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From plans to land change: Linking paradigms to establish and test a theoretical model of how planning contributes to the development of urban regions

English title From plans to land change: Linking paradigms to establish and test a theoretical model of how planning contributes to the development of urban regions
Applicant Hersperger Anna M.
Number 157789
Funding scheme Temporary Backup Schemes
Research institution Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research - WSL
Main discipline Architecture and Social urban science
Start/End 01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020
Approved amount 1'999'902.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Architecture and Social urban science
Social geography and ecology
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences

Keywords (7)

spatial indicators; spatial planning; grounded theory; land change modelling; plan implementation; urban region; governance

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Welchen Einfluss hat die Planung für die Entwicklung urbaner Regionen? So müssig es vordergründig scheint, ist die Frage nicht. Denn obwohl überall lokal, regional und landesweit geplant wird, wissen wir wenig darüber, welchen Einfluss die Raumplanung tatsächlich auf die Ausdehnung der Siedlungsflächen und Verkehrsinfrastrukturen hat. Darum wurde die Planungstätigkeit in der Modellierung der Landnutzung bisher kaum einbezogen.
Lay summary

Das interdisziplinäre Forschungsprojekt CONCUR hat das Ziel, den Einfluss der strategische Raumplanung messbar zu machen und in Landnutzungsmodelle zu integrieren. In einem ersten Schritt wird ein theoretisches Modell entwickelt, das drei Kernkonzepte verbindet: (1) Raumkonzepte, wie sie in der strategischen Raumplanung verwendet werden; (2) Zentrale Elemente der Regierungs- und Verwaltungseffizienz; und (3) Überregionale Entwicklungspfade.

