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Vision to visualization: Improving computational and human performance with highly realistic three-dimensional geographic visualizations by means of biomimicry (VISDOM)

English title Vision to visualization: Improving computational and human performance with highly realistic three-dimensional geographic visualizations by means of biomimicry (VISDOM)
Applicant Çöltekin Arzu
Number 149670
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Information Technology
Start/End 01.09.2014 - 31.08.2019
Approved amount 223'946.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Information Technology
Other disciplines of Earth Sciences
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Psychology

Keywords (5)

3D visualization; Geovisualization displays; Vision science; User experiments; Virtual Reality

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Dieses dreijährige Projekt untersucht Nutzen und Benutzbarkeit von realistischen dreidimensionalen (3D) Darstellungen und virtueller / erweiterter Realität (VR/AR) im Rahmen der “Digital Earth” Idee. 3D Darstellung sind attraktiv und in einigen Anwendungsgebieten auch notwendig. Das Mass an Realismus, das mit 3D Darstellungen erzeugt werden kann, führt zu einem Gefühl des Eintauchens in die virtuelle Umgebung. Dies ist zum Beispiel nützlich, wenn es darum geht, Orte (z.B. Mars) oder Zeiten (z.B. das antike Rom) erfahrbar zu machen, die wir nicht einfach besuchen können. Die dritte Dimension kann aber auch genutzt werden, um zusätzliche (komplexe geographische) Information darzustellen. 3D Darstellung sind aber auch problematisch, da sie mehr Anforderungen an Rechenaufwand und Datenübertragung stellen (fuer Mensch und Computer).
Lay summary

