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Feminisation, agricultural transition and rural employment: Social and political conditions of asset-building in the context of export-led agriculture and alternative income generating opportunities

Applicant Znoj Heinzpeter
Number 147725
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Interdisz. Zentrum f.Geschlechterforschung Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.07.2014 - 30.06.2017
Approved amount 1'857'942.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Social geography and ecology
Economics
Sociology

Keywords (9)

Export-led agriculture; Rural employment; Feminisation of agriculture; Feminisation of labour; Gender; Agricultural transition; Non-traditional agricultural exports NTAE; High-value crops; Asset building

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Landwirtschaft bleibt die wichtigste Beschäftigungsquelle für Männer und Frauen im globalen Süden. 86 % der ländlichen Bevölkerung hängen davon ab. Kleinbauernbetriebe sichern die Existenz unzähliger Familien und tragen entscheidend zur Überwindung der Armut bei. Neue landwirtschaftliche Exportprodukte wecken diesbezüglich hohe Erwartungen, zumal diese Arbeitsplätze oft von Frauen besetzt werden. FATE vergleicht die Auswirkungen dieser Prozesse in Bolivien, Ruanda, Laos und Nepal.
Lay summary

Feminisierung und Wandel im ländlichen Arbeitsmarkt: Soziale und wirtschaftliche Bedingungen für Armutsüberwindung in der exportorientierten Landwirtschaft (FATE)

Zielsetzung

Im Zentrum der Studie stehen die Auswirkungen der Einbindung von Frauen und Männern in die exportorientierte Landwirtschaft. In vier Schwerpunktländern untersucht FATE das Potential neuer Einkommensquellen für eine längerfristige Absicherung der Haushalte gegen Armut. Gleichzeitig rückt das Projekt die Risiken der erhöhten Lohnabhängigkeit in den Blick und arbeitet die sozialen und politischen Bedingungen heraus, die die Verwundbarkeit der ländlichen Bevölkerung entscheidend senken können.

Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht die Studie Ausmass, Merkmale und Bedeutung der exportorientierten Landwirtschaft, vergleicht das Ermächtigungspotential für Frauen mit der Entstehung neuer Abhängigkeiten, beleuchtet die Rolle des Staats und analysiert Zielkonflikte in Bezug auf eine nachhaltige Entwicklung.

Forschungslücke

Die Forschung zu ländlichen Arbeitsmärkten im Süden ist  durch einen Mangel an überregional vergleichbaren Daten gekennzeichnet, und in der Debatte herrschen verzerrte und statische Vorstellungen des Sektors vor. Während die Rolle von Frauen in der Landwirtschaft stark beforscht ist, fehlen Einsichten zur Verschiebung der Geschlechterverhältnisse ebenso wie die Frage nach der Aushandlung von Gewinnen und Risiken. Die geschlechterdifferenzierende Perspektive unterstützt diese Fragestellungen, wobei Geschlecht durch weitere Strukturierungsprinzipien vermittelt ist – darunter  Klasse, Kaste, Ethnizität und Generation.

Ergebnisse

Die Analyse trägt dazu bei, die Auswirkungen der Produktion hochwertiger Agrargüter auf den ländlichen Arbeitsmarkt und auf die Chancen von Frauen zu untersuchen. Die Resultate werden in die Debatte um wirtschaftliches Wachstum, die Herausbildung von Ungleichheiten und neue Armut einfliessen und leisten einen konkreten Beitrag für wissensgestützte Interventionen zur Armutsbekämpfung.