In einer zweiten Stufe wird das Modell mittels Indikatoren operationalisiert und in den Versuchsgebieten Zürich, Bukarest (Rumänien) und Austin, Texas (USA) getestet. Die Resultate der Studie haben das Potenzial, unser Verständnis bezüglich der Auswirkungen von Raumplanung in urbanen Regionen grundlegend zu verbessern. Gleichzeitig könnten sie zu einer realistischeren Anwendung von Planungsabsichten und Planungsumsetzung in Landnutzungsmodellen führen. Die Modelle würden damit zu einer nützlichen Grundlage für politische Entscheidungen und könnten die politischen Kräfte dabei unterstützen, einen nachhaltigen Entwicklungspfad einzuschlagen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 23.10.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Planning for compact urban forms: local growth-management approaches and their evolution over time
Sophie Rudolf, Keinast Felix, Hersperger Anna M. (2018), Planning for compact urban forms: local growth-management approaches and their evolution over time, in Journal of Environmental Planning and Management , 61(3), 474-492.
Using local knowledge and sustainable transport to promote a greener city: The case of Bucharest, Romania
Niță M.R, Badiu D.L., Onose D.A., Gavrilidis A.A., Grădinaru S.R., Năstase I.I., Lafortezza R (2018), Using local knowledge and sustainable transport to promote a greener city: The case of Bucharest, Romania, in Environmental Research, 160, 331-338.
Book review: Sustainable landscape planning in selected urban regions
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Sustainable landscape planning in selected urban regions, in Journal of Urban Affairs , 1-2.
Need for a cross-sector approach in protected area management
Hossu C., Loja I.C., Niță M., Hartel T., Badiu D. L., Hersperger A. M. (2017), Need for a cross-sector approach in protected area management, in Land Use Policy, 69, 586-597.
Etat des lieux de la qualité et de l'utilité des plans directeurs communaux
Sophie Rudolf, Grădinaru Simona, Hersperger Anna M. (2017), Etat des lieux de la qualité et de l'utilité des plans directeurs communaux.
The quality and implementation of local plans: An integrated evaluation
Sophie Rudolf, Grădinaru Simona (2017), The quality and implementation of local plans: An integrated evaluation, in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 1-17.
Book review: Local government and urban governance in Europe
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Local government and urban governance in Europe, in Planning Theory & Practice, 1-3.
Impact of planning mandates on local plans: a multi-method assessment
Sophie Rudolf, Grădinaru Simona, Hersperger Anna M. (2017), Impact of planning mandates on local plans: a multi-method assessment, in European Planning Studies, 25(12), 2192-2211.
Evaluating outcomes in planning: Indicators and reference values for Swiss landscapes
Hersperger A.M., Mueller G., Knöpfel M., Siegfried A., Kienast F. (2017), Evaluating outcomes in planning: Indicators and reference values for Swiss landscapes, in Ecological Indicators, 77, 96-104.
Are Spatial Planning Objectives Reflected in the Evolution of Urban Landscape Patterns? A Framework for the Evaluation of Spatial Planning Outcomes
Grădinaru S., Iojă C., Pătru-Stupariu I, Hersperger A.M. (2017), Are Spatial Planning Objectives Reflected in the Evolution of Urban Landscape Patterns? A Framework for the Evaluation of Spatial Planning Outcomes, in Sustainability, 9(8), 1-17.
Book review: Citizen Empowerment and Innovation in the Data-Rich Cit
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Citizen Empowerment and Innovation in the Data-Rich Cit, in Journal of Urban Technology, 24(2), 111-114.
Book review: Decentralization in Environmental Governance: A post-contingency approach
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Decentralization in Environmental Governance: A post-contingency approach, in Journal of Planning Literature, 32(3), 254-254.
Book review: Governance Networks in the Public Sector
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Governance Networks in the Public Sector, in Governance, 30(4), 732-734.
Book review: Human smart cities – Rethinking the interplay between design and planning.
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Human smart cities – Rethinking the interplay between design and planning., in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 44(6), 1169-1171.
Book review: Situated Practices of Strategic Planning – An international perspective
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Book review: Situated Practices of Strategic Planning – An international perspective, in European Planning Studies, 25(2), 351-354.
Editorial for virtual special issue: The emergence of new forms of flexible governance arrangements in and for urban regions: an European perspective
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Editorial for virtual special issue: The emergence of new forms of flexible governance arrangements in and for urban regions: an European perspective, in Regional Studies, Regional Science, 4(1), 1-6.
Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans through Urban-Regional Development Projects: A European Perspective
Oliveira Eduardo, Hersperger Anna (2017), Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans through Urban-Regional Development Projects: A European Perspective, in The AESOP 2017 Congress eBook of Proceedings, Portugal.
Paving the way to the career turning point: how to survive a Ph.D. dissertation and position yourself to be successful on the job market
Oliveira Eduardo (2017), Paving the way to the career turning point: how to survive a Ph.D. dissertation and position yourself to be successful on the job market, in Zavattaro Staci, Orr Shannon (ed.), Springer, USA, 73-93.
Place branding in Strategic Spatial Planning: Challenges and Opportunities
Oliveira Eduardo, Ashworth Gregory (2017), Place branding in Strategic Spatial Planning: Challenges and Opportunities, in Campelo Adriana (ed.), 22-40.
Working leisure: entertaining guests in gated tourist resorts
Pagliarin Sofia (2016), Working leisure: entertaining guests in gated tourist resorts, in Leisure Studies, 36(6), 752-763.
Book review: Image of Istanbul, Impact of ECoC 2010 on The City Image
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Book review: Image of Istanbul, Impact of ECoC 2010 on The City Image, in Border Crossing, 6(2), 386-389.
Book review: Territorial Governance across Europe - Pathways, Practices and Prospects
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Book review: Territorial Governance across Europe - Pathways, Practices and Prospects, in Regional Studies, 50(11), 1943-1944.
Conference Report. Building bridges: cities and regions in a transnational world
