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Investigating the use of smartphone and Web 2.0 technologies used in behavioural interventions for weight management

Titel Englisch Investigating the use of smartphone and Web 2.0 technologies used in behavioural interventions for weight management
Gesuchsteller/in Bardus Marco
Nummer 152290
Förderungsinstrument Early Postdoc.Mobility
Forschungseinrichtung University of Exeter Medical School University of Exeter
Hochschule Institution ausserhalb der Schweiz - IACH
Hauptdisziplin Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaften
Beginn/Ende 01.05.2014 - 31.10.2015
Alle Daten anzeigen

Alle Disziplinen (4)

Disziplin
Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaften
Gesundheitserziehung
Psychologie
Die Gesundheit und ihre Infrastruktur. Gesundheits

Keywords (6)

health communication, behaviour interventions, behaviour change, weight management, m-health, e-health

Lay Summary (Italienisch)

Lead
Smartphone e tecnologie Web 2.0 sono una nuova frontiera per la promozione della salute, in particolare dei comportamenti legati al controllo del peso corporeo (attività fisica e alimentazione). Esistono già molte applicazioni sul mercato che promuovono questi comportamenti e diversi studi hanno iniziato a esplorare l’utilizzo di queste tecnologie. Tuttavia non si sa ancora come e quanto queste siano in grado di influenzare efficacemente il comportamento delle persone.
Lay summary

Investigating the use of smartphone and Web 2.0 technologies used in behavioural interventions for weight management

L’uso di smartphone e tecnologie Web 2.0 in programmi per il controllo del peso corporeo

 

In sintesi

Smartphone e tecnologie Web 2.0 sono una nuova frontiera per la promozione della salute, in particolare dei comportamenti legati al controllo del peso corporeo (attività fisica e alimentazione). Esistono già molte applicazioni sul mercato che promuovono questi comportamenti e diversi studi hanno iniziato a esplorare l’utilizzo di queste tecnologie. Tuttavia non si sa ancora come e quanto queste siano in grado di influenzare efficacemente il comportamento delle persone.

Soggetto e obiettivo

Questo studio vuole contribuire a una maggior comprensione delle iniziative che utilizzano smartphone e tecnologie Web 2.0 per il controllo del peso corporeo. Lo studio ha due obiettivi principali: 1) analizzare la letteratura scientifica per identificare qualità e portata degli effetti di queste tecnologie sul comportamento delle persone, nonché le caratteristiche peculiari dei programmi più efficaci; 2) esaminare come gli utenti finali utilizzano le applicazioni per smartphone, per vedere quali caratteristiche possano essere usate per facilitarne l’adozione a un pubblico più vasto.

Contesto socio-scientifico

Questo lavoro permetterà di chiarire il ruolo delle applicazioni smartphone e Web 2.0 nel promuovere l’attività fisica e l’alimentazione equilibrata. Da un punto di vista scientifico, i risultati permetteranno di comprendere con maggiore precisione quali componenti e caratteristiche tecniche siano associati a significativi cambiamenti comportamentali. Dal punto di vista della sanità pubblica, i risultati potranno essere usati per informare nuove strategie e programmi orientati alla prevenzione dell’obesità e dell’inattività fisica.

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 23.05.2014

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Publikationen

Publikation
Mobile Phone and Web 2.0 Technologies for Weight Management: A Systematic Scoping Review
Bardus Marco, Smith Jane R, Samaha Laya, Abraham Charles (2015), Mobile Phone and Web 2.0 Technologies for Weight Management: A Systematic Scoping Review, in Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(11), 259-259.
Are eHealth interventions for obesity prevention effective? A systematic review of reviews
Bardus Marco, Smith Jane, Abraham Charles (2015), Are eHealth interventions for obesity prevention effective? A systematic review of reviews, in European Journal of Public Health, 25(Suppl.3), 203.
Smartphone and Web 2.0 Applications for Weight Management: A Review of the Literature
Bardus Marco, Abraham Charles, Smith Jane, Hillsdon Melvyn (2014), Smartphone and Web 2.0 Applications for Weight Management: A Review of the Literature, in Medicine 2.0 Conference Proceedings, Malaga.
A review and content analysis of engagement, functionality, aesthetics, information quality, and change techniques in the most popular commercial apps for weight management
Bardus Marco, van Beurden Samantha B, Smith Jane R, Abraham Charles (2016), A review and content analysis of engagement, functionality, aesthetics, information quality, and change techniques in the most popular commercial apps for weight management, in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(35), 1.