 


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.06.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Searching for the "true process of change". Consent and Discord Among Indigenous Peasant Movementes in Northen Potosí, Bolivia.
Hess Monika, Ruiz Flores Sabino (2016), Searching for the "true process of change". Consent and Discord Among Indigenous Peasant Movementes in Northen Potosí, Bolivia., CIDES-UMSA, La Paz - Bolivia.
La evolución del empleo de las mujeres en Bolivia: avances y desafíos (2001-2012)
Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth (2015), La evolución del empleo de las mujeres en Bolivia: avances y desafíos (2001-2012), Punto de Encuentro, La Paz -Bolivia.
Mapping context of land use for a non-traditional agricultural export (NTAE) product: case study of land use for coffee plantation in Pakxong district, Champasak province
Phommavong Saithong, Ounmany Kiengkay, Hathalong Keophouthone (2015), Mapping context of land use for a non-traditional agricultural export (NTAE) product: case study of land use for coffee plantation in Pakxong district, Champasak province, in "Land grabbing, conflict and agrarian‐environmental transformations: perspectives from East and Sout, Chiang Mai University, ThailandChiang Mai University, Thailand.
New ruralities – old gender dynamics? A reflection on high-value crop agriculture in the light of the feminisation debates
Bieri Sabin (2014), New ruralities – old gender dynamics? A reflection on high-value crop agriculture in the light of the feminisation debates, in Geographica Helvetica, 69, 281-290.
Economía e interdisciplinariedad. Nuevos desafíos del empleo en Bolivia.
Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth, Economía e interdisciplinariedad. Nuevos desafíos del empleo en Bolivia., in Umbrales, (N° 27/28), -.
Que Sabemos sobre ingresos rurales en Bolivia? (What do we know about rural income levels in Bolivia? )
Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth, Que Sabemos sobre ingresos rurales en Bolivia? (What do we know about rural income levels in Bolivia? ), in UMBRALES (Revista del Postgrado en Ciencias del Desarrollo Umbrales ) , Nº 27, -.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Watchdog Media Services Nepal (Asia)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
SDC Rwanda Rwanda (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Quinoa Producers Association SOPROQUI "Society of Organic Royal Quinoa" Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Rwanda Institute of Policy Analysis and Research Rwanda (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Centre of Development and Environment, Vientiane Office, Lao PDR Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Department of Agriculture (DoA), Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) Nepal (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Ilam Chamber of Commerce Nepal (Asia)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Peter Wobst, FAO, Rural Employment and Poverty Alleviation Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Stephanie Seguino, Vermont University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Egerton University Kenya (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Kathmandu University Nepal (Asia)
- Research Infrastructure
Coffee Producer Cooperative (CPC) Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
CIPCA - Center for research and promotion of the peasantry Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Green Foundation, Ilam Nepal (Asia)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
National Institute of Statistics(NISR) Rwanda (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Rwanda Agricultural Board(RAB) Rwanda (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Rwanda national federation of cooperatives- Imbaraga Rwanda (Africa)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), Vientiane office, Laos Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Faculty of Forestry, National University of Laos Laos (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Pathways Foundation Nepal (Asia)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Libor Stloukal, FAO, Rural Employment and Poverty Alleviation Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Star Media Network Nepal (Asia)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
IFDC- International Fetilizer Development Center Rwanda (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Rwanda- Institute of Gender studies Rwanda (Africa)
- Exchange of personnel
English Center, Faculty of Letters, National University of Laos Laos (Asia)
- Publication
