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Regulatory Powers in the International Migration Regime: A Social Network Approach

Applicant Jurje Trifa Flavia
Number 158423
Funding scheme Advanced Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution Global Studies Institute Université de Genève
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.02.2015 - 31.07.2016
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Keywords (6)

GATS mode 4; labour mobility; immigration; trade; policy implementation ; veto points

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
La mobilité du travail est un domaine politique dans lequel les pays en développement ont formulé plus de demandes que les économies industrialisées. La mobilité et le commerce des services a évolué depuis l'Accord Général sur le Commerce des Services (AGCS) formulé par l'OMC en 1995, qui comprenait le «mode 4» de la mobilité des personnes comme l'un modes de libéralisation des services. Néanmoins, les dispositions de cet accord restent limitées en ce qui concerne la mobilité des prestataires de service, car elles favorisent les pays développés. De plus, divers obstacles apparaissent quand les pays de destination mettent en place des lois protectionnistes dans le domaine du travail et de l'immigration.
Lay summary

Cette étude examine la mise en œuvre du AGCS mode 4 au Royaume-Uni - l'un des majeurs pays cible - en particulier les obstacles dans l'application des lois qui entravent la mobilité. Pour mener à bien cette recherche, des entretiens face-à-face seront effectués avec des fonctionnaires du gouvernement impliqués dans l'immigration et le commerce, ainsi que divers acteurs privés. Les négociations en cours sur le libre échange entre l'UE-Inde sont particulièrement pertinentes pour évaluer les demandes et offres des deux côtés, ainsi que le rôle des principaux acteurs. En nous appuyant sur la littérature sur la mise en œuvre des politiques (Hill/Hupe 2002), ainsi que des parties ayant droit de veto (Tsebelis 1995), cette étude viendra compléter le travail effectué antérieurement.

Ces résultats contribuent non seulement à la recherche en relations internationales et l'analyse comparative des politiques, mais aussi à l'évaluation d'un sujet d'actualité ayant des implications politiques importantes en matière de commerce et d'immigration.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 29.01.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Opening‐up labor mobility? Rising powers' rulemaking in trade agreements
Lavenex Sandra, Jurje Flavia (2019), Opening‐up labor mobility? Rising powers' rulemaking in trade agreements, in Regulation & Governance, rego.12271-rego.12271.
EU’s External Labour Mobility and Trade - a Multilayered Governance Approach
Jurje Flavia (2019), EU’s External Labour Mobility and Trade - a Multilayered Governance Approach, in Kostakopoulou Dora, den Hertog Leonhard, Carrera Sergio, Panizzon Marion (ed.), Brill, The Netherlands, 207.
The Trade-Migration Nexus from a Multilevel Perspective
Jurje Flavia, Lavenex Sandra (2019), The Trade-Migration Nexus from a Multilevel Perspective, in Spilker Gabriele, Elsig Manfred, Hahn Michael (ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Mobility Norms in Free Trade Agreements: Migration Governance in Asia between Regional Integration and Free Trade
Jurje Flavia, Lavenex Sandra (2018), Mobility Norms in Free Trade Agreements: Migration Governance in Asia between Regional Integration and Free Trade, in European Journal of East Asian Studies, 17(1), 83-117.
EU/US migration policy towards emerging countries: regulatory power reversed?
Lavenex Sandra, Jurje Flavia (2017), EU/US migration policy towards emerging countries: regulatory power reversed?, in The European Foreign Affairs Review, 22(2/1), 157-176.
Regional Migration Governance
Jurje Flavia, Lavenex Sandra, Givens Terri, Buchanan Ross (2016), Regional Migration Governance, in BörzelTanja (ed.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 457-486.
The migration–trade nexus: migration provisions in trade agreements
Jurje Flavia, Lavenex Sandra (2015), The migration–trade nexus: migration provisions in trade agreements, in Talani Simona (ed.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK , 259-282.
Opening-up labour mobility? Rising powers' quest for international mobility in trade agreements
Jurje Flavia, Lavenex Sandra, Opening-up labour mobility? Rising powers' quest for international mobility in trade agreements, in Regulation and Governance.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Marion Panizzon, NCCR On The Move Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Anita Prakash, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia Indonesia (Asia)
- Publication
Omar Serrano, University of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Sandra Lavenex, University of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Stephen Woolcock, London School of Economics Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Simon Tans, Radboud University Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
EUSA 2017 Conference Talk given at a conference The Role of Corporations in a Multi-layered Migration Governance System: Regulating the Admission of Labour into the UK 04.05.2017 Miami, United States of America Jurje Trifa Flavia;
Global Migration / Asylum Governance: Advancing the International Agenda Talk given at a conference Private actors’ participation on labour migration policies and their responses to the crisis on refugees and other forcibly displaced persons 10.10.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Jurje Trifa Flavia;
Emerging and Middle Powers in the Regulation of International Trade Talk given at a conference EU/US migration policy towards emerging countries: regulatory power reversed? 24.06.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Jurje Trifa Flavia;
Multilayered Governance: Gains for International Migration? Talk given at a conference The Role of Private Companies in Migration Governance: Regulating the Admission of Skilled Migrants into the UK 27.04.2016 Bern, Switzerland Jurje Trifa Flavia;
From Rule-takers to Rule-makers: Emerging Powers in the Regulation of International Trade Talk given at a conference Rule-making beyond the Status Quo: Rising Powers and Trade-related International Mobility 02.02.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Jurje Trifa Flavia;
What can the ASEAN Community contribute to Southeast Asia and the World? Talk given at a conference Labour Mobility within ASEAN: Learning from the EU? 18.01.2016 Paris, France Jurje Trifa Flavia;
Comparative Regionalism: State of the Art and Future Directions Talk given at a conference Regional Migration Governance 01.10.2015 Singapore, Singapore Jurje Trifa Flavia;
European Union Studies Association – Asia Pacific International Conference Talk given at a conference Labour mobility in ASEAN: EU as a policy model? 11.06.2015 Seoul, Korean Republic (South Korea) Jurje Trifa Flavia;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
ASEM Sustainable Connectivity Monitor. First Experts Workshop Workshop 09.03.2018 Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy, Italy Jurje Trifa Flavia;
What can the ASEAN Community contribute to Southeast Asia and the World? Workshop 18.01.2016 Institut Francais des Relations Internationales (IFRI), France Jurje Trifa Flavia;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Europe–Asia Connectivity: A Case for Labour Mobility International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media FOKUS: «Unbedingt weiterzuempfehlen!» UNILU AKTUELL, AUSGABE NR. 52, SEPTEMBER 2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
151203 Regulatory Powers in the International Migration Regime: A Social Network Approach 01.02.2014 Advanced Postdoc.Mobility

