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Modes and Contents

English title Modes and Contents
Applicant Teroni Fabrice
Number 157441
Funding scheme SNSF Professorships
Research institution Département de Philosophie Faculté des Lettres Université de Fribourg
Institution of higher education University of Fribourg - FR
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.09.2015 - 31.07.2020
Approved amount 846'328.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Philosophy
Psychology

Keywords (9)

imagination; memory; perception; modes; mental content; epistemology; attitudes; philosophy of mind; emotions

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Nous décrivons couramment les états psychologiques à l’aide d’une distinction entre ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler les modes ou attitudes et leurs contenus. Voir, entendre, se souvenir, penser et supposer comptent au nombre des modes psychologiques. Les contenus de ces modes correspondent quant à eux aux compléments propositionnels ou non propositionnels de ces verbes. Le projet s’articule autour de la thèse selon laquelle un examen systématique de la nature des modes est nécessaire pour comprendre la façon dont les états psychologiques portent sur ou représentent quelque chose, ainsi que la manière dont ils sont ressentis. La recherche portera sur la distinction générale entre mode et contenu et sur ses déclinaisons pour des états psychologiques spécifiques comme les perceptions, les souvenirs, les sensations et les émotions. Cela offrira l’opportunité de faire interagir de nombreux débats contemporains ressortant de différents domaines philosophiques et extra-philosophiques.
Lay summary

Nous décrivons couramment les états psychologiques à l’aide d’une distinction entre ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler les modes ou attitudes et leurs contenus. Voir, entendre, se souvenir, penser, imaginer et supposer comptent au nombre des modes psychologiques. Les contenus de ces modes correspondent quant à eux aux compléments propositionnels ou non propositionnels de ces verbes. Lorsqu’Evelyne suppose que la Terre est plate, le mode – supposer – a pour contenu une proposition complète. Lorsque Jean entend une mélodie, le mode – entendre – a un contenu non propositionnel.

Dans la mesure où cette distinction structure notre façon de concevoir la réalité psychologique, nous sommes naturellement amenés à penser qu’une tâche fondamentale qui incombe aux philosophes de l’esprit consiste à explorer la nature des modes et leurs relations aux contenus. Pourtant, bien que l’immense majorité des philosophes admettent la distinction mode-contenu, leur intérêt ne s’est que très rarement porté vers ces questions. Le présent projet de recherche a pour ambition de combler cette lacune.

Le projet s’articule autour de la thèse selon laquelle un examen systématique de la nature des modes psychologiques est nécessaire afin de comprendre deux propriétés fondamentales des états psychologiques: leur intentionnalité (le fait qu’ils sont à propos de quelque chose) et leur phénoménalité (le fait qu’ils sont caractérisés, du point de vue de la première personne, par un certain ressenti). Afin de développer cette compréhension, la recherche entreprise au sein du projet porte sur la distinction entre mode et contenu d’un point de vue général et telle qu’elle se décline pour des états mentaux spécifiques comme les perceptions, les souvenirs, les sensations et les émotions.