Quinoa Producers Association ARPAIAMT “Regional Integrated Agricultural Producers Association of the Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa(FARA) Science week Poster Leverage Points for Gender Participation in Agricultural Commercialisation 13.06.2016 Kigali, Rwanda Bigler Christine; Birachi Eliud Abucheli;
Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa(FARA) Science week Poster Gendered Rural Labour Market 13.06.2016 Kigali, Rwanda Bigler Christine; Birachi Eliud Abucheli;
Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa(FARA) Science week Talk given at a conference Women Empowerment and Children Nutrition 13.06.2016 Kigali, Rwanda Bigler Christine; Birachi Eliud Abucheli;
Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa(FARA) Science week Talk given at a conference Gendered rural labour market 13.06.2016 Kigali, Rwanda Birachi Eliud Abucheli; Bigler Christine;
PhD Thesis Proposal Defense at Faculty of Agricutlure, Egerton University Individual talk Market partcicipation and its effects on employment and food access among smallholder farmers in Rwanda 26.05.2016 Nakuru, Kenya Birachi Eliud Abucheli;
2016 IASC European Regional Conference, Commons in a `Glocal` World. Talk given at a conference Quinoa production and association rules: How are producers associations shaping the governance of natural resources? 10.05.2016 Bern, Switzerland Tschopp Maurice;
2nd World Conference on women’s studies (Empowering future generations of women and girls: empowering humanity Talk given at a conference The interlink between commercial cardamom farming, women's engagement and feminisation of poverty 05.05.2016 Colombo, Sri Lanka Upreti Bishnu Rai;
2nd World Conference on women’s studies (Empowering future generations of women and girls: empowering humanity Talk given at a conference "Changing role of women in export led non-traditional agriculture in the context of political change in Nepal " 05.05.2016 Colombo, Sri Lanka Upreti Bishnu Rai;
PhD Thesis presentation at Department of Agricultural Economics, Egerton University Individual talk Market partcicipation and its effects on employment and food access among smallholder farmers in Rwanda 05.03.2016 Nakuru, Kenya Birachi Eliud Abucheli;
Pan-African Grain Legume and World Cowpea Conference Talk given at a conference Determinants of Market-Orientation among Smallholders: Evidence from Common Bean Farmers in the Northern Rwanda 28.02.2016 Livingstone, Zambia Birachi Eliud Abucheli;
2nd FATE workshop in Laos Talk given at a conference Scientific reports with focus on survey 18.01.2016 Vientiane and Paksé, Laos Bigler Christine; Upreti Bishnu Rai; Birachi Eliud Abucheli; Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth; Tschopp Maurice; Phommavong Saithong;
2nd FATE workshop in Laos Talk given at a conference Country comparisons: challenges and next steps 18.01.2016 Vientiane and Paksé, Laos Esquivel Valeria;
2nd FATE workshop in Laos Talk given at a conference Feedback on the survey process 18.01.2016 Vientiane and Paksé, Laos Znoj Heinzpeter; Bieri Sabin; Tschopp Maurice;
Labour in global agro-food chains (2): Global South Individual talk The end to vulnerability? - Work and employment for men and women in rural areas of the global South 01.01.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Bieri Sabin;
The 2nd National Research Forum Talk given at a conference Gender Impacts to Different Ethnic Groups in Non-Traditional Agricultural Export (NTAE) Production in the Southern Part of Lao PDR 16.12.2015 Vientiane, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
The 2nd National Research Forum Poster Feminization in NTAE production: case of coffee plantation in southern Laos 16.12.2015 Vientiane, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
The 2nd National Research Forum Poster Risk and opportunities of land use in coffee plantation 16.12.2015 Vientiane, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
The 2nd National Research Forum Talk given at a conference Ethnic perspective on patterns and consequences of land use for coffee production in southern part of Lao PDR 16.12.2015 Vientiane, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
The 2nd National Research Forum Talk given at a conference Gender role in coffee cultivation and well-being among ethnic groups in Bolaven plateau, Laos 16.12.2015 Vientiane, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
The 2nd National Research Forum Talk given at a conference Value Chain Formation through Different Labor Processes in Coffee Production in Lao PDR 16.12.2015 Vientiane, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
