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Modernity and the Landscape in Latin America: Aesthetics, Politics, Ecology

English title Modernity and the Landscape in Latin America: Aesthetics, Politics, Ecology
Applicant Andermann Jens
Number 153032
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Romanisches Seminar Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Romance languages and literature
Start/End 01.09.2014 - 31.08.2017
Approved amount 569'091.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Romance languages and literature
Architecture and Social urban science
Visual arts and Art history

Keywords (7)

landscape; cinema; modernity; visual arts; Latin America; architecture; literature

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Lateinamerika ist in den Medien immer wieder als Schauplatz ökologischer Katastrophen präsent, von der Zerstörung der Regenwälder und der Verschmutzung von Gewässern durch Bergbau und Agroindustrie bis zur Verslumung der Städte unter prekären sanitären Bedingungen. Wie sind die Künste im 20. Jahrhundert mit dieser Krise umgegangen - und finden sich in deren ästhetischen Antworten auf diese womöglich alternative Lösungsansätze?
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel

Amerika wurde seit seiner ‘Entdeckung’ immer wieder als Landschaft imaginiert: die ‘Neue Welt’ wurde damit als unberührte und folglich zur Ausschlachtung freigegebene Natur dem kolonialen Blick überstellt. Bis ins 19. Jahrhundert wird in der Darstellungsform Landschaft auch die globale Rolle des Subkontinents als Rohstoffproduzent symbolisch legitimiert. Mit der Transformation Lateinamerikas in eine der Regionen mit der weltweit höchsten Konzentration urbaner Bevölkerung gerät dieses Bild der Neuen Welt als Landschaft ins Wanken. Die Reaktionen auf diese Krise seitens lateinamerikanischer Kunst, Literatur, Architektur und Film bilden den Gegenstand des Projekts. Im Angesicht versehrter, nicht mehr als harmonisch erfahrbarer Orte und Räume fragen die Künste nach Ursachen der Krise. Dabei versuchen Dichter, Architekten, bildende Künstler und Filmemacher auch einen neuen, modernen Landschaftsbegriff zu entwickeln, der nochmals zwischen Natur und Gesellschaft vermitteln könnte. Von den Gärten des Brasilianers Roberto Burle Marx zu den lyrischen und plastischen Auseinandersetzungen mit einer in Wort und Farbe zugleich Form annehmenden und abwehrenden Landschaft des Argentiniers Juan L. Ortiz oder des Venezolaners Armando Reverón versucht das Projekt die Rolle der Landschaft in der ästhetischen Moderne Lateinamerikas neu zu bewerten. Ziel ist, im ästhetischen Prozess der Künste eine Form ökologischer Reflexion auszumachen, die immer auch implizit eine politische ist.

Wissenschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt ist dem Zentrum für Künste und Kulturtheorie an der Universität Zürich angegliedert, das sich der den Künsten selbst eigentümlichen Form theoretischen Denkens widmet. In der Verbindung ästhetischer mit kultur- und ökohistorischen Ansätzen und Methoden versucht das Projekt den Beitrag  lateinamerikanischer Künste zur Neubestimmung unseres Verhältnisses zu unseren räumlichen Lebensgrundlagen neu in Wert zu setzen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 17.04.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
From Mall to Prison: El Helicoide’s Downward Spiral
Blackmore Lisa & Celeste Olalquiaga (2017), From Mall to Prison: El Helicoide’s Downward Spiral.
Armando Salas Portugal y la palabra de la visión
Carrillo Morell Dayron (2017), Armando Salas Portugal y la palabra de la visión, in Ibidem , (67), online-online.
Estilo austral: paisaje, arquitectura y regionalismo nacionalizador en el Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi (1934-1943)
Andermann Jens (2017), Estilo austral: paisaje, arquitectura y regionalismo nacionalizador en el Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi (1934-1943), in Artelogie, 10, 1-23.
The Politics of Landscape
Andermann Jens (2017), The Politics of Landscape, in Stephen Hart Randal Johnson and Maria Delgado (ed.), 133-149.
Collective Memory and Research-led Filmmaking: Spatial Legacies of Dictatorship in the Dominican Republic
Blackmore Lisa (2017), Collective Memory and Research-led Filmmaking: Spatial Legacies of Dictatorship in the Dominican Republic, in Popular Communication, 1-16.
Productions of Space / Places of Construction: Landscape and Architecture in Contemporary Latin American Film
Andermann Jens (2017), Productions of Space / Places of Construction: Landscape and Architecture in Contemporary Latin American Film, in Marvin D’Lugo Ana M. López and Laura Podalsky (ed.), 223-234.
We Are Never Alone. A Conversation on Bio Art with Eduardo Kac
Jens Andermann & Gabriel Giorgi (2017), We Are Never Alone. A Conversation on Bio Art with Eduardo Kac, in Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, 26(2), 279-297.
El Helicoide and La Torre de David as Phantom Pavilions: Rethinking Spectacles of Progress in Venezuela
Blackmore Lisa (2016), El Helicoide and La Torre de David as Phantom Pavilions: Rethinking Spectacles of Progress in Venezuela, in Bulletin of Latin American Research , 36(2), 206-222.
Campo expandido: posdictadura y paisaje
Andermann Jens (2016), Campo expandido: posdictadura y paisaje, in Adriana López Labourdette Sílvia Spitta y Valeria Wagner (ed.), 103-126.
Placing Latin American Memory: Sites and the Politics of Mourning
Andermann Jens (2015), Placing Latin American Memory: Sites and the Politics of Mourning, in Memory Studies, 8(1), 3-8.
Violencia en el Jardín de (la) Patria: la monumentalización de las hermanas Mirabal y el sitio de trauma en la posdictadura dominicana
Blackmore Lisa (2015), Violencia en el Jardín de (la) Patria: la monumentalización de las hermanas Mirabal y el sitio de trauma en la posdictadura dominicana, in Mitologías Hoy , 12, 110-117.
Lieux de la victime: deuil et paysage
Andermann Jens (2014), Lieux de la victime: deuil et paysage, in Témoigner: entre histoire et mémoire , 118(2), 135-142.
Cosmopolitismos telúricos: jardín y modernidad en Latinoamérica
Andermann Jens (2014), Cosmopolitismos telúricos: jardín y modernidad en Latinoamérica, in Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana , 40(79), 201-226.
(Contra)flujos: Imaginarios hidráulicos y paisajes residuales en la economía visual de la República Dominicana
Blackmore Lisa, (Contra)flujos: Imaginarios hidráulicos y paisajes residuales en la economía visual de la República Dominicana, in Iberoamericana.
A aliança animal: sobre a história natural do antropoceno
Andermann Jens, A aliança animal: sobre a história natural do antropoceno, in Ana Chiara André Masseno Daniele Ribeiro Fortuna and Marcelo dos Santos (ed.), Sulina, Porto Alegre.
Del arte de las sustancias a la alquimia de la imagen. Breve manual para un viaje a Los Antiguos Reinos de México
Carrillo Morell Dayron, Del arte de las sustancias a la alquimia de la imagen. Breve manual para un viaje a Los Antiguos Reinos de México, in Armando Salas hjo. (ed.).
Esa muchacha es un monumento: Trópico de sangre (2010) y la memoria cultural de las Hermanas Mirabal
Blackmore Lisa, Esa muchacha es un monumento: Trópico de sangre (2010) y la memoria cultural de las Hermanas Mirabal, in Patricia Tomé & Adriano Toletino (ed.), Isla Negra Editores, Río Piedras.
Natura: Environmental Aesthetics After Landscape
Jens Andermann Lisa Blackmore & Dayron Carrillo Morell, Natura: Environmental Aesthetics After Landscape.
Ruinas modernas y arte contemporáneo: El caso de El Helicoide de la Roca Tarpeya
Blackmore Lisa, Ruinas modernas y arte contemporáneo: El caso de El Helicoide de la Roca Tarpeya, in Cuaduernos de Literatura.
Sombras de luz: paisajes y cuerpos posfotográficos en la Argentina contemporánea
Andermann Jens, Sombras de luz: paisajes y cuerpos posfotográficos en la Argentina contemporánea, in Jordana Blejmar Silvana Mandolessi and Mariana Eva Pérez (ed.).
Tierras en trance. Arte y naturaleza después del paisaje
Andermann Jens, Tierras en trance. Arte y naturaleza después del paisaje, Metales Pesados, Santiago de Chile.
Unfolding the Missing ‹Aquapolis›. Barragán´s Concerns with the lacustrine Landscape of Mexico City at El Pedregal
