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Strategies for Better Gardens: integrated analysis of soil quality, biodiversity and social value of urban gardens

English title Strategies for Better Gardens: integrated analysis of soil quality, biodiversity and social value of urban gardens
Applicant Stolze Matthias
Number 154416
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL)
Institution of higher education Research Institute of Organic Agriculture - FiBL
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.01.2015 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 1'883'982.00
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All Disciplines (8)

Discipline
Social geography and ecology
Pedology
Sociology
Ecology
Botany
Political science
Geomorphology
Zoology

Keywords (6)

biodiversity; urban gardens; soil quality; urban land management; food policy; ecosystem services

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Städtische Gärten stellen sozio-kulturelle Ökosystemleistungen bereit sowie Habitate für Flora und Fauna. Das Ziel des Projektes ist es, einerseits die Beziehungen zwischen Politik und der Bewirtschaftungspraxis von städtischen Gärten zu untersuchen. Andereseits werden die gesellschaftliche Bedeutung und die Wirkungen dieser Bewirtschaftungspraktiken auf die Biodiversität und die Bodenqualität analysiert.
Lay summary

Das Projekt "Strategies for Better Gardens: Integrated Analysis of Soil Quality, Biodiversity, and Social Value of Urban Gardens" besteht aus vier Teilprojekten. In diesen Teilprojekten werden folgende Aspekte evaluiert:

A) der Einfluss der Politik auf die Bewirtschaftungspraxis und die Motivation der Gärtner, bestimmte Praktiken anzuwenden;

B) der gesellschaftliche Wert von Gärten in Städten und die Erfahrungen von Gärtnern;

C) die Wirkungen von Bewirtschaftungspraktiken auf die chemischen, biologischen und physikalischen Bodeneigenschaften;

D) der Beitrag von städtischen Gärten zur Biodiversität und zu Ökosystemleistungen.

Die Forschungsarbeiten werden in Bern, Lausanne und Zürich durchgeführt. Diese Städte haben in den letzten Jahren einen Rückgang bei der Biodiversität erfahren. In allen Teilprojekten werden private Gärten und Kleingärten untersucht. Darüber hinaus analysieren die Teilprojekte A und B auch alternative urbane Gartensysteme.