SDPI Conference 18th/ Securing Livleihoods: Revival of markets in post confilct situation Talk given at a conference Post Conflict Market Revival and Women in Export Led Agriculture: A case of Cardamom Marketting in Nepal 08.12.2015 Islamabad, Pakistan Upreti Bishnu Rai;
Perth III: Mountains of Our Future Earth Talk given at a conference Feminization in non-traditional agricultural export (NTAE) product in Bolaven plateau, Pakxong highland, Champasak province, Lao PDR 04.10.2015 Perth, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bieri Sabin; Phommavong Saithong;
Perth III: Mountains of Our Future Earth Poster Feminization, Agricultural Transition, and rural Employment: Case studies of Champasak and Salavan Provinces ,Lao PDR 04.10.2015 Perth, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Phommavong Saithong;
IGS Summer School Talk given at a conference Contribution to the course 30.08.2015 Pokhara, Nepal Jaquet Stéphanie; Upreti Bishnu Rai; Bieri Sabin;
the 1st International Conference on Ethnics in Asia "Life, Power and Ethnics" on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Naresuan University Talk given at a conference Gender role in coffee cultivation and well-being among ethnic groups in Bolaven plateau, Laos 20.08.2015 Phitsanulok, Thailand Phommavong Saithong;
the 1st International Conference on Ethnics in Asia "Life, Power and Ethnics" on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Naresuan University Talk given at a conference Labor Employment Opportunity through Different Ethnic Perspectives in NTAE Production in Southern Part of Lao PDR 20.08.2015 Phitsanulok, Thailand Phommavong Saithong;
Fourth Global Conference on Economic Geography 2015 Talk given at a conference Quinoa production in the Nor Lipez Province (Bolivia): Gender roles in Export-led Agriculture and Challenges for Research on Rural Employment 19.08.2015 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Tschopp Maurice;
Social Science Methods 20th Swiss Summer School Lugano Individual talk Participation 17.08.2015 Lugano, Switzerland Bigler Christine;
6th European Conference on Africa Studies in Paris in July 2015. Talk given at a conference Rwanda’s break-up to market oriented agriculture and its implication on gender 08.07.2015 Paris, France Bigler Christine;
15th Anniversary of Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of Laos Poster Opportunities and risks of land use by coffee planers in southern Lao PDR 19.06.2015 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
15th Anniversary of Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of Laos Poster "Mapping context of land use for a non-traditional agricultural export (NTAE) product: case study of coffee product in Pakxong district, Champasak province, Lao PDR " 19.06.2015 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
15th Anniversary of Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of Laos Individual talk "Gender impact to different ethnic groups in Non-Traditional Agriculture for Export (NTAE) production, case study of Lao PDR " 19.06.2015 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
Workshop on statistics at the Freie Universität Berlin Individual talk Participation to the discussion 01.06.2015 Berlin, Germany Bieri Sabin;
Graduate Seminar with Prof. Tania Li Individual talk Participation to the discussion 11.05.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Bieri Sabin;
Association of the American Geographers Annual Meeting Talk given at a conference Working on labour: Tracing concepts in feminist economics and economic geographies 21.04.2015 Chicago, United States of America Bieri Sabin;
FATE workshop in Rwanda Talk given at a conference PhD progress and preliminary results 08.02.2015 Musanze and Kigali, Rwanda Tschopp Maurice; Bigler Christine;
FATE workshop in Rwanda Talk given at a conference Preliminary results of the exploratory study 08.02.2015 Musanze and Kigali, Rwanda Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth; Upreti Bishnu Rai; Birachi Eliud Abucheli; Phommavong Saithong;
FATE Laos Kick-off Meeting Poster "Feminisation, Agricultural Transition, and rural Employment: Case studies of Champasak and Salavan Provinces ,Lao PDR " 31.12.2014 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
FATE Laos Kick-off Meeting Individual talk Introduction to FATE Laos and Progress Report of the Project 31.12.2014 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
Workshop on qualitative and quantitative methods Talk given at a conference Measurement of the subjective well-being 17.12.2014 Bern, Switzerland Tschopp Maurice; Liebe Ulf; Bigler Christine; Jaquet Stéphanie; Bieri Sabin; Znoj Heinzpeter;
Large scale land acquisitions and rural communities Gender relations, decision making and food security Talk given at a conference The land question in the context of agricultural commercialisation 27.11.2014 Bern, Switzerland Tschopp Maurice; Bieri Sabin;
