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Light-matter interaction in systems with strong electronic correlations

Applicant Fiebig Manfred
Number 147080
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Departement Materialwissenschaft ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Condensed Matter Physics
Start/End 01.04.2013 - 31.03.2017
Approved amount 450'445.00
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Keywords (11)

laser spectroscopy; magnetism; phase transitions; ultrafast processes; nonlinear optics; strong electronic correlations; superconductivity; quantum-critical point; EuO; CeCu(1-x)Au(x); light-matter interaction

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Mit intensiven sehr kurzen Lichtpulsen sollen die Eigenschaften von Materialien mit starken elektronischen Korrelationen gezielt manipuliert und/oder detektiert werden. Zum einen wollen wir Magnetisierung optisch manipulieren. Zum anderen wollen wir exotische quantenmechanische Materiezustände direkt untersuchen.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Beleuchtet man ein Material, so treten Licht und Materie in Wechselwirkung. Licht wird absorbiert und kann die Materie in einen angeregten Zustand versetzen. In den letzten 20 Jahren hat eine enorme Entwicklung in der Forschung zu derartiger "Licht-Materie-Wechselwirkung" (LMWW) stattgefunden. Es wurden lichtinduzierte Zustände mit ungewöhnlichen Eigenschaften entdeckt, und die Schnelligkeit, mit der sich diese Zustände entwickeln können, ist überraschend.

Wir untersuchen wir die LMWW in Systemen, deren Eigenschaften durch Korrelationen zwischen einer grossen Zahl von Elektronen bestimmt werden. Zum Einen untersuchen wir den ferromagnetischen Halbleiter EuO, in dem wir durch intensive Lichtpulse die Magnetisierung gezielt erhöhen oder abschwächen wollen. Zum Anderen untersuchen wir eine Ce-Cu-Au-Legierung, die bei Null-Temperatur eine exotische, durch Quantenphänomene bestimmte Phase einnimmt. Diese konnte bisher nur indirekt untersucht werden, was wir mit Spektroskopie im Bereich der Millimeterwellen (THz) beheben wollen.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Die Erforschung der Licht-Materie-Wechselwirkung im Materialien mit starken elektronischen Korrelationen ist derzeit von grossem Interesse. Eine optisch schaltbare Magnetisierung der Ausgangspunkt für neuartige, besonders schnelle Form der Datenarchivierung sein. Ein besseres grundsätzliches Verständnis der Korrelationsdynamik könnte es erlauben, neuartige Zustände mit exotischen Eigenschaften gezielt zu erzeugen.

 

