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The Zurich Study on the Social Development of Children and Youths: Phase IV

English title The Zurich Study on the Social Development of Children and Youths: Phase IV
Applicant Ribeaud Denis
Number 149979
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution z-proso Professur für Soziologie ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Sociology
Start/End 01.12.2013 - 31.12.2016
Approved amount 661'358.00
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All Disciplines (7)

Discipline
Sociology
Mental Disorders, Psychosomatic Diseases
Addictive Diseases
Psychology
Medico-Social Problems of Youth
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Legal sciences

Keywords (11)

DELINQUENCY; AGGRESSION; VIOLENCE; VICTIMISATION; SOCIAL SKILLS; VIOLENCE PREVENTION; PROSPECTIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY; RANDOMISED FIELD EXPERIMENT; OUTCOME EVALUATION; TRAJECTORIES; RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Gewalt und Aggression sind für Opfer, Täter und die Gesellschaft mit negativen Folgen verbunden. Es ist deshalb wichtig, deren Erscheinungsformen und Ursachen besser zu verstehen und auf dieser Grundlage bessere Präventionsstrategien zu entwickeln. z-proso untersucht deshalb die Entwicklung verschiedener Formen von Gewalt und Delinquenz im Lebenslauf sowie die damit verbundenen Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren. Zusätzlich evaluiert die Studie die langfristige Wirkung zweier Frühpräventionsprogramme.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Das Zürcher Projekt zur sozialen Entwicklung von Kindern und Jugendlichen (z-proso) erforscht Entwicklung,  Erscheinungsformen und Ursachen aggressiven und delinquenten Verhaltens von der Kindheit bis ins Erwachsenenalter. Dabei wird auch die langfristige Wirksamkeit der Frühpräventionsprogramme Triple P und PFADe evaluiert.

Den Kern der Studie bilden rund 1400 Kindern, die 2004 in der Stadt Zürich eingeschult wurden. Mit  60% der Eltern, die ausserhalb der Schweiz geboren wurden, zeichnet sich diese Stichprobe durch eine grosse kulturelle Vielfalt aus.

Die Kinder und ihre Lehrpersonen wurden von der 1. bis 9. Klasse bisher 6-mal befragt, die Eltern – jeweils in ihrer Muttersprache – bis zur 5. Klasse 4-mal. 90% der Teilnehmenden der ersten Befragung sind nach wie vor an der Studie beteiligt. 2015 ist eine Erhebung im Alter von 17 geplant.

Das Projekt ist an der ETH Zürich und an der Universität Cambridge angesiedelt. Nebst dem Kernteam ist eine Vielzahl weiterer Forschender im Rahmen internationaler Projektpartnerschaften und Dissertationsprojekten am Projekt beteiligt.

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

z-proso ist weltweit eines von wenigen langfristig und gross angelegten Forschungsprojekten zur Entwicklung von Gewalt und Problemverhalten. Der Einbezug der sprachlicher Minderheiten zeichnet das Projekt zusätzlich aus und verleiht ihm angesichts der Herausforderungen, die sich urbanen Zentren in Zusammenhang mit verstärkter Migration stellen, eine besondere gesellschaftliche Bedeutung.