Le projet offrira l’opportunité de faire interagir de nombreux débats contemporains ressortant de différents domaines philosophiques (philosophie de l’esprit et du langage, épistémologie) et extra-philosophiques (en particulier la psychologie cognitive). 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.09.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Emotion, Fiction and Rationality
Teroni Fabrice (2019), Emotion, Fiction and Rationality, in The British Journal of Aesthetics, 59(2), 113-128.
Affect, motivational states, and evaluative concepts
Vanello Daniel (2019), Affect, motivational states, and evaluative concepts, in Synthese, 1-20.
Commentary on "Supposition and the Imagination Realm", by M. Arcangeli
Humbert-DrozSteve (2019), Commentary on "Supposition and the Imagination Realm", by M. Arcangeli, -, -.
La phénoménologie de la mémoire
Teroni Fabrice (2019), La phénoménologie de la mémoire, in Déro Moïse (ed.), Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, Villeneuve d'Ascq, 91-102.
Sartre on the Emotions
Vanello Daniel (2019), Sartre on the Emotions, in Perrin Christophe, Mui Constance, Eshleman Matthew (ed.), Routledge, New York, 96-120.
Affect, perceptual experience, and disclosure
Vanello Daniel (2018), Affect, perceptual experience, and disclosure, in Philosophical Studies, 175(9), 2125-2144.
Aphantasia and the Decay of Mental Images
Humbert-Droz Steve (2018), Aphantasia and the Decay of Mental Images, in Réhault Sébastien, Cova Florian (ed.), Bloomsbury, London, 167-174.
Emotionally Charged: The Puzzle of Affective Valence
TeroniFabrice (2018), Emotionally Charged: The Puzzle of Affective Valence, in Konzelmann Ziv Anita, Tappolet Christine, Teroni Fabrice (ed.), Routledge, New York, 10-19.
On Seeming to Remember
TeroniFabrice (2018), On Seeming to Remember, in Michaelian Kourken, Debus Dorothea, Perrin Denis (ed.), Routledge, New York, 329-345.
Shadows of the Soul - Philosophical Perspectives on Negative Emotions
Teroni Fabrice, Tappolet Christine, Konzelmann Ziv Anita (ed.) (2018), Shadows of the Soul - Philosophical Perspectives on Negative Emotions, Routledge, New York.
The Ontology of Emotions
Naar Hichem, Teroni Fabrice (ed.) (2017), The Ontology of Emotions, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Getting Bodily Feelings into Emotional Experience in the Right Way’
Teroni Fabrice, Deonna Julien (2017), Getting Bodily Feelings into Emotional Experience in the Right Way’, in Emotion Review, 9(1), 55-63.
In Pursuit of Emotional Modes: The Philosophy of Emotion after James’.
Teroni Fabrice (2017), In Pursuit of Emotional Modes: The Philosophy of Emotion after James’., in Cohen Alix, Stern Robert (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York, 291-310.
Introduction
TeroniFabrice, NaarHichem (2017), Introduction, in Naar Hichem, Teroni Fabrice (ed.), Cambridge University Press, New York, 1-13.
Les attitudes appropriées verbatim
Teroni Fabrice, Deonna Julien (2017), Les attitudes appropriées verbatim, in Les ateliers de l'éthique, 11(2-3), 151-170.
The Phenomenology of Memory
Teroni Fabrice (2017), The Phenomenology of Memory, in Michaelian Kourken, Bernecker Sven (ed.), Routledge, New York, 21-33.
Emotions et moi, et moi, et moi
Teroni Fabrice (2016), Emotions et moi, et moi, et moi, in Revue philosophie de la France et de l'étranger, 141, 161-178.
Emotions, Me, Myself and I
Teroni Fabrice (2016), Emotions, Me, Myself and I, in International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 24(4), 433-451.
Is the Paradox of Fiction Soluble in Psychology?
Cova Florian, Teroni Fabrice (2016), Is the Paradox of Fiction Soluble in Psychology?, in Philosophical Psychology, 29(6), 930-942.
Emotions as Attitudes
Deonna Julien A, Teroni Fabrice (2015), Emotions as Attitudes, in Dialectica, 69(3), 293-311.
Art
Humbert-DrozSteve, BonardConstant, Art, -, -.
Emotional Experience: Affective Consciousness and its Role in Emotion Theory
Teroni Fabrice, Deonna Julien, Emotional Experience: Affective Consciousness and its Role in Emotion Theory, in Kriegel Uriah (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York.
Sartre's Theory of Motivation
Vanello Daniel, Sartre's Theory of Motivation, in Southern Journal of Philosophy, 57(2), 259-278.
Valence, Bodily (dis-)Pleasure and Emotion
TeroniFabrice, Valence, Bodily (dis-)Pleasure and Emotion, in Corns Jennifer, Bain David, Brady Michael (ed.), Routledge, New York, 103-122.
What is the Role of Emotions in Grounding Belief and Knowledge?
Teroni Fabrice, Deonna Julien, What is the Role of Emotions in Grounding Belief and Knowledge?, in Scarantino Andrea (ed.), Routledge, New York.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Centre de recherche en éthique, Université de Montréal Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Department of Philosophy, University of California Irvine United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Institut Jean Nicod France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Emotions and Values, Universität Tübingen Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Consciousness and Self-Consciousness Research Centre, University of Warwick Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Lund, Department of philosophy Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
CISA, Université de Genève Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
New Directions in Philosophy of Emotion Talk given at a conference Which Attitudes Fit the Fitting Attitude Analysis of Value 16.07.2019 Manchester, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Teroni Fabrice;
ISRE Talk given at a conference Appraisal Theory and Philosophy of Emotion 10.07.2019 Amsterdam, Netherlands Teroni Fabrice;
SIFA Talk given at a conference Imaginary Invalid! Deflating the model bubble 18.06.2019 Turin, Italy Humbert-Droz Steve;
Thumos Seminar Individual talk Love is Weird 07.03.2019 Genève, Switzerland Philipps Edgar;
CISA Annual Research Forum Talk given at a conference Representing Desires 08.02.2019 Genève, Switzerland Philipps Edgar;
ESPP Conference Talk given at a conference Emotional Engagement, Mutual Recognition and Intentional Communication 10.09.2018 Rijeka, Croatia Vanello Daniel;
The Metaphysics of Representation Talk given at a conference Imaginary Invalid! Deflating the Model Bubble 25.08.2018 Ligerz, Switzerland Humbert-Droz Steve;