In diesem Projekt werden wir Aspekte der Komplexität (zu viel Information) und Ambiguität (Illusionen), und (kognitive/computationale) Leistungsaspekte von 3D Visualisierungen betrachten. Des weiteren beleuchten wir Ermüdung und Unwohlsein im Umgang mit Stereo-3D Bildschirmen. Ein wesentliches Ziel dieses Projekts ist besser zu verstehen, ob und wann 3D Darstellungen überhaupt sinnvoll sind in der Lösung von komplexen geographischen Aufgaben. Realistische 3D Visualisierungen vermitteln ein Gefühl des ‘Da-seins’ und werden, unter anderem im Rahmen von ‘Digital Earth’, oft als die Zukunft der Informationsdarstellung angenommen. Allerdings stehen 3D Darstellungen auch in der Kritik, vor allem in der Wahrnehmungs- und Kognitionsforschung. Studien haben gezeigt, dass Menschen bei vielen Aufgaben langsamer sind und mehr Fehler machen mit 3D Darstellungen im Vergleich zu abstrakteren zweidimensionalen Darstellungen. Innerhalb dieses Projekts werden wir ermitteln, fuer welche Arten von Aufgaben 3D Realismus hilfreich ist und fuer welche er eher hinderlich ist. Ein weiteres Ziel des Projekts ist es die Benutzbarkeit von komplexen Visualisierungen zu verbessern. Dazu werden wir Erkenntnisse und Prinzipien der Wahrnehmungsforschung heranziehen und die relevanten Eigenschaften des menschlichen visuellen Systems mathematisch modellieren. Insbesondere werden wir die drei Probleme Komplexität, Ambiguität und Leistungsvermögen betrachten und, soweit möglich, algorithmisch beschreiben. Am Ende sollen ahrnehmungsoptimierte Visualisierungen stehen. Diese werden mit Hilfe experimenteller Methoden (d.h. Studien mit menschlichen Versuchsteilnehmern) getestet, um.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.08.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Fixing an illusion – an empirical assessment of correction methods for the terrain reversal effect in satellite images
Hartung Gianna, Çöltekin Arzu (2019), Fixing an illusion – an empirical assessment of correction methods for the terrain reversal effect in satellite images, in International Journal of Digital Earth, 1-16.
Deconstructing the relief inversion effect: Contributors of the problem and its solutions
Çöltekin Arzu, Hartung Gianna, Meyer Martina (2019), Deconstructing the relief inversion effect: Contributors of the problem and its solutions, in Abstracts of the ICA, 1, 1-2, Copernicus, Tokyo 1, 1-2.
Age differences in attention and memory in a virtual reality route learning task.
LokkaIsmini-Eleni (2019), Age differences in attention and memory in a virtual reality route learning task., in Aging & Cognition 2019, ZurichEUCAS, Zurich.
Perspective switch and spatial knowledge acquisition: effects of age, mental rotation ability and visuospatial memory capacity on route learning in virtual environments with different levels of realism
Lokka Ismini E., Çöltekin Arzu (2019), Perspective switch and spatial knowledge acquisition: effects of age, mental rotation ability and visuospatial memory capacity on route learning in virtual environments with different levels of realism, in Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 1-14.
Where are we now? Re-visiting the Digital Earth through human-centered virtual and augmented reality geovisualization environments
Çöltekin Arzu, Oprean Danielle, Wallgrün Jan Oliver, Klippel Alexander (2019), Where are we now? Re-visiting the Digital Earth through human-centered virtual and augmented reality geovisualization environments, in International Journal of Digital Earth, 12(2), 119-122.
EVALUATING ROUTE LEARNING PERFORMANCE OF OLDER AND YOUNGER ADULTS IN DIFFERENTLY-DESIGNED VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS: A TASK-DIFFERENTIAL ANALYSIS
Lokka I. E., Çöltekin A. (2018), EVALUATING ROUTE LEARNING PERFORMANCE OF OLDER AND YOUNGER ADULTS IN DIFFERENTLY-DESIGNED VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS: A TASK-DIFFERENTIAL ANALYSIS, in ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, Delft, The Netherlands XLII-4, 383-387, ISPRS Archives, Leibniz Universität Hannover XLII-4, 383-387.
LANDFORM PERCEPTION ACCURACY IN SHADED RELIEF MAPS: A REPLICATION STUDY CONFIRMS THAT NNW LIGHTING IS BETTER THAN NW AGAINST THE RELIEF INVERSION EFFECT
Çöltekin A., Rautenbach V., Coetzee S., Mokwena T. (2018), LANDFORM PERCEPTION ACCURACY IN SHADED RELIEF MAPS: A REPLICATION STUDY CONFIRMS THAT NNW LIGHTING IS BETTER THAN NW AGAINST THE RELIEF INVERSION EFFECT, in ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, Delft, The Netherlands XLII-4, 101-106, ISPRS Archives, Leibniz Universität Hannover XLII-4, 101-106.
LANDFORM PERCEPTION ACCURACY IN SHADED RELIEF MAPS: A REPLICATION STUDY CONFIRMS THAT NNW LIGHTING IS BETTER THAN NW AGAINST THE RELIEF INVERSION EFFECT
Çöltekin A., Rautenbach V., Coetzee S., Mokwena T. (2018), LANDFORM PERCEPTION ACCURACY IN SHADED RELIEF MAPS: A REPLICATION STUDY CONFIRMS THAT NNW LIGHTING IS BETTER THAN NW AGAINST THE RELIEF INVERSION EFFECT, in ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, XLII-4, 101-106.
Do age differences affect performance in 2D sketching based on a first-person perspective (3D) route learning task in differently-designed virtual environments?
Lokka Ismini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2018), Do age differences affect performance in 2D sketching based on a first-person perspective (3D) route learning task in differently-designed virtual environments?, in Spatial Cognition 2018, TuebingenUniversity of Tuebingen, Tuebingen.
Virtual environments designed to improve route-learning performance: A focus on age and visuospatial abilities
LokkaIsmini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2018), Virtual environments designed to improve route-learning performance: A focus on age and visuospatial abilities, International Cartographic Association, ICA Commissions Joint Workshop Altases, Cognition, Usability, Olomouc.
Remote Sensing and Cognition: Human Factors in Image Interpretation
WhiteRaechel, ÇöltekinArzu, Hoffman Robert (2018), Remote Sensing and Cognition: Human Factors in Image Interpretation, CRC Press / Tyler & Francis Group, Boca Raton.
The effects of visual realism, spatial abilities, and competition on performance in map-based route learning in men
Çöltekin Arzu, Francelet Rebecca, Richter Kai-Florian, Thoresen John, Fabrikant Sara Irina (2018), The effects of visual realism, spatial abilities, and competition on performance in map-based route learning in men, in Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 45(4), 339-353.
A virtual reality experiment for improving the navigational recall: What can we learn from eye movements of high- and low-performing individuals