Keywords

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.10.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Time-resolved collapse and revival of the Kondo state near a quantum phase transition
Wetli C., Pal S., Kroha J., Kliemt K., Krellner C., Stockert O., von Loehneysen H., Fiebig M. (2018), Time-resolved collapse and revival of the Kondo state near a quantum phase transition, in NATURE PHYSICS, 14(11), 1103-1103.
Antiferromagnetic opto-spintronics
Nemec P., Fiebig M., Kampfrath T., Kimel A. V. (2018), Antiferromagnetic opto-spintronics, in NATURE PHYSICS, 14(3), 229-241.
Tuning the multiferroic mechanisms of TbMnO3 by epitaxial strain
Shimamoto Kenta, Mukherjee Saumya, Manz Sebastian, White Jonathan, Trassin Morgan, Kenzelmann Michel, Chapon Laurent, Lippert Thomas, Fiebig Manfred, Schneider Christof, Niedermayer Christof (2017), Tuning the multiferroic mechanisms of TbMnO3 by epitaxial strain, in Scientific Reports, 7, 44753.
Ultrafast optical excitation of coherent magnons in antiferromagnetic NiO
Tzschaschel Christian, Otani Kensuke, Iida Ryugo, Shimura Tsutomu, Ueda Hiroaki, Günther Stefan, Fiebig Manfred, Satoh Takuya (2017), Ultrafast optical excitation of coherent magnons in antiferromagnetic NiO, in PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 95, 174407.
Reversible optical switching of antiferromagnetism in TbMnO3
Manz Sebastian, Matsubara Masakazu, Lottermoser Thomas, Büchi Jonathan, Iyama Ayato, Kimura Tsuyoshi, Meier Dennis, Fiebig Manfred (2016), Reversible optical switching of antiferromagnetism in TbMnO3, in Nature Photonics, 10, 653.
Terahertz-Driven Nonlinear Spin Response of Antiferromagnetic Nickel Oxide
Baierl S., Mentink J. H., Hohenleutner M., Braun L., Do T.-M., Lange C., Sell A., Fiebig M., Woltersdorf G., Kampfrath T., Huber R. (2016), Terahertz-Driven Nonlinear Spin Response of Antiferromagnetic Nickel Oxide, in Physical Review Letters, 117, 197201.
The evolution of multiferroics
Fiebig Manfred, Lottermoser Thomas, Meier Dennis, Trassin Morgan (2016), The evolution of multiferroics, in Nature Reviews Materials, 1, 16046.
Coherent acoustic perturbation of second-harmonic generation in NiO
Huber L., Ferrer A., Kubacka T., Huber T., Dornes C., Sato T., Ogawa K., Tono K., Katayama T., Inubushi Y., Yabashi M., Tanaka Yoshikazu, Beaud P., Fiebig M., Scagnoli V., Staub U., Johnson S. L. (2015), Coherent acoustic perturbation of second-harmonic generation in NiO, in PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 92(9), 094304.
Probing Ferroelectric Domain Engineering in BiFeO3 Thin Films by Second Harmonic Generation
Trassin Morgan, De Luca Gabriele, Manz Sebastian, Fiebig Manfred (2015), Probing Ferroelectric Domain Engineering in BiFeO3 Thin Films by Second Harmonic Generation, in ADVANCED MATERIALS, 27(33), 4871-4876.
Ultrafast optical tuning of ferromagnetism via the carrier density
Matsubara Masakazu, Schroer Alexander, Schmehl Andreas, Melville Alexander, Becher Carsten, Trujillo-Martinez Mauricio, Schlom Darrell G., Mannhart Jochen, Kroha Johann, Fiebig Manfred (2015), Ultrafast optical tuning of ferromagnetism via the carrier density, in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 6, 6724.
Magnetically driven second-harmonic generation with phase matching in MnWO4
Leo Naemi, Meier Dennis, Becker Petra, Bohaty Ladislav, Fiebig Manfred (2015), Magnetically driven second-harmonic generation with phase matching in MnWO4, in Optics Express, 23, 27700.
Magnetoelectric domain control in multiferroic TbMnO3
Matsubara Masakazu, Manz Sebastian, Mochizuki Masahito, Kubacka Teresa, Iyama Ayato, Aliouane Nadir, Kimura Tsuyoshi, Johnson Steven L., Meier Dennis, Fiebig Manfred (2015), Magnetoelectric domain control in multiferroic TbMnO3, in Science, 348, 6239.
Polarization control at spin-driven ferroelectric domain walls
Leo Naemi, Bergman Anders, Cano Andres, Poudel Narayan, Lorenz Bernd, Fiebig Manfred, Meier Dennis (2015), Polarization control at spin-driven ferroelectric domain walls, in Nature Communications, 6, 6661.
Ultrafast Optical Tuning of Ferromagnetism via the Carrier Density
Matsubara Masakazu, Schroer Alexander, Schmehl Andreas, Melville Alexander, Becher Carsten, Trujillo-Martinez Mauricio, Schlom Darrell G., Mannhart Jochen, Kroha Johann, Fiebig Manfred (2015), Ultrafast Optical Tuning of Ferromagnetism via the Carrier Density, in Nature Communications, 6, 6724.
Writing and reading of an arbitrary optical polarization state in an antiferromagnet
Satoh Takuya, Iida Ryugo, Higuchi Takuya, Fiebig Manfred, Shimura Tsutomu (2015), Writing and reading of an arbitrary optical polarization state in an antiferromagnet, in Nature Photonics, 9, 25.
Optical Magnetization Control in EuO Films
Fiebig Manfred (2014), Optical Magnetization Control in EuO Films, in Ultrafast Magnetism I, SpringerLink, Berlin.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Rupert Huber Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Hilbert von Loehneysen, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Tobias Kampfrath, FHI Max Planck Institute, Berlin Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Andres Cano France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Prof. Tsuyoshi Kimura Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Prof. Takuya Satoh Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Bernd Lorenz United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Ladislav Bohatý Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Jochen Mannhart, MPI Stuttgart Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Stephen Johnson, Dept Physics, ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Darrell G. Schlom United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Petra Becker-Bohatý Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Anders Bergmann Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Masahito Mochizuki Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Dennis Meier Norway (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
