catalysis; perovskite; band structure; interface; electrolyzer; fuel cell
Binninger Tobias, Fabbri Emiliana, Alexandra Patru, Garganourakis Marios, Han Jun, Abbott Daniel F., Sereda Olha, Kötz Rüdiger, Menzel Andreas, Nachtegaal Maarten, Schmidt Thomas J. (2016), Electrochemical Flow-Cell Setup for In Situ X-ray Investigations I. Cell for SAXS and XAS at Synchrotron Facilities, in Journal of The Electrochemical Society
, 163 (10), H906.
Mohamed Rhiyaad, Cheng Xi, Fabbri Emiliana, Levecque Pieter, Kötz Rüdiger, Conrad Olaf, Schmidt Thomas J., Schmidt Thomas J. (2015), Electrocatalysis of perovskites: The influence of carbon on the oxygen evolution activity, in Journal of the Electrochemical Society
, 162(6), F579-F586.
Meseck Georg R., Fabbri Emiliana, Schmidt Thomas J., Seeger Stefan (2015), Silicone Nanofilament Supported Nickel Oxide: A New Concept for Oxygen Evolution Catalysts in Water Electrolyzers, in ADVANCED MATERIALS INTERFACES
, 2(12), 1500216.
Fabbri Emiliana, Cheng Xi, Nachtegaal Marteen, Schmidt Thomas J. (2015), Superior Bifunctional Electrocatalytic Activity of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-/Carbon, in Advanced Energy Materials
, 5, 1402033.
Binninger Tobias, Mohamed Rhiyaad, Waltar Kay, Fabbri Emiliana, Levecque Pieter, Kötz Rüdiger, Schmidt Thomas J., Schmidt Thomas J. (2015), Thermodynamic explanation of the universal correlation between oxygen evolution activity and corrosion of oxide catalysts, in Scientific Reports
, 5, 12167.
Emiliana Fabbri, Rhiyaad Mohamed, Pieter Levecque, Olaf Conrad, Rudiger Kotz, Thomas J. Schmidt (2014), Composite Electrode Boosts the Activity of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3‑δ Perovskite and Carbon toward Oxygen Reduction in Alkaline Media, in ACS Catalalysis
, 4, 1061.
E. Fabbri, A. Habereder, K. Waltar, R. Kötz, T. J. Schmidt (2014), Developments and perspectives of oxide-based catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction, in Catalalysis Science and Technology
, 4, 3800.
Fabbri Emiliana, Cheng Xi, Schmidt Thomas J., Schmidt Thomas J. (2014), Highly active Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-σ Single material electrode towards the oxygen evolution reaction for alkaline water splitting applications, in ECS Transactions
, 69(17), 869-875.
Fabbri Emiliana, Magraso Anna, Pergolesi Daniele (2014), Low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells based on proton-conducting electrolytes, in MRS BULLETIN
, 39(9), 792-797.
E. Fabbri, R. Mohamed, P. Levecque, O. Conrad, R. Kötz, T. J. Schmidt (2014), Unraveling the Oxygen Reduction Reaction Mechanism and Activity of d-Band Perovskite Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Alkaline Fuel Cells, in ECS Transactions
, 64, 1081.
Herranz Juan, Durst Julien, Fabbri Emiliana, Patru Alexandra, Cheng Xi, Permyakova Anastasia, Schmidt Thomas J., Interfacial Effects on the Catalysis of the Hydrogen Evolution, Oxygen Evolution and CO2-Reduction Reactions for (co)Electrolyzer Development, in Nano Energy
Cheng Xi, Fabbri Emiliana, Nachtegaal Marteen, Castelli Ivano E., El Kazzi Mario, Haumont Raphael, Marzari Nicola, Schmidt Thomas J., The oxygen evolution reaction on La1-xSrxCoO3 perovskites: A combined experimental and theoretical study of their structural, electronic, and electrochemical properties, in Chemistry of Materials
Fuel cell and electrolyzers can represent a mid term solution to the present need for a sustainable energy economy. Particularly, after the decision to terminate in few years the operation of the nuclear power plants in Germany and in Switzerland, the development and commercialization of more efficient energy production and conversion systems has become a stringent requirement. Within this scenario, fuel cells and electrolyzers can be combined with renewable energy resources to build up a novel and sustainable energy economy based on power grids. Fuel cells are electrochemical devices converting chemical energy of reactants, such as H2 and O2, into electrical energy with high efficiency and low emissions. For these reasons they have attracted much attention as promising power sources for stationary and automotive applications. The need for H2 as fuel has raised more and more the interest in water electrolyzers, which can be considered fuel cells optimized for operating in reverse mode, i.e. consuming electricity to generate H2 and O2. One of the main drawbacks which hinders low temperature fuel cells and electrolyzers commercialization is the high costs of these devices. A considerable decrease in their costs can be achieved by developing non-noble metal electrocatalysts able to provide high catalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction and evolution reaction (fuel cell and electrolyzer mode, respectively). Recent publications have shown that perovskite oxides posses rather high catalytic activity both towards oxygen reduction and evolution reaction in alkaline media, and thus they can be potential catalyst candidates for low temperature alkaline fuel cells and electrolyzers. Furthermore, perovskites posses the particular feature that their electronic properties can be varied in a controlled fashion by substituting the cations in the ABO3 structure with different elements, allowing a wide range of composition to be explored. However, the published investigations mostly correlate the bulk electronic structure of the oxides with their catalytic activity. The present project aims to deeply investigate the factor governing the catalytic processes occurring at the surface of these perovskite catalysts. Particularly, we want to integrate electronic structure concepts and electrochemical interface properties into a model for the understanding of perovskite catalysis properties. Compared to state-of-the-art, the novelty of the present research project lies in the emphasis pointed towards the fundamental importance of disclosing basic properties at the electrochemical interface level. Indeed, what generally is not considered in most of the investigations concerning perovskites as catalyst materials in liquid media is that, being the ORR and OER solely a surface process, their catalytic activity is mostly governed by the electrochemical interface properties. While the importance of surface states and surface descriptors has been for the last thirty years a central concept in the development of superior metal electrocatalysts, the corresponding observation for perovskite catalysts operating in liquid media is to date practically absent. Particularly, analyzing the early and more recent literature on perovskite application as catalysts, a gap exists between the correlation of the bulk electronic properties and the electrocatalytic activity, which is indeed only directly correlated to surface properties. With the present project we aim to bridge this gap, understanding how the electronic band structure of the oxide influences the properties of the electrochemical interface created when the oxide is in contact with a liquid media and under an applied potential. The further step aims to identify the electrochemical interface properties which represent the main descriptors for the catalytic activity of this class of materials. This will lead not only to a significant contribution in the understanding of the factors that control selectivity and reaction rates at the surface of these materials, but it will also allow identifying the design principles able to tailor new functional materials.