Project

Back to overview

Influence of maladaptive personality traits, career adaptability, and self-efficacy on the professional integration of marginalized young adults in the state of Vaud

English title Influence of maladaptive personality traits, career adaptability, and self-efficacy on the professional integration of marginalized young adults in the state of Vaud
Applicant Rossier Jérôme
Number 156540
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut de psychologie Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.06.2015 - 31.05.2020
Approved amount 320'050.00
Show all

All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Psychology
Rehabilitation
Medico-Social Problems of Youth

Keywords (6)

Self-efficacy; Vocational Rehabilitation; Career Counseling; Maladaptive personality traits; Career Adaptability; NEET: Not in Education, Employment or Training

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Les difficultés d’intégration des jeunes adultes peu qualifiés représente un défi pour nombre de sociétés modernes et le terme NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) est utilisé pour signifier une population de jeunes adultes vulnérables, sans emploi et pourvus d’un niveau de qualification professionnelle faible, qui courent le risque d’une marginalisation socioprofessionnelle et d’une dépendance durable de l’aide sociale. En suisse, comme dans l’ensemble des pays de l’OCDE, les responsables politiques reconnaissent aujourd’hui la nécessité d’agir afin d’endiguer ce phénomène et différents programmes d’aide à l’insertion sont proposés.
Lay summary

L’objectif global est l’étude du rôle de certaines ressources personnelles (sentiment d’efficacité et capacités d’adaptation de carrière) en tant que facteurs modérateurs de l’impact des traits dysfonctionnels (évalués selon une approche dimensionnelle des troubles de la personnalité) sur les tentatives d’insertion professionnelle d’une population NEET inscrite dans des mesures d’aide à l’insertion.  Le projet prévoit l’étude de l’évolution des caractéristiques des bénéficiaires à travers la mesure, l’évaluation de l’effet de ces caractéristiques sur l’insertion professionnelle effective des bénéficiaires (suivi à 9 et 18 mois), ainsi qu’une comparaison avec un groupe de contrôle, présentant des caractéristiques similaires en termes d’âge et de niveau de formation, mais non inscrit dans une mesure d’aide sera également évalué.

Contexte scientifique et social du projet de recherche

Ce projet est réalisé en collaboration avec le Service de Prévoyance et d’Aides Sociales (SPAS), qui supervise l’ensemble des mesures d’aide à l’insertion du Canton de Vaud. Ainsi, l’application des résultats visera à affiner les processus d’évaluation et d’orientation des bénéficiaires vers des mesures d’aide plus adaptées à leurs caractéristiques et à leurs besoins. D’autre part, la collaboration entre praticiens et chercheurs contribuera également à l’élaboration de nouvelles mesures d’aide efficaces et efficientes.

Mots-clés

Insertion socio-professionnelle, traits dysfonctionnels de la personnalité, sentiment d’efficacité, adaptabilité de carrière

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.11.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
177295 Adapting and strengthening educational guidance and career counseling to promote decent work in two West African countries: Burkina Faso and Togo 01.11.2018 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)

Abstract

Context. The term NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) has been used to name a subgroup of vulnerable people who are employable and at risk of being dependent from social security services all their life. Policy debates converge to the idea that efforts have to be made to prevent or limit this phenomenon, by trying to reintegrate NEETs in the labor market or to prevent their social exclusion through specific vocational and socio-economic measures. In Switzerland and in the State of Vaud, programs have been implemented, which usually propose case management, vocational counseling, vocational training, and job placement.Theoretical background. Career construction theory and the life design paradigm (Savickas et al., 2009) suppose that career adaptability and self-efficacy moderate the relationship between personality and vocational adjustment. We know that personality disorders are negatively correlated with success in professional, personal or social life, but we lack empirical data on the role played by specific maladaptive personality traits on these outcomes. With the dimensional model advocated in the third section of the DSM-5, it is now possible to study which and how maladaptive personality traits are related to personal resources and professional outcomes, either by NEETs or by average young people.Aim of the study and hypotheses. The aim of this study is to investigate how maladaptive traits influence the professional integration of young NEET people who benefit from a vocational measure, and how career adaptability and self-efficacy can moderate this influence. We mainly expect that maladaptive traits of personality have a negative influence on professional outcome, as measured in terms of employability, access to a job or a vocational training. Career adaptability and self-efficacy are considered as personal resources, which moderate and mediate this influence (Rossier, in press a). In comparison with average young people, NEETs will have higher level on maladaptive personality traits, show less adaptability, and have lower self-efficacy at the first point of measurement (i.e. the beginning of the vocational measure for the NEET group). Nine and eighteen months later, differences may decrease between groups, because some NEET people having benefited from the vocational interventions will have increased their levels of career adaptability and self-efficacy, which in turn will have improved their employability and access to a job or apprenticeship. Levels on personality traits should remain more stable.Method. We will compare two groups of 150 subjects each: (a) a group of young NEETs who begin one of the specialized vocational intervention offered in the State of Vaud, (b) a group of average young people similar in terms of age and gender. At pretest, maladaptive personality traits, career adaptability, self-efficacy, employability, and socio-professional status will be measured. Nine and eighteen months later, the evolution of the two groups will be measured on personal resources and professional outcomes.Importance of the project. The government of the State of Vaud, which will allow the access to the intervention programs implemented for NEET people, supports this study. The identification of personality traits and moderating factors that have an impact on professional integration of the NEETs will give all the stakeholders the opportunity to think about ways of modifying assessment and interventions methods, through more accurate orientation of the NEETs to interventions adapted to their personality charactristics, adjustments of existing interventions, or developments of new ones if needed.
-