Mit der Fortsetzung des Projekts können Jugendliche aus einer Vielzahl kultureller und sozioökonomischer Kontexte beim Übergang ins Berufsleben und in die Tertiärbildung untersucht werden. Zusammen mit den bereits verfügbaren Daten werden sich daraus wichtige Erkenntnisse zu psychosozialen Problemlagen und Verhaltensschwierigkeiten und ihren Ursachen in dieser entscheidenden Lebensphase gewinnen lassen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 31.10.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Severe youth violence: Developmental perspectives
Malti T., Averdijk M. (2017), Severe youth violence: Developmental perspectives, in Child Development, 88(1), 5-15.
Situating violent ideations within the landscape of mental health: Associations between violent ideations and dimensions of mental health
Murray A., Eisner M., Obsuth I., Ribeaud D. (2017), Situating violent ideations within the landscape of mental health: Associations between violent ideations and dimensions of mental health, in Psychiatry Research, 249, 70-77.
A non-bipartite propensity score analysis of the effects of teacher-student relationships on adolescent problem and prosocial behavior
Obsuth I., Sulger P., Eisner M., Malti T., Ribeaud D. (2016), A non-bipartite propensity score analysis of the effects of teacher-student relationships on adolescent problem and prosocial behavior, in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, online first(online fir), 1-27.
A vicious cycle of peer victimization? Problem behavior mediates stability in peer victimization over time
Averdijk M., Malti T., Eisner M., Ribeaud D., Farrington David P. (2016), A vicious cycle of peer victimization? Problem behavior mediates stability in peer victimization over time, in Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 2(2), 162-181.
Children's trust and the development of prosocial behavior
Malti T., Averdijk M., Zuffiano A., Ribeaud D., Betts L. R., Rotenberg K. J., Eisner M. (2016), Children's trust and the development of prosocial behavior, in International Journal of Behavioral Development, 40(3), 262-270.
Development and validation of a brief measure of violent thoughts: The Violent Ideations Scale (VIS)
Murray A., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. (2016), Development and validation of a brief measure of violent thoughts: The Violent Ideations Scale (VIS), in Assessment, online first(online fir), 1-14.
Developmental relations between ADHD symptoms and reactive versus proactive aggression across childhood and adolescence
Murray A., Obsuth I., Zirk-Sadowski J., Ribeaud D., Eisner M. (2016), Developmental relations between ADHD symptoms and reactive versus proactive aggression across childhood and adolescence, in Journal of Attention Disorders, online first(online fir), 1-10.
Dual trajectories of reactive and proactive aggression from mid-childhood to early adolescence: relations to sensation seeking, risk taking, and moral reasoning
Cui L., Colasante T., Malti T., Ribeaud D., Eisner M. (2016), Dual trajectories of reactive and proactive aggression from mid-childhood to early adolescence: relations to sensation seeking, risk taking, and moral reasoning, in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(4), 663-675.
Long-term effects of two universal interventions on adolescent delinquency, substance use, and externalising behavior
Averdijk M., Zirk J., Ribeaud D., Eisner M. (2016), Long-term effects of two universal interventions on adolescent delinquency, substance use, and externalising behavior, in Journal of Experimental Criminology, 12(1), 21-47.
Shaping aggressive personality in adolescence: Exploring cross-lagged relations between aggressive thoughts, aggressive behaviour and self-control
Murray A., Obsuth I., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. (2016), Shaping aggressive personality in adolescence: Exploring cross-lagged relations between aggressive thoughts, aggressive behaviour and self-control, in Personality and Individual Differences, 97(online fir), 1-7.
The development of the general factor of psychopathology, `p factor', in childhood and adolescence
Murray A., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. (2016), The development of the general factor of psychopathology, `p factor', in childhood and adolescence, in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(8), 1573-1586.
Violence begets violence, but how? A decision making perspective on the victim-offender overlap
Averdijk M., {van Gelder} J.-L., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. (2016), Violence begets violence, but how? A decision making perspective on the victim-offender overlap, in Criminology, 54(2), 282-306.
Aggressive and violent behavior
Eisner M., Malti T. (2015), Aggressive and violent behavior, in Lerner Richard M. (ed.), Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, 794-841.
Bargaining power and individual differences in adolescent aggression: the role of fighting ability, coalitional strength and mate value