Abstract

Traditionally, labour mobility has not been part of the trade arena. This agenda evolved with the 1995 General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) of the WTO, which included the so-called “mode 4” mobility of natural persons as one out of four modes of services liberalization. Dealt with precaution by developed countries due mainly to labour immigration connotations, current GATS mode 4 commitments have remained limited, associated mostly with the temporary movement of highly skilled service providers within multinational companies. For developing countries like India, China, Brazil or Mexico, generally abundant in low-cost labour force, broader mobility provisions that would also cover lower skilled workers, detached from commercial presence, have been thought to produce substantial positive impacts for the service providers themselves, as well as, for the sending and receiving economies (Winters et al. 2002, Martin 2006). While there is little progress with the current WTO round of negotiations, more developments on mode 4 have taken shape within regional and bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). As an Indian official put it, “GATS mode 4 is India’s strongest offensive interest in trade negotiations” and the ongoing FTA negotiations with the EU clearly depict this. The actual mobility of service providers towards targeted economies is however conditioned by domestic labour and immigration legislation in the respective countries. This study will scrutinize implementation patterns of international commitments on labour mobility in one of the main destination country, the UK. Analysing enforcement of international commitments is essential to grasp the de facto effects of these norms and the extent to which the services-related mobility avenue is used in practice. In particular, the study will assess possible regulatory barriers at the implementation level that can hinder international mobility, such as institutional veto points. The UK provides an important case to assess policy implementation, as it happens in a context where domestic immigration polices are heavily contested, thus intensifying the clash between liberal economic interests and protectionist home affairs polices. To understand who are the main actors supporting liberalization of services mobility and who are the opponents, face-to-face interviews with UK government officials working on trade and immigration policies, as well as relevant private actors (e.g. multinational companies) will be carried out. In this context, the current EU-India FTA negotiations are relevant to assess demands and offers on both sides and the role of key actors involved in negotiations on mode 4 mobility. Drawing mainly on the literature on policy implementation and veto points (Hill/Hupe 2002, Tsebelis 1995, Hug/Tsebelis 2002), the study will further complement the analysis on international services-related mobility developed in the ongoing research project. The results will not only contribute to international relations and comparative policy analysis research, but also bring novel empirical evidence in a field with salient policy implications for trade and migration.
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