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Institutional characteristics of initial vocational education and training in Switzerland: How do they affect young people's early labour market outcomes and transitions to higher education?

English title Institutional characteristics of initial vocational education and training in Switzerland: How do they affect young people's early labour market outcomes and transitions to higher education?
Applicant Kriesi Irene
Number 156204
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution EHB Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training - EHB
Main discipline Sociology
Start/End 01.05.2015 - 30.04.2018
Approved amount 270'103.00
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Keywords (5)

early labour market career; higher education; institutional arrangements; vocational education and training; schoo-to-work transition

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die berufliche Grundbildung hat in der Schweiz einen ausserordentlich grossen Stellenwert und wird von etwa zwei Dritteln aller Jugendlichen durchlaufen. Sie ist allerdings auch sehr heterogen und bietet auf der Sekundarstufe II rund 230 verschiedene Ausbildungsberufe an.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziele des Forschungsprojektes

Der Qualifikationserwerb für die rund 230 Ausbildungsberufe erfolgt in Ausbildungsgängen, welche auf Bundesebene geregelt sind. Ihre institutionelle Ausgestaltung ist in berufsspezifischen Bildungsverordnungen und -plänen festgelegt und unterscheidet sich zwischen den Ausbildungsberufen beispielsweise durch die formalen Merkmale (Schul- und Praxisanteile, Ausbildungsdauer), durch unterschiedliche Lehrpläne oder durch unterschiedlich standardisierte Prüfungen. Im Rahmen des SNF-Projekts wird untersucht, ob und wie sich solche institutionellen Ausbildungsmerkmale auf den Arbeitsmarkteintritt (beispielsweise Arbeitslosigkeit oder ausbildungsinadäquate Beschäftigung) und auf die frühe berufliche Laufbahn von jungen Männern und Frauen mit einem eidgenössischen Fähigkeitszeugnis auswirken.

