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Revolution Reloaded? Political Culture and Social Tensions Among Eritrean Social Movement Organizations in Exile

English title Revolution Reloaded? Political Culture and Social Tensions in Eritrean Social Movement Organizations in exile
Applicant Bozzini David
Number 147791
Funding scheme Advanced Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution The Graduate Center The City University of New York
Disciplines Ethnology
Start/End 01.02.2014 - 31.01.2016
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Keywords (11)

Social Movement, Conflict, Norms, Diaspora, Eritrea, Political Culture, Authoritarianism, Emotions, Transnationalism, Social Media, Exile

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
“Revolution Reloaded?” Culture politique et tensions sociale entre les mouvements sociaux érythréens en exil.
Lay summary

Ce projet analyse les dynamiques sociales et culturelles de la résistance des exilés contre de nouvelles formes d'autoritarisme transnational. Il porte plus particulièrement sur les mouvements sociaux des Érythréens qui se sont constitués en 2010 et qui ont pour objectif de promouvoir un changement politique en Érythrée et dans les communautés de la diaspora. Cette recherche se positionne au carrefour de trois thèmes généraux en sciences sociales : il contribue à notre compréhension des mouvements sociaux, des processus politiques transnationaux et de la dynamique des conflits dans les diasporas.

Ces mouvements sociaux sont influencés par les menaces exercées par le régime transnational érythréen, mais également par les méfiances et les tensions sociales propres à ces mouvements. Compte tenu de cette situation tendue, le projet analyse les dynamiques socio-culturelles, normatives et affectives qui influencent les modalités d'organisation, les règles et les stratégies des mouvements sociaux érythréens. Ce projet cherche à comprendre comment ces mouvements tentent de contourner ces tensions. Il examine la manière dont leurs modi operandi et leurs stratégies constituent des innovations ou représentent une redéfinition de la culture politique érythréenne.

Ce projet contribue à l'analyse longitudinale des processus politiques transnationaux érythréens. Il permet de tracer des trajectoires de résistance contre l'autoritarisme en apportant de nouvelles perspectives sur des processus politiques contemporains qui n'ont pas encore été analysé. Cette recherche nous permet de comprendre la circulation et l'hybridation de différents modèles politiques et organisationnels et de dégager les éléments d'une culture politique durable qui façonnent les processus politiques depuis plusieurs décennies. Dans une perspective comparative, cette étude de cas offre l'occasion d'examiner en détail les modi operandi de plusieurs mouvements sociaux en exil ainsi que leurs impacts sur un régime autoritaire transnational.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.01.2014

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Revolution Reloaded? Political Culture and Social Tensions Among Eritrean Social Movement Organizations in Exile
Lay summary

This project addresses the social and cultural dynamics of exiles' resistance against new forms of transnational authoritarianism. It focuses on the social movement of Eritreans in exile which seeks to challenge the authoritarian regime in power in Eritrea and in diaspora communities across the globe. This research contributes to our understanding of social movements, transnational political processes and dynamics of conflicts in diasporas.

Eritrean social movement is considerably shaped by the constraints and the threats imposed by the transnational Eritrean authoritarian regime, by fears and distrust and by social tensions caused by ambivalent loyalties and moral dilemmas. Considering this tense situation, the project analyzes the socio-cultural, normative and emotional dynamics that preside over the organizing models, the rules and the elaboration of strategies in the Eritrean social movement. It asks how this movement attempts to bypass or undermine tensions and it examines how the modi operandi and strategies of the movement constitute innovations or represent a redefinition of the political culture and the repertoires of Eritrean politics of contention.

This project will contribute to the longitudinal analysis of Eritrean transnational political processes and the trajectory of resistance against authoritarianism by adding new data on contemporary politics of contention. It will allow us to understand the circulation and the hybridization of various political and organizational models as well as the elements of an enduring political culture that has shaped political processes across several decades and throughout competing ideologies and statehood projects. On a comparative level, this case study will offer an opportunity to examine the modi operandi of a high risk social movement and will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of exiles' political social movements and their impact on transnational authoritarianism.

