Projekt

Zurück zur Übersicht

Fostering pluralistic memories and collective resilience in fragile transitional justice processes

Titel Englisch Running title: Pluralistic memories and transitional justice
Gesuchsteller/in Elcheroth Guy
Nummer 146955
Förderungsinstrument r4d - Social Confilcts
Forschungseinrichtung Institut des sciences sociales Université de Lausanne
Hochschule Universität Lausanne - LA
Hauptdisziplin Psychologie
Beginn/Ende 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2016
Bewilligter Betrag 1'558'066.00
Alle Daten anzeigen

Alle Disziplinen (3)

Disziplin
Psychologie
Soziologie
Ethnologie

Keywords (6)

transitional justice; collective memory; communal violence; social change; peace process; collective resilience

Lay Summary (Französisch)

Lead
Ce projet en partenariat de recherche vise à étudier les processus de remémoration collective dans le contexte de trois sociétés fragiles, qui ont été impliquées dans des cycles récurrents de violence durant les dernières décennies: le Sri Lanka, le Burundi et les Territoires palestiniens.
Lay summary

Comment les gens se souviennent-ils d’événements historiques et comment partagent-ils leurs mémoires avec autrui ? Quelles mémoires sont transformées en des objets matériels, comme des monuments, des archives de témoignages ou des manuels d’histoire ? Qui utilise ces objets et dans quel but ? De telles questions concernant les dynamiques de remémoration collective sont particulièrement prégnantes dans des sociétés qui ont été affectées par un conflit armé prolongé.

Si le projet est orienté par l’idée que le partage de mémoires de transformations, de deuils ou d’actes de solidarité peut jouer un rôle constructif dans des processus fragiles de paix ou de justice transitionnelle, il s’appuie également sur des recherches antérieures montrant que des dispositifs traditionnels de ‘vérité et réconciliation’ peuvent s’avérer inefficaces, voire même contre-productifs. Par conséquent, il vise à contribuer à mieux comprendre et développer des méthodes alternatives pour rassembler, conserver et diffuser des mémoires variées, à créer des lieux protégés pour ceux qui partagent leurs souvenirs personnels et à évaluer empiriquement l’impact de dispositifs mémoriels spécifiques.

Le projet entend récolter des récits individuels portant sur les événements liés aux conflits par le biais d’entretiens individuels et de travaux de terrain ethnographiques dans chacun des trois sites. Les réactions de l’ensemble de la société face à ces différentes mémoires vont être étudiées à travers des enquêtes par sondages représentatifs. Ces activités vont permettre le démarrage d’un programme de recherche et de dissémination plus vaste, centré sur des acteurs jouant un rôle fondamental dans trois secteurs différents des sociétés partenaires, à savoir des chercheurs en sciences sociales, des personnes pivots dans les communautés locales et des acteurs influents des médias.
Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 27.11.2013

