Project

Back to overview

A longitudinal study of the associations between identity, family relationships and risk-taking as “exploratory” behaviors in adolescence

English title A longitudinal study of the associations between identity, family relationships and risk-taking as “exploratory” behaviors in adolescence
Applicant Zimmermann Grégoire
Number 156155
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Research center in vocational psychology and Institut de psychologie Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.05.2015 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 301'707.00
Show all

All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Psychology
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education

Keywords (8)

risk-taking; developmental psychology; longitudinal design; adolescence; identity; parenting; ethnic identity; coparenting

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Au cours des vingt dernières années, on a assisté à une « pathologisation » de plus en plus importante des conduites à risque à l’adolescence rarement considérées comme de simples comportements de transgression constitutifs de cette période. Pourtant plusieurs auteurs ont souligné l’importance des conduites d’exploration dans la résolution des processus identitaires, d’individuation et de socialisation au cours de cette période développementale.
Lay summary

L’objectif de notre étude est d’examiner les relations entre l’identité (personnelle et culturelle), la perception des pratiques parentales et les conduites à risque à l’adolescence. Sur la base des connaissances scientifiques actuelles, nous examinerons en particulier : (1) le rôle médiateur de l’identité personnelle et culturelle sur la relation entre les pratiques parentales perçues par les adolescents et leurs prises de risque, (2) l’évolution des prises de risque en fonction de la construction identitaire et (3) les caractéristiques des liens entre construction identitaire et prise de risque en fonction du profil des adolescents.

Afin de répondre à nos questions de recherche, nous proposons un plan de recherche longitudinal sur une période de deux ans avec quatre points de mesure. Nous planifions de recruter 1000 adolescents volontaires (moyenne d’âge = 15 ans) qui fréquentent leur dernière année de scolarité obligatoire. Les parents seront également sollicités au quatre temps de mesure.