Aus den Ergebnissen des Projektes lassen sich konkrete Empfehlungen für ein "nachhaltiges Gärtnern" in den Städten ableiten und wie dies durch die Politik und durch Bildungsmassnahmen unterstützt werden kann. Durch die Analyse der sozialen und ökologischen Werte von Gärten in den Städten wird die Bevölkerung für den gesellschaftlichen Wert von städtischen Gärten sensibilisiert.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.11.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Litter decomposition driven by soil fauna, plant diversity and soil management in urban gardens
Tresch Simon, Frey David, Le Bayon Renée-Claire, Zanetta Andrea, Rasche Frank, Fliessbach Andreas, Moretti Marco (2019), Litter decomposition driven by soil fauna, plant diversity and soil management in urban gardens, in Science of The Total Environment, 658, 1614-1629.
Garden-owner reported habitat heterogeneity predicts plant species richness in urban gardens
Young Christopher, Frey David, Moretti Marco, Bauer Nicole (2019), Garden-owner reported habitat heterogeneity predicts plant species richness in urban gardens, in Landscape and Urban Planning, 222.
Phylogenetic notes on the rare Mediterranean digger wasp Psenulus fulvicornis (Schenck, 1857) (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) new to Switzerland
Frey David, Gayubo Severiano, Mokrousov Mikhail, Zanetta Andrea, Říha Martin, Moretti Marco, Cornejo Carolina (2019), Phylogenetic notes on the rare Mediterranean digger wasp Psenulus fulvicornis (Schenck, 1857) (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) new to Switzerland, in Revue suisse de zoologie; annales de la Société zoologique suisse et du Muséum d'histoire naturelle , 1.
"Neue Einblicke ins (Über)Leben von solitären Bienen und Wespen in der Stadt dank « Insektenhotels ». Nouvelles révélations sur la (sur)vie des abeilles et guêpes solitaires en milieu urbain grâce aux
ZanettaAndrea, FreyDavid, GhazoulJabouri, JäggliGregory, BacherSven, AlbrechtMatthias, MorettiMarco (2018), "Neue Einblicke ins (Über)Leben von solitären Bienen und Wespen in der Stadt dank « Insektenhotels ». Nouvelles révélations sur la (sur)vie des abeilles et guêpes solitaires en milieu urbain grâce aux, in N&L Inside, 4, 2.
Urban Soil Quality Assessment—A Comprehensive Case Study Dataset of Urban Garden Soils
Tresch Simon, Moretti Marco, Le Bayon Renée-Claire, Mäder Paul, Zanetta Andrea, Frey David, Stehle Bernhard, Kuhn Anton, Munyangabe Adolphe, Fliessbach Andreas (2018), Urban Soil Quality Assessment—A Comprehensive Case Study Dataset of Urban Garden Soils, in Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6, 136.
Predation risk shaped by habitat and landscape complexity in urban environments
Frey David, Vega Kevin, Zellweger Florian, Ghazoul Jaboury, Hansen Dennis, Moretti Marco (2018), Predation risk shaped by habitat and landscape complexity in urban environments, in Journal of Applied Ecology, 55(5), 2343-2353.
Digging for the roots of urban gardening behaviours
Lewis Olivia, Home Robert, Kizos Thanasis (2018), Digging for the roots of urban gardening behaviours, in Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 34, 105-113.
A Gardener's Influence on Urban Soil Quality
Tresch Simon, Moretti Marco, Le Bayon Renée-Claire, Mäder Paul, Zanetta Andrea, Frey David, Fliessbach Andreas (2018), A Gardener's Influence on Urban Soil Quality, in Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6, 25.
Artenvielfalt von Pflanzen und Bodentieren fördert den Abbau von organischem Material in Stadtgärten - Potagers urbains: Plus de diversité pour moins de matière organique
