conference Suppression of stripe order by nonmagnetic impurities in cuprates 23.06.2016 Ischia, Italy Shengelaia Alexander;
Gettering and Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology Talk given at a conference Photostimulated Solid State Synthesis of Functional Oxide Materials 20.09.2015 Bad Staffelstein, Germany Shengelaia Alexander;
Quantum in Complex Matter Talk given at a conference Strong effects of impurities on superconductivity and stripe order in cuprates 13.06.2015 Ischia, Italy Shengelaia Alexander;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Gettering and Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology 01.10.2017 Lopota, Georgia

Abstract

Science and research are essential for finding solutions to major societal challenges. In the last decades the discovery of new materials and development of new experimental techniques led to significant technological achievements. An important role in this progress is played by large-scale research facilities since they enable a concentration of technology, people and capital, creating an inspiring research environment. Therefore these facilities are crucial to achieve science advancement in all fields. Other important aspects of large-scale facilities include multidisciplinary environment stimulating training of young scientists and sharing of the knowledge. It should be noted that excellent science on large-scale facilities requires high quality materials, especially single crystals. Synthesis of such materials needs also highly educated scientists and a lot of infrastructure.Construction and maintaining of such facilities require an enormous amount of money. Georgia, as a country in a transition period, lacks necessary resources to build and operate large scale facilities. However, it is important that large-scale facilities research would contribute to capacity building by education, training and development of the knowledge in transition economy countries. The goal of the present Institutional Partnership (IP) is to use joint teaching, training and research initiatives and mobility programs to provide access of young Georgian researchers and students to the state-of-the-art materials synthesis and large-scale facilities at Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland. The project will take advantage of the existing long-term scientific and technical collaboration between Georgian and Swiss researchers involved in this project. The PSI is the largest research center for natural and engineering sciences within Switzerland, with its research activities concentrated on three main subject areas: Matter and Material, Energy and the Environment, and Health. At present PSI operates three large scale facilities: a third-generation synchrotron X-ray source (SLS), the only continuous spallation neutron source in the world (SINQ) and the world's most powerful continuous-beam µSR facility (SµS). Additionally, excellent materials synthesis facilities are available in Solid State Chemistry group within Laboratory of Development and Methods at PSI. The proposed IP project will give unique possibility to Georgian researchers to work and perform experiments at these excellent large scale instruments. By having access to a wide range of experimental techniques, students and young researchers will be trained not to restrict their focus only on the locally available methods, but to organize their research in a collaborative fashion by setting up active collaborations at national and international levels. The long-term impact will be a training of a new generation of scientists that will be able to work in an international environment.
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