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Responses of vegetation and prehistorical society to climatic changes in Ukraine

English title Responses of vegetation and prehistorical society to climatic changes in Ukraine
Applicant Tinner Willy
Number 152732
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.03.2016 - 28.02.2019
Approved amount 194'890.00
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All Disciplines (5)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Ecology
Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Botany
Prehistory

Keywords (4)

societal responses; ecosystem dynamics; global change; climate change

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Vegetation-, Kultur- und Klimawandel in der vorgeschichtlichen Ukraine
Lay summary

Dieses Projekt untersucht die Auswirkungen des Klimwandels auf vergangene Kulturen und Pflanzengemeinschaften der Ukraine. Im Vordergrund stehen dabei die Zeit um 7000-500 v. Chr.  und die Schwarzmeerregion. Wir arbeiten interdisziplinär, mit Methoden aus der Archäologie, Biologie und den Umweltwissenschaften. Ein ganz besonderer Standort, den wir einbeziehen ist Kamyana Mohyla, wo sich über die Jahrtausende seit der Eiszeit Spuren der Kultur, Besiedlung und Landnutzung erhalten haben, die neu untersucht werden sollen. Neue geoarchäologische Ansätze werden von einem gemeinsamen schweizerisch-ukrainischem Team erstmals in der Ukraine eingesetzt werden, praktische und theoretische Arbeiten mit Studierenden und jungen Forschenden aus beiden Ländern sollen den Wissenstransfer von einem Land zum anderem und an die nächste Generation sicher stellen. Besonders interessiert sind wir am Neolithisierungsprozess in der Ukraine, das heisst, an der Umstellung von Aneignungs- (Jäger und Sammler) zu Produktionswirtschaft (Ackerbauern, Viehzüchter) vor ca. 9000-7000 Jahren.  Eine Hypothese geht davon aus, dass die Landwirtschaft in Mittel-, West- und Nordeuropa nicht nur über die griechische Route, sondern auch über die Ukraine  eingeführt wurde. Diese Alternativhypothese wollen wir in diesem Projekt untersuchen. Reaktionen vergangener Nutzungs- und Ökosysteme auf Klimaänderungen können wertvolle Hinweise zu künftigen Entwicklungen unter wärmerem Klima liefern. Unser Projekt hofft auf den Gewinn solcher wertvoller Einsichten, insbesondere zur Agrarproduktion, ist doch die Ukraine trotz ihrer besonders klimasensitiven Situation (anfällig für Dürren) ein Land, das zu den wichtigsten europäischen Produzenten von Agrarerzeugnissen gehört.   

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.02.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Microscopic examination of Mesolithic serpent-like sculptured stones from southern Ukraine
Kotova Nadiia, Kiosak Dmytro, Radchenko Simon, Spitsyna Larisa (2018), Microscopic examination of Mesolithic serpent-like sculptured stones from southern Ukraine, in Antiquity, 92(366), e2-e2.
Revisiting the chronology of two Neolithic sites in Eastern Europe: New radiocarbon dates from Melnychna Krucha and Kamyane-Zavallia (Southern Buh region, Ukraine)
KiosakD., SalavertA. (2018), Revisiting the chronology of two Neolithic sites in Eastern Europe: New radiocarbon dates from Melnychna Krucha and Kamyane-Zavallia (Southern Buh region, Ukraine), in Revista Archeologica, Chisinau, serie nouă, XIV(2), 116-131.
Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Ukrainian Steppe
Makhortykh S. and de Capitani A. (ed.) (2017), Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Ukrainian Steppe, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Kiew.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi, CNR Italia Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Center for the Study of Human Origins, Dep. of Anthropology, New York University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Anna Kienholz, MA, Kantonsarchäologie Zug, AG für Experimentelle Archäologie der Schweiz (AEAS) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
National Academy of Sciences Ukraine (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Odessa National University Ukraine (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Extended Seminar (4 h) 30.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland
Extended Seminar (6h) 15.12.2017 Bern, Switzerland
Extended Seminar (5 h) 07.12.2016 Bern, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Students in the field International 2018

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
128248 Responses of vegetation and human society to climatic changes in Ukraine 01.01.2010 SCOPES

Abstract

Our project will focus on palaeoclimatic changes and their impact on the development of vegetation and human societies during the period of 9,000-2,500 years before present (cal. BP) in the Northern Black Sea region. To carry out this work we will use several tools including radiocarbon dating, palynology, macrofossil, charcoal, diatom and oxygen isotope analyses. This project will result in a reconstruction of regional palaeoclimate through time, the description of vegetation dynamics as well as the characterization of societal adaptations to the environmental changes in Ukraine during an important time interval in human history. Palaeoecological off-site investigations (e.g. pollen, spores, charcoal, macrofossils) of natural archive (lakes, lagoons) will be concentrated in the forest steppe and steppe region, where Kamyana Mohyla is located, a unique multilayer settlement with a continuous record of material culture which spans over several millennia. On-site palaeoecological investigations of the cultural layers of Kamyana Mohyla will complement the archaeological information. For the first time novel archaeological techniques (e.g. 3D based refitting and distribution analysis of artifacts) will be applied in the Ukraine. Students and young scientists from the Swiss and Ukrainian academic systems will be involved in this project, assuring a knowledge transfer to the next generation of scholars. Our combination of state-of-the art environmental and archaeological approaches is new for the Ukraine. If realized, our planned project might have a major impact on the understanding of the Neolithisation process, i.e. the advent of farming societies in Europe. The planned international and interdisciplinary cooperation will be fruitful for the interpretation of the results as well as for the refinement of scientific methods in the countries involved. The Ukraine is one of the most important crop producers of Europe, currently it faces a special challenge in regard to projected climate change, for the Ukrainian steppe is characterized by the constant deficiency of humidity. Given this high environmental sensitivity, our project may provide useful lessons from the past about responses of agrarian societies to climatic change, in particular warming and/or aridification.
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