The 9th APCTP Workshop on Multiferroics Talk given at a conference Fun stuff to do with multiferroic order parameters 09.11.2017 Kashiwa, Japan Fiebig Manfred; Wetli Christoph Martin;
CEMS Symposium on Trends in Condensed Matter Physics Talk given at a conference Dynamic Quantum-Criticality of Heavy Fermions 06.11.2017 Wako, Japan Wetli Christoph Martin; Fiebig Manfred;
International Workshop on Non-Linear Effects and Short-Time Dynamic Talk given at a conference Dynamic Quantum-Criticality in Heavy Fermions 18.09.2017 Daejeon, Korean Republic (South Korea) Fiebig Manfred; Wetli Christoph Martin;
Physics Colloquium of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Individual talk Coherent Emergence of a Strongly Correlated Ground State in a Quantum Critical Heavy Fermion System 26.01.2017 Karlsruhe, Germany Wetli Christoph Martin;
Transregio-Colloquium of the University of Augsburg (TRR80) Individual talk Coherent Destruction of Quasiparticles in Quantum Critical Heavy Fermion Systems 10.01.2017 Augsburg, Germany Wetli Christoph Martin;
Gordon Research Conference on Multiferroic and Magnetoelectric Materials Poster (unbekannt) 07.08.2016 Lewiston, United States of America Manz Sebastian; Fiebig Manfred;
4th Workshop on the Physics of Complex Oxides Talk given at a conference All-Optical Manipulation of Magnetism in Oxides on the Ultrafast Timescale 13.06.2016 Porquerolles, France Fiebig Manfred;
March Meeting of the American Physical Society 2016 Talk given at a conference Probing the Kondo State using Terahertz Radiation 12.03.2016 Baltimore, United States of America Fiebig Manfred; Wetli Christoph Martin;
DPG Spring Meeting 2016 Talk given at a conference Optical switching of domains in TbMnO3 06.03.2016 Regensburg, Germany Fiebig Manfred; Manz Sebastian;
DPG Spring Meeting 2017 Talk given at a conference Terahertz Spectroscopy of Kondo-Lattice Systems 06.03.2016 Dresden, Germany Wetli Christoph Martin; Fiebig Manfred;
25th Annual Meeting of MRS-J Talk given at a conference Magnetoelectric domain control in multiferroic TbMnO3 08.12.2015 Yokohama, Japan Matsubara Masakazu;
Fall Meeting of the Materials Research Society 2015 Talk given at a conference Magnetoelectric domain control in multiferroic TbMnO3 29.11.2015 Boston, United States of America Manz Sebastian; Fiebig Manfred;
Fall Meeting of the Materials Research Society 2015 Talk given at a conference All-Optical Manipulation of Magnetism in Oxides on the Ultrafast Timescale 29.11.2015 Boston, United States of America Fiebig Manfred;
The 2015 Autumn Meeting of the Physical Society of Japan Talk given at a conference Real space observation of magnetoelectric domain control in spin-spiral TbMnO3 16.09.2015 Kansai, Japan Manz Sebastian; Matsubara Masakazu; Fiebig Manfred;
Beilstein Symposium on Magnetization Dynamics on the Nanometer Scale Talk given at a conference Optical Magnetization Control in Mulitfunctional Oxides 06.09.2015 Potsdam, Germany Fiebig Manfred;
The 70th Annual Meeting of the Physical Society of Japan Talk given at a conference Giant nonlinear Faraday effect in ferromagnetic semiconductor EuO 21.03.2015 Waseda, Japan Matsubara Masakazu; Fiebig Manfred;
DPG Spring Meeting 2015 Talk given at a conference Ultrafast Optical Tuning of Ferromagnetism in EuO via the Carrier Density 15.03.2015 Berlin, Germany Fiebig Manfred;
DPG Spring Meeting 2015 Talk given at a conference Magnetoelectric domain control in multiferroic TbMnO3 15.03.2015 Berlin, Germany Fiebig Manfred; Manz Sebastian;
March Meeting of the American Physical Society 2015 Talk given at a conference Domain Walls in Improper Ferroelectrics as Functional Oxide Interfaces 02.03.2015 San Antonio, United States of America Fiebig Manfred;
Solid-State Physics Seminar Individual talk Investigation of Physical Properties using Nonlinear Optical Effects 06.11.2014 Osaka, Japan Matsubara Masakazu;
The 2014 Autumn Meeting of the Physical Society of Japan Talk given at a conference Nonlinear magneto-optical effect in centrosymmetric magnets 07.09.2014 Chubu, Japan Fiebig Manfred; Matsubara Masakazu;
The 2013 Autumn Meeting of the Physical Society of Japan Talk given at a conference Controlling the ultrafast spin dynamics in ferromagnetic semiconductors Eu1-xGdxO 25.09.2013 Tokushima, Japan Matsubara Masakazu; Fiebig Manfred;
2013 JSAP-MRS Joint Symposia Talk given at a conference Ultrafast Optical Control of Ferromagnetism in Magnetic Semiconductors 16.09.2013 Kyoto, Japan Matsubara Masakazu; Fiebig Manfred;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Materials Day Talk 13.11.2013 ETH Zurich, Switzerland Matsubara Masakazu; Fiebig Manfred; Manz Sebastian;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Echos from the quantum world Webpage of the ETH Department of Materials International 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Materials Day Italian-speaking Switzerland International Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2013
Talks/events/exhibitions Treffpunkt Science City German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2013

