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Managing telecoupled landscapes for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services and poverty alleviation

English title Managing telecoupled landscapes for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services and poverty alleviation
Applicant Messerli Peter
Number 152167
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Zentrum für Entwicklung und Umwelt Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Environmental Research
Start/End 01.01.2015 - 31.12.2017
Approved amount 1'817'220.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Environmental Research
Social geography and ecology

Keywords (7)

Socio-ecological systems; Bayesian modelling; Multi-stakeholder learning; Land use decision-making; Adaptive land governance; Telecoupling; Trade-offs in ecosystem service flows

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Nutzung von Landschaftssystemen am Rande von tropischen Regenwäldern ist oft nicht nachhaltig. Dies verdeutlicht die Herausforderung, wirtschaftliche und menschliche Entwicklung mit den planetaren Grenzen in Einklang zu bringen. Zunehmend werden Landnutzungsentscheidungen in diesen sozio-ökologischen Systemen von globalen Akteuren beeinflusst und gesteuert. Landwirtschaftliche Intensivierung, Produktion von Bio-Treibstoffen, Projekte zur Kohlenstoffspeicherung und Ausdehnung von Schutzgebieten sind nur einige der treibenden Kräften. Dies führt dazu, dass nicht nur die grundlegenden Lebensbedürfnisse und Entwicklungsansprüche der lokalen Bevölkerung in Frage gestellt werden, sondern oft auch Ökosystemdienstleistungen von globaler Bedeutung gefährdet werden.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojektes

Das übergeordnete Ziel dieses Projekts ist es, in global vernetzten Landschaftssystemen der Tropen innovative Strategien und institutionelle Mechanismen zu entwerfen und zu testen, mit deren Hilfe Ökosystemdienstleistungen erhalten und die Lebensbedingungen der lokalen Bevölkerung verbessert werden können.

