Project

Back to overview

Global mountain biodiversity assessment coordination office 2015-2018

English title Global mountain biodiversity assessment coordination office 2015-2018
Applicant Fischer Markus
Number 159677
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Ecology
Start/End 01.04.2015 - 30.09.2018
Approved amount 570'418.68
Show all

Keywords (7)

geo-referenced biodiversity data; mountains; global change; global network; synthesis of knowledge ; science-policy interface; biodiversity

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das internationale Forschungsnetzwerk GMBA von Future Earth, gegründet im Jahr 2000, bietet eine Plattform zum Austausch und zur Synthese von Biodiversitätsforschung in Hochgebirgen.
Lay summary

Global Mountain Biodiversity assessment (GMBA) Koordinationsbüro 2015-18

Das GMBA Koordinationsbüro unterhält ein Netzwerk aus über 500 aktiven Forschenden und Entscheidungsträgern aus allen grossen Gebirgsregionen der Welt, die im Bereich Gebirgsbiodiversität arbeiten. Mehr als 1000 Mitglieder aus 74 Ländern erhalten den Newsletter. Die GMBA Webseite www.gmba.unibas.ch hilft weiter, Forschende miteinander zu vernetzen und zu informieren.

GMBA will neue Modellbeobachtungsstandorte für ein Langzeitbeobachtungsnetzwerk gewinnen und motiviert und instruiert Forschende, ihre Gebirgsbiodiversitätsdaten zugänglich zu machen, v.a. um Daten aus bisher schlecht repräsentierten Gegenden zu erhalten.

Anfang 2015 wurde das neue Gebirgsbiodiversitätsportal www.mountainbiodiversity.org in Zusammenarbeit mit Map of Life aufgeschaltet und soll im Verlauf des Projekts weiter ausgebaut und ausgewertet werden. Es bietet Wissenschaftlern und interessierten Laien Zugang zu einer globalen Biodiversitätsdatenbank in Gebirgsregionen, und bildet die Grundlage für ein erstes globales Biodiversitätsassessment der Hochgebirge, das als Synthesepublikation erscheinen soll.

GMBA koordiniert mit der Universität Yale den Future Earth Cluster zu "Global Biodiversity Monitoring, Prediction and Reporting", der mit einem Symposium (Yale, Mai 2015) und einer Konferenz in Monte Verita (März 2016) seine Arbeit aufnimmt, und verschiedene Forschungscommunities (Beobachtung, Fernerkundung und Modellierung) zusammenbringt.

GMBA stellt als Bindeglied zwischen Forschung und Politik wissenschaftliche Grundlagen bereit und rekrutiert Experten für die neue 'Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services' (IPBES). GMBA ist auch ein wichtiger Partner in der Umsetzung des Arbeitsprogramms für Gebirge der Biodiversitätskonvention.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.04.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Framing natural assets for advancing sustainability research: translating different perspectives into actions
Martinez-Harms Maria Jose, Gelcich Stefan, Krug Rainer M., Maseyk Fleur J. F., Moersberger Hannah, Rastogi Archi, Wambugu Geoffrey, Krug Cornelia B., Spehn Eva M., Pascual Unai (2018), Framing natural assets for advancing sustainability research: translating different perspectives into actions, in Sustainability Science, 13(6), 1519-1531.
A New High-Resolution Map of World Mountains and an Online Tool for Visualizing and Comparing Characterizations of Global Mountain Distributions
Sayre Roger, Frye Charlie, Karagulle Deniz, Krauer Jürg, Breyer Sean, Aniello Peter, Wright Dawn J., Payne Davnah, Adler Carolina, Warner Harumi, VanSistine D. Paco, Cress Jill (2018), A New High-Resolution Map of World Mountains and an Online Tool for Visualizing and Comparing Characterizations of Global Mountain Distributions, in Mountain Research and Development, 38(3), 240-249.
Monitoring Mountains in a Changing World: New Horizons for the Global Network for Observations and Information on Mountain Environments (GEO-GNOME)
Adler Carolina, Palazzi Elisa, Kulonen Aino, Balsiger Jörg, Colangeli Guido, Cripe Douglas, Forsythe Nathan, Goss-Durant Grace, Guigoz Yaniss, Krauer Jürg, Payne Davnah, Pepin Nicholas, Peralvo Manuel, Romero José, Sayre Roger, Shahgedanova Maria, Weingartner Rolf, Zebisch Marc (2018), Monitoring Mountains in a Changing World: New Horizons for the Global Network for Observations and Information on Mountain Environments (GEO-GNOME), in Mountain Research and Development, 38(3), 265-269.
Opportunities for research on mountain biodiversity under global change
Payne Davnah, Spehn Eva M, Snethlage Mark, Fischer Markus (2017), Opportunities for research on mountain biodiversity under global change, in Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 29, 40-47.
A global inventory of mountains for bio-geographical applications
Körner Christian, Jetz Walter, Paulsen Jens, Payne Davnah, Rudmann-Maurer Katrin, Spehn Eva Maria (2017), A global inventory of mountains for bio-geographical applications, in Alpine Botany, 127(1), 1-15.
Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf die Natur in den Alpen
SpehnEva, KörnerChristian (2017), Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf die Natur in den Alpen, in Natur und Landschaft, 92(9/10), 407-411.
Plant Diversity in the Central Great Caucasus: a quantitative assessment
Nakhutsrishvili George, Abdaladze Otar, Batsatsashvili Ketevan, Spehn Eva Maria, Körner Christian (2017), Plant Diversity in the Central Great Caucasus: a quantitative assessment, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
2.7. Alpine Ökosysteme
KörnerChristian, SpehnEva (2016), 2.7. Alpine Ökosysteme, Swiss Academics Reports 11 (5), Bern, Switzerland, 96-99.
2.8 Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen
FischerMarkus, SpehnEva (2016), 2.8 Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen, Swiss Academics Reports 11 (5), Bern, Switzerland, 100-105.
Introduction: Mountains of Our Future Earth—Perth 2015
Price Martin F., Greenwood Gregory B., Spehn Eva M. (2016), Introduction: Mountains of Our Future Earth—Perth 2015, in Mountain Research and Development, 36(4), 403-406.
Plant Diversity in the Central Great Caucasus
Nakhutsrishvili George, Abdaladze Otar, Batsatsashvili Ketevan, Spehn Eva Maria, Körner Christian, Plant Diversity in the Central Great Caucasus, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Datasets