Awards

Title Year
ERC Advanced Investigator Grant 2016
Associate Professorship at Tohoku University, Japan 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
178825 Dynamical processes in systems with strong electronic correlations 01.09.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The past two decades have witnessed a vast development of phenomena that are based on the coupling between two seemingly disjunct entities of physics: light and matter. The range of phenomena extends from the atomic scale, e.g. in the form of optically controlled Bose-Einstein condensation, to condensed-matter systems where, e.g., photoinduced insulator-metal tran-sitions have been induced. For condensed matter physicists, the advent of powerful and reliable femtosecond lasers sources has provided an excellent tool for both stimulating and probing novel types of light-matter interaction. For example, in a seminal work published in 1996, a light pulse stimulated the demagnetization of a Ni film within only one picosecond while at the same time the magnetooptical Kerr effect was used for probing this demagnetization.Presently, an important change of perspective is in sight: Instead of focusing on the dynamical aspects of a magnetization, the dynamics of systems with strongly correlated electrons in general with magnetism as only one of its many possible manifestations is moving into focus. Initial examples for such experiments are the effects of the interaction between an intense laser pulse and a Mott insulator, a superconductor, or a two-dimensional electron gas. It is the goal of this project to promote this trend and to open new realms to the field of ultrafast correlation dynamics. Two model cases are chosen for this purpose. Both involve systems and goals of great current interest. The first test compound will be EuO, a compound with exceptional magnetic properties such as semiconductivity in combination with ferromagnetism and 100% spin polarization. With our investigation we intend to achieve a stabilization of magnetic order by photodoping. The optical pulse will create carriers that will intensify the exchange interaction between the Eu(2+) ions to an extent that, ideally, an ordered magnetic state in this compound could transiently be stable even at room temperature.The second test compound will be CeCu(6-x)Au(x), a prototypical Kondo system for which unconventional quantum criticality is suspected. Here we intend to unravel the correlation physics of a Kondo-screened state near a quantum critical phase transition to a magnetically ordered state. We will achieve this by applying a radically new approach for manipulating and probing the correlations in this compound: Nonlinear optical and THz spectroscopy are introduced for probing the Fermi-liquid Kondo state, the antiferromagnetic phase and the region around the quantum critical point. Subsequently the system is excited by a strong optical pump pulse. The light-matter interaction drives the system out of equilibrium and the relaxation dynamics reveals the interactions determining the ground state properties.With our experiments we aim to provide striking demonstrations of the potential of light-matter interaction in systems with strong electronic correlations. We thus intend to accelerate the transition of the field away from ultrafast magnetization dynamics towards ultrafast correlation dynamics in general.
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