Carrillo Morell Dayron, Unfolding the Missing ‹Aquapolis›. Barragán´s Concerns with the lacustrine Landscape of Mexico City at El Pedregal, in 17th Colloquium for Young Researchers of Art History in Switzerland (ed.), Universität Zürich, Zürich.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Universidad de Santiago de Chile Chile (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Fundação Casa Rui Barbosa Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Princeton University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Universidad de Buenos Aires Argentina (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Daros Latinamerica Collection Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Williams College United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, UNAM Mexico (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Universidade de Caxias do Sul Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Latin American Studies Association Congress 2017 Talk given at a conference (Contra)flujos: Imaginarios hidráulicos y paisajes residuales en la economía visual de la República Dominicana 29.04.2017 Lima, Peru Blackmore Lisa;
College Art Association Congress Talk given at a conference Archival Landscapes and Epistemic Frontiers: Notes on the Work of Ángela Bonadies 15.02.2017 New York, United States of America Blackmore Lisa;
III. Colóquio Lusófono de Viena Talk given at a conference Em construição: paisagem e arquitetura no documentário latino-americano contemporâneo 03.11.2016 Wien, Austria Andermann Jens;
ABRALIC, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Talk given at a conference La vida acuática: paisajes dominicanos contemporáneos 19.09.2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Blackmore Lisa;
ABRALIC, Rio de Janeiro Talk given at a conference Agua bastante para la ciudad. Relatos utópicos de la modernidad Mexicana 19.07.2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Carrillo Morell Dayron;
Lazos. Desgarraduras y vínculos en el arte y la cultura latinoamericanos Talk given at a conference El retorno del agua redentora: fracturas y suturas en el paisaje lacustre del Valle de México 11.07.2016 Leiden, Netherlands Carrillo Morell Dayron;
3-day workshop, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil Individual talk A carne da terra: novos mundos depois do fim da paisagem 02.06.2016 Goiânia, Brazil Andermann Jens;
Society of Latin American Studies Conference, University of Aberdeen, UK Talk given at a conference Phantom Pavilions: El Helicoide and La Torre de David as Contested Microcosms of the Nation-state 17.04.2016 Aberdeen, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Blackmore Lisa;
Ciencia, cultura y modernidad en América Latina Talk given at a conference Radiografías de la sequía: Santiago del Estero, paisaje, cultura y ecología en los años 30 08.04.2016 Buenos Aires, Argentina Andermann Jens;
Guest lecture, Columbia University, Casa Hispánica, New York, USA Individual talk The animal alliance. On the natural history of the Anthropocene 08.03.2016 New York, United States of America Andermann Jens;
1-day workshop and guest lecture, University of Manchester, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in the Arts and Languages (CIDRAL) Individual talk American landscapes: art, nature, performance 02.03.2016 Manchester, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Andermann Jens;
Invención de la naturaleza latinoamericana. Genealogía discursiva y funcionalidad sociocultural Talk given at a conference Tierra descarnada: estéticas modernas del paisaje en América Latina 28.01.2016 Tübingen, Germany Andermann Jens;
Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies Conference Talk given at a conference Blind Spots: Towards a Revision of the Modern Landscape 06.01.2016 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Blackmore Lisa;
Guest lecture, Instituto de Estética, Universidad de Chile Individual talk Producción del espacio / lugar de construcción: paisaje y arquitectura en el cine latinoamericano contemporáneo 27.11.2015 Santiago, Chile Andermann Jens;
Jornadas Internacionales de Literatura Comparada Talk given at a conference Viajes y jardines: la encrucijada del paisaje moderno latinoamericano 25.11.2015 Santiago, Chile Andermann Jens;
Ringvorlesung des Geographischen Instituts, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Zürich Individual talk ’Landschaft’ in der Moderne - ein Blick über den geographischen Horizont 09.11.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Andermann Jens;
17th Colloquium for Young Researchers of Art History in Switzerland “Into the Wild. Art and Architecture in a Global Context” Talk given at a conference Unfolding the Missing ‹Aquapolis›. Barragán´s Concerns with the lacustrine Landscape of Mexico City at El Pedregal 06.11.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Carrillo Morell Dayron;
Into the Wild. Art and Architecture in a Global Context, 17th Colloquium for Young Researchers of Art History in Switzerland Talk given at a conference Modern Ruins and Contemporary Art: Towards a New Monumentality? 06.11.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Blackmore Lisa;
Guest lecture, New York University, Department of Spanish and Portuguese Individual talk The Meander’s Curse: Architecture, Gardens, Modernity 08.10.2015 New York, United States of America Andermann Jens;
Latin American Studies Association Congress Talk given at a conference Sobre la extensión: retóricas contemporáneas del paisaje fotográfico 27.05.2015 San Juan, Puerto Rico Andermann Jens;
Latin American Studies Association Congress 2015 Talk given at a conference Tortured Bodies as Lieux de Mémoire 27.05.2015 San Juan, Puerto Rico Blackmore Lisa;
Guest seminar at Latin American Studies Colloquium, Universität Zürich Individual talk Paisajes conmemorativos en República Dominicana 21.04.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Blackmore Lisa;
Science and Culture in Latin America: Transmission, Circulation, Exchange Talk given at a conference Formas vivas: Latin American bio-art and the afterlife of landscape 18.04.2015 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Andermann Jens;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Natura: Environmental Aesthetics After Landscape 01.06.2017 Zürich, Switzerland
Sueños de progreso, paisajes en ruinas (LASA Conference Panel) 26.05.2016 New York, United States of America