TreschSimon, FliessbachAndreas, LeBayonClaire, ZanettaAndrea, FreyDavid, MorettiMarco (2018), Artenvielfalt von Pflanzen und Bodentieren fördert den Abbau von organischem Material in Stadtgärten - Potagers urbains: Plus de diversité pour moins de matière organique, in N&L Inside, 3, 14.
BetterGardens: Bodenqualität, Biodiversität und Sozialer Wert von Stadtgärten: Biodiversité, qualité du sol et valeur sociale des jardins urbains
Frey David, YoungChristopher, ZanettaAndrea, TreschSimon, FliessbachAndreas, BauerNicole, LewisOlivia, HomeRobert, MorettiMarco (2018), BetterGardens: Bodenqualität, Biodiversität und Sozialer Wert von Stadtgärten: Biodiversité, qualité du sol et valeur sociale des jardins urbains, in N&L Inside, 27.
Führt die zunehmende verstädterung zu immer ähnlicheren artengemeinschaften? L’urbanisation croissante conduit-elle à une uniformisation des biocénoses?
Zanetta Andrea, Frey David, Bacher Sven, Moretti Marco (2018), Führt die zunehmende verstädterung zu immer ähnlicheren artengemeinschaften? L’urbanisation croissante conduit-elle à une uniformisation des biocénoses?, in N&L Inside, 14.
Regenwürmer – Baumeister der Bodenfruchtbarkeit
Tresch Simon, Pfiffner Lukas, Fliessbach Andreas (2017), Regenwürmer – Baumeister der Bodenfruchtbarkeit, in BioAktuell, 18.
BetterGardens: Bodenqualität, Biodiversität und Sozialer Wert von Stadtgärten
Home Robert, Tresch Simon, Fliessbach Andrea, Lewis Olivia, Bauer Nicole, Moretti Marco, Young Chris, Zanetta Andrea, Frey David, Stolze Matthias (2017), BetterGardens: Bodenqualität, Biodiversität und Sozialer Wert von Stadtgärten, in Vollzug Boden Biologie (VBB) Bulletin, 26.
Bodenorganismen haben lieber Grüntee
Tresch Simon, Fliessbach Andreas (2016), Bodenorganismen haben lieber Grüntee, in BioAktuell, 9, 25-25.
First records of Chlamydatus saltitans (Fallén, 1807) and Tupiocoris rhododendri (Dolling, 1972) (Heteroptera, Miridae) and notes on other rare and alien true bugs in Switzerland
Frey David, Zanetta Andrea, Moretti Marco, Heckmann Ralf (2016), First records of Chlamydatus saltitans (Fallén, 1807) and Tupiocoris rhododendri (Dolling, 1972) (Heteroptera, Miridae) and notes on other rare and alien true bugs in Switzerland, in Journal of the Swiss Entomological Society, (89), 51-68.
First records of Edwardsiana sociabilis (Ossiannilsson, 1936) and Laburrus pellax (Horváth, 1903) (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) in Switzerland
Zanetta Andrea, Frey David, Moretti Marco, Trivellone Valeria (2016), First records of Edwardsiana sociabilis (Ossiannilsson, 1936) and Laburrus pellax (Horváth, 1903) (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) in Switzerland, in Journal of the Swiss Entomological Society, (89), 281-287.
Gärten fördern Ökosystemleistungen in verdichteten Städten. Les jardins favorisent les services écosystémiques dans les villes à forte densité
Frey David, Moretti Marco, Stephani A., Ghazoul Jabouri, Hansen Dennis, Vega Kevin (2016), Gärten fördern Ökosystemleistungen in verdichteten Städten. Les jardins favorisent les services écosystémiques dans les villes à forte densité, in N&L Inside, 11.
Biodiversität und Ökosystemdienstleistungen in Stadtgärten
Frey David, Moretti Marco (2015), Biodiversität und Ökosystemdienstleistungen in Stadtgärten, in N&L Inside, June 2015, 17.
First record of Euophyrum confine (Broun, 1881) (Coleopteran, Curculionidae: Cossoninae) in Switzerland
Germann C. Frey D. Zanetta A. Moretti M. (2015), First record of Euophyrum confine (Broun, 1881) (Coleopteran, Curculionidae: Cossoninae) in Switzerland, in Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 337-340.
A comprehensive survey of cultivated and spontaneously growing vascular plants in urban gardens
Frey David, Moretti Marco, A comprehensive survey of cultivated and spontaneously growing vascular plants in urban gardens, in Data in Brief, 1.