Lokka Ismini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2018), A virtual reality experiment for improving the navigational recall: What can we learn from eye movements of high- and low-performing individuals, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Eye Tracking for Spatial Research, ZurichETH, Zurich.
Remembering what we see: Designing virtual environments to improve visuo-spatial recall for navigation tasks
Lokka Ismini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2017), Remembering what we see: Designing virtual environments to improve visuo-spatial recall for navigation tasks, in 28th International Cartographic Conference, Washington DCInternational Cartographic Association, Washington DC.
User Studies in Cartography: A Collaborative Research Agenda
Roth Robert E., Çöltekin Arzu, Delazari Luciene, Filho Homero Fonseca, Griffin Amy, Hall Andreas, Korpi Jari, Lokka Ismini, Mendonça André, Ooms Kristien, van Elzakker Corné P.J.M. (2017), User Studies in Cartography: A Collaborative Research Agenda, in International Journal of Cartography, Washington DC 3(sup1), 61-89, International Cartographic Association, Washington DC 3(sup1), 61-89.
Navigational learning in virtual environments that are designed to improve memory– Individual and group differences based on spatial abilities and age.
Lokka Ismini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2017), Navigational learning in virtual environments that are designed to improve memory– Individual and group differences based on spatial abilities and age., in Workshop on Urban Wayfinding & the Brain, LondonUCL, London.
Designing memorable 3D geovisualizations for the elderly
Lokka Ismini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2017), Designing memorable 3D geovisualizations for the elderly, in 4th International Conference Aging & Cognition 2017, ZurichInternational Conference Aging & Cognition, Zurich.
Virtual environments as memory training devices for navigational tasks as we age: A design perspective
Lokka Ismini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2017), Virtual environments as memory training devices for navigational tasks as we age: A design perspective, in Second International Workshop on Models and Representations in Spatial Cognition, TuebingenUniversity of Tuebingen, Tuebingen.
Not all anxious individuals get lost: Trait anxiety and mental rotation ability interact to explain performance in map-based route learning in men
Thoresen John C., Francelet Rebecca, Coltekin Arzu, Richter Kai-Florian, Fabrikant Sara I., Sandi Carmen (2016), Not all anxious individuals get lost: Trait anxiety and mental rotation ability interact to explain performance in map-based route learning in men, in Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 132, 1-8.
ON THE USABILITY AND USEFULNESS OF 3D (GEO)VISUALIZATIONS – A FOCUS ON VIRTUAL REALITY ENVIRONMENTS
Çöltekin A., Lokka I., Zahner M. (2016), ON THE USABILITY AND USEFULNESS OF 3D (GEO)VISUALIZATIONS – A FOCUS ON VIRTUAL REALITY ENVIRONMENTS, in ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, XLI-B2, 387-392, ISPRS Archives, Leibniz Universität Hannover XLI-B2, 387-392.
SIMULATING NAVIGATION WITH VIRTUAL 3D GEOVISUALIZATIONS – A FOCUS ON MEMORY RELATED FACTORS
Lokka I., Çöltekin A. (2016), SIMULATING NAVIGATION WITH VIRTUAL 3D GEOVISUALIZATIONS – A FOCUS ON MEMORY RELATED FACTORS, in ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, XLI-B2, 671-673, ISPRS Archives, Leibniz Universität Hannover XLI-B2, 671-673.
Impact of level of detail in realistic 3D geographic visualizations on memory: An empirical study with a focus on aging population using eye tracking
LokkaIsmini-Eleni, ÇöltekinArzu (2016), Impact of level of detail in realistic 3D geographic visualizations on memory: An empirical study with a focus on aging population using eye tracking, Eye Tracking – Experimental Design, Implementation, and Analysis, ETH Winter School, Monte Verita.
Applications of 3D City Models: State of the Art Review
Biljecki Filip, Stoter Jantien, Ledoux Hugo, Zlatanova Sisi, Çöltekin Arzu (2015), Applications of 3D City Models: State of the Art Review, in ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4(4), 2842-2889.
A testbed combining visual perception models for geographic gaze contingent displays
BektasKenan, ÇöltekinArzu, KruegerJens, DuchowskiAndrew (2015), A testbed combining visual perception models for geographic gaze contingent displays, in Eurographics Conference on Visualization (EuroVis) - Short Papers, Cagiliari, ItalyThe Eurographics Association , Hannover.
The Utilization of Publicly Available Map Types by Non-Experts–A Choice Experiment
Çöltekin Arzu, LokkaIsmini-Eleni, BoerAliz (2015), The Utilization of Publicly Available Map Types by Non-Experts–A Choice Experiment, in In: 27th International Cartographic Conference 16th General Assembly, Rio de Janeiro, BrazilInternational Cartographic Association, Rio de Janeiro.
Geospatial Information Visualization and Extended Reality Displays
Çöltekin Arzu, Griffin Amy L., Slingsby Aidan, Robinson Anthony C., Christophe Sidonie, Rautenbach Victoria, Chen Min, Pettit Christopher J., Klippel Alexander, Geospatial Information Visualization and Extended Reality Displays, in Guo Huadong, Goodchild Michael F., Annoni Alessandro (ed.), Springer, eBook, 1-27.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Department of Pyschology, Bournemouth University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dynamics of Healthy Ageing (UZH URPP) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
School of Computing, Clemson University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Department of Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Department of Astronomy, Harvard University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
World Usability Day Individual talk Future of Information Displays: Aging and Technology 14.09.2019 Zurich, Switzerland Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
Abstraction, Scale and Perception, International Cartographic Association Joint Commission Workshop Talk given at a conference What contributes to the complexity of visuospatial displays? 15.07.2019 Tokyo, Japan Çöltekin Arzu;
User Experience Design for Mobile Cartography: Setting the Agenda, International Cartographic Association Joint Commission Workshop Talk given at a conference What is spatial computing? 3D User interfaces, human factors and augmented-and-mixed reality as maps. 11.07.2019 Beijing, China Çöltekin Arzu;