Colloquium at the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern Talk given at a conference Women’s role in economic development 10.10.2014 Bern, Switzerland Bieri Sabin;
Seminar on gender and large scale land acquisitions Individual talk Agricultural change and feminization 16.09.2014 University of Bern, Department of Social Anthropology, Switzerland Znoj Heinzpeter; Tschopp Maurice; Bieri Sabin; Bigler Christine;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Workshop on "Agricultural feminization, institutions, agrarian transformation and rural employment" 23.06.2016 La Paz, Bolivia
Writing workshop: Gendered rural labour market/Developments towards Commercial Agriculture in Rwanda: Understanding the Determinants of Market Participation among Bean farmers in the North 24.04.2016 Gisenyi, Rwanda
2nd FATE workshop in Laos 18.01.2016 Vientiane and Paksé, Laos
"Taller presentación avances de Tesis CIDES-CIPCA: "Estudios sobre Feminización agrícola, Instituciones, Transformación Agraria y Empleo Rural" 26.10.2015 La Paz, Bolivia
"Sesión de lectura y discusión: "Mallas y Flujos. Acción colectiva, cambio social, quinua y desarrollo regional indígena en los Andes Bolivianos" 21.09.2015 La Paz, Bolivia
"¿Qué sabemos sobre encuestas y estimaciones de ingresos rurales en Bolivia? Experiencias, limitaciones y desafíos” "What do we know about rural surveys and rural income estimation?: Experiences, limitations and challenges" 09.09.2015 La Paz, Bolivia
El proyecto "Feminización y Transformación Agrícola en Cultivos de Exportación: El caso del "boom económico" en la producción de quinoa en Bolivia 07.04.2015 Universidad de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia
FATE workshop in Rwanda 08.02.2015 Musanze and Kigali, Rwanda
Research Project Advisory Committee meeting 04.02.2015 Department of Agriculture, Kathmandu, Nepal
FATE in Bolivia: Characteristics, scope and research orientation in Bolivia 19.01.2015 Universidad de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia
FATE Laos Kick-off Meeting 31.12.2014 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos
Workshop on qualitative and quantitative methods 17.12.2014 Bern, Switzerland
FATE Kick-off workshop 01.07.2014 Bern, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Sharing with Nepal Agriculture Market Development Programme Talk 24.05.2016 Kathmandu, Nepal Upreti Bishnu Rai;
"SOPROQUI`s Centralized Workshops: Participation to strenghten the understanding in the functioning process of the "fair trade" requirements and the situation of the quinoa market (price changes, many producers among the world - competitiveness, quality Workshop 09.04.2016 Colcha K and San Pedro de Quemes, Bolivia Tschopp Maurice; Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth;
"SOPROQUI`s Assembly of communal comitées: Presentation of the preliminary results from the FATE`s Project Survey" Talk 17.02.2016 Uyuni, Bolivia Jiménez Zamora Elizabeth;
Groupe de Réflexion «Gender & Development» Talk 27.08.2015 Bern, Switzerland Bigler Christine;
15th Anniversary of Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of Laos Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 19.06.2015 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos Phommavong Saithong;
Presentation of the results from the context mapping at Imbarage Talk 15.05.2015 Ruhengeri, Rwanda Bigler Christine; Birachi Eliud Abucheli;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
2nd FATE workshop - Country scientific and preliminary survey report of Lao PDR to stakeholders 20.06.2016 Paksé, Laos
Visit and Interview to the Bolivian Companies of Quinoa Processing 17.06.2016 El Alto, Bolivia
FATE Results sharing workshop 29.04.2016 Kigali, Rwanda
Visit and Interview to the Textile Bolivian Company "Altifibers" specialized in camelidos (yarns and tops from dehaired llama, alpaca and sheep). This material will be socialized and delivered to quinoa producers. 27.04.2016 La Paz, Bolivia
2nd FATE workshop - Country scientific and preliminary survey report of Lao PDR to stakeholders 20.01.2016 Paksong, Laos
Stakeholders meetings in the area of study 23.06.2015 Ilam District, Nepal
Farmer cooperative interactive meetings 02.03.2015 Musanze, Rwanda
Quinoa production in the Southern Bolivian Highlands: Production, sustainability and the environment 23.01.2015 Hotel Oberland Mallasa, La Paz, Switzerland
FATE Laos Kick-off Meeting 31.12.2014 Vientiane, National University of Laos, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dongdok Campus, Laos
FATE Project initiation and sensitization workshop 25.10.2014 Kigali, Rwanda