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Conference Report. Building bridges: cities and regions in a transnational world, in Town Planning Review, 87(4), 481-486.
Is urban green space per capita a valuable target to achieve cities’sustainability goals? Romania as a case study
Badiu D., Ioja C., Patroescu M., Breuste J, Artmann M, Niță M, Grădinaru S, Hossu C, Onose D (2016), Is urban green space per capita a valuable target to achieve cities’sustainability goals? Romania as a case study, in Ecological Indicators, 70, 53-66.
Place branding as a strategic spatial planning instrument: A theoretical framework to branding regions with references to northern Portugal
Oliveira Eduardo (2016), Place branding as a strategic spatial planning instrument: A theoretical framework to branding regions with references to northern Portugal, in Journal of Place Management and Development, 9(1), 47-72.
Book review: Land Ownership and Land Use Development: The Integration of Past, Present, and Future in Spatial Planning and Land Management Policies
Oliveira Eduardo, Book review: Land Ownership and Land Use Development: The Integration of Past, Present, and Future in Spatial Planning and Land Management Policies, in Landscape journal, 36(2), 00-00.
Conference report: CONCUR Expert Workshop - The Impact of Strategic Spatial Plans on Land Change in Urban Regions: Debating Plan Making and Plan Implementation
Bacau Simona, Schmid Franziska, Oliveira Eduardo, Conference report: CONCUR Expert Workshop - The Impact of Strategic Spatial Plans on Land Change in Urban Regions: Debating Plan Making and Plan Implementation, in Town Planning Review.
Linking processes and patterns: Spatial planning, governance and urban sprawl in the Barcelona and Milan metropolitan regions
Pagliarin Sofia, Linking processes and patterns: Spatial planning, governance and urban sprawl in the Barcelona and Milan metropolitan regions, in Urban Studies.
Using multi-seasonal Landsat imagery for rapid identification of abandoned land in areas affected by urban sprawl
Grădinaru Simona, Kienast Felix, Psomas Achilleas, Using multi-seasonal Landsat imagery for rapid identification of abandoned land in areas affected by urban sprawl, in Ecological Indicators.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Stephan Pauleit, Technical University of Munich Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Gertrud Jørgensen, Section for Landscape Architecture and Planning, University of Copenhagen Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Peter Schmitt, Department of Human Geography, Stockholm Univeristy Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Salvatore La Mendola, Qualitative methods for the Social Sciences, Padua University Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Various researchers at Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Thomas Weith, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Alister Scott, Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northumbria University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Kristof Van Assche, Faculty of Extension, University of Alberta Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Raoul Beunen, Faculty of Management, Science & Technology, Open University Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Jasper Van Vliet, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Jörg Knieling, Chair of Urban Planning and Regional Development, HafenCity University Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Various researchers at Universty of Bucharest Romania (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Isabel Loupa Ramos, University of Lisbon Portugal (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Peter Van den Broeck, Department of Civil Engineering, Catholic University of Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Lorenz Hurni, Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, ETH Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Frank Moulaert, Catholic University of Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Eva Semancíková, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia Czech Republic (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Lasse Gerrits, Faculty of Social Sciences, Economics, and Business Admin., Bamberg University Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Benoît Rihoux, Comparatiev Political Sciences, Catholic University of Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Geographical Sciences and Future of Earth Talk given at a conference Spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes. Bucharest as a case study Spatial planning and its influence in shaping urban landscapes. Bucharest as a case study 18.12.2017 Bucharest, Romania Hersperger Anna M.; Bacau Simona;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Concur Project: From plans to land change - How strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions 16.11.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Pagliarin Sofia; Oliveira Eduardo; Hersperger Anna M.;
CONCUR Expert Workshop Individual talk The Impact of Strategic Spatial Plans on Land Change in Urban Regions: Debating Plan-Making and Plan-Implementation 09.11.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Palka Gaetan; Hermann Franziska; Bacau Simona; Oliveira Eduardo; Pagliarin Sofia; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.;
Spatial Analysis and Geomatics: Modelling and Simulating spatial information Poster Combinatorial optimisation of the internal allocation of the population of Nice to shelters in earthquake 06.11.2017 Rouen, France Palka Gaetan;
WSL interner Tag der Landschaftsforschung Poster Various presentations and poster on the CONCUR Project: From plans to land change - How strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions 30.10.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Hermann Franziska; Bacau Simona; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.; Palka Gaetan; Oliveira Eduardo; Pagliarin Sofia;
Qualitative Comparative Analysis Empirical Applications Workshop Talk given at a conference Multi-scalar forces of urban restructuring in large-scale urban projects as devices to implement strategic spatial planning: A qualitative comparative analysis in European urban regions 12.10.2017 Leuven, Belgium Pagliarin Sofia; Hersperger Anna M.;
International Association for Landscape Ecology Congress: From Pattern and Process to People and Action Talk given at a conference Landscape issues in strategic spatial plans of European urban regions: current state and future options 12.09.2017 Ghent, Belgium Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Oliveira Eduardo;
International Association for Landscape Ecology Congress: From Pattern and Process to People and Action Talk given at a conference Green infrastructure in European strategic spatial plans: conceptualization and representation 12.09.2017 Ghent, Belgium Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
