biodiversity; community ecology; ecological genetics; ecosystem processes; population biology; population biology; ecosystem processes; ecological genetics; community ecology; biodiversity
Hemp Andreas, Zimmermann Reiner, Remmele Sabine, Pommer Ulf, Berauer Bernd, Hemp Claudia, Fischer Markus (2017), Africa's highest mountain harbours Africa's tallest trees, in BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
, 26(1), 103-113.
Rutten Gemma, Prati Daniel, Hemp Andreas, Fischer Markus (2016), Plant-soil feedback in East-African savanna trees, in ECOLOGY
, 97(2), 294-301.
Peters Marcell K., Hemp Andreas, Appelhans Tim, Behler Christina, Classen Alice, Detsch Florian, Ensslin Andreas, Ferger Stefan W., Frederiksen Sara B., Gebert Friederike, Haas Michael, Helbig-Bonitz Maria, Hemp Claudia, Kindeketa William J., Mwangomo Ephraim, Ngereza Christine, Otte Insa, Roeder Juliane, Rutten Gemma, Costa David Schellenberger, Tardanico Joseph, Zancolli Giulia, Deckert Juergen, Eardley Connal D., Peters Ralph S. (2016), Predictors of elevational biodiversity gradients change from single taxa to the multi-taxa community level, in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
, 7, 13736.
Ensslin Andreas, Rutten Gemma, Pommer Ulf, Zimmermann Reiner, Hemp Andreas, Fischer Markus (2015), Effects of elevation and land use on the biomass of trees, shrubs and herbs at Mount Kilimanjaro, in ECOSPHERE
, 6(3), 45.
Rutten Gemma, Ensslin Andreas, Hemp Andreas, Fischer Markus (2015), Forest structure and composition of previously selectively logged and non-logged montane forests at Mt. Kilimanjaro, in FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
, 337, 61-66.
Fischer Rico, Ensslin Andreas, Rutten Gemma, Fischer Markus, Costa David Schellenberger, Kleyer Michael, Hemp Andreas, Paulick Sebastian, Huth Andreas (2015), Simulating Carbon Stocks and Fluxes of an African Tropical Montane Forest with an Individual-Based Forest Model, in PLOS ONE
, 10(4), e0123300.
Fischer Rico, Ensslin Andreas, Rutten Gemma, Fischer Markus, Schellenberger Costa David, Kleyer Michael, Hemp Andreas, Paulick Sebastian, Huth Andreas (2015), Simulating carbon stocks and fluxes of an African tropical montane forest with an individual-based forest model., in PloS one
, 10(4), 0123300-0123300.
Ensslin Andreas, Fischer Markus (2015), Variation in life-history traits and their plasticities to elevational transplantation among seed families suggests potential for adaptative evolution of 15 tropical plant species to climate change., in American journal of botany
, 102(8), 1371-9.
Rutten Gemma, Ensslin Andreas, Hemp Andreas, Fischer Markus (2015), Vertical and Horizontal Vegetation Structure across Natural and Modified Habitat Types at Mount Kilimanjaro, in PLOS ONE
, 10(9), e0138822.
Rutten Gemma, Ensslin Andreas, Hemp Andreas, Fischer Markus (2015), Vertical and Horizontal Vegetation Structure across Natural and Modified Habitat Types at Mount Kilimanjaro., in PloS one
, 10(9), 0138822-0138822.
Plant diversity and biomass constitute the matrix for the diversity of all other organisms. We address plant biodiversity and performance along altitudinal and land use gradients at genetic, population, community and landscape levels. We record vegetation types surrounding the 60 common study plots and inquire plot histories. We will repeatedly record all plant species present on the 60 plots to address phylogenetic, functional and ethnobotanical community composition and dynamics. In addition, we will study plant species turnover by revisiting sites of >120 existing vegetation records. For all 60 plots, we will record lichen species once, and complete estimates of horizontal and vertical community structure, production and biomass, combining direct measurements with airborne LIDAR data and allometric approaches. To analyse soil-mediated frequency dependence, species responses to different altitudes/climates, and local adaptation within species, we will perform plant-soil feedback experiments, as well as common garden, reciprocal-transplant, and controlled pollination experiments. We closely collaborate with all other subprojects and the National Herbarium of Tanzania in Arusha. We provide important guidance and baseline data for all other subprojects. Moreover, we provide relationships of plant diversity with altitude, climate and disturbance, biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships, and estimates of resilience and adaptive potential of plants to global change.