Mountain Explorer

Author Payne, Davnah
Publication date 26.11.2017
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://ilias.unibe.ch/goto_ilias3_unibe_cat_1029094.html
Repository ILIAS Universität Bern
Abstract
This folder contains the GIS files for three different mountain coverages and for their comparison: K1 - Kapos, based on the mountain definition by Kapos et al., 2000 K2 - GMBA, based on the mountain definition by Körner et al., 2011 K3 - ELU - LF, based on the work by Sayre et al., 2014 (ELU = Ecological Land Units; LF = (physical) Land (surface) Features) K1-K2-K3 matrix, which is a combination of all three coverages for comparative purposes and shows areas of agreement and disagreement between the three approaches. In addition to the GIS files, each of the individual zipped files includes a text file with the RGB colour codes for the specific coverages.This folder also includes: K2 - GMBA - THERMAL, which displays a subdivision of the K2 - GMBA mountains in climatic belts according to Körner et al., 2011 GMBA mountain inventory, which consists of mountain polygons for the entire world (read more) General info GEO-GNOME mountain coverages_V1.1.txt, which provides general information about the various files and the methods GMTED-HILL, a background map for improved offline visualization (note that this file is >2000MB)

GMBA Mountain Definition: Ruggedness & Bioclimatic Belts Data

Author Payne, Davnah
Publication date 26.11.2016
Persistent Identifier (PID) DOI: 10.7892/boris.83486
Repository ILIAS Universität Bern
Abstract
This folder contains the GMBA mountain definition_V1.1 data. The file "General info GMBA mountain definition_V1.1.txt" provides general information about the various files, including version, resolution, labels, and formats. To download all the available files at once, please chose the zipped folder entitled "GMBA mountain definition_V1.1" To download all necessary GIS files, please chose the zipped folder entitled "GMBA mountain definition_V1.1(GIS)" For information about the methods please see Körner et al (2011) Alp Bot.pdfNote: the version V1.1 was uploaded on 01.05.2017. The data have not changed but some minor errors in the general information file were removed and the climatic belt layers were relabeled.

Mountain Inventory

Author Payne, Davnah
Publication date 26.11.2016
Persistent Identifier (PID) DOI: 10.7892/boris.106896
Repository ILIAS Universität Bern
Abstract
This folder contains the GMBA mountain inventory_V1.2 data as well as zipped folders containing previous versions of the inventory (V1.0 & V1.1). The file "General info GMBA mountain inventory_V1.2.txt" provides general information about the various files, including version, labels, formats, and a “how to cite” To download the mountain polygons for the entire world (excluding Antarctica), please chose the file entitled “GMBA mountain inventory_V1.2_entire world” To download the mountain polygons for individual “mega-regions” (i.e., Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Greenland, North America, Oceania, South America), please chose the zipped folder entitled “GMBA mountain inventory_V1.2_mega regions”. To download additional polygons of the world’s major mountain systems, please chose the file entitled “GMBA mountain inventory_V1.2_supplementary large-scale set”. Please read the General info file and Körner et al. (2017) for additional information on the objects included in this file. To download the specific online maps used to support polygon delineation of V1.1, please look into the zipped folder entitled GMBA mountain inventory_V1.1 To download an excel table including for each polygon of V1.1 the total area subdivided into climatic belt, the area of montainous terrain (sensu GMBA) subdivided into climatic belt, the total human population and the human population in mountainous terrain, please chose the file entitled GMBA mountain inventory_V1.1_supplementary material in the folder entitled GMBA mountain inventory_V1.1 For information about the methods please see Körner et al., Alpine Botany, 2017 Information about the GMBA mountain definition and associated data is available online The document GMBA mountain inventory log file.txt lists all the changes performed on V1.1 to achieve V1.2 The document GMBA mountain inventory_V1.2_multi-languages.xls provides all available Wikipedia translations of the mountain ranges in English, German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and ChineseWhen using the GMBA mountain inventory, please cite Körner C, Jetz W, Paulsen J, Payne D, Rudmann-Maurer K, Spehn EM (2017) A global inventory of mountains for bio-geographical applications. Alpine Botany 127(1): 1-15, DOI: 10.1007/s00035-016-0182-6 and the dataset DOI: 10.7892/boris.106896.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
The Mountain Research Initiative MRI Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
ICAS, SC-Nat Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Biodiversity Forum, SC-Nat Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Swiss Agency on Development and Cooperation SDC Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Future Earth France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Mountain Long Term Ecological Research network mLTER Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Mountain Partnership Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
MIREN Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
GLORIA Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network – GEO BON Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Map of Life/Yale University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Swiss National GBIF Node Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Natural Assets Definition Workshop Talk given at a conference Mitorganisation des Workshops und aktive Teilnahme 12.09.2017 Bern, Switzerland Fischer Markus; Spehn Eva Maria; Payne Davnah;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Mountains of our Future Earth 05.10.2015 Perth, Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Future Earth Symposium “Global Biodiversity Monitoring” 04.05.2015 New Haven, United States of America