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
‘Not our war, not our country’: Contents and contexts of Scottish political rhetoric and popular understandings during the invasion of Iraq
(2014), ‘Not our war, not our country’: Contents and contexts of Scottish political rhetoric and popular understandings during the invasion of Iraq, in British Journal of Social Psychology, 53(1), 112-133.
Can Patriots Be Critical after a Nationalist War? The Struggle Between Recognition and Marginalization of Dissenting Voices
, Can Patriots Be Critical after a Nationalist War? The Struggle Between Recognition and Marginalization of Dissenting Voices, in Political Psychology.
From the field to the archive: the processes and contexts of memory, testimony and knowledge production in three post-conflict societies
, From the field to the archive: the processes and contexts of memory, testimony and knowledge production in three post-conflict societies.
Identity, violence, and power. Mobilising hatred, demobilising dissent
, Identity, violence, and power. Mobilising hatred, demobilising dissent.
Normalization in the relationship between Israelis and Palestinians: Representations and attitudes among Palestinians
, Normalization in the relationship between Israelis and Palestinians: Representations and attitudes among Palestinians.
Performing identity in post-­‐war Sri Lanka: Constructing self during transition
, Performing identity in post-­‐war Sri Lanka: Constructing self during transition.
Political violence, identity and collective Memory: Expressing conflict-related beliefs in shifting normative contexts
, Political violence, identity and collective Memory: Expressing conflict-related beliefs in shifting normative contexts.
Resilience Under Occupation: The Case of Alternative Popular Education (APE) in Palestine
, Resilience Under Occupation: The Case of Alternative Popular Education (APE) in Palestine.
The positioning of Sri Lanka’s postwar development as intergroup helping, different types of victim beliefs and their impact on perceptions of development as help.
, The positioning of Sri Lanka’s postwar development as intergroup helping, different types of victim beliefs and their impact on perceptions of development as help..
The rights and duties of memory in Burundi: 1962-2014 (Master thesis in Public International Law)
, The rights and duties of memory in Burundi: 1962-2014 (Master thesis in Public International Law).
When is collective exposure to war events related to more acceptance of collective guilt?
, When is collective exposure to war events related to more acceptance of collective guilt?, in Journal of Conflict Resolution.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Formen der Zusammenarbeit
Bernard Rimé, Catholic University of Louvain-la-Neuve Belgien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Stephan Parmentier, KU Leuven Belgien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Steve Reicher, University of St Andrews Grossbritannien und Nordirland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Neloufer De Mel, University of Colombo Sri Lanka (Asien)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
Stephan Parmentier, Catholic University of Leuven Belgien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Eva Green, University of Lausanne Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
John Drury, University of Sussex Grossbritannien und Nordirland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Onesphore Baroreraho, Hope Africa University Burundi (Afrika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
Rochelle Burgess, London Metroplitan University Grossbritannien und Nordirland (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Arianna Cecconi, University of Milan Italien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Rezarta Bilali, New York University Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Laurent Licata, Free University of Brussels (ULB) Belgien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Thomas David, University of Lausanne Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Johanna Ray Vollhardt, Clark University Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Dario Spini, University of Lausanne Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Tim Murithi, Institute for Justice and Reconciliation Südafrika (Republik) (Afrika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Svetlana Broz, NGO Gariwo Bosnien-Herzegowina (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
The 39th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Markers of identity in volatile contexts: dimensions of identification and categorisation 11.07.2016 Warsaw, Polen Bady Zacharia;
The 39th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Standing up and being counted: Nexus between development based reconciliation, victim beliefs and collective action 11.07.2016 Warsaw, Polen Usoof-Thowfeek Ramila;
The 39th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Chosen narratives and silent memories: the role of simple and complex stories in adaptation to conflict and in conflict transformation 11.07.2016 Warsaw, Polen Elcheroth Guy;
The 39th Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Collective exposure to war events: different experiences, different impacts 11.07.2016 Warsaw, Polen Penic Sandra;


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Arianna Cecconi, Tuia Chierici, Emylia Hall: Creative approaches to testimony formats and story-telling (Workshop within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 09.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Guy Elcheroth, Sandra Penic, Arianna Cecconi: Designing community interventions (Workshop within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 09.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Guy Elcheroth, Sandra Penic: Doing mixed-methods research: the PMP survey vignettes as a case example (Workshop within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 06.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Rochelle Burgess: Engaging in sensitive research with vulnerable communities: Why empowerment and reflexivity matter (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 04.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Kevin Durrheim: The South African experience and its transnational circulation: Segregation, Prejudice and Social Change (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 03.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Tim Murithi: The South African experience and its transnational circulation: Transitional Justice Model (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 02.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Felix Bühlmann, Daniel Oesch, Guy Elcheroth: Practicing scientific communication (Workshop within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 02.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Sandra Penic: Applied Statistics (Workshop within PMP Doctoral Programme 2016) 27.04.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Neloufer de Mel: Ghostly Cravings: Pluralities and the Quest for Justice in Post-War Sri Lanka (keynote address at Scientific Steering Committee meeting, Pluralistic Memories Project) 29.04.2015 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Guy Elcheroth: Comparative survey designs (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 18.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Bernard Rimé: Psychosocial effects of participation in the "Gacaca" Truth and Reconciliation process after the 1994 Rwandan genocide (Invited talk) 18.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Stephanie Baggio: Longitudinal and quasi-experimental survey designs (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 17.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Albert Simkus: Survey research in post-conflict settings (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 16.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Caroline Roberts: Introduction to survey research and questionnaire development (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 15.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Mina Rauschenbach: Interviewing methods in post-conflict settings (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 11.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Arianna Cecconi: Ethnography of conflict, violence and reconciliation: methodological issues (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 10.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Arianna Cecconi: Ethnography of conflict, violence and reconciliation: theoretical issues (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 09.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Christine Pirinoli: Introduction to ethnographic research (Lecture within PMP Doctoral Programme 2014) 08.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz

Veranstaltungen zum Wissenstransfer

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
r4d Skills on Transnational Research Partnerships Workshop 27.03.2015 Bern, Schweiz
Collecting testimonies in Pluralistic Memories Project: Debriefing workshop in Palestine Workshop 26.01.2015 Ramallah, Schweiz
Presentation of a UNIL research group, on collective memory, vulnerability and resilience in social systems. Tour de Suisse du FNS 2014 Vortrag 13.11.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
From armed conflict to social reconstruction: Collective vulnerability and resilience. World Knowledge Dialogue 2014 Vortrag 21.10.2014 Villars‐sur‐Ollon, Schweiz
r4d Social Conflicts kick-off meeting Workshop 28.04.2014 Warth, Schweiz