A l’heure où le débat public sur l’identité, la diversité culturelle et la prise de risque est souvent très idéologique, ce projet a pour ambition d’améliorer notre compréhension du rôle que peuvent jouer les conduites d’expérimentation sur la construction identitaire à l’adolescence (une question qui demeure inexplorée dans la littérature) et d’offrir des pistes de réflexion sur ces questions complexes. Ces nouvelles connaissances devraient également nous permettre de réfléchir sur la promotion d’interventions ayant pour objectif d'améliorer les compétences des adolescents confrontés aux tâches développementales typiques de cette période de vie.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.10.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Developmental changes in secrecy during middle adolescence: Links with alcohol use and perceived controlling parenting
Baudat S., Van Petegem S., Antonietti J.-P., Albert Sznitman G., Zimmermann G. (2020), Developmental changes in secrecy during middle adolescence: Links with alcohol use and perceived controlling parenting, in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 49(8), 1583-1600.
Exposing the role of coparenting and parenting for adolescent personal identity processes
Albert Sznitman Gillian, Van Petegem Stijn, Zimmermann Grégoire (2019), Exposing the role of coparenting and parenting for adolescent personal identity processes, in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36(4), 1233-1255.
Further Insight into Adolescent Personal Identity Statuses: Differences Based on Self-Esteem, Family Climate, and Family Communication
Albert Sznitman Gillian, Zimmermann Grégoire, Van Petegem Stijn (2019), Further Insight into Adolescent Personal Identity Statuses: Differences Based on Self-Esteem, Family Climate, and Family Communication, in Journal of Adolescence, 71, 99-109.
Conduites à risque à l’adolescence: Manifestations développementales typiques de la contruction identitaire ?
Zimmermann Grégoire, Barbosa Carvalhosa Marlène, Sznitman Albert Gillian, Van Petegem Stijn, Baudat Sophie, Darwiche Joëlle, Antonietti Jean-Philippe, Clémence Alain (2017), Conduites à risque à l’adolescence: Manifestations développementales typiques de la contruction identitaire ?, in Enfance, 239-261.
The French version of the Coparenting Inventory for Parents and Adolescents (CI-PA): Psychometric properties and a cluster analytic approach
Zimmermann Grégoire, Antonietti Jean-Philippe, Albert Sznitman Gillian, Van Petegem Stijn, Darwiche Joëlle, The French version of the Coparenting Inventory for Parents and Adolescents (CI-PA): Psychometric properties and a cluster analytic approach, in Journal of Family Studies.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Dr Bart Soenens, Developmental Psychology Group, University of Ghent Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr Melanie Zimmer-Gembeck, Griffith University, School of Applied Psychology, Australia Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr Stijn Van Petegem, University of Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Ms. Sophie Baudat, University of Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr Seth J. Schwartz, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dr Elisabetta Crocetti, Bologna University Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
12eme colloque international du RIPSYDEVE Individual talk ‘‘I want to break free’’ – Quelques considérations sur les enjeux d'autonomie dans les relations parents-adolescents 23.05.2019 Université de Bordeaux, France Zimmermann Grégoire;
XVIth Biennal meeting of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA) Poster Psychoactive substance use in adolescence: The role of coparenting and identity status 13.09.2018 Ghent, Belgium Albert Sznitman Gillian; Dols Mathilde; Zimmermann Grégoire; Degli-Antoni Saskia;
XVIth Biennal meeting of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA) Talk given at a conference Does Parental Solicitation of Information Elicit Adolescents’ Disclosure? The Moderating Role of Perceived Autonomy-Supportive Parenting 13.09.2018 Ghent, Belgium Zimmermann Grégoire; Antonietti Jean-Philippe;
XVIth Biennal Meeting of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA) Talk given at a conference And what about the coordination between parents? How adolescent personal identity trajectories relate to coparenting over time 13.09.2018 Ghent, Belgium Albert Sznitman Gillian; Antonietti Jean-Philippe; Darwiche Joëlle; Zimmermann Grégoire;
XVIth Biennal Meeting of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA) Talk given at a conference Cultural and personal identity statuses among adolescents in Switzerland: a sequence analysis perspective 13.09.2018 Ghent, Belgium Zimmermann Grégoire; Albert Sznitman Gillian; Antonietti Jean-Philippe;
XVIth Biennal meeting of the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA) Talk given at a conference Longitudinal Trajectories of Perceived Autonomy-supportive and Psychologically Controlling Parenting: Associations with Self-Esteem and Risk Behavior 13.09.2018 Ghent, Belgium Zimmermann Grégoire; Antonietti Jean-Philippe; Albert Sznitman Gillian;
15th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society, Treasuring the diversity of psychology Talk given at a conference Do parental solicitation of information elicit adolescents’ disclosure? The moderating role of autonomy-supportive parenting style. 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Zimmermann Grégoire;
the 15th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society, Treasuring the diversity of psycho Talk given at a conference Multiple familial subsystems at play in the formation of adolescent personal identity: The relationship between coparenting, parenting and personal identity processes 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Albert Sznitman Gillian; Zimmermann Grégoire;
the 15th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society, Treasuring the diversity of psychology Talk given at a conference The autonomy debate in adolescence revisited: disentangling different perspectives 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Zimmermann Grégoire;
18th European Conference on Developmental Psychology (ECDP) Talk given at a conference Parenting, adolescent disclosure and substance use: A “chicken or egg” dilemma 29.08.2017 Utrecht University, Netherlands Antonietti Jean-Philippe; Zimmermann Grégoire;
2017 Biennal Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) Poster Distinguishing coparenting typologies: Associations with parenting dimensions and psychosocial functioning in parents and adolescents 01.02.2017 Austin, TX, United States of America Zimmermann Grégoire; Albert Sznitman Gillian;
24th Annual of the International Society for Research on Identity (ISRI) Poster The relationship between cultural and personal identity among adolescents in Switzerland 01.02.2017 Groningen, Netherlands Zimmermann Grégoire; Albert Sznitman Gillian; Barbosa Marlène;
2017 Biennal Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) Poster Adolescents’ Responses to a Situation of Autonomy-supportive vs. Controlling Parenting: Self-Determination as a Moderator? 01.02.2017 Austin, TX, United States of America Zimmermann Grégoire;
24th Annual of the International Society for Research on Identity (ISRI) Talk given at a conference Multiple familial subsystems at play in the formation of adolescent personal identity: The relationship between coparenting, parenting and personal identity processes 01.02.2017 Groningen, Netherlands Albert Sznitman Gillian; Zimmermann Grégoire;
XVth Biennal Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence Talk given at a conference Implications of perceived parenting for adolescent development (Symposium) 18.09.2016 La Barrosa, Cadiz, Spain Zimmermann Grégoire;
XVth Biennal Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence Talk given at a conference Parenting and substance use among Swiss adolescents: The role of disclosure and secrecy. 18.09.2016 La Barrosa, Spain, Spain Zimmermann Grégoire;
XVth Biennal Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence Talk given at a conference Beyond the dyad: The role coparenting plays in relation to parenting and adolescent identity processes 18.09.2016 La Barrosa, Cadiz, Spain Albert Sznitman Gillian; Zimmermann Grégoire;
8th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations (ESFR) Changing Family Relations – Gender and Generations Talk given at a conference Parental reaction to an adolescent alcohol use episode: The impact of communication style on adolescents’ coping responses and motivation to change 02.09.2016 Dortmund, Germany Zimmermann Grégoire;
Les relations parents-adolescents en questions Individual talk Les relations parents-adolescents ? Qu’en savons-nous ? 05.06.2016 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Zimmermann Grégoire;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved


Self-organised

Title Date Place
A ta santé ? Jeunes et alcool 01.06.2017 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Nouvelles addictions à l'adolescence 09.06.2016 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Les relations parents-adolescents en questions 04.06.2015 Université de Lausanne, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Video/Film A la conquête de Soi - le développement identitaire chez l'adolescent·e International Western Switzerland 2017
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Enquête parents-ados, newsletter (décembre 2017) Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Les ados à l'assaut du monde Femina Western Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media L'importance du dialogue entre parents et ados L'Uniscope Western Switzerland 2017
Video/Film Des Hauts et des Bas: réflexions sur les relations parents-ados Western Switzerland International 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Enquête Parents- Adolescents (newsletter, mars 2016) Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: radio, television L'adolescence RTS La 1ère Western Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Psychologie de l'adolescence, Université de Lausanne Facebook International Western Switzerland 2015
Other activities site web de l'étude Western Switzerland 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
179455 “Be careful, my child”: Determinants and consequences of parental overprotection for adolescent psychosocial functioning 01.09.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Background.Risk-taking in adolescence has been extensively investigated within a developmental psychopathology perspective and mainly associated with negative antecedents and outcomes. In contrast, risk-taking considered as a form of developmentally appropriate experimentation, which is useful in the transition phase of adolescence has been under-theorized and neglected in research. However, some scholars have suggested that normative risk-taking (“exploratory” behaviors) may be important for developmental tasks like identity construction.Aims of the study and research question.The aim of the present study is to investigate longitudinally the relationships between identity (personal and cultural), adolescents’ and parents’ evaluation of family relationships (i.e., parenting and coparenting), and risk-taking among middle adolescents living in Switzerland. Based on literature, we will particularly examine: (1) the extent to which parenting and coparenting dimensions and identity processes would be associated with risk-taking (2) the mediating role of identity processes in the relationships between parenting/coparenting and risk-taking, (3) the extent to which changes in personal and cultural identity would be longitudinally associated to changes in risk-taking, and (4) the extent to which these associations differ or not according to group characteristics (e.g. girls vs. boys, high vs. low risk-taker, immigrant vs. Swiss).MethodsWe will use a multi-informant longitudinal design with four repeated measurement points over a period of two years with an eight-month interval between each point of measurement (two assessments in their last year of mandatory education (11th grade) and two assessments in their first year of post-mandatory education (12th grade)). A sample of 1000 volunteer adolescents (age range 14-15 years old) attending their last year of mandatory secondary school (Grade 11) will be recruited in collaboration with the School and Youth Department of the canton de Vaud. Participants will complete a battery of valid self-reported measures regarding identity, parenting, coparenting and risk-taking at baseline (T0 - beginning of 11thgrade) as well as at eight - (T1 - end of the 11th grade), sixteen-months follow-up (T2 - middle of the 12th grade) and twenty-four-months follow-up (T3 - end of the 12th grade). In addition, at the same time, for each adolescent participant at each wave (T0 to T3), parents (mothers and fathers) will be mailed a questionnaire with a stamped and return-addressed envelope for a self-completion.Knowledge gain of the project.Globally, this project may shed light on risk-taking as an adaptive developmental process, including the construction of personal and social identities, and provide a less stigmatized view of risk-taking in adolescence. This study will increase our knowledge about the extent to which personal, ethnic and national identity is associated with inclination toward risk-taking; an issue that remains unexplored in the literature. Furthermore, the study will supplement the literature on identity in several ways, for example by studying personal and cultural identity together. Additionally, although the role of family relationships to identity and to risk-taking has been extensively investigated in the literature, these issues have been considered in separated studies.The use of a longitudinal design will also extent prior cross-sectional research and fill an important gap in the literature. Finally, the understanding gained in this study may help: (1) to distinguish between “temporary” and developmentally normative risk-taking (“exploratory” behaviors) associated with meaningful identity activity and more “chronic” forms of risk-taking associated with a failure to engage in meaningful identity activity, and (2) to promote alternative preventive approaches and youth-focused interventions striving to enhance skills of adolescents facing developmental tasks of this life period.
-