Sell A., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. (2015), Bargaining power and individual differences in adolescent aggression: the role of fighting ability, coalitional strength and mate value, in Evolution and Human Behavior, 44(4), 663-675.
Disclosure of Financial Conflicts of Interests in Interventions to Improve Child Psychosocial Health: A Cross-Sectional Study
Eisner Manuel, Humphreys David K., Wilson Philip, Gardner Frances (2015), Disclosure of Financial Conflicts of Interests in Interventions to Improve Child Psychosocial Health: A Cross-Sectional Study, in PloS one, 10(11), 0142803-0142803.
The developmental relation between aggressive behaviour and prosocial behaviour: A 5-year longitudinal study
Obsuth I., Eisner M., Malti T., Ribeaud D. (2015), The developmental relation between aggressive behaviour and prosocial behaviour: A 5-year longitudinal study, in BMC Psychology, 3(16), 1-10.
The nature of the association between moral neutralization and aggression: A systematic test of causality in early adolescence
Ribeaud D., Eisner M. (2015), The nature of the association between moral neutralization and aggression: A systematic test of causality in early adolescence, in Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 61(1), 68-84.
The social and developmental antecedents of legal cynicism
Nivette A., Eisner M., Malti T., Ribeaud D. (2015), The social and developmental antecedents of legal cynicism, in Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 52(2), 270-298.
Unpacking the victim-offender overlap: on role differentiation and socio-psychological characteristics
van Gelder J.-L., Averdijk M., Eisner M., Ribeaud D. (2015), Unpacking the victim-offender overlap: on role differentiation and socio-psychological characteristics, in Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31(4), 653-675.
Do social relationships protect victimized children against internalizing problems?
Averdijk Margit, Eisner Manuel, Ribeaud Denis (2014), Do social relationships protect victimized children against internalizing problems?, in Journal of School Violence, 13(1: Special), 80-89.
Sex differences in aggression amongst children from low and high gender inequality backgrounds: A comparison of gender role and sexual selection theories
Nivette A., Eisner M., Malti T., Ribeaud D. (2014), Sex differences in aggression amongst children from low and high gender inequality backgrounds: A comparison of gender role and sexual selection theories, in Aggressive Behavior, 40(5), 451-464.
Sex differences in the effects of parents' use of corporal punishment on children's aggressive behavior
Topcuoglu Tuba, Eisner Manuel, Ribeaud Denis (2014), Sex differences in the effects of parents' use of corporal punishment on children's aggressive behavior, in Annales de la Faculté de Droit d'Istanbul, 46(63), 185-218.
Wirksame Gewaltprävention. Eine Übersicht zum internationalen Wissenstand
Averdijk M., Eisner M., Luciano E., Valdebenito S., Obsuth I. (2014), Wirksame Gewaltprävention. Eine Übersicht zum internationalen Wissenstand, Bundesamt für Sozialversicherungen, Bern.
Wirksame Gewaltprävention. Eine übersicht zum internationalen Wissenstand
Averdijk M., Eisner M. (2014), Wirksame Gewaltprävention. Eine übersicht zum internationalen Wissenstand, in Soziale Sicherheit CHSS, (5), 276-278.
No evidence that normative substance use causes ADHD symptoms in adolescence
Murray A., Obsuth I., Eisner M., Ribeaud D., No evidence that normative substance use causes ADHD symptoms in adolescence, in Journal of Drug Issues.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Laboratorio de Estudios sobre Convivencia y Prevención de la Violencia, University of Cordoba Spain (Europe)
- Publication
Institute for Social Development, New York University Shanghai China (Asia)
- Publication
Social Contexts of Pathways in Crime (SCoPiC) Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR) Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Department of Psychology, Lakehead University Canada (North America)
- Publication
Integrierte Psychiatrie Winterthur-Zürcher Unterland Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University Sweden (Europe)
- Publication
Dept. of Sociology, University of Utrecht Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, University of Sao Paulo Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República del Uruguay Uruguay (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Violence Research Centre at the Institute of Criminology of the University of Cambridge Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Social-emotional Development & Intervention Lab, Dep. of Psychology, Univ. of Toronto Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology Talk given at a conference Longitudinal and Contemporaneous Risk Factors of Dating Violence Perpetration Differences and Similarities between Genders 16.11.2016 New Orleans, United States of America Ribeaud Denis;