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
8th European Public Health Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Are eHealth interventions for obesity prevention effective? A systematic review of reviews 14.10.2015 Milan, Italien Bardus Marco
10th UK Society of Behavioural Medicine (UKSBM) Annual Scientific Meeting Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Smartphone Apps and Web 2.0 Technologies for Weight Management: A Scoping and Systematic Review 03.12.2014 Nottingham, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Bardus Marco
Medicine 20'14 Conference Poster Smartphone and Web 2.0 Applications for Weight Management: A Review of the Literature 09.10.2014 Malaga, Spanien Bardus Marco
Conference on Communication, Medicine and Ethics (COMET) 2014 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Smartphone applications in behavioural interventions for weight management: mapping the evidence 26.06.2014 Lugano, Schweiz Bardus Marco


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Behaviour Change Initiatives for Wellbeing and Healthy Lifestyles - scientific meeting with colleagues from Finland 29.09.2014 Exeter, University of Exeter, Grossbritannien und Nordirland

Abstract

Background: E-health and m-health technologies, including smartphone and Internet applications, offer appealing interventions to address major and compelling public health issues such as obesity and physical inactivity, because they have the potential to reach large segments of the population at low cost. In the last 15 years, research into e-health and m-health has increased, and some evidence of effectiveness has been reported in an increasing number of systematic reviews and studies on Web- and mobile phone-based interventions. Recent advances in Web and in mobile phone technologies, which brought smartphones and Web 2.0 apps to millions of end-users, offer new possibilities for the development of interventions that are more personalised, customised and tailored to users’ preferences and characteristics. It is unclear, however, whether these advanced capacities can be translated into effective interventions. E-health interventions are often regarded as “black boxes”, as if the Internet or mobile phones per se exerted effects on the users. Little work has been done in identifying contents, techniques, or delivery modes, which enhance the effectiveness of such interventions. Indeed there has been little work on categorising e-health intervention components, such as behaviour change techniques (BCTs) employed (e.g., goal setting, self-monitoring, feedback provision, etc.), tools and delivery modes used (e.g., automated text messages or emails providing advices and challenges, displaying data allowing comparisons among users, interactive discussion boards, etc.), and particular media utilised (i.e., smartphone app, email, website, social networking site). Understanding which interventions components are associated with positive (or negative) effects is fundamental in developing effective interventions for particular target audiences. Objectives: The proposed project will investigate the potential of smartphone and Web 2.0-based behavioural interventions for weight management (through change in dietary and physical activity behaviours) by “decomposing” existing interventions and identifying which components are associated with effectiveness for which audiences. This research has two objectives: 1) to review the literature to examine the effects of smartphone- and Web 2.0-based interventions for weight management; 2) to examine smartphone and Web 2.0 apps to identify which features attract initial use and facilitate longer term, maintained use, and which components are associated with effectiveness. Methods: The first objective will be pursued through a systematic review of the literature (and a meta-analysis, if data allow). The systematic review will allow identifying the most effective BCTs and associated effective smartphones and Web 2.0 features. The second objective will be investigated through a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods: first, the existing commercial smartphone apps for weight management will be identified and reviewed according to the results of the systematic review and using the taxonomies of BCTs as framework. The applications best matching the criteria will be used in a user-experience testing, conducted in workplace settings. The overall objective is to identify the preferred and effective features or components of smartphone and Web 2.0 apps that may encourage prolonged use and facilitate behaviour change in weight management e-health interventions, hence increasing their impact and population health potential. Expected impact: The work will highlight how effective smartphone apps as stand-alone interventions and as adjunct elements to other interventions designed to increase physical activity and change dietary behaviour patterns as well as how effective such apps are at prompting weight loss and weight maintenance. The research will also identify characteristics and features of apps, which users like and which appear to be associated with effectiveness. In addition, the research will seek to identify the change processes underpinning effective use of such apps, that is, which techniques (e.g., providing feedback, promoting goal setting, etc.), tools, and delivery modes are associated with effectiveness (e.g., text messaging, visual feedback, social comparison leagues, user interaction, etc.).