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The Swiss Confederation: A Natural Laboratory for Research on Fiscal and Political Decentralization

Titel Englisch The Swiss Confederation: A Natural Laboratory for Research on Fiscal and Political Decentralization
Gesuchsteller/in Brülhart Marius
Nummer 147668
Förderungsinstrument Sinergia
Forschungseinrichtung Dépt d'économétrie et économie politique Faculté des Hautes Etudes Commerciales (HEC) Université de Lausanne
Hochschule Universität Lausanne - LA
Hauptdisziplin Volkswirtschaftslehre
Beginn/Ende 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2016
Bewilligter Betrag 1'000'000.00
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Keywords (5)

direct democracy; fiscal federalism; tax competition; panel data; political economics

Lay Summary (Deutsch)

Lead
Der schweizerische Bundesstaat ist ein weltweit einmaliges Labor für die empirische Erforschung von dezentralen politischen Entscheidungsmechanismen. Kernziel unseres Projektes ist die Vervollständigung einer umfassenden Panel-Datenbank zur Entwicklung von Steuern, öffentlichen Finanzen und anderen Variablen auf Kantons- und Gemeindeebene. Um dieses gemeinsame Unterfangen gruppieren sich thematische Forschungsprojekte im Bereich Fiskalföderalismus und politische Ökonomie.
Lay summary

Wie entstehen „Steueroasen“? Wie empfindlich ist die Standortwahl von Haushalten und Unternehmen auf Unterschiede in der Steuerbelastung? Welche Auswirkungen hat der Föderalismus auf die Einkommensverteilung? Wie wirkt sich eine dezentrale Leistungserbringung auf das Gesundheits- und Pflegewesen aus? Führt direktdemokratische Mitsprache zu gesünderen Staatsfinanzen?

Solche Fragen sind nicht bloss Dauerbrenner in schweizerischen Polit-Debatten, sie stellen sich auch zunehmend auf der internationalen Ebene, und ganz besonders innerhalb der EU.

Dank ihrer kleinräumigen institutionellen Vielfalt, ihrer dezentralen politischen Organisation und ihrer grossen institutionellen Stabilität eignet sich die Schweiz wie kein anderes Land für die Analyse derartiger Fragen.

Der helvetische Föderalismus ist zum Teil jedoch auch dafür verantwortlich, dass es im Vergleich zu anderen Ländern relativ wenig umfassendes Datenmaterial gibt, um dieses Labor in seiner ganzen Vielfalt und historischen Tiefe für statistische Analysen nutzbar zu machen. Wir trachten deshalb danach, die bislang umfassendste Datenbank zum schweizerischen Fiskalföderalismus zusammenzustellen.

Diese Datenbank, zusammen mit ergänzenden Statistiken aus anderen Quellen, werden wir mittels moderner ökonometrischer Schätzmethoden und gekoppelt an theoretische Analysen dafür nutzbar machen, um den gestellten polit-ökonomischen Fragen auf den Grund zu gehen.

Das Projekt ist unterteilt in 16 thematische Subprojekte und vier eng miteinander kollaborierende Forschungsgruppen (Lausanne, Basel/Barcelona, Lugano/ETHZ und St. Gallen).