Dazu untersuchen wir komplexe und global vernetzte Landnutzungsentscheide in Landschaften dreier Länder (Laos, Myanmar, Madagaskar), fördern Lernprozesse zwischen verschiedenen Akteurgruppen, und erarbeiten Ansätze und institutionelle Mechanismen, um angepasste Landnutzungsentscheidungen zu treffen. Die Analyse der Effektivität dieser Ansätze ist ein wichtiges Forschungsanliegen.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Unsere Arbeit wird neue Erkenntnisse generieren, wie in global vernetzten Systemen Ökosystemdienstleistungen erhalten und Armut gelindert werden kann. Indem wichtige Entscheidungsträger direkt im Projekt involviert sein werden, wird sichergestellt, dass die gewonnenen Einsichten in entwicklungspolitische  Prozesse einfliessen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.01.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Beyond deforestation monitoring in conservation hotspots: Analysing landscape mosaic dynamics in north-eastern Madagascar
Zaehringer Julie G., Hett Cornelia, Ramamonjisoa Bruno, Messerli Peter (2016), Beyond deforestation monitoring in conservation hotspots: Analysing landscape mosaic dynamics in north-eastern Madagascar, in Applied Geography , 68, 9-19.
Vu d’ailleurs Les limites juridiques et institutionnelles de 25 ans de gestion communautaire des ressources forestières (GCRF) à Madagascar
Hasina Rabemananjara. ZO, Stefana Raharijaona Andriamanankasinarihaja, Aubert Sigrid, Salomon Ramamonjisoa Bruno, Nirina Rakotoarisetra Fanja (2016), Vu d’ailleurs Les limites juridiques et institutionnelles de 25 ans de gestion communautaire des ressources forestières (GCRF) à Madagascar, in Buttoud Gérard (ed.), FAO-CIFOR, Libreville-Bogor, 93-107.
Revealing Regional Deforestation Dynamics in North-Eastern Madagascar—Insights from Multi-Temporal Land Cover Change Analysis
Zaehringer Julie G., Eckert Sandra, Messerli Peter (2015), Revealing Regional Deforestation Dynamics in North-Eastern Madagascar—Insights from Multi-Temporal Land Cover Change Analysis, in Land, 4(2), 454-474.
Towards a Spatial Understanding of Trade-Offs in Sustainable Development: A Meso-Scale Analysis of the Nexus between Land Use, Poverty, and Environment in the Lao PDR.
Messerli Peter, Bader Christoph, Hett Cornelia, Epprecht Michael, Heinimann Andreas (2015), Towards a Spatial Understanding of Trade-Offs in Sustainable Development: A Meso-Scale Analysis of the Nexus between Land Use, Poverty, and Environment in the Lao PDR., in PloS one, 10(7), 0133418-0133418.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Maryland United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Sydney Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Chair of Ecological Systems design, ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Land tenure observatory Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
MAIN APPLICANT: Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Ministry of trade Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
CO-APPLICANT: Planning of Landscape and Urban Systems (PLUS), ETH Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
University of Mandalay Myanmar (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
ISM (Institute of Statistical Mathematic) Japan (Asia)
- Exchange of personnel
CNRE Centre National de Recherches en Environnement Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Forest Management and Development (ForDev) Group, ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
MNP Madagascar National Parks Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
WCS Wildlife Conservation Society Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
NETWORK PARTNER: Land Issues Working Group (LIWG), Laos Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Bureau national de Coordination de la REDD Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
CO-APPLICANT: Faculty of Forestry, National University of Laos, Lao PDR Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
National agriculture and forestry research institute Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
NETWORK PARTNER: Faculty of Economics and Business Management (FEBM), National University of Laos Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
COSAP - Comité d’Orientation et Soutien aux Aires Protégées / Lampogno MamaBaie Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
General Direction of Forest Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
University of Yangon Myanmar (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
CO-APPLICANT: École Supérieure des Sciences Agronomiques, Forêts, Antananarivo, Madagacar Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
REDD+ Office at Department of Forestry (DoF) Laos (Asia)
- Exchange of personnel
World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF, Regional Office Southeast Asia Indonesia (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Department of Forest Resource Management, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Laos (Asia)
- Exchange of personnel
CO-APPLICANT: Institute of Political Science, University of Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
NETWORK PARTNER: Village Focus International (VFI), Vientiane, Lao PDR Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
NETWORK PARTNER: Land Core Group (LCG), Myanmar Myanmar (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ONG SEPALI Madagascar Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
NETWORK PARTNER: International Land Coalition (ILC), Rome, Italy Italy (Europe)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
CO-APPLICANT: Environmental and Economic Research Institute, Yangon, Myanmar Myanmar (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
NETWORK PARTNER: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Regional Office East and Central Asia, Kunming China (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Association Intercoopération Madagascar AIM Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Conservation International Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Department of Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Laos (Asia)
- Exchange of personnel
NETWORK PARTNER: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor Indonesia (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Observatoire du Secteur Forestier (civil society) Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Evironmental cerebration day Individual talk Concept of R4D-telecoupled landscape project in relation to sustainable resource management (by Sithong Thongmanivong) 05.06.2017 Vientiane, Laos Zähringer Julie Gwendolin; Messerli Peter;
Training on research on resource governance Talk given at a conference Research approches on resource governance (trainer) (by Thomthoune Vongvisouk) 03.05.2017 Vangvieng district, Vientiane Province, Laos Zähringer Julie Gwendolin; Messerli Peter;
US-IALE Talk given at a conference Structured multi‐stakeholder learning process for adaptive decision‐making and innovative governance schemes in the Northeast of Madagascar (by Patrick Laby) 09.04.2017 Baltimore, United States of America Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon; Schneider Flurina;
US-IALE Talk given at a conference Bayesian network based land-use decision modeling in North-Eastern Madagascar:Understanding the role of stakeholder participation (by Ravosaina Ntsiva Nirinimanitra Andriatsitohaina) 09.04.2017 Baltimore, United States of America Grêt-Regamey Adrienne; Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon;
FORMATH Talk given at a conference Resource governance VERSUS economic development (by Sithong Thongmanivong) 16.03.2017 Hiroshima, Japan Zähringer Julie Gwendolin; Messerli Peter;
Swiss Inter- and Transdisciplinarity Day Talk given at a conference Transdisciplinary problem framing: Increasing the effectiveness of transdisciplinary research for sustainable development 07.11.2016 Lucern, Switzerland Schneider Flurina;
3rd Global Land Programme Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference Malagasy clove production systems in a telecoupling world 24.10.2016 Beijing, China Celio Enrico;
3rd Global Land Programme Open Science Meeting Talk given at a conference Bayesian network modeling of land use decisions in northern Laos 24.10.2016 Beijing, China Junquera Garcia Victoria Maria;
IST 2016 Talk given at a conference Doing Transformative Research: Characteristics and Challenges of Different Approaches 07.09.2016 Wuppertal, Germany Schneider Flurina;
IEMSS 2016 Talk given at a conference Parameterizing Bayesian networks with a game: a case-study from north-eastern Madagascar 10.07.2016 Toulouse, France Celio Enrico;
IEMSS 2016 Talk given at a conference Using Bayesian networks to evaluate the vulnerability of smallholder farmers in increasingly globalized markets 10.07.2016 Toulouse, France Junquera Garcia Victoria Maria;
Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation Talk given at a conference Globalized drivers of land use change on tropical forest frontiers: the concept of ‘telecoupling’ and its operationalization in land system science 21.06.2016 Montpellier, France Schneider Flurina; Messerli Peter; Zähringer Julie Gwendolin;
Annual meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation Talk given at a conference Understanding change and stakeholders engagement to improve natural resources management, a case study from Madagascar 19.06.2016 Montpellier, France Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon;
Tiger Talk Geneva University Talk given at a conference Towards implementing the ecosystem services concept – from mapping to decision-support tools 07.03.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Grêt-Regamey Adrienne;
Asia Forest Week Talk given at a conference Forest management in Laos (by Daovorn Thongphanh and Sithong Thongmanivong) 22.02.2016 Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga, Philippines Zähringer Julie Gwendolin; Messerli Peter;
Keynote am Tag der Lehre, Universität Bern Talk given at a conference Interdisziplinäre Lehre als Pflicht oder Kür? Antworten aus der Perspektive der Nachhaltigen Entwicklung 19.02.2016 Bern, Switzerland Messerli Peter;
Brown bag, td Lab ETH Individual talk How can research programs facilitate transdisciplinary research for sustainable development? 09.02.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Schneider Flurina;
Land Cover Land Use Change Regional Science Team Meeting Poster Telecouped landsscapes Managing telecoupled landscapes for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services and poverty alleviation 12.01.2016 Sumit Park View Hotel , Myanmar Myint Win;
Forum Nachhaltige Entwicklung und Umwelt, CDE, Universität Bern Individual talk Nachhaltige Entwicklung in einer globalisierten Welt: Wie können Wechselwirkungen zwischen sozial-ökologischen Systemen transformiert werden? 19.11.2015 Bern, Switzerland Messerli Peter; Schneider Flurina;
ESRS Talk given at a conference Justice, scale frames, and the water–energy nexus 19.08.2015 Aberdeen, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schneider Flurina;
ETHZ, World Food System Centre - Tackling World Food System Challenges: Across Disciplines, Sectors, and Scales Talk given at a conference Producing food in contested rural landscapes: challenges and opportunities for land system science 22.06.2015 Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland Messerli Peter;
Seminar on Socio-Ecological Networks Talk given at a conference Socio-Ecological Networks and Telecoupled Landscapes 15.06.2015 Stockholm Resilience Center, Sweden Ingold Karin Mirjam;
Seminar Entwicklungszusammenarbeit FS 2015 Universität Freiburg Talk given at a conference Globaler Wandel und verschärfte Landkonflikte: Welche Rolle für die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit? 01.05.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland Messerli Peter;
SFIAR meeting Individual talk R4d: Managing telecoupled landscapes for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services and poverty alleviation. Laos, Myanmar, and Madagascar 21.04.2015 Bern, Switzerland Schneider Flurina;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Ecosummit 29.08.2016 Montpellier, France
Seminar talk 30.12.2015 yangon, Myanmar
Seminar talk 15.12.2015 Mandalay, Myanmar