Joint Session of the Aristotelian Society and the Mind Association Talk given at a conference Moral Obligation and the Appropriateness of Emotions 06.07.2018 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Vanello Daniel;
ISSA Conference Talk given at a conference Workshop "Emotions and Intersubjectivity" 06.07.2018 Amsterdam, Netherlands Vanello Daniel;
SOPHA Talk given at a conference Comment on C. Tappolet’s Emotions, Value and Agency 02.07.2018 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium Teroni Fabrice;
SOPHA, Workshop "Le bonheur et les affects" Talk given at a conference Emotions and Virtues: Achieving and Understanding 02.07.2018 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium Teroni Fabrice;
The Imaginative Workshop Talk given at a conference What is Imagination? – The Tricky Case of Supposition 15.06.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Humbert-Droz Steve;
Phenomenology of Action and Volition Talk given at a conference Scheler on Affectivity and Action 21.05.2018 prague, Czech Republic Vanello Daniel;
Work in Progress Seminar Talk given at a conference Moral Conflict and the Appropriateness of Emotions 01.05.2018 Manchester, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Vanello Daniel;
CERE Talk given at a conference Emotional Engagement, Mutual Recognition and Intentional Communication 04.04.2018 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Vanello Daniel;
Warwick-Geneva Interdepartmental Workshop Talk given at a conference What Imagination is! - The Tricky Case of Supposition 29.03.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Humbert-Droz Steve;
Thumos Seminar Individual talk Moral Conflict and the Appropriateness of emotions 15.03.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Vanello Daniel;
Annual Research Forum Talk given at a conference Emotion and Reason in Moral Development 14.02.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Vanello Daniel;
Thumos Seminar Individual talk Affective Disclosure of Value 14.12.2017 Geneva, Switzerland Vanello Daniel;
Conference Emotion and Action Talk given at a conference Emotions, Rationality and Fiction’ 31.10.2017 Antwerp, Belgium Teroni Fabrice;
Cycle de conférences Philéas Individual talk Contre l’imagination de masse 19.10.2017 Geneva, Switzerland Humbert-Droz Steve;
Research Seminar Individual talk Which Attitudes Fit the Fitting Attitude Analysis of Value 18.10.2017 Lund, Sweden Teroni Fabrice;
Research Seminar Individual talk Emotions, Rationality and Fiction 17.10.2017 Lund, Sweden Teroni Fabrice;
Aesthetic Emotions Conference Talk given at a conference ‘Emotions, Rationality and Fiction’ 22.08.2017 Birbeck College, Londres, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Teroni Fabrice;
Emotions and Politics Conference Talk given at a conference ‘Emotions and Evaluative Knowledge’ 11.05.2017 Université de Vercelli, Italy Teroni Fabrice;
Journée interdoctorale de Philosophie Talk given at a conference Rêve ta vie en couleurs — l’imagination et ses modes", 04.05.2017 Université de Dijon, France Humbert-Droz Steve;
Thumos seminar Individual talk Experiencing Make-Believe 27.04.2017 Université de Genève, Switzerland Humbert-Droz Steve;
Colloque : La phénoménologie de l'émotion Talk given at a conference ‘Emotions and Consciousness’ 24.04.2017 Université de Liège, Belgium Teroni Fabrice;
Ringvorlesung Individual talk Emotions and Values 27.02.2017 Université de Zürich, Switzerland Teroni Fabrice;
5ème journées de méta-éthique Talk given at a conference Les émotions appropriées verbatim 16.02.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Teroni Fabrice;
Conference 'Owing Our Emotions' Talk given at a conference Emotions and the Self 22.09.2016 Londres, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Teroni Fabrice;
Conference ‘The Affective Turn Revisited’ Talk given at a conference Shame and Guilt in Ethics 14.09.2016 Helsinki, Finland Teroni Fabrice;
Conference “Stories of Hope and Fear: Mapping Emotions and Affects in Life, Arts, and Literature” Talk given at a conference Emotions, fiction and rationality 24.08.2016 Palmse, Estonia Teroni Fabrice;
European Philosophical Society for the Study of Emotions, Annual Meeting Talk given at a conference Irruptive Cognitions 13.06.2016 Athènes, Greece Dub Richard;
Séminaire du Cognitive Science Centre Individual talk The Phenomenology of Memory 12.06.2016 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Teroni Fabrice;
Modes | Contents Talk given at a conference Determining Mental Modes 28.05.2016 Fribourg, Switzerland Dub Richard;
Second Fragmentation Conference Talk given at a conference Emotions and Irruptive Cognitions 06.05.2016 Graz, Austria Dub Richard;
Atelier Philosophie, pratiques et langages Individual talk La phénoménologie de la mémoire 07.04.2016 Grenoble , France Teroni Fabrice;
Thumos seminar Individual talk Emotional Expression and Cognition 04.03.2016 Genève, Switzerland Dub Richard;
Quolibeta talks Individual talk The Phenomenology of Memory 03.03.2016 Genève, Switzerland Teroni Fabrice;
Colloque Moral Emotions Talk given at a conference Shame, Guilt and Morality 18.01.2016 Parme, Italy Teroni Fabrice;
Beliefs that Feel Good Talk given at a conference Répondant à une conférence 16.12.2015 Bâle, Switzerland Humbert-Droz Steve;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
The Imaginative Workshop 15.06.2018 Geneva, Switzerland
Warwick-Geneva Interdepartmental Workshop 29.03.2018 Geneva, Switzerland
Negative Emotions: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly 30.05.2017 Campus Biotech, Geneva, Switzerland
Negative Emotions 30.05.2017 Genève, Switzerland
Experience, Value and Justification 02.06.2016 Genève, Switzerland
Modes | Contents 28.05.2016 Fribourg, Switzerland
LG2C (Lake Geneva Graduate Conference) 27.05.2016 Genève, Switzerland
Music and Emotion 19.01.2016 Genève, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Conférences du groupe genevois de philosophie Talk 18.05.2016 Genève, Switzerland Teroni Fabrice;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Philo d'un mot: La pudeur RTS La première Western Switzerland 2019
Other activities Journée d'information de l'Unige Western Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Journée d'information pour les collégiens Western Switzerland 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Workshop Collège Rousseau Western Switzerland 2016