Datasets

BetterGardens Subproject A

Author Home, Robert
Publication date 18.02.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) Unknown
Repository Organic E-prints


BetterGardens soil biodiversity data

Author Tresch, Simon
Publication date 31.03.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) Unknown
Repository Science direct


Data from: Predation risk shaped by habitat and landscape complexity in urban environments

Author Frey, David; Vega, K.; Zellweger, F.; Ghazoul, Jabouri; Hansen, D.; Moretti, Marco
Publication date 28.11.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) Unknown
Repository Dryad Digital Repository


Lausanne farms & gardens: policy inventory

Author Lewis, Olivia; Moschitz, Heidrun
Publication date 01.01.2017
Persistent Identifier (PID) Unknown
Repository FiBL Website


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Severiano Fernández Gayubo; Department of Animal Biology (Zoology), University of Salamanca Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Nicolas Disch, Kleingärten und andere Pachtflächen, Grün Stadt Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Lorena Del Rio, Universidad de la Frontera Chile (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Thanasis Kizos, Dept. of Geography, University of the Aegean Greece (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Mikhail Mokrousov; Institute of Biology and Biomedicine, Lobachevsky State University Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Fachstelle Bodenschutz (FaBo) Talk given at a conference Final presentation of soil results 01.10.2018 Zürich, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
URBIO 2018 Poster Garden management impacts belowground biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in urban ecosystems 12.09.2018 Cape Town, South Africa Tresch Simon;
URBIO 2018 Talk given at a conference Untangling the drivers of variation in pollinator functional trait diversity along an urbanization gradient and its consequences for pollination 12.09.2018 Cape Town, South Africa Frey David;
URBIO 2018 Poster Psychological restoration in urban gardens 12.09.2018 Cape Town, South Africa Frey David;
URBIO 2018 Poster Predation risk shaped by urban habitat complexity 12.09.2018 Cape Town, South Africa Frey David;
URBIO 2018 Talk given at a conference The urban biotic homogenization debate: spatial scales, taxonomic groups and biodiversity components matter! 12.09.2018 Cape Town, South Africa Frey David; Zanetta Andrea; Moretti Marco;
URBIO 2018 Poster Change in invertebrate taxonomic and functional community composition along an urbanization gradient 12.09.2018 Cape Town, South Africa Zanetta Andrea;
48th annual meeting of the Gfö Talk given at a conference Garden management impacts soil quality, belowground biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in urban ecosystems 12.09.2018 Vienna, Austria Tresch Simon;
48th annual meeting of the Gfö Poster A gardener’s effect on urban soil quality and its importance for the biodiversity of a city 10.09.2018 Vienna, Austria Tresch Simon;
1. Schweizer Landschaftskongress Poster Change in invertebrate taxonomic and functional community composition along an urbanization gradient 23.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Zanetta Andrea;
1. Schweizer Landschaftskongress Talk given at a conference Schrebergärtli und Community Gardens – Zürcher Gärten im Umbruch 23.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Young Christopher;
1. Schweizer Landschaftskongress Poster Predation risk shaped by urban habitat complexity 23.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Frey David;
1. Schweizer Landschaftskongress Poster Importance of soil quality management to support ecosystem services in urban gardens - A case study from Zurich 23.08.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
European Sociological Association RN 37 "Urban Sociology" Midterm Conference 2018 Talk given at a conference Sustainability policies and urban inequality 28.06.2018 Madrid, Spain Young Christopher;
Annual PhD meeting interuniversity doctoral school on organismal biology Poster PhD Outline 13.04.2018 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Jahrestagung und Generalversammlung der Schweizerische Entomologische Gesellschaft Talk given at a conference Biodiversität und Ökosystemprozesse in urbanen Gärten 01.03.2018 St Gallen, Switzerland Frey David;
Biology 18 The Annual Swiss Conference on Ecology, Evolution, Systematics, Biogeography and Conservation Poster What drives the decomposition of organic material in urban gardens? 14.02.2018 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Biology 18 The Annual Swiss Conference on Ecology, Evolution, Systematics, Biogeography and Conservation Poster Change in invertebrate taxonomic and functional community composition along an urbanization gradient 14.02.2018 Neuchatel, Switzerland Zanetta Andrea;
Rigi-Workshop 2018: Networks and interactions - from species to communities Poster The effect of urbanization on the interaction networks of cavity-nesting hymenopterans 21.01.2018 Rigi Kulm, Switzerland Zanetta Andrea;