 

 


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.01.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Name Institute

Publications

Publication
The Fines and the Spies: the Eritrean transnational dynamics of denunciation
Bozzini David (2015), The Fines and the Spies: the Eritrean transnational dynamics of denunciation, in Social Analysis, 59(4), 32-49.
Surveillance, répression et construction collective de l’insécurité en Érythrée.
David Bozzini (2014), Surveillance, répression et construction collective de l’insécurité en Érythrée., in Politique africaine, 135, 137-157.
The Catch 22 of Resistance: Jokes and the Political Imagination of Eritrean Conscripts.
David Bozzini (2014), The Catch 22 of Resistance: Jokes and the Political Imagination of Eritrean Conscripts., in Africa Today, 60(2), 38-64.
Les réfugiés érythréens discrédités dans la crise de l’asile en Europe?
David Bozzini (2016), Les réfugiés érythréens discrédités dans la crise de l’asile en Europe?, Stämpfli Verlag AG, Bern.
Gabriella Coleman on the ethnography of digital politics
David Bozzini (2015), Gabriella Coleman on the ethnography of digital politics, Focaal Blog, Utrecht.
review of Nation as Network. Diaspora, Cyberspace & Citizenship
David Bozzini (accepted), review of Nation as Network. Diaspora, Cyberspace & Citizenship, in POLAr, --.

Co-operation

Group / person Country
Fields of collaboration
NYU Law: Privacy Research Group United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Oxford Institute of Social Policy Department of Social Policy and Intervention Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of California Irvine United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
McGill University Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Grad Center CUNY: Politics and Protest Workshop United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place
American Anthropological Association Conference Talk given at a conference 19.11.2015 Denver, United States of America
Becoming Adult Workshop: Cultural conceptions of futures and wellbeing among young people subject to immigration control Talk given at a conference 09.06.2015 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Congrès de la Société Suisse de Sociologie Talk given at a conference 03.06.2015 Lausanne, Switzerland
American Ethnological Society Conference Talk given at a conference 12.03.2015 San Diego, United States of America
American Anthropological Association Conference Talk given at a conference 03.12.2014 Washington, United States of America


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Erythrée: “Le régime a sombré dans une situation politique paranoïaque" JOL Press International 2014
Media relations: radio, television Minderjährige auf der Flucht 10vor10 German-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Il existe une culture du secret très importante Le Temps Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Eritrea-ekspert: »Jeg føler mig misbrugt og forrådt« Berlingske: International 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Destins d'Erythréens Migros Magazine Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Idées reçues ou vérités sur les réfugiés érythréens Le Matin Dimanche Western Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television Tagesschau Interview SRF German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television RTS Le 19h30 Interview RTS Western Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media “Manchmal reicht die schlechte Laune eines Funktionärs aus" Tages Anzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television Radiogiornale delle 18:30 RSI Italian-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media “Le problème, ce n’est pas la politique suisse, mais celle de l’Érythrée" Swissinfo.ch International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Banque: la Suisse, coffre-fort du dictateur érythréen L’Hebdo Western Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Pourquoi les Érythréens fuient en masse leur pays ? Mediapart.fr International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Berne s’attaque aux taxes de l’Érythrée 24 heures Western Switzerland 2015

Awards

Title Year
S&S Paper Prize 2011-12 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
164564 Surveillance, Despotisme et Resistance en Erythrée et en Exil 01.02.2016 Rückkehr CH Advanced Postdoc.Mobility

Abstract

David Bozzini Revolution Reloaded? Political Culture and Social Tensions Among Eritrean Social Movement Organizations in Exile Research Summary This project addresses the social and cultural dynamics of exiles' resistance against new forms of transnational authoritarianism. It focuses on the social movement of Eritreans in exile which emerged in 2010 and which seeks to challenge the authoritarian regime in power in Eritrea and in diaspora communities across the globe. This research is situated at the crossroads of three fields of study in social sciences: it contributes to our understanding of social movements, transnational political processes and dynamics of conflicts in diasporas. Eritrean social movement is considerably shaped by the constraints and the threats imposed by the transnational Eritrean authoritarian regime, by fears and distrust and by social tensions caused by ambivalent loyalties and moral dilemmas. Considering this tense situation, the project analyzes the socio-cultural, normative and emotional dynamics that preside over the organizing models, the rules and the elaboration of strategies in the Eritrean social movement. It asks how this movement attempts to bypass or undermine tensions and it examines how the modi operandi and strategies of the movement constitute innovations or represent a redefinition of the political culture and the repertoires of Eritrean politics of contention. Research questions are structured in four analytical sections: the first analyzes the dynamics generated by pressures and tensions and how activists attempt to defuse them. The second section examines the norms and moral values that shape the movement's governance and activities. The third section focuses on the role of social media and online processes and the fourth aims at delineating the influences of host societies on the models of organization adopted by the Eritrean social movement. This project will contribute to the longitudinal analysis of Eritrean transnational political processes and the trajectory of resistance against authoritarianism by adding new data on contemporary politics of contention that have not yet been studied. It will allow us to understand the circulation and the hybridization of various political and organizational models as well as the elements of an enduring political culture that has shaped political processes across several decades and throughout competing ideologies and statehood projects. On a comparative level, this case study will offer an opportunity to examine the modi operandi of a high risk social movement in detail and will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of exiles' political social movements and their impact on transnational authoritarianism.