Awards

Title Year
Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2 years 2018

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
144403 Analyses de la rationalité en termes de connaissance 01.10.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)
150265 Sensing as Activity: Its Impact on the Structure of Perceptual and Emotional Experience 01.08.2014 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

We intuitively describe mental reality with the help of a fundamental contrast between what philosophers call psychological modes, on the one hand, and their contents, on the other hand. Amongst psychological modes, we count seeing, hearing, remembering, thinking, imagining, wondering and the like and, amongst contents, any kind of propositional (e.g., that a red tree is in front of one) or sub-propositional (one’s first meeting with a good friend, a melody) complement that these verbs can take. One can then be quite naturally led to think that a major task facing philosophers interested in mental states consists in exploring the nature of modes and their relations to contents. However, even though a vast majority of philosophers acknowledge the distinction, their interest in modes vanishes once they have done so. This neglect had and continues to have some regrettable consequences. It has for instance led many philosophers to endorse the idea that all psychological modes can be assimilated to belief and desire, or to uninteresting variations on them. Another consequence, also traceable to the influence of functionalism and representationalism, is that it has contributed to reinforce the conviction that all issues regarding phenomenology have to be addressed either in terms of content, or in terms of unintentional properties or qualia. The original idea behind the present research project is that confronting the source of these consequences head-on - that is to say, systematically investigating the nature of psychological modes as well as their contributions to intentionality and phenomenology - is needed if we are to develop a convincing account of the nature of mental states and to shed new light on some philosophical problems surrounding these aspects of the mind. Its aim is thus to explore the relevance and import of the distinction between mode and content in general as well as in relation to a variety of types of mental states such as perceptions, sensations, emotions, memories and imaginings. Given the nature of these issues, it will provide a unique opportunity to make arguments and theses in a variety of philosophical domains (philosophy of mind, epistemology and philosophy of language) interact. To my knowledge, this is the first attempt within recent philosophy to systematically investigate the mode-content distinction and to engage with a variety of debates that start to emerge in different philosophical domains.
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