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 15.08.2013

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
Does Compulsory Voting Increase Support for Leftist Policy?
(2016), Does Compulsory Voting Increase Support for Leftist Policy?, in American Journal of Political Science, 60(3), 149-161.
Does Personal Background Influence a Finance Minister to Cook the Books? An Investigation of Creative Accounting in Swiss Cantons
(2016), Does Personal Background Influence a Finance Minister to Cook the Books? An Investigation of Creative Accounting in Swiss Cantons, in Applied Economics, 49(10), 941-953.
Electoral Competition as a Determinant of Fiscal Decentralization
(2016), Electoral Competition as a Determinant of Fiscal Decentralization, in Fiscal Studies, 37(2), 285-300.
Hosting Multinationals: Economic and Fiscal Implications
(2016), Hosting Multinationals: Economic and Fiscal Implications, in Aussenwirtschaft - Swiss Review of International Economic Relations, 67, 45-66.
How Accurate are Surveyed Preferences for Public Policies? Evidence from a Unique Institutional Setup
(2016), How Accurate are Surveyed Preferences for Public Policies? Evidence from a Unique Institutional Setup, in Review of Economics and Statistics, 98(3), 442-454.
Insights from Switzerland's Pension System
(2016), Insights from Switzerland's Pension System, 247-273.
Is Higher Nursing Home Quality More Costly?
(2016), Is Higher Nursing Home Quality More Costly?, in European Journal of Health Economics, 17(8), 1011-1026.
On the Determinants of Happiness: A Classification and Regression Tree (CART) Approach
(2016), On the Determinants of Happiness: A Classification and Regression Tree (CART) Approach, in Applied Economics Letters, 23(2), 121-125.
Tax Competition and Tax Coordination in the European Union: A Survey
(2016), Tax Competition and Tax Coordination in the European Union: A Survey, 295-311.
Taxing Multinationals in the Presence of Internal Capital Markets
(2016), Taxing Multinationals in the Presence of Internal Capital Markets, in Journal of Public Economics, 138, 58-71.
Do Nasty and Pleasant Surprises Regarding Tax Revenue Explain Spending Drifts? The Case of Swiss Cantons
(2015), Do Nasty and Pleasant Surprises Regarding Tax Revenue Explain Spending Drifts? The Case of Swiss Cantons, in International Journal of Public Administration, 38(4), 282-296.
Effects of Uncertainty and Opportunistic Renegotiations on Bidding Behaviour: Evidence from Toll Road Concessions
(2015), Effects of Uncertainty and Opportunistic Renegotiations on Bidding Behaviour: Evidence from Toll Road Concessions, 285-314.
Estimating the Rivalness of State-Level Inward FDI
(2015), Estimating the Rivalness of State-Level Inward FDI, in Journal of Regional Science, 55(1), 139-148.
Evaluating Rationality of Level and Growth Rate Forecasts of Direct Tax Revenues Under Flexible Loss Function: Evidence from Swiss Cantons
(2015), Evaluating Rationality of Level and Growth Rate Forecasts of Direct Tax Revenues Under Flexible Loss Function: Evidence from Swiss Cantons, in Economics Letters, 134, 65-68.
Financial Work Incentives for Disability Benefit Recipients: Lessons from a Randomized Field Experiment
(2015), Financial Work Incentives for Disability Benefit Recipients: Lessons from a Randomized Field Experiment, in IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 4(1), 1-18.
Gender Gaps in Policy Making: Evidence from Direct Democracy
(2015), Gender Gaps in Policy Making: Evidence from Direct Democracy, in Economic Policy, 30(81), 141-181.
Highway to Economic Growth? Competition in Public Works Tenders in the Democratic Republic of Congo
(2015), Highway to Economic Growth? Competition in Public Works Tenders in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in South African Journal of Economics, 83(2), 240-255.
How to Tame Two Leviathans? Revisiting the Effect of Direct Democracy on Local Public Expenditure
(2015), How to Tame Two Leviathans? Revisiting the Effect of Direct Democracy on Local Public Expenditure, in European Journal of Political Economy, 39, 82-93.
Incentive Effects of Fiscal Rules on the Finance Minister's Behaviour: Evidence from Revenue Projections in Swiss Cantons
(2015), Incentive Effects of Fiscal Rules on the Finance Minister's Behaviour: Evidence from Revenue Projections in Swiss Cantons, in European Journal of Political Economy, 39, 184-200.
Innovation, Trade and Finance
(2015), Innovation, Trade and Finance, in American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 7(2), 1-37.
Introduction to the Special Issue on Redesigning the Welfare State for Aging Societies
(2015), Introduction to the Special Issue on Redesigning the Welfare State for Aging Societies, in International Tax and Public Finance, 22(4), 531-533.
Structural and Managerial Cost Differences in Nonprofit Nursing Homes
(2015), Structural and Managerial Cost Differences in Nonprofit Nursing Homes, in Economic Modelling, 51, 289-298.
Taxes in Cities
(2015), Taxes in Cities, in Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, 5, 139-148.