International Sociological Association (ISA) RC21 Research Committee in Urban and Regional Development Conference 2017: Rethinking Global Urban Justice Talk given at a conference Implementation paths of large-scale strategic urban projects (LSSUP) in European urban regions: A qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) 11.09.2017 Leeds, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Hersperger Anna M.; Pagliarin Sofia;
Urban Ecology Symposium Talk given at a conference Green infrastructure: from plans to ecological support systems 26.08.2017 Zürich, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.;
Landscape Dynamics Research Unit Meeting Individual talk Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans Through Projects in European Urban Regions 24.08.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Oliveira Eduardo;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Green Infrastructure in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions: a landscape ecological perspective on spatial concepts 12.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Overcoming Resource Scarcity by Implementing Strategic Regional Plans Through Projects in European Urban Regions 12.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo;
Association of European Schools of Planning Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Planning and Implementing Green Infrastructure: Framing the Discussion 12.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Hersperger Anna M.;
Lunch Seminars of the Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University Individual talk How strategic spatial planning contributes to the development of urban regions 13.06.2017 Stockholm, Sweden Oliveira Eduardo;
Workshop for the presentation of the CONCUR project at the University of Bucharest Individual talk Making sense of planning intentions: Spatial information contained in strategic spatial plans 05.06.2017 Bucharest, Romania Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Landscape Ecology Group Meeting Individual talk Green Infrastructure in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions: a landscape ecological perspective on spatial concepts 08.05.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
15th meeting Association of European Schools of Planning Planning & Complexity Workgroup Individual talk Real vs. simulated agents in complex urban trajectories: Knowledge hubs as an illustration 14.04.2017 Ghent, Belgium Pagliarin Sofia;
Introduction course to Qualitative Comparative Analysis Individual talk Between city and port:a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) of port development in five European cities 14.02.2017 Moscow, Russia Pagliarin Sofia;
Introduction course to Qualitative Comparative Analysis Individual talk Qualitative Comparative Analysis 13.02.2017 Moscow, Russia Pagliarin Sofia;
Landscape Ecology Group Meeting Individual talk CONCUR project 12.01.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.; Pagliarin Sofia;
Landscape Ecology Group Meeting Individual talk The impacts of strategic spatial planning on land change in European urban regions 03.11.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Oliveira Eduardo; Hersperger Anna M.;
Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference The impacts of strategic spatial planning on land change in European urban regions 23.10.2016 Beijing, China Hersperger Anna M.; Oliveira Eduardo;
Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference Measuring spatial information contained in strategic spatial plans 23.10.2016 Beijing, China Hersperger Anna M.; Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference The emergence of metropolitan institutions in Barcelona and Milan and their influence on urban land change 23.10.2016 Beijing, China Hersperger Anna M.; Pagliarin Sofia;
2nd World Congress of the Society for Urban Ecology: Challenges for Urban Ecology by Rapid Urbanization and Global Environmental Change Talk given at a conference Using seasonal Landsat imagery to monitor agricultural land abandonment in areas affected by urban sprawl 08.07.2016 Shanghai, China Gradinaru Simona Raluca;
Science day at WSL Poster The CONCUR Project 23.06.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Oliveira Eduardo; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Hersperger Anna M.; Pagliarin Sofia;
Regional Studies Association Annual Conference 2016: Building Bridges: Cities and Regions in a Transnational World Talk given at a conference From plans to land change in urban regions: a regional governance approach to the strategic spatial plans of Barcelona, Hannover and Stockholm 03.04.2016 Graz, Austria Hersperger Anna M.; Pagliarin Sofia; Gradinaru Simona Raluca; Oliveira Eduardo;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
CONCUR Expert Workshop 09.11.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
Expert Workshop: Complexity and the urban environment: cities as complex socio-ecological systems. Invited guests: David Byrne, Juval Portguali, Lasse Gerrits 12.07.2017 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
The 4th International QCA Expert Workshop  07.12.2016 Zürich, Switzerland
Seminar on narrative interviews with Prof. S. La Mendola, Univ. of Padua at WSL 23.05.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
WSL Colloquium about the CONCUR Project 19.05.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Presentation at the WSL-ETH-Rat Dialog meeting Talk 06.04.2016 Zürich, Switzerland Hersperger Anna M.;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog post on CONCUR Expert Workshop Envisioning Better Futures blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog post on CONCUR Expert Workshop - Public lectures Envisioning Better Futures blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Blog post on CONCUR project Envisioning Better Futures blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Contributing Project for Global Land Programme Global Land Programme International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Facebook post on the participation of the CONCUR project team in the AESOP Conference 2017, Lisbon Facebook International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) CONCUR project main webpage WSL webpage International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) LinkedIn activity throughout 2016 and 2017 LinkedIn International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Project page on Research Gate Research Gate International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Twitter activity throughout 2016 and 2017 Twitter International 2016