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) #r4dfate FATE twitter International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) #ruralwomen unrisd UNRISD twitter International 2016
Media relations: radio, television 2nd FATE workshop Champasak TV Station, Lao National TV International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Advocacy event promoting women and economy in Rwanda FATE blog International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Empowerment: Measuring the unmeasurable FATE blog International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Facebook page FATE Facebook International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) FATE is blogging FATE blog International 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) FATE Laos and activities International 2016
Media relations: radio, television FATE project Gorkha FM 93 mhz International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) My experience with new technology: Household survey for FATE-Laos Team FATE blog International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Non-Traditional Agriculture Export (NTAE) in Rwanda CIAT website International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Perseverance and the Fruitful Journey: What it is to survey in geographically challenging location International 2016
Video/Film Report of FATE Laos and fieldwork International 2016
Media relations: radio, television Sharing findings of FATE TV Today International 2016
Media relations: radio, television Sharing findings of FATE Sagarmatha TV International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) The “why” lady FATE blog International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) The Quinoa producing communities and the decline of the boom. FATE blog International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Black Gold The Kathmandu Post International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Cash crops, Conflict and Constitutent Assmebly Capital FM International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Conflict and its implcation to farmers/ people SBS Radio Australia International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Discovering Cardamom as a livelihood Option: A tale of Green Salakpur FATE blog International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Dort, wo die Quinoa wächst UniPress – das Wissenschaftsmagazin, Bern Universität German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Introduction, Activities, Achievement, and Plan of FATE Laos Research Project International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Journey to the Care-some Cardamom land FATE Project Blog International 2015
Video/Film Presentation of the FATE Laos Research project International 2015
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Progress Report of FATE Laos Research Project International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Research Findings Sharing Nepal Television Plus/Star Media Network, Avenues Television/watchdog media, News Television/Star M International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Spice of Life The Kathmandu Post International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Striving for value addition on commercial potato in Rwanda FATE blog International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Successful Fieldwork in Rwanda FATE blog International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) The role of women as a dynamic factor in quinoa production. FATE blog International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) UNRISD website on FATE project UNRISD website on FATE project International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Up in the hills The Kathmandu Post International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Feminisation, agricultural transition and rural employment (FATE) CDE website International 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Feminization, Agricultural Transition and Rural Employment (FATE) UNRISD Website International 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Field work in Laos FATE Project Blog International 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Hola, Sabaidi, Namaste, Muraho, Hello ! FATE Project Blog International 2014