ECOS groups Talk given at a conference Urban gardening affects soil quality and multifunctionality 15.01.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Ecology Across Borders: BES, GFÖ, NecoV and EEF Joint Annual Meeting 2017 Poster Change in invertebrate taxonomic and functional community composition along an urbanization gradient 11.12.2017 Ghent, Belgium Zanetta Andrea;
BioTerra Naturgarten Tag FHNW Talk given at a conference Biodiversität im Boden 24.11.2017 Wädenswil, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Conference of the International Sociological Association, RC21 (Urban Sociology) Talk given at a conference Resistant practices or just gentrifying? New urban gardening in Zurich 11.09.2017 Leeds, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bauer Nicole; Young Christopher;
Conference of the European Sociological Association Talk given at a conference Access to urban green space and the gentrification of gardens 29.08.2017 Athens, Greece Young Christopher; Bauer Nicole;
Resilience 2017 Talk given at a conference Governing food production in the city: Swiss case studies 21.08.2017 Stockholm, Sweden Lewis Olivia; Home Robert; Moschitz Heidrun;
Landscape and Human Health Conference Talk given at a conference Effects of urban gardening on symptoms of chronic stress: A hair cortisol study 12.05.2017 Vienna, Austria Young Christopher; Bauer Nicole;
AESOP Sustainable Food Planning Workshop Talk given at a conference The state and impacts of urban food production policy A case study of Lausanne, Switzerland 23.03.2017 Berlin, Germany Lewis Olivia; Home Robert; Moschitz Heidrun;
Vollzug Bodenbiologie Talk given at a conference Biodiversität im Boden 22.11.2016 FHNW Olten, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
GROWING IN CITIES: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Urban Gardening International Conference Talk given at a conference Motivations and barriers for adopting ecological gardening practices in Swiss urban gardens 10.09.2016 Basel, Switzerland Home Robert;
GROWING IN CITIES: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Urban Gardening International Conference Talk given at a conference Investigating the effect of garden biodiversity on well-being 09.09.2016 Basel, Switzerland Bauer Nicole; Moretti Marco; Young Christopher; Frey David;
Annual conference of the Gesellschaft für Ökologie Talk given at a conference Linking biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in urban gardens - First attempts and perspectives 01.09.2016 Marburg, Germany Moretti Marco;
5th International EcoSummit: Ecological Sustainability, Engineering Change Poster Soil quality & biodiversity indicators in urban gardens of Zurich (CH) 29.08.2016 Montpellier, France Tresch Simon; Moretti Marco;
Urban Ecology Symposium Talk given at a conference Interdisciplinary study: Why it’s worth it for work in urban ecology 25.08.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Home Robert;
Urban Ecology Symposium Talk given at a conference Alternative approaches to understanding urban ecosystems 25.08.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Frey David; Moretti Marco;
Swiss Inter- and Transdisciplinarity Day 2016 Poster Better Gardens: Soil Quality, Biodiversity, and Social Value of Urban Gardens 11.07.2016 Luzern, Switzerland Home Robert;
Schweizerische Medizinische Gesellschaft für Phytotherapie Individual talk BetterGardens: project presentation and preliminary results 02.07.2016 Wädenswil, Switzerland Frey David;
Moving Cities: Contested Views on Urban Life - European Sociological Association Conference 2016 Talk given at a conference Cultivating lifestyles, gentrifying the garden 29.06.2016 Krakow, Poland Young Christopher; Bauer Nicole;
Tagung "Junge Landschaftsforschung" Talk given at a conference Bettergardens: Social and Ecological Value of Urban Nature 13.06.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Frey David; Moretti Marco; Bauer Nicole; Young Christopher;
Biology'16: The Annual Swiss Conference on Ecology, Evolution, Systematics, Biogeography and Conservation Poster Patch-level woody vegetation cover drives pest control by birds in dense urban areas 11.02.2016 Lausanne, Switzerland Frey David;
Biology 16 The Annual Swiss Conference on Ecology, Evolution, Systematics, Biogeography and Conservation Poster Soil quality & biodiversity indicators in urban gardens of Zurich. 11.02.2016 Lausanne, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Swiss GeoScience Meeting Basel Poster Soil quality indicators of urban gardens in Zurich 20.11.2015 Basel, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
COST Action TU1201 Netzwerktreffen Talk given at a conference Vorstellung vom Projekt BetterGardens 29.10.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Home Robert; Jahrl Ingrid; Young Christopher; Bauer Nicole;
Fachstelle Bodenschutz (FaBo) Zürich Talk given at a conference Biodiversität im Boden 02.03.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Tresch Simon;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Wildstauden im Wilden Westen Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 27.05.2018 Zürich, Switzerland Frey David;
BioTerra Jahrestagung Einsiedeln Talk 27.01.2018 Einsiedeln, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Ufficio della natura e del paesaggio Canton Ticino Talk 10.01.2018 Bellinzona, Switzerland Frey David;
