ecological engineering; sustainable development; ecosystem services; land use; global change; agricultural landscapes
Kambach Stephan, Lenoir Jonathan, Decocq Guillaume, Welk Erik, Seidler Gunnar, Dullinger Stefan, Gégout Jean-Claude, Guisan Antoine, Pauli Harald, Svenning Jens-Christian, Vittoz Pascal, Wohlgemuth Thomas, Zimmermann Niklaus E., Bruelheide Helge (2018), Of niches and distributions: range size increases with niche breadth both globally and regionally but regional estimates poorly relate to global estimates, in Ecography
, 0(1), 2-3.
Loran Christin, Munteanu Catalina, Verburg Peter H., Schmatz Dirk R., Bürgi Matthias, Zimmermann Niklaus E. (2017), Long-term change in drivers of forest cover expansion: an analysis for Switzerland (1850-2000), in Regional Environmental Change
, 17(8), 2223-2235.
Somodi Imelda, Molnár Zsolt, Czúcz Bálint, Bede-Fazekas Ákos, Bölöni János, Pásztor László, Laborczi Annamária, Zimmermann Niklaus E. (2017), Implementation and application of multiple potential natural vegetation models - a case study of Hungary, in Journal of Vegetation Science
, 28(6), 1260-1269.
Reyer Christopher P O, Bathgate Stephen, Blennow Kristina, Borges Jose G, Bugmann Harald, Delzon Sylvain, Faias Sonia P, Garcia-Gonzalo Jordi, Gardiner Barry, Gonzalez-Olabarria Jose Ramon, Gracia Carlos, Hernández Juan Guerra, Kellomäki Seppo, Kramer Koen, Lexer Manfred J, Lindner Marcus, van der Maaten Ernst, Maroschek Michael, Muys Bart, Nicoll Bruce, Palahi Marc, Palma João HN, Paulo Joana A, Peltola Heli, et al. (2017), Are forest disturbances amplifying or canceling out climate change-induced productivity changes in European forests?, in Environmental Research Letters
, 12(3), 034027-034027.
Gallien Laure, Altermatt Florian, Wiemers Martin, Schweiger Oliver, Zimmermann Niklaus E. (2017), Invasive plants threaten the least mobile butterflies in Switzerland, in Diversity and Distribution
, 23, 185-195.
In order to advance long-term sustainable development of land use systems, against risks arising from multiple aspects of global change, STACCATO plans to quantify the dependence of ecosystem functions (ESF) and the services (ESS) they generate on environmental pressures in representative agriculturally dominated landscapes in Europe. The focus is on local as well as regional land use intensity (including the socio- economic background) and biodiversity, and the potential impacts of future climate and land use change.Following the framework of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), we define supporting services as ESF and deal with selected characteristic elements of 2 of the 3 service strands defined by the MEA, namely a) Provisioning Services (PS): nutrient cycling & crop production; b) Regulating Services (RS): biocontrol & pollination; and c) Cultural Services (CS): identity with cultural landscapes. Studies are planned in representative regions across Europe, in landscapes along a gradient reflecting changing geo-climatic and land use intensity, and socio-economic conditions.Focus will be on landscapes shaped by annual crops and/or semi-natural grasslands. In particular it intends to investigate the interactions between annual crops and the surrounding landscapes in the light of ecological engineering as a tool for eco-functional intensification. Ecological Engineering is an emerging discipline, concerned with design, monitoring and construction of agro-ecosystems in order to maximise ecosystem services through exploiting natural regulation mechanisms instead of suppressing them. The overall objective is the elaboration and testing of generally applicable principles within the frame of ecological engineering.STACCATO will develop valuations of ESS through monetary and non-monetary methods. The most meaningful monetary costs to be calculated are (potential) damage costs (e.g. due to losses in production, biocontrol or pollination), management/repair costs (e.g. hand pollination after loss of pollinators), and avoidance cost (precautionary measures) as these manifest themselves in real markets.STACCATO will test and improve already existing indicators for ESF/ESS and their values - building upon but going beyond existing indicators sets like those of the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) and the SEBI (Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators). Beyond the applicability of the existing ones, specific integrative indicators for each of the strands will be tested for their suitability, e.g., the diversity of indicator plants (incl. weeds; PS/RS), pollinators (incl. butterflies), and natural enemies of crop pests (RS).As core output, STACCATO will develop guidelines for optimising ESF/ESS and their stabilisation under future climate and land use change. STACCATO will analyse the potential of ecological engineering as a tool for eco-functional intensification to achieve this. Ecological engineering can in principle be applied in conventional and integrated as well as organic agriculture. STACCATO will test the implementation and transferability across regions. The latter is to be achieved through inclusion e.g., of local agricultural agencies and extension services as associated partners.Implementation will include assessments of ESS risks and opportunities in the light of changes in land use intensity accompanied by the loss of natural and semi-natural habitats, biodiversity and climate.