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Im Einsatz für die Gebirgsbiodiversität UniPress 172 German-speaking Switzerland 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) GMBA Mountain Portal www.mountainbiodiversity.org International 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
148303 SP4: Plant diversity and performance in relation to climate and land use: communities, species, populations, ecological genetics 01.01.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)
177386 Mountain biodiversity and the Sustainable Development Goals: knowledge for synergistic action 01.11.2018 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
152940 Global mountain biodiversity assessment coordination office 2014-2017 01.04.2014 Research Infrastructure
147488 Diversity effects on plant life-cycle characteristics and population structure as a base for understanding community assembly and stability 01.06.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA) Coordination Office 2015-2018(Infrastructure proposal)GMBA (Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment) founded in 2000, is a platform for international mountain biodiversity research firmly integrated into DIVERSITAS, the international biodiversity programme. As all of DIVERSITAS, it is in transition to the new joint international environmental research programme Future Earth. Since 2000, GMBA has succeeded in creating a corporate identity and forum for mountain biodiversity researchers worldwide - all under Swiss leadership. This involved meetings, reports, newsletters, workshops, coordination of collaborative research, mobilization of mountain biodiversity data for open access, and development of internationally accepted research guidelines and synthesis publications. Moreover, GMBA communicates findings to international policy fora and interested institutions, and ensures that Swiss biodiversity researchers have access to international activities. The current active network consists of ~500 researchers and policy makers in the field of mountain biodiversity representing all major mountain regions of the world; more than 1000 members from 74 countries are newsletter subscribers. GMBA is one of the key organisations in implementing the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) Programme of Work on Mountains. Many of the proposed actions and goals of CBDs Programme of Work on Mountains were suggested by GMBA, acknowledged in Goal 3.1. "To develop work on identification, monitoring and assessment of mountain biological diversity". GMBA has also started to contribute to the new Intergovernmental Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).GMBA is chaired by the applicants, advised by an active international steering committee, runs the GMBA office with part-time academic positions, and benefits from broad in-kind contributors from around the world. In 2015-2018 GMBA will operate in six fields of activity:i. Networking mountain biodiversity researchers: the office maintains a database of mountain biodiversity experts and a communication platform for global mountain biodiversity issues. This GMBA website (www.gmba.unibas.ch) is an important tool for informing and linking mountain biodiversity researchers, with subscription and feedback options and a regularly updated and managed list of news and events. ii. Networking in wider international environmental science: Transition to Future Earth starting with Future Earth Cluster "Global Biodiversity Monitoring, Prediction and Reporting". This will bring together observational, remote sensing and modelling communities using spatio-temporally explicit biodiversity and environmental data.iii. Science-Policy interface: GMBA links the mountain biodiversity community to policy and will provide leadership for input to CBD and IPBES, through assessments, publications, expert networks, and reviewers. iv. Mobilization of mountain biodiversity data, through a guideline for baseline assessments and via training workshops and partnerships, to harmonise information, fill gaps and counterbalance geographic and taxonomic bias, and through promoting a global Mountain LTER network through a white paper.v. The Map of Life Mountain portal, i.e. a ‘big-data’-capable informatics infrastructure and web portal of GMBA, which is supporting the global mountain biodiversity community and citizen scientists, will be advanced in collaboration with Yale University for improved querying, visualizing and analyzing mountain biodiversity data.vi. Support of elaborating mountain biodiversity synthesis articles and books.The current proposal will develop GMBA in its role as strong international leading-house for mountain biodiversity embedded in the international environmental research and science-policy system with continued strong visibility for Switzerland.
-