Blockkurs Ökologie Talk 17.05.2017 Basel, Switzerland Tresch Simon;
Die Wirkung unterschiedlicher Freiräume auf den Menschen Talk 27.08.2016 Bern, Switzerland Bauer Nicole;
Socioeconomics meets socioeconomics Talk 28.06.2016 Tänikon, Switzerland Home Robert;
Tagung "Junge Landschaftsforschung" Talk 13.06.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Bauer Nicole; Young Christopher; Moretti Marco; Frey David;
Treffen BAFU-WSL Workshop 18.03.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Bauer Nicole;
Treffen BAFU-WSL Talk 18.03.2016 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Bauer Nicole;
Vorlesung zu Erholungsräumen innnerhalb Weiterbildung Urban Psychology , CUREM Talk 13.02.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Bauer Nicole;
Naturgartentage in Heidelberg Talk 23.01.2016 Heidelberg, Germany Bauer Nicole;
SWIFCOB 2016: "Macht Biodiversität gesund?" Talk 15.01.2016 Bern, Switzerland Bauer Nicole;
SWIFCOB 2016: "Macht Biodiversität gesund" Poster 15.01.2016 Bern, Switzerland Home Robert;
Baselland Natur- und Vogelschutzverband, Herbsttagung Talk 14.11.2015 Lausen, Switzerland Home Robert;
Agroscope Ackerbau Ausflug Talk 29.06.2015 Frick, Switzerland Home Robert;
Grünstadt Zürich (GSZ) Talk 13.05.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Tresch Simon; Young Christopher; Home Robert; Moretti Marco; Bauer Nicole; Frey David;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Austauschtreffen mit Grün Stadt Zürich (13.05.2015/15.09.2015) 13.05.2015 Zürich, Switzerland
Austauschtreffen mit der Fachstelle Bodenschutz, Kanton Zürich 02.03.2015 Zürich, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Biodiversität im Siedlungsraum – Motivierte Besitzer und Pächter von städtischen Gärten Hotspot: Forschung und Praxis im Dialog Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Biodivercittà RSI, Il giardino di Albert Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Biodiversità e servizi ecosistemici nei giardini urbani Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Gärtnern tut dem Yuppie gut NZZ am Sonntag German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Regenwürmer Schwerstarbeiter im Boden Tierwelt German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media BetterGardens: Bodenqualität, Biodiversität und Sozialer Wert von Stadtgärten Vollzug Boden Biologie (VBB) Bulletin German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Bettergardens: Greenspaces in livable cities: Art meets science German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Einflüsse der Regenwürmer im Boden, wie kann man diese im Garten fördern? Welt der Tiere German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Botanikreisen German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Decomposition study using tea bags Technical Note. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Der ökologische und soziale Wert von Stadtgärten Hotspot German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions EnviroSuisse Podium Discussion Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Integrierte Analyse der ökologischen und sozialen Bedeutung von Stadtgärten Hotspot - Die Zeitschrift des Forum Biodiversität Schweiz Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Ökologisch wertvolle Stadtnatur-bedroht, gedulkdet, akzeptiert oder gewünscht Natur & Garten German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Tous les jardins sont bons, certains meilleurs que d'autres Le Courrier Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: radio, television Warum ist gärtnern gesund? SRFI 1 German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions "Science in the Garden" - Gartenrundgänge im Rahmen vom Erlebnismonat Züri isst German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Dem Leben in den Gärten auf der Spur Gartenfreund - Magazin des Schweizer Familiengärtner-Verband Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television Die Stadt als Paradies für Bienen SRF - Tagesschau German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Entretien du jardin en hiver: pour le plaisir des yeux et la biodiversité Horticulture Romande Western Switzerland 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Facebookseite German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Für das Auge und die Vielfalt gplus - Magazin für die grüne Branche German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Für Menschen, Pflanzen und Tiere G+ German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television Il verde urbano ad una svolta RSI - Il Quotidiano Italian-speaking Switzerland 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Projekthomepage Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Zürich isst - FiBL kocht mit! Das Projekt "BetterGardens" in Zürcher Stadtgärten Bioaktuell Online German-speaking Switzerland 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
172467 BIOVEINS 01.04.2017 BiodivERsA
170200 Testing soil macrodetritivore diversity effects on litter decomposition and plant performance under global warming 01.04.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)
191645 Let's talk about Better Gardens 01.04.2020 Agora