Awards

Title Year
The best student presentation awards at the second world women's conference in Sri Lanka. Awarded Mrs Sony KC 2016
Young African Scientist Travel Award. The award was offered by Feed the Future Legume Innovation Lab which is administered by Michigan University State on a competitive basis. The criteria included the submission of a good abstract and being under 35 years old. It covered all the expenses (airticket, accommodation, registration fees and perdiem) related to the participation in the Panafrican Grain Legume and World Cowpea conference,held in Livingstone, Zambia. Awarded Mrs Chantal Ingabire 2016
Best Presenter for PhD during the presentation of her PhD dissertation paper entitled: "Gender role in coffee cultivation and well-being among ethnic groups in Bolaven plateau, Laos" at the the 1st International Conference on Ethnics in Asia "Life, Power and Ethnics" on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Naresuan University, Thailand during '20-21/08/2015. Awarded Mrs Maliphone Douangphachanh 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
171191 Feminisation, agricultural transition and rural employment: Social and political conditions of asset-building in the context of export-led agriculture and alternative income generating opportunities 01.07.2017 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)

Abstract

Feminisation, agricultural transition and rural employment: Social and political conditions of asset building in the context of export-led agriculture (FATE)SummaryAgriculture is by far the most important source of employment for men and women in the poorer re-gions of the globe. 86% of the world’s rural population depend on farming, 450 million are agricultural wage workers (FAO et al. 2010b, IAASTD 2009). Small-scale, subsistence-oriented agriculture is a vital source of resilience and livelihoods (Doss 2011), and it is widely recognised that agriculture re-mains a primary engine of rural development and growth, providing a critical route out of poverty (IFAD 2011, WDR 2013). However, agriculture in the global South is also viewed as underperforming, and demands for more capital-intensive commercial agriculture have been issued promoting forms of employment that can generate higher returns (WDR 2008, 2013). Non-traditional agricultural exports (NTAE) have been a response to these demands, creating wage labour and, notably, stimulating high levels of female employment in rural areas. The developmental impacts and gendered implications of these dynamics are the subject of the research proposed here. FATE will analyse the effects of the increasing integration of women and men into export-led agriculture, and the conditions under which these effects contribute to asset-building of rural households, enhance individual well-being and capa-bilities, or, by contrast, increase dependencies and vulnerability.While rural employment and women’s work in the agricultural sector have received some atten-tion, little evidence exists with regard to the implications of changing employment conditions in the context of this new wave of agricultural commercialisation and how it relates to the alleged feminisa-tion processes in the labour market, in agriculture, and within households. Research on the shifting patterns of agricultural employment and their gendered implications is limited by a lack of data, par-ticularly on rural women’s employment. This lack is partly due to the fact that these issues lie at the intersection of agriculture and labour concerns, and are not adequately addressed across these two sectors. Indeed, a number of ill-founded and oversimple assumptions about the rural labour market have shaped the discourse on rural employment and rural workers. In-depth, comparative and longitu-dinal research is thus needed to inform the debate. The FATE project aims to connect these separate strands and thus contribute to informed policy making.The gender perspective (Chant et al. 2009) provides an important analytical lens for assessing how potential risks associated with transitions are spread and negotiated between different social groups, as well as for understanding how such changes affect gender relations and women’s status in a given society. In the proposed study, gender is viewed as a category mediated through other social structures, namely class/caste, generation, and ethnicity (intersectionality). A cross-case comparison adopting a mixed-methods framework will serve to highlight outcomes of NTAE employment for different groups of men and women (in terms of age, class, caste, and ethnici-ty) and compare them with alternative income-generating opportunities on individual and aggregate levels. Four study sites on three continents with different, but highly dynamic trajectories of export-based agriculture were selected from the UN priority category of least developed, landlocked coun-tries: Bolivia, Lao PDR, Nepal, and Rwanda. The findings will feed into debates on the transformative power of economic change induced by glob-alisation, and particularly of the current shifts in rural employment and their effects on multiple forms of disparities, which have been seen as hindering development. Responding to a demand of a number of countries which have found themselves locked in low-value-adding production, this research will contrib-ute to policy frameworks which not only aim at creating jobs but also rewards. By generating original data, the study aims at identifying social and political conditions which encourage asset-building and thus help transfer high-value crops into high-value jobs for rural workers. Transdisciplinary in nature, this project will provide evidence-based knowledge for governance - knowledge that can inform negotiations of gender equality in the context of agricultural transition and rural employment, opening up pathways to sustainable development in rural areas.Project team:International partners-Eliud Abucheli Birachi, PhD, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Kigali, Rwanda-Elizabeth Jimenez Zamora, PhD, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés-Postgrado en Ciencias del Desarrollo (CIDES-UMSA), La Paz, Bolivia-Saithong Phommavong, PhD, National University of Laos (NUOL), Faculty of Social Sciences, Vientiane, Lao PDR-Bishnu Raj Upreti, PhD, Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR-Nepal), Kathmandu, NepalSwiss Partners-Prof. Brigitte Schnegg, Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies (ICFG), University of Bern, Swit-zerland-Sabin Bieri, PhD, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Switzerland-Sarah Cook, PhD, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva, SwitzerlandInternational Advisory Board-Prof. Stephanie Seguino, University of Vermont, Burlington-Ass. Prof. Dzodzi Tsikata, Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research ISSER, University of Ghana, Accra-Dr. Peter Wobst, Senior Economist, FAO, Rome-Michèle Amacker, Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies, University of BernThis research project is funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC. It has been submitted to the thematic call “employment” within the “Research for Development”-Initiative (r4d: http://www.r4d.ch/E/employment/Pages/default.aspx).Project start and duration:Phase I: 1 May 2014 - 30 April 2017Phase II:1 May 2017 - 30 April 2020Contact and information:Sabin.bieri@cde.unibe.ch
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