Awards

Title Year
Appointed Editor in Chief of the Regional Studies Association Regions Magazine 2017
German Research Foundation (DFG, German Excellence Initiative), Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences (BAGSS) Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Germany 2017
Swiss National Science Foundation International Short Visit Fellowship 2017
Swiss National Science Foundation International Short Visit of Jasper van Vliet (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) 2017
Elected Secretary General of the European Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE Europe) 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
143440 Determinants of Local Growth Management Regulation and Its Relation to Urban Sprawl. A Spatial Econometric Analysis at the Municipal Level 01.03.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
142996 Controlling urban sprawl to limit soil consumption (SPROIL) 01.06.2013 NRP 68 Sustainable Use of Soil as a Resource
175523 Advanced applications of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to urban transformations 01.06.2017 International short research visits

Abstract

Urban regions are undergoing a highly dynamic global process of land change. Planning and governance have a long tradition in urban areas as a means to guiding spatial development. However, a realistic model of the contribution of planning and policy to land change is still lacking, and planning is therefore only rudimentarily considered in land-change science. The research proposed here should help clarify how panning and policy affects land change. The key challenge is that planning is context-sensitive while land-change modelling aims for generality. The overall aim of this ground-breaking, highly interdisciplinary proposal is to bridge these distinct paradigms and develop a scientific basis for adequately integrating regional spatial policies into land-change modelling. The first objective is to develop a theoretical model with the following core concepts: (1) spatial concepts as contained in strategic spatial plans, (2) key elements of governance efficiency, and (3) supra-regional development trajectories. The second objective is to assess the applicability of the theoretical framework by operationalizing the model and subsequently testing it and its operationalization in the urban regions of Zurich, Bucharest, and Austin, Texas. Different social science and natural science methods will be applied and new methods developed. Indicators will be developed to quantify spatial concept, neighborhood configurations, and land use in order to “translate” the information contained in spatial strategy diagrams into pixel maps. Qualitative and quantitative case-studies of European urban regions will be compared to identify key elements of governance efficiency and randomness in supra-regional development trajectories. Standardized questionnaires will be developed for efficient data collection as will protocols for indicator calculations. These tools will operationalize the theoretical model so that it can be systematically applied in land-change modelling. The proposed research is highly interdisciplinary and draws on recent advances in the fields of regional governance, spatial strategic planning, and spatial analysis. The envisaged results may well revolutionize our understanding of the impact planning can have in urban regions and should lead to more realistic applications of planning intentions and plan implementation in land-change models. These models should consequently improve and are expected to become truly useful for decision-making and support politicians in their quest to guide change in sustainable directions.
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