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Die international vergleichende Forschung hat aufgezeigt, dass die institutionelle Ausgestaltung eines Bildungssystems einen Einfluss hat auf die Übergangprozesse junger Leute von der Ausbildung ins Erwerbsleben und auf den frühen Berufsverlauf. Zudem gibt es Hinweise, dass einzelne Berufsausbildungen mit recht unterschiedlichen Chancen für eine reibungslose und ausbildungsadäquate Arbeitsmarktintegration und darauf folgende Weiterbildungs- und Mobilitätschancen verknüpft sind. Die Ursachen dafür sind allerdings noch weitgehend unerforscht. Das Projekt trägt dazu bei, diese Forschungslücke zu schliessen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 05.05.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Dr. Marlis Buchmann, Universität Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Mona Granato, Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung BiBB, Bonn Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr. Christian Imdorf, Universität Basel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr. Regula Julia Leemann, Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Hans Dietrich, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Nürnberg Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
2018 Spring Meeting of the Research Committee on Social Stratification and Mobility (RC28) of the International Sociological Association (ISA) Talk given at a conference Income after labour market entry: Do institutional characteristics of training occupations matter? 25.05.2018 Seoul, Korean Republic (South Korea) Grønning Miriam;
Abbruch, Umbruch, Aufbruch? Lebensverläufe junger Menschen und Ungleichheit in Ausbildung, Studium und Beruf Talk given at a conference Keynote: Berufsspezifische Übergänge in den Arbeitsmarkt: Welche Rolle spielt die unterschiedliche institutionelle Ausgestaltung von Ausbildungsberufen? 25.04.2018 Bonn, Germany Kriesi Irene; Grønning Miriam;
3rd International Conference on Transitions in Youth, Young Adulthood & Beyond Talk given at a conference Transitions into professional education in Switzerland: The influence of institutional characteristics of the vocational education system. 29.09.2017 Bern, Switzerland Kriesi Irene;
3rd International Conference on Transitions in Youth, Young Adulthood & Beyond Talk given at a conference Income after labour market entry: Do institutional characteristics of training occupations matter? 29.09.2017 Bern, Switzerland Kriesi Irene; Grønning Miriam;
7th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Talk given at a conference Occupational Mismatch after Labour Market Entry: Do Institutional Characteristics of Training Occupations Matter? 17.07.2017 Lissabon, Portugal Grønning Miriam;
7th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Talk given at a conference Transitions into professional education in Switzerland: The influence of institutional characteristics of the vocational education system. 17.07.2017 Lisboa, Portugal Kriesi Irene;
Occupations and Social Inequality Talk given at a conference Unemployment after labour market entry: Do institutional characteristics of training occupations matter? 29.06.2017 Nürnberg, Germany Grønning Miriam; Kriesi Irene;
5th Congress on Research in Vocational Education and Training Talk given at a conference Transitions into professional education in Switzerland: The influence of institutional characteristics of the vocational education system. 14.03.2017 Zollikofen, Switzerland Kriesi Irene;
VET Congress 2017 Talk given at a conference Skill Mismatch of VET Diploma Holders after labour market entry: Do institutional characteristics of VET programs matter? 14.03.2017 Bern/Zollikofen, Switzerland Grønning Miriam; Kriesi Irene;
Sociological Perspectives on Education - Conference organized by the Sociology of Education Research Network of the Swiss Sociological Association Talk given at a conference School-to-work transition of young people holding VET diplomas: Do institutional characteristics of training programs matter? 04.11.2016 Zürich, Switzerland Grønning Miriam; Kriesi Irene;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Delegationsbesuch des Staatssekretariats für Bildung Forschung und Innovation Talk 14.06.2016 Zollikofen, Switzerland Kriesi Irene; Grønning Miriam;
Informationsveranstaltung für die Dozenten des Diplomstudiengangs Allgemeinbildender Unterricht (ABU) des EHB Talk 24.11.2015 Zollikofen, Switzerland Grønning Miriam;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
182702 The role of vocational specificity and skill demand in explaining long-term labour market outcomes of people with VET 01.05.2019 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Institutional characteristics of initial vocational education and training in Switzerland: How do they affect young people’s early labour market outcomes and transitions to higher education?1. SUMMARYIn the Swiss educational system initial vocational education and training (VET) plays an important role in skill formation at the upper-secondary level. About two thirds of all young people enter an initial vocational education and training programme after completing compulsory schooling. The vast majority serves an apprenticeship, which combines firm-based training with part-time vocational school. Initial vocational education and training degrees permit access to skilled employment in the labour market or to tertiary-level education.The Swiss educational system offers some 250 different initial vocational education and training programmes. The institutional features of these programmes vary considerably. This pertains, for example, to formal training characteristics (e.g., training duration, apprenticeships versus full-time vocational schools), curricula, examination standardisation or to institutionalised opportunities for subsequent tertiary-level education. Institutional arrangements thus do not only vary between countries, as previous research has highlighted, but also within countries, as the example of the Swiss VET system at the upper-secondary level demonstrates.International comparative research has shown that institutional arrangements of national education systems greatly matter for young people’s educational and labour market outcomes. Whether institutional differences within a country’s upper-secondary system affect students’ educational and labour market pathways has, to our knowledge, never been investigated systematically. Against this background, the proposed project asks whether and how the institutional characteristics of the many vocational education and training programmes at the upper-secondary level affect Swiss VET graduates’ labour market entry, early labour market career and transitions to tertiary education. In particular, we will analyse how differences regarding VET programmes’ vocational specificity, vertical and horizontal differentiation, exam standardisation or education and training quality influence the probability for unemployment, skill-inadequate employment or fixed-term contracts at labour market entry and the early career as well as the transition probability to higher education.The quantitative and multivariate analyses will be based on several waves of the Swiss Labour Force Survey, including the years 2003 to 2013. We will construct measures for VET’s institutional characteristics by making use of three data sources: (1) the VET ordinances and curriculum frameworks issued for every VET programme by the State Secretariat for education, Research and Innovation, (2) the online database of the Swiss Service Center for Vocational Education and (3) the VET Statistics of the Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Swiss Job Monitor data will be employed in order to control for the demand for VET graduates in different occupations.The proposed project will be able to fill several important gaps in social science research. First, it will shed light on the largely unanswered question of which institutional characteristics of the numerous Swiss VET programmes facilitate or hamper young people’s labour market entry, early career and further education. This will permit an in-depth investigation of an educational sub-system’s institutional features going beyond the potential of internationally comparative research, which conceptualises national education systems as homogenous units of comparison. Third, the results of this project will provide important information for future decision making in educational policy. By identifying the institutional arrangements supporting young people’s successful and sustainable labour market integration, the proposed project will help to optimise specific VET programmes as well as the VET system as a whole. From an international perspective, the expected findings will contribute to pinpoint institutional factors contributing to the relative success of the Swiss VET system in integrating young people into the labour market.
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