Africa; Food security; Institutions; Large Scale Land Acquisition (LSLA); Gender relations
LanzKristina, GerberJean-David, HallerTobias (2018), Land Grabbing, the State and Chiefs: The Politics of Extending Commercial Agriculture in Ghana, in Development and Change
AdamsTimothy, GerberJean-David, AmackerMichelle, HallerTobias (2018), Who gains from contract farming? Dependencies, power relations, and institutional change., in Journal of Peasant Studies
LanzKristina (2016), Gender, land and agricultural development in Africa.
, LEGEND Evidence , Land Portal.
LanzKristina (2014), The Great African Land Grab: Agricultural investments and the global food system (Book Rieview), in African Affairs
, 113(415), 314-316.
Lanz Kristin, "They said they were bringing a development project." "Best-practice" large-scale land acquisition or commons-grabbing in Ghana's Volta Region.", in Haller Tobias, Rohr Christian, de Moor Tine, Breu Thomas, Znoj Heinzpeter (ed.), Routledge, London.
Ryser Sarah, Are Green Energy Investments levelled by the ‘New Commons’? Compensations, CSR Measures and Gendered Impacts of a Solar Energy Project in Morocco
, Routledge, London.
GmürDésirée, Grabbing the Female Commons: Large‐Scale Land Acquisitions for forest plantations and impacts on gender relations in Kilolo district, Iringa Region, Tanzania, in Rohr Christian, de Moor Tine, Breu Thomas, Haller Tobias, Znoj Heinzpeter (ed.), Routledge, London.
HallerTobias, AdamsTimothy, GmürDésirée, KäserFabian, LanzKristina, MarfurtFranziska, RyserSarah, SchubigerElisabeth, vonSuryAnna, GerberJean-David, Large-Scale Land Acquisition as Commons Grabbing: A comparative analysis of six African case studies
, Reimer, Berlin.
This research project aims to shed light on a notorious black box in the work on Large Scale Land Acquisitions (LSLA) and gender studies: it looks comparatively at gender relations and their changes under the new wave of LSLA, that follow after previous institutional changes in land tenure and access in Africa. The project includes cases of Northern (Morocco), Western (Ghana), Eastern (Tanzania) and Central Africa (Rwanda). These cases also reflect similarities as well as differences among LSLA configurations as the project discusses cases of direct external investments with and without direct labour involvement of local people (two cases with no involvement, two cases with workers or contract farmers). In addition, we focus on the food status of households in the project areas trying to find answers on the impact LSLA’s have on food security. A mixed methods approach will be used, with a strong focus on qualitative methodology from social anthropology.The project is based on collaboration between the Institute of Social Anthropology and Institute of Geography, University of Bern (Profs. Tobias Haller and Jean-David Gerber) and The Swiss Tropical Public Health Institute in Basel (Dr. Sonja Merten) and the Centre for Gender Studies (Prof. Brigitte Schnegg).Despite the fact that the importance of looking closely at gender relations has been highlighted since the issue of „Land Grabbing“ became important in academia and for NGOs (i.e. Behrmann 2011), there are very few case studies on the issue. In early 2013 FAO published technical guidelines for gender equity in the context of LSLA that aimed to illustrate principles for gender equal participation and communication in land related issues. It highlighted that the focus needs to go beyond narrow gender issues and that governance and institutional issues, including legal state and customary issues (i.e. access and inheritance), need to be analysed. Interestingly however, most studies do not contextualize gender power relations and institutional change enough in this context. This is the gab this research project tries to fill. It shall show first how LSLA impacts existing power constellations governing access to land, including to so-called common pool resources. Second, it also discusses the impacts of LSLA on gender shaped labour division issues and related distributional effects regarding food security.