Abstract

Cities are often seen as the built environment with the primary role of providing a platform for commerce, transport, communication and housing. However cities also contain green spaces, which provide habitats for fauna and flora, and ecosystem services, such as food production and wellbeing from contact with nature. The Action Plan of the Swiss Biodiversity Strategy in urban environments has nominated multi-functionality of green spaces among the major concepts, which suggests that urban gardens should perform both ecological and social functions. Despite increasing recognition of its social and ecological importance, and the considerable proportion of urban land under cultivation, there has been insufficient study of urban gardens. Consequently, the relationships between urban gardens and both the well-being of residents and the provision of habitats and corridors for plants and animals are new and important fields in which knowledge gaps exist. Despite the importance of urban green spaces, they are under threat in many Swiss cities, as well as in most European urbanized areas, as cities become denser and green spaces become attractive targets for development. New strategies are needed to strengthen arguments for the preservation of urban green spaces, which should include how to maintain or enhance the sustainability of green space management so that biodiversity and soil quality are secured. The main goal of this study is to contribute to development of these strategies by examining the policy driven and intrinsic motivations of producers to adopt particular production concepts, such as organic and conventional; and productivity oriented and minimum maintenance; in three different urban production types: allotment gardens, private gardens, and alternative gardens. Furthermore, the social value, along with the biodiversity and soil quality, with particular attention to the island character of gardens, will be evaluated and cross-referenced with the various production concepts. The lead question for this study is: What are the social, ecological and soil sustainability impacts of the cultivation of urban gardens under various management concepts in Swiss cities? The research plan will consist of four interlinked subprojects that will examine: a) the motivations for choosing particular production concepts; b) the social value of, attitudes towards, and aesthetic assessment of urban gardens; c) the impacts of production strategies on soil quality; and d) above-and-below ground biodiversity and ecosystem services. This will call for a multiple ecosystem services framework that addresses potential synergies and trade-offs between services and dis-services, and which will be developed within the synthesis of the overall project. While the project is essentially transdisciplinary, an initial hearing phase with policy makers and city administrators was conducted prior to preparation of this proposal to ensure relevance and alignment with the Swiss biodiversity strategy, and thereby enhance the implementation of results. Regarding the practical implementation, the gained understanding of the relationship between soil quality and above ground biodiversity, paying particular attention to the overlap between soil and garden management practices, will allow the formulation of ‘best practice’ methods for sustainable soil management and for above ground biodiversity. For the first time, there will be an assessment of the social and ecological value of urban private and allotment gardens, which can contribute to sensitising the population to the value of threatened urban gardens. Knowledge and awareness gaps with regard to social and ecological ecosystem services will be identified, which will allow the formulation of targeted education strategies to inform the public of the value of these spaces. The motivating factors for gardeners to undertake sustainable management practices will allow the development of targeted strategies to encourage such practices.
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