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Pilot Community Workshop for Sharing Conflict Memories - 4th discussion 11.06.2016 Palavi, Sri Lanka
Viewing of the movie “Five broken cameras ” and discussion with director Emad Burnat 11.05.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Pilot Community Workshop for Sharing Conflict Memories - Art competition 21.04.2016 Palavi, Sri Lanka
Workshop on preparing for work with communities: Positioning self and ‘other’ in work with trauma and vulnerable communities (by Felicity Reed) 04.04.2016 Lausanne, Schweiz
Pilot Community Workshop for Sharing Conflict Memories - 3rd discussion 09.03.2016 Palavi, Sri Lanka
Pilot Community Workshop for Sharing Conflict Memories - 2nd discussion 30.01.2016 Palavi, Sri Lanka
Pilot Community Workshop for Sharing Conflict Memories - 1st discussion 15.12.2015 Palavi, Sri Lanka
The role of media in dealing with the past: Projection of the movie “I Mashoka” and roundtable discussion 30.04.2015 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Workshop on dealing with trauma among respondents (by Abdelhak Elghezouani) 05.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Roundtable discussion: Functions of testimonies in post-conflict settings 05.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Collecting and publicising testimonies of cross-ethnic solidarity in the midst of ethnic violence (Invited talk by Svetlana Broz) 05.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Workshop on collecting and archiving testimonies 03.09.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz
Kick-off workshop: Pluralistic memories in Palestine 24.02.2014 Ramallah, Palästinensische Gebiete
Kick-off workshop: Pluralistic memories in Sri Lanka 26.01.2014 Colombo, Sri Lanka
Kick-off workshop: Pluralistic memories in Burundi 06.01.2014 Bujumbura, Burundi

Kommunikation mit der Öffentlichkeit

Kommunikation Titel Medien Ort Jahr
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Pluralistic Memories Project Sri Lanka website International 2016
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Pluralistic Memories Project website International 2014
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Pluralistic memories project. Preserving oral histories and fostering collective resilience in confl eSSPace recherche Westschweiz 2014

Verbundene Projekte

Nummer Titel Start Förderungsinstrument
171188 Fostering pluralistic memories and collective resilience in fragile transitional justice processes 01.01.2017 Social Conflicts: Prolongation

Abstract

The project aims to study the processes of collective remembering in the context of three fragile societies that have been involved in repeated rounds of communal violence over decades, in Sri Lanka, Burundi, and the Palestinian territories. It is based on the idea that open expression and circulation of diverse memories of conflicts can foster political tolerance and make communities more resilient when faced with critical events, such as violent incidents or political provocations, which are otherwise likely to undermine or disrupt peace processes. But it is also informed by available research showing that (a) common truth and reconciliation procedures can be ineffective or even counter-productive when implemented in non-ideal societal contexts (e.g., when there is no genuine commitment to a democratization process among the ruling elites), (b) the role of victims in the truth-telling procedures urgently needs to be reconsidered, and (c) there is still a lack of empirically founded conclusions regarding the spill-over effects of participation in truth-telling procedures, i.e., their impact on extended communities beyond the directly exposed individuals. Therefore, our project aims to contribute to the development of an approach to gathering testimonies that does not require ideal circumstances, provides safe spaces for those who testify, and is embedded into a larger intervention and research design intended to facilitate and assess the spill-over effects that are critical to the dynamics of social change. It organizes around the core assumptions that interventions aiming to foster community resilience through collective remembrance can make a critical difference when institutional environments are fragile and that a democratic political culture requires pluralistic collective memories rather than a single commonly accepted truth or narratives that are polarized along communal lines.According to the proposed research plan, first-hand testimonies are initially collected through individual interviews, embedded in a larger background ethnography on conflict-related memories. They are then disseminated in an anonymous format to stimulate community discussions about collective memories. Specific interviewing and moderating methods will be developed to facilitate the expression and recognition of hidden memories of intergroup helping, group malleability, and inclusive victimhood. The impact of these community interventions on the collective recognition of pluralistic memories and on collective resilience is assessed through a longitudinal representative survey, and the circulation of knowledge about collective experiences documented by the survey is finally promoted through further disseminating activities.The implementation of this approach will be achieved through interdisciplinary scientific collaborations, combining ethnographic methods of data collection and purposive sampling procedures to collect testimonies, with standardized methods of survey data collection and probability sampling procedures. To develop an approach that is likely to be applicable to various fragile transitional justice processes, the program will be implemented and assessed in three different contexts that are all characterized by specific circumstances that render classic procedures of public truth-telling problematic. Derived from a theoretical model of social change, our intervention strategy focuses on breaking cycles of ignorance regarding other people’s memories and on empowerment of critical minorities, across three different sectors of society: academics, local social referents, