risk-taking; developmental psychology; longitudinal design; adolescence; identity; parenting; ethnic identity; coparenting
Baudat S., Van Petegem S., Antonietti J.-P., Albert Sznitman G., Zimmermann G. (2020), Developmental changes in secrecy during middle adolescence: Links with alcohol use and perceived controlling parenting, in Journal of Youth and Adolescence
, 49(8), 1583-1600.
Albert Sznitman Gillian, Van Petegem Stijn, Zimmermann Grégoire (2019), Exposing the role of coparenting and parenting for adolescent personal identity processes, in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
, 36(4), 1233-1255.
Albert Sznitman Gillian, Zimmermann Grégoire, Van Petegem Stijn (2019), Further Insight into Adolescent Personal Identity Statuses: Differences Based on Self-Esteem, Family Climate, and Family Communication, in Journal of Adolescence
, 71, 99-109.
Zimmermann Grégoire, Barbosa Carvalhosa Marlène, Sznitman Albert Gillian, Van Petegem Stijn, Baudat Sophie, Darwiche Joëlle, Antonietti Jean-Philippe, Clémence Alain (2017), Conduites à risque à l’adolescence: Manifestations développementales typiques de la contruction identitaire ?, in Enfance
Zimmermann Grégoire, Antonietti Jean-Philippe, Albert Sznitman Gillian, Van Petegem Stijn, Darwiche Joëlle, The French version of the Coparenting Inventory for Parents and Adolescents (CI-PA): Psychometric properties and a cluster analytic approach, in Journal of Family Studies
Background.Risk-taking in adolescence has been extensively investigated within a developmental psychopathology perspective and mainly associated with negative antecedents and outcomes. In contrast, risk-taking considered as a form of developmentally appropriate experimentation, which is useful in the transition phase of adolescence has been under-theorized and neglected in research. However, some scholars have suggested that normative risk-taking (“exploratory” behaviors) may be important for developmental tasks like identity construction.Aims of the study and research question.The aim of the present study is to investigate longitudinally the relationships between identity (personal and cultural), adolescents’ and parents’ evaluation of family relationships (i.e., parenting and coparenting), and risk-taking among middle adolescents living in Switzerland. Based on literature, we will particularly examine: (1) the extent to which parenting and coparenting dimensions and identity processes would be associated with risk-taking (2) the mediating role of identity processes in the relationships between parenting/coparenting and risk-taking, (3) the extent to which changes in personal and cultural identity would be longitudinally associated to changes in risk-taking, and (4) the extent to which these associations differ or not according to group characteristics (e.g. girls vs. boys, high vs. low risk-taker, immigrant vs. Swiss).MethodsWe will use a multi-informant longitudinal design with four repeated measurement points over a period of two years with an eight-month interval between each point of measurement (two assessments in their last year of mandatory education (11th grade) and two assessments in their first year of post-mandatory education (12th grade)). A sample of 1000 volunteer adolescents (age range 14-15 years old) attending their last year of mandatory secondary school (Grade 11) will be recruited in collaboration with the School and Youth Department of the canton de Vaud. Participants will complete a battery of valid self-reported measures regarding identity, parenting, coparenting and risk-taking at baseline (T0 - beginning of 11thgrade) as well as at eight - (T1 - end of the 11th grade), sixteen-months follow-up (T2 - middle of the 12th grade) and twenty-four-months follow-up (T3 - end of the 12th grade). In addition, at the same time, for each adolescent participant at each wave (T0 to T3), parents (mothers and fathers) will be mailed a questionnaire with a stamped and return-addressed envelope for a self-completion.Knowledge gain of the project.Globally, this project may shed light on risk-taking as an adaptive developmental process, including the construction of personal and social identities, and provide a less stigmatized view of risk-taking in adolescence. This study will increase our knowledge about the extent to which personal, ethnic and national identity is associated with inclination toward risk-taking; an issue that remains unexplored in the literature. Furthermore, the study will supplement the literature on identity in several ways, for example by studying personal and cultural identity together. Additionally, although the role of family relationships to identity and to risk-taking has been extensively investigated in the literature, these issues have been considered in separated studies.The use of a longitudinal design will also extent prior cross-sectional research and fill an important gap in the literature. Finally, the understanding gained in this study may help: (1) to distinguish between “temporary” and developmentally normative risk-taking (“exploratory” behaviors) associated with meaningful identity activity and more “chronic” forms of risk-taking associated with a failure to engage in meaningful identity activity, and (2) to promote alternative preventive approaches and youth-focused interventions striving to enhance skills of adolescents facing developmental tasks of this life period.