Project

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Surface and interface investigations of high density energy electrodes for sodium-ion batteries

Applicant Villevieille Claire Camille
Number 156597
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Paul Scherrer Institut
Institution of higher education Paul Scherrer Institute - PSI
Main discipline Inorganic Chemistry
Start/End 01.10.2014 - 30.09.2018
Approved amount 252'323.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Inorganic Chemistry
Material Sciences

Keywords (6)

Interfaces; Electrochemistry; Batteries; Electrode; Sodium-ion; XPS

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Les batteries Na-ion sont l'un des défis les plus prometteurs de la décennie. Si les principes fondamentaux de la batterie sont en principe identique à ceux de la batterie lithium-ion, le nombre matériaux a etudier et trois fois plus important dans le systeme sodium que dans le systeme lithium, selon la base de donnees cristallographique ICSD. Par conséquent, les mécanismes reactionnels inexplorés sont attendus dans les systèmes à base de Na et donc leur etude est primordiale pour le developpement de cette technologie
Lay summary
 
 
 
Nous sommes intrigués par les pauvres performances obtenues avec le PVDF dans les batteries Na-ion, ainsi que par le rôle crucial de l'additif FEC. Les matériaux à base de d'etain ont ete choisis comme materiaux modèles pour comprendre la relation entre la surface et les propriétés du bulk. La microscopie électronique à balayage post-mortem (MEB) et la spectroscopie de photoélectrons X (XPS) seront utilisées pour suivre les propriétés de surface tandis que la spectrométrie de masse (DEMS) sera utilisée pour détecter les gaz dégagés in situ à partir de l'interface de l'électrode, lors de la formation de la SEI, lors du premier cycle. En outre, la diffraction des rayons X in situ (XRD) et une  approche théoriques sera utilisée pour suivre le mecanisme reactionnel au cours du cycle.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 16.10.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Biowaste Lignin-Based Carbonaceous Materials as Anodes for Na-Ion Batteries
Marino Cyril, Cabanero Joel, Povia Mauro, Villevieille Claire (2018), Biowaste Lignin-Based Carbonaceous Materials as Anodes for Na-Ion Batteries, in Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 165(7), A1400-A1408.
Solving the puzzle of Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 surface reactivity in aprotic electrolytes in Li-ion batteries by nanoscale XPEEM spectromicroscopy
Leanza Daniela, Vaz Carlos A. F., Czekaj Izabela, Novák Petr, El Kazzi Mario (2018), Solving the puzzle of Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 surface reactivity in aprotic electrolytes in Li-ion batteries by nanoscale XPEEM spectromicroscopy, in Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6(8), 3534-3542.
Elucidation of the reaction mechanisms of isostructural FeSn 2 and CoSn 2 negative electrodes for Na-ion batteries
Vogt Leonie O., Villevieille Claire (2017), Elucidation of the reaction mechanisms of isostructural FeSn 2 and CoSn 2 negative electrodes for Na-ion batteries, in Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5(8), 3865-3874.
FeSn 2 and CoSn 2 Electrode Materials for Na-Ion Batteries
Vogt Leonie O., Villevieille Claire (2016), FeSn 2 and CoSn 2 Electrode Materials for Na-Ion Batteries, in Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 163(7), A1306-A1310.
MnSn 2 negative electrodes for Na-ion batteries: a conversion-based reaction dissected
Vogt Leonie O., Villevieille Claire (2016), MnSn 2 negative electrodes for Na-ion batteries: a conversion-based reaction dissected, in Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(48), 19116-19122.
Electrode Engineering of Conversion-based Negative Electrodes for Na-ion Batteries
Vogt Leonie O., Marino Cyril, Villevieille Claire (2015), Electrode Engineering of Conversion-based Negative Electrodes for Na-ion Batteries, in CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 69(12), 729-733.
Understanding the Interaction of the Carbonates and Binder in Na-Ion Batteries: A Combined Bulk and Surface Study
Vogt Leonie O., El Kazzi Mario, Jämstorp Berg Erik, Pérez Villar Sofía, Novák Petr, Villevieille Claire (2015), Understanding the Interaction of the Carbonates and Binder in Na-Ion Batteries: A Combined Bulk and Surface Study, in Chemistry of Materials, 27(4), 1210-1216.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Dr. Linda Nazar, University of Waterloo Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Cracow University of Technology, Poland - Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations Poland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Nanotechnology Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Paul Scherrer Institute, Swiss Light Source Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Dr. M. Kovalenko, ETHZ, Laboratorium für Anorganische Chemie Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr. Helmer Fjellvag, University of Oslo, Centre for Materials Science Norway (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Teofilo Rojo Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Dr. Peter G. Bruce, University od St. Andrews Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