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Video/Film Después de Trujillo German-speaking Switzerland International 2016

Abstract

From the perspective of aesthetic theory and cultural history, the project aims to recover landscape as a mode of aesthetic knowledge-production on the interactions between human and non-human agents by which places are forged and reproduced over time. In exploring critical engagements with the landscape-form throughout Latin American aesthetic modernity (including literature, the visual arts, architecture and film) this project seeks to shed light on formally daring approaches to landscape as a a mode of reflecting on changing configurations of space and place in the twentieth century. The project is seeking to break new ground (a) in moving beyond nation-centered critical paradigms and towards a mode of reading local against transnational formations; (b) in advancing a transversal concept of landscape, which allows understanding landscape not as a content or genre and rather as a problematic traversing the arts, literature, architecture and cinema; and (c) in seeking out relations between processes of crisis and reconfiguration on the level of aesthetic form, on the one hand, and on that of social experiences of space and place, on the other. Historical sociologies have often conceptualized Latin American modernity of the twentieth century as the radical transformation of predominantly rural into densely urbanized societies. The project’s general hypothesis is that modern aesthetic landscape and the way in which it critically re-visits its colonial and nineteenth-century forerunners, is simultaneously a way of taking stock of changing social space-place configurations and an experimental re-assessment of landscape’s capacity for inscribing these with meaning. In this way, the project offers a new archaeology of Latin American aesthetic modernity, shaped by genealogies of place-making and displacement that reformulate and critique the two key tropings of colonial and nineteenth-century landscape: ‘gardens’ and ‘journeys’.
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