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
HARVEST Project in Nepal Talk 04.04.2017 Kathmandu, Nepal Myint Win;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
National Advisory Group Meeting 13.06.2017 Antananarivo, Madagascar
CROP (Comité régional d'orientation du project) Meeting 28.04.2017 Maroantsetra, Madagascar
Village stakeholder platform workshop, Laos 02.03.2017 Oudomsin village, Sing district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
Village stakeholder platform workshop, Laos 01.03.2017 Pakha village, Sing district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
National Advisory Group Meeting 28.02.2017 Antananarivo, Madagascar
Village stakeholder platform workshop, Laos 27.02.2017 Prang village, Viengphoukha district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
District stakeholder platform workshop in Viengphoukha district, Laos 24.02.2017 Viengphoukha district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
District stakeholder platform workshop in Sing district, Laos 22.02.2017 Sing district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
Provincial stakeholder platform, Laos 20.02.2017 Luang Namtha, Laos
National Advisory Board Meeting, Laos 16.12.2016 Vangvieng, Vientiane Province, Laos
CROP (Comité régional d'orientation du project) Meeting 18.11.2016 Maroantsetra, Madagascar
National Advisory Group Meeting 11.08.2016 Antananarivo, Madagascar
CROP Comité régional d'orientation du project Madagascar 14.04.2016 Maroantsetra, Switzerland
District stakeholder platform workshop and introduction R4D-telecoupled landscape project to district authorities in Viengphoukha district, Laos 06.04.2016 Viengphoukha district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
Stakeholder platform meetings Laos 05.04.2016 Luang Prabang, Laos
District stakeholder platform workshop and introduction R4D-telecoupled landscape project to district authoritiesin Sing district, Laos 30.03.2016 Sing district, Luang Namtha Province, Laos
Provincial stakeholder platform and introduction project to provincial authorities, Laos 29.03.2016 Luang Namtha, Laos
meeting with Government Institutions, Myanmar 25.02.2016 Nay Pyi Taw , Myanmar
National advisory group meeting Myanmar 02.10.2015 Yangon, Myanmar
National advisory board meeting Laos 30.09.2015 Vientiane, Laos
National advisory group meeting Madagascar 29.07.2015 Antananarivo, Madagascar