ISE 2017 Talk given at a conference On the way to low cost Na-ion batteries 28.08.2017 Providence, United States of America Villevieille Claire Camille; Cabanero Joel Jr.;
ISE 2017 Talk given at a conference The controversial surface reactivity of Li4Ti5O12 in the aprotic electrolyte disclosed with XPEEM 27.08.2017 Providence, United States of America Leanza Daniela;
231st ECS Meeting Talk given at a conference Nanoscale XPEEM spectroscopy reveals the origin and nature of the LTO electrode surface reactivity 28.05.2017 New Orleans, United States of America Leanza Daniela;
E-MRS 2016 Poster Almond-Nut Shell derived carbonaceous Materials for negative electrode in Na-ion batteries 19.09.2016 Warsaw, Poland Villevieille Claire Camille; Cabanero Joel Jr.;
ISE Annual Meeting 2014 Talk given at a conference Sn anode for Na-ion batteries: A bulk and interfacial study 31.08.2015 Lausanne, Switzerland Villevieille Claire Camille; Vogt Leonie;
Societe Francaise de Chimie 2015 Poster Understanding the interaction of the Carbonates and Binder in Na-ion Batteries: a combined bulk and surface study 04.07.2015 Lille, France Villevieille Claire Camille; Vogt Leonie;
LiBD 2015 Poster Bulk analysis of Sn-electrodes in sodium ion batteries using XRD and first principle calculation 22.06.2015 Arcachon, France Villevieille Claire Camille;
LiBd 2015 Poster MSn2 (M=Co, Fe) intermetallics: anode materials for Na-ion batteries 22.06.2015 Arcachon, France Villevieille Claire Camille; Novák Petr; Vogt Leonie;
MRS Spring 2015 Talk given at a conference A combined experimental and theoretical study of sodiation and desodiation reactions of tin: Interface and bulk processes, 06.04.2015 San Franscico, United States of America Villevieille Claire Camille; Vogt Leonie;
GFECI 2015 Talk given at a conference Approche expérimentale et théorie pour étudier les mécanismes réactionnels de matériaux à base d’étain pour les batteries Na-ion 23.03.2015 Autrans, France Vogt Leonie; Villevieille Claire Camille;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
146383 New Oxyphosphates as High Specific Charge Electrode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries 01.04.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The main goal of this project is the development of the scientific background necessary for the new generation of high density energy electrodes for sodium-ion batteries.Since the commercialization of the first lithium-ion battery by Sony in the early 90’s, carbons and oxides, especially graphite and LiCoO2, have represented the vast majority of electrode materials. Nevertheless, the lithium-ion battery starts to reach its limitation due to the recent concern about the availability of lithium. One alternative is provided by sodium, which may replace lithium in batteries. As for the lithium system, the alloys present the best energy density even if they are linked to a high volume change while cycling. The project will start with different electrode compositions also called electrode engineering of high-charge-density-materials (Sn, Sb and P), followed by a complete electrochemical study which will help us to understand the role of the binders, conductive additives and electrolyte additives in sodium-ion batteries. A complete interface characterization of the surface properties, as well as the electrochemical reaction mechanisms during the cycling in a sodium cell will shed light on the relationship between bulk and interface properties and cyclability of Sn, Sb and P materials. Understanding the relation between the surface properties and the cyclability will help us to clarify the reaction mechanism of the electrolyte decomposition and to determine the relationship between electrode formulation/volume expansion and specific charge. These studies will be mostly carried out via sophisticated operando high-resolution approaches, essentially combined operando XRD/XAS and combined operando Raman and infrared spectroscopy for the surface properties.The fact that we cannot explain the relationship between the volume expansion, the interface chemistry, and the specific charge of the electrode tends to limit the development of new generations of batteries. Gaining better understanding of these relationships will trigger further development in this field.
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