European Society of Criminology Conference 2016 Talk given at a conference Longitudinal and Contemporaneous Risk Factors of Dating Violence Perpetration Differences and Similarities between Genders 22.09.2016 Münster, Germany Ribeaud Denis;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
33. Forschungslunch des Amts für Jugend und Berufsberatung des Kantons Zürich Talk 08.12.2016 Zürich, Amt für Jugend und Berufsberatung des Kantons Zürich, Switzerland Averdijk Margit; Ribeaud Denis;
Fachtagung «Gewaltige Liebe» Talk 05.11.2016 Zürich, Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich, Switzerland Ribeaud Denis; Averdijk Margit;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Der Einfluss der Lehrer-Schüler-Beziehung auf das Problemverhalten diverse (vgl. Medienspiegel) International German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
170409 The Zurich Project on the Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood: Phase V 01.01.2017 Research Infrastructure
198052 The Zurich Project on the Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood: Phase VI 01.01.2021 Research Infrastructure
132124 The Zurich Study on the Social Development of Children and Youth: Phase III 01.12.2010 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths (z-proso) is a long-term study on the development of about 1’400 children who entered year 1 of primary school in 2004. It combines two early universal evidence-based preventive interventions - the parent training program Triple P and the school-based social-skills program PATHS - delivered in years 1 and 2 of primary school within a longitudinal study design. During phases I through III (i.e., years 2004-2013) of the project six main waves of data collection have been conducted at ages 7, 8, 9, 11, 13 and 15. Each wave comprised teacher assessments and extensive child interviews. The first four waves also included parent interviews. Across the waves the participation rates fluctuated around 80%. At the ongoing assessment (at age 15) the participation rate will likely be 85% of the original target sample (based on registrations as of March 28, 2013).z-proso allows for the long-term assessment of intervention outcomes. It also provides a unique contribution to developmental research on crime and aggression as it 1) distinctly focuses on aggressive behavior; 2) includes detailed repeated measures of violent victimization; 3) comprises serial data on critical life-events from birth to age 15; and 4) includes variables such as the salience of aggressive ideations, aggressive judgment and decision making, or moral neutralization that have rarely been assessed in previous longitudinal research. To date, research based on z-proso has led to almost 40 publications, including two monographs, 26 papers in peer-reviewed journals, and three governmental reports. The academic output has been produced by an international and interdisciplinary team of researchers, which includes contributions from senior scholars from across the world.The present proposal for the years 2013-16 includes 1) a new wave of data collection at age 17 and 2) a program for innovative empirical analyses. Ad 1): The collection of a new wave of data at age 17 would continue the rhythm of bi-annual waves of data collection since age 7. It would enable us to monitor the development of the cohort through a key transition period into late adolescence, which includes moves from compulsory school to work, apprenticeship or continuation on a secondary education track. It is also (near) the peak age for many types of problem behaviors including a wide range of offenses and substance use. Ad 2): The analytic program is organized around an ecological conceptual framework that distinguishes proximal situational and psychological mechanisms involved in the exercise of violence, distal mechanisms such as exogenous life events and characteristics of the immediate family, peer and school environment, as well as broader background characteristics such as socio-economic background or neighborhood characteristics. Data analysis will be embedded in this conceptual framework to explain stability and change in aggressive and antisocial behavior over the life-course. However, research is also expected to reflect the interests of the specific research collaborators. Organisationally, the project would continue as a collaborative endeavour between the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ) and the University of Cambridge. Dr Denis Ribeaud at the Chair of Sociology of the ETHZ will have oversight over the data collection, the data management and the team of researchers working in Switzerland. Prof Manuel Eisner, director of the newly founded Violence Research Centre at the Institute of Criminology of the University of Cambridge, will be responsible for the overall strategic orientation and international collaboration (see Annex1_ProjectStructure for more details).
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