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Challenges during a field mission Project webpage "Managing telecoupled landscapes" International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Challenges of data collection - A participatory approach to understand land use change in forest fro Project webpage "Managing telecoupled landscapes" International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Chasing after the actors linked to the land use and the land use change in north-eastern Madagascar Project webpage "Managing telecoupled landscapes" International 2017
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) EERi journal: Human Welbeing Research of r4d in Study sites International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Exploring clove production in Indonesia: Comparable to the Madagascar case study? Managing telecoupled landscapes International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Impacts of social learning in transformative research Integration and Implementation Insights International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Insight into the post-cyclone situation in our study sites in Madagascar Project webpage "Managing telecoupled landscapes" International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Orientation meeting in Ein Da Rar Zar, Myanmar, about the project International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Orientation meeting in Hein Ze, Myanmar, about the project International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Orientation meeting in Ohn Pin Kwin, Myanmar, about the project International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Managing telecoupled landscapes Webseite International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Erhalt von Ökosystemdienstleistungen und Armutslinderung in global vernetzten Landschaftssystemen NSL Newsletter Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Managing Telecoupled Landscapes Facebook International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) R4D Telecoupling Twitter International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Telecoupled landscaping Environmental and Economic Review International 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
184218 Borderlands, crop booms, and deforestation 01.03.2019 Doc.Mobility
177592 Managing telecoupled landscapes for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services and poverty alleviation 01.01.2018 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)

Abstract

Landscapes on forest frontiers in the humid tropics provide powerful examples of the issues discussed in the current debate on Sustainable Development Goals - the global community’s attempt to reconcile human development with increasingly evident planetary boundaries. These social-ecological systems (SES) not only have to meet the immediate livelihood needs and the broader development aspirations of their local populations. They are also expected to ensure the complex mix of ecosystem service flows that support human well-being locally and provide environmental benefits worldwide. At the same time, global forces have come to outweigh local determinants of land use change in these landscapes. Driven by demands for agricultural expansion and intensification, fuel, carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, and more, these forces consist not only of socio-economic (“globalization”) or environmental interactions (“teleconnections”), but increasingly encompass combined socio-economic and environmental interactions between two or more distant SES. This phenomenon, which land change scientists have recently conceptualized under the term “telecoupling”, points to major methodological and empirical research gaps. Telecoupling provides the overall framework of this project, which aims to devise and test innovative strategies and institutional arrangements for securing ecosystem service flows and human well-being in and between telecoupled landscapes. In a first, problem-oriented hypothesis, we stipulate that the capacity of SES to support ecosystem service flows and human well-being decreases with increasing telecoupling. In other words, the growing distance between supply and demand undermines ecosystem stewardship and SES’ adaptive capacities. In a second, solution-oriented hypothesis, we acknowledge that the development of resource-rich but poverty-prone SESs nonetheless depends on new alliances with distant actors. We hypothesise that their active participation in land governance can increase SES’ adaptive capacity and thus support ecosystem service flows and human well-being. Third, we intend to explore concrete opportunities for change and stipulate that transdisciplinary learning among multiple stakeholders opens up pathways to more adaptive governance of telecoupled SES. This project will build on research partnerships in Laos, Myanmar, and Madagascar, linking case study research in concrete contexts with generalization and modelling, and bridging scientific specialization with inter- and transdisciplinary collaboration and application. A first work package led by the University of Bern will analyse how telecoupling influences land use decisions, and how these in turn modify the flows of ecosystem services and their impact on human well-being. On that basis, a second work package under the guidance of ETHZ will develop a generic Bayesian network model, which will be parameterized through participatory stakeholder interaction and result in a 3D collaborative virtual platform for understanding land use decision-making. The third work package will translate these general insights into concrete innovations using a structured multi-stakeholder learning process. We intend to fully exploit the benefits of the six-year project duration to reconcile the conflicting objectives of scientific excellence, application, and capacity building. We intend to advance the frontiers of land science through nine specialized PhD studies; interdisciplinary innovation will be provided by post-doc as well as senior researchers in North and South. Development outcomes are systematically built into the research process. We intend to harness opportunities of telecoupling for ecosystem stewardship and for the well-being of marginalized populations. We will strive for impact by developing and testing concrete strategies and innovative institutional arrangements through intensive collaboration with stakeholders at different levels of scale and from distant places. This will be supported by the establishment of stakeholder platforms, communities of practice, and funding of small application projects, as well as through intensive communication and science-policy dialogue from the local to the international level.
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