The Pan-European Population Distribution Acrosss Consistently Defined Functional Urban Areas
(2015), The Pan-European Population Distribution Acrosss Consistently Defined Functional Urban Areas, in Economics Letters, 133, 10-13.
Alleged Tax Competition: The Mysterious Death of Bequest Taxes in Switzerland
(2014), Alleged Tax Competition: The Mysterious Death of Bequest Taxes in Switzerland, in Journal of Public Economics, 111, 63-78.
Anti-Social Behavior in Profit and Nonprofit Organizations
(2014), Anti-Social Behavior in Profit and Nonprofit Organizations, in Journal of Public Economics, 117, 149-161.
Job Assignment with Multivariate Skills and the Peter Principle
(2014), Job Assignment with Multivariate Skills and the Peter Principle, in Labour Economics, 32, 112-121.
Spatial Sorting
(2014), Spatial Sorting, in Journal of Political Economy, 122(3), 554-620.
The Effect of Agglomeration Size on Local Taxes
(2014), The Effect of Agglomeration Size on Local Taxes, in Journal of Economic Geography, 14(2), 265-287.
Corporate Flat Tax Reforms and Businesses’ Investment Decisions. Evidence from Switzerland
, Corporate Flat Tax Reforms and Businesses’ Investment Decisions. Evidence from Switzerland, in International Tax and Public Finance.
Emerging Lessons from Half a Century of Fiscal Federalism in Switzerland
, Emerging Lessons from Half a Century of Fiscal Federalism in Switzerland, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
How Does Depreciations Management Affect Subsequent Fiscal Performance? The Case of the Swiss Cantons
, How Does Depreciations Management Affect Subsequent Fiscal Performance? The Case of the Swiss Cantons, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
How Much Do Means-Tested Benefits Reduce the Demand for Annuities?
, How Much Do Means-Tested Benefits Reduce the Demand for Annuities?, in Journal of Pension Economics and Finance.
Inheritance Flows in Switzerland, 1911-2011
, Inheritance Flows in Switzerland, 1911-2011, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Introducing an IP-Licence Box in Switzerland: Quantifying the Effects
, Introducing an IP-Licence Box in Switzerland: Quantifying the Effects, in International Tax and Public Finance.
Partisan Campaigning and Initiative Petition Signing in Direct Democracies
, Partisan Campaigning and Initiative Petition Signing in Direct Democracies, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Ready to Reform: How Popular Initiatives Can Be Successful
, Ready to Reform: How Popular Initiatives Can Be Successful, in European Journal of Political Economy.
Volatile Top Income Shares in Switzerland? Reassessing the Evolution Between 1981 and 2010
, Volatile Top Income Shares in Switzerland? Reassessing the Evolution Between 1981 and 2010, in Review of Economics and Statistics.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Formen der Zusammenarbeit
Patricia Funk, Pompeu Fabra University Spanien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Nils Soguel, IDHEAP Lausanne Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Peter Egger, ETH Zürich Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Anindya Sen, University of Waterloo Kanada (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Massimo Filippini, University of Lugano Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Florian Chatagny, ETH Zürich Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Jonathan Gruber, MIT Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Marcelin Joanis, University of Sherbrooke Kanada (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Laure Athias, IDHEAP Lausanne Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
David Stadelmann, University of Bayreuth Deutschland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Stefan Staubli, RAND Corporation Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Richard Sellner, IHS Vienna Oesterreich (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Christian Keuschnigg, University of St.Gallen Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Florian Misch, ZEW Mannheim Deutschland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Luca Crivelli, University of Lugano Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Stephan Litschig, Pompeu Fabra University Spanien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Dominic Rohner, University of Lausanne Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Michael Bechtel, University of St.Gallen Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Sam Bucovetsky, York University Toronto Kanada (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Giuliano Masiero, University of Bergamo Italien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Marko Köthenbürger, ETH Zürich Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Thomas Crossley, Cambridge University Grossbritannien und Nordirland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Reto Föllmi, University of St.Gallen Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Dominik Hangartner, London School of Economics Grossbritannien und Nordirland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen



Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Sinergia Workshop 15.09.2016 University of Basel, Schweiz
Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics 09.06.2016 University of Lugano, Schweiz
Sinergia Workshop 23.10.2015 University of Lugano, Schweiz
CEPR Conference on Urban and Regional Economics (CURE) 25.09.2015 University of Basel, Schweiz
Sinergia Workshop 19.09.2014 ETH Zürich, Schweiz
IIPF 70th Annual Congress 20.08.2014 University of Lugano, Schweiz
Conference on Reforming Public Service Delivery 15.05.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz

Kommunikation mit der Öffentlichkeit

Kommunikation Titel Medien Ort Jahr
Medienarbeit: Radio, Fernsehen diverse Medienauftritte SRF, TSR, RSI Westschweiz Deutschschweiz Italienische Schweiz 2014
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien diverse Presseartikel diverse Zeitungen und Zeitschriften Italienische Schweiz Westschweiz Deutschschweiz 2014
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Twitter-Konto "Fiscal Federalism" Twitter International 2014

Verbundene Projekte

Nummer Titel Start Förderungsinstrument
159348 Fiscal rules, fiscal performance and tax competition among municipalities in Switzerland 01.11.2015 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
130443 Partial Fiscal Decentralization 01.10.2010 ProDoc (Forschungsmodul, FM)
166618 The Elasticity of Taxable Wealth: Evidence from Switzerland 01.01.2017 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
130648 The Swiss Confederation: A Natural Laboratory for Research on Fiscal and Political Decentralization 01.10.2010 Sinergia

Abstract

Switzerland represents a unique laboratory for the study of decentralized decision making and financing of public goods. The experience of the Swiss Confederation since 1848 can be seen as a real-world large-scale experiment. While the empirical public finance and political economics literatures have exploited Swiss data with considerable success for some time and produced evidence that has proven to be of interest far beyond the national context, the Swiss laboratory in its long-term historical dimension and its small-scale spatial dimension has as yet remained largely unexploited due to a lack of readily available data.This project therefore pursues three central aims.First, we shall continue our data collection effort aiming to assemble the most comprehensive longitudinal dataset on fiscal and political decentralization in Switzerland to date. In a precursor project, we concentrated our efforts on canton-level and municipality-level data from the early 1970s onward, in order to complement individual-level data on tax bases from federal income tax statistics. In the current project, we aim (a) to extend this database further into the past, and (b) to complement it with some variables that we did not have the resources to collect in the precursor project.Second, we aim to produce a number of high-level scientific papers, building on the longitudinal dataset collected through the precursor and the current Sinergia projects, on complementary data resources also compiled within the project, and on the collective expertise of the project collaborators. In addition to the shared data collection effort and the associated analysis, we foresee 16 subprojects. All of these subprojects are collaborative in nature. The common denominator is to analyze issues in public finance and political economics affecting federations. The majority of projects will use Swiss sub-federal data for empirical analyses and will therefore benefit directly from the centralized data collection effort. Publications in international peer-reviewed publications represent the principal target output for all subprojects, but we also aim to continue to contribute actively to Swiss public debate.Third, we aim to provide research and research-management experience for doctoral students and post-doctoral fellows, as well as for a number of student assistants. The longitudinal dataset and the 16 research subprojects will offer a rich source of interesting material for doctoral and post-doctoral research. Where possible, we shall strive to involve doctoral students in the project research sufficiently deeply for them to deserve coauthorship.We are organized around four research groups based respectively in Lausanne, Basel/Barcelona, Lugano/ETHZ and St.Gallen.
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