Keynote at the DigitAS workshop, Innsbruck, Austria Individual talk Mixed Reality in Society: The Future of Information Displays, and their Implications for Varying User Groups 17.05.2019 Innsbruck, Austria Çöltekin Arzu;
Aging & Cognition 2019 Talk given at a conference Age differences in attention and memory in a virtual reality route learning task. 24.04.2019 Zurich, Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Invited talk at the Harvard University, Dept. of Astronomy Individual talk 10QViz: Evidence-based visual Literacy 27.11.2018 Cambridge, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu;
Invited talk at the MIT CSAIL & Perceptual Science group Individual talk Visual Complexity: Visual clutter, information overload and what we can remember 16.11.2018 Cambridge, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu;
Northeastern University, Visualization Consortium (NUVis) Individual talk Visualizing geo/spatial phenomena: A spatial cognition perspective 15.11.2018 Boston, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu;
Inivited talk at the PennState Individual talk Thinking about visuospatial information displays - Perceptual and cognitive considerations 12.11.2018 State College, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu;
Invited talk at the Yi-Fu Lecture Series Individual talk Elements of Visual Complexity in Geospatial Information Displays 09.11.2018 Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu;
Invited talk at the Visual Attention Lab, Harvard University Individual talk Vision inspired (geo)visualization 08.11.2018 Cambridge, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu;
ISPRS - Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences Midterm Symposia Talk given at a conference Evaluating route learning performance of older and younger adults in differently-designed virtual environments: A task-differential analysis. 01.10.2018 Delft, Netherlands Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
Spatial Cognition 2018 Poster Do age differences affect performance in 2D sketching based on a first-person perspective (3D) route learning task in differently-designed virtual environments? 05.09.2018 Tuebingen, Germany Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
Invited talk at University of Bochum & German Cartographic Association (DfKG) Individual talk Empirical experimentation in (geo)visualization: Examples, challenges, state of the art 25.06.2018 Bochum, Germany Çöltekin Arzu;
ICA Commissions Joint Workshop Altases, Cognition, Usability Talk given at a conference Virtual environments designed to improve route-learning performance: A focus on age and visuospatial abilities 27.04.2018 Olomouc, Czech Republic Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Invited talk at the Newcastle University Individual talk Dimensions of visuospatial complexity 16.03.2018 Newcastle, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Çöltekin Arzu;
Invited talk at the University of St. Gallen Individual talk Visuospatial complexity of human-computer interaction and scientific visualization as we age 15.02.2018 St. Gallen, Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu;
3rd International Workshop on Eye Tracking for Spatial Research Talk given at a conference A virtual reality experiment for improving the navigational recall: What can we learn from eye movements of high- and low-performing individuals 14.01.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
28th International Cartographic Conference (ICC2017) Talk given at a conference Remembering what we see: Designing virtual environments to improve visuo-spatial recall for navigation tasks 02.07.2017 Washington DC, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
27th International Cartographic Conference (ICC2017) Talk given at a conference User Studies in Cartography: A Collaborative Research Agenda 02.07.2017 Washington DC, United States of America Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Workshop on Urban Wayfinding & the Brain Poster Navigational learning in virtual environments that are designed to improve memory– Individual and group differences based on spatial abilities and age 14.06.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
4th International Conference Aging & Cognition 2017 Poster Designing memorable 3D geovisualizations for the elderly 20.04.2017 Zurich, Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Second International Workshop on Models and Representations in Spatial Cognition Poster Virtual environments as memory training devices for navigational tasks as we age: A design perspective 06.04.2017 Tuebingen, Germany Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
ISPRS 2016 Talk given at a conference Simulating navigation with virtual 3D geovisualizations–A focus on memory related factors 12.07.2016 Prague, Czech Republic Lokka Ismini-Eleni; Çöltekin Arzu;
ISPRS 2016 Talk given at a conference On the usability and usefulness of 3D (geo)visualizations—A focus on virtual reality environments 12.07.2016 Prague, Czech Republic Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Invited talk at the FHNW Computer Science Individual talk Visual information processing and visualizing big data 15.06.2016 Brugg, Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu;
Eye Tracking – Experimental Design, Implementation, and Analysis, ETH Winter School Talk given at a conference Impact of level of detail in realistic 3D geographic visualizations on memory: An empirical study with a focus on aging population using eye tracking 17.01.2016 Monte Verita, Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Invited lecture Individual talk What do we know about 3D visualizations? 27.11.2015 Brno, Czech Republic Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
ICC 2015 Talk given at a conference The Utilization of Publicly Available Map Types by Non-Experts–A Choice Experiment 23.08.2015 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Çöltekin Arzu; Lokka Ismini-Eleni;
Invited talk at the City University Individual talk Understanding visual complexity from information processing and human-factors perspectives 17.06.2015 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Çöltekin Arzu;
Applying Principles of Cognitive Psychology in Practice 2015 (APCPP 2015) Individual talk Map complexity and its remedies 22.05.2015 Brno, Czech Republic Çöltekin Arzu;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
ISPRS Working Group Technical Sessions (2x) 01.10.2018 Delft, Netherlands
Reproducibility in Cartography 27.04.2018 Olomuc, Czech Republic
ISPRS Working Group Technical Sessions (4x) 12.07.2016 Prague, Czech Republic

