Project

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Adoption of Sustainable Agroforestry in Bolivia: An Agroecological Exploration of Natural Resource Governance

English title Adoption of Sustainable Agroforestry in Bolivia: An Agroecological Exploration of Natural Resource Governance
Applicant Jacobi Johanna
Number 148876
Funding scheme Early Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution Dept. of Environmental Science, Policy and Management University of California, Berkeley
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.01.2014 - 30.06.2015
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Social geography and ecology
Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Environmental Research

Keywords (5)

Agroforestry systems; Institutional Analysis; Agroecology; Bolivia; Governance

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Laboratory of Agroecology an der University of California, Berkeley wurde von Prof. Miguel Altieri aufgebaut, der einer der wichtigsten wissenschaftlichen Akteure im Forschungsfeld der Agrarökologie ist und das Projekt betreut.
Lay summary

Agroforstsysteme (Landwirtschaft kombiniert mit Bäumen) bieten eine nachhaltige Alternative zum Anbau in Monokulturen, besonders in tropischen Agrarökosystemen. Sie tragen zur Verbesserung der Böden bei, produzieren eine Vielzahl von Produkten und helfen, die Biodiversität zu erhalten. In Bolivien beispielsweise werden Agroforstsysteme in manchen Regionen angewendet, jedoch längst nicht überall wo dies sinnvoll wäre. Das Ziel dieses Projektes ist, zu analysieren wie Agrofortswirtschaft durch den sozio-ökonomischen Kontext gefördert oder behindert wird, und wie Gemeinden und Organisationen diese Form der nachhaltigen Landwirtschaft besser fördern können. Der wissenschaftliche Ansatz des Projektes ist eine Kombination aus dem Ansatz der Agrarökologie (ökologische Aspekte) und der Gouvernanz (sozio-ökonomische Aspekte). Das Projekt wird neben dem politischen Umfeld speziell die zivilgesellschaftlichen Organisationen untersuchen, da diese wichtige Akteure in der Gouvernanz natürlicher Ressourcen sind.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 29.05.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
¿Locales, externos o integrados? Agroforestería en Bolivia: conocimientos antiguos y nuevos
Jacobi Johanna (2016), ¿Locales, externos o integrados? Agroforestería en Bolivia: conocimientos antiguos y nuevos, ETC Andes, Lima.
Agroforestry in Bolivia: opportunities and challenges in the context of food security and food sovereignty
Jacobi Johanna (2016), Agroforestry in Bolivia: opportunities and challenges in the context of food security and food sovereignty, in Environmental Conservation, Online first, 1-10.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management University of California, Berkeley United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
IV Congreso Nacional de Sistemas Agroforestales en Bolivia “Sistemas Agroforestales – organismos Vivos, Productivos y Resilientes al Cambio Climático” Talk given at a conference Factores socioeconómicos e institucionales influyendo en la adopción de la agroforestería en Bolivia. 10.08.2015 Cochabamba, Bolivia Jacobi Johanna;
Resilience of Tropical Ecosystems: Future Challenges and Opportunities Talk given at a conference Combining indigenous and scientific knowledge for resilience building: learning from Bolivian agroforestry initiatives 09.04.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Jacobi Johanna;
Resilience of Tropical Ecosystems: Future Challenges and Opportunities Poster Successional agroforestry systems in Bolivia: challenges and opportunities in a context of limate change 07.04.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Jacobi Johanna;
ICRAF/CIFOR Individual talk Presentation of the research study and preliminary results 13.03.2015 Lima, Peru Jacobi Johanna;


Abstract

In Bolivia sustainable land use is an important concern because of degrading soils, declining biodiversity, and climate change threatening the natural resources upon which populations depend. Agroforestry systems offer options for sustainable land use by combining the management of trees with crops and/or livestock; they accommodate positive trade-offs between diversified and profitable livelihoods, soil restoration, and the maintenance of biological as well as cognitive diversity. However, these systems are widely adopted only in some regions of Bolivia, whereas monoculture crops are common in most regions. The objective of this project is to analyze how agroforestry is either enhanced or hindered and how its adoption can be supported more effectively at the community and institutional level, using a combined agroecology and sustainable governance approach. A special focus of the proposed project will be on civil society organizations as important actors in governance of natural resources. Agroforestry systems in two regions with a high rate of adoption and one region with a low rate of adoption will be assessed from an agroecological point of view and using the theoretical framework of sustainable governance. This will enable highlighting of the links between the biophysical, socio-economic and institutional aspects of agroforestry systems and accounting for the rules and norms governing decision-making among different stakeholders regarding natural resource management. Methods will include interviews with farmers, civil society organizations and local politicians, transect walks on agroforestry plots, and participant observation in organizations. The project will be supervised by Prof Miguel Altieri, a leading scientist in agroecology with a long experience in research on small farmers’ organizations in Latin America. Through the collaboration between Bolivian, US, and Swiss-based organizations the project will contribute to a better understanding of how the networking between different actors at the community level can be improved with a view to enhancing agroforestry. The results of successful governance patterns leading to a high adoption of agroforestry in Bolivia may be scaled up to other regions with similar environmental and socio-economic conditions. The added value for the scientific community will be obtained through the innovative connection of an agroecological and a sustainable governance approach, and the development of analytical tools for the assessment of the human-ecological interface.
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