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
ETIZ: Eye tracking interest group Zurich Workshop 26.03.2019 Zurich , Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu;
GeoBeer Switzerland Talk 05.11.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Çöltekin Arzu;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Tag der Informatik German-speaking Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Ten Questions to Ask when Creating a Visualization Online blog International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media How Mapmakers Make Mountains Rise Off the Page National Geographic International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Senioren Uni German-speaking Switzerland 2015

Awards

Title Year
Spatial Cognition 2018, 3rd best poster award (voted by the participants) 2018
EuroVis 2015 Best Short paper award 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
173924 Synergies between Astronomy and Geography from a Scientific Visualization Perspective 01.03.2017 International short research visits
132805 Development and Implementation of Geofoveation (GeoF II) 01.01.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)
119819 Geographic relevance in mobile applications 01.01.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)
120434 Development and Implementation of Geofoveation (GeoF) 01.01.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)
137647 Geographic relevance in mobile applications (GeoRel II) 01.01.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

This is a three year project which focuses on the user experiences with highly realistic three-dimensional (3D) representations and virtual/augmented reality within the Digital Earth framework. 3D representations are visually attractive as well as necessary in many tasks. The realism that comes with 3D provides immersion and sense-of-presence, which are useful for experiencing places we cannot easily visit (e.g. Mars) or times we can no longer go back (e.g. historical Rome). The third dimension can also provide additional display space to represent complex geographic information. But 3D is also troubling as it requires more computational resources and bandwidth from information processors (that is, both machines and humans). In this project, we address complexity (too much information), ambiguity (illusions) and performance problems tied with 3D visualizations, as well as fatigue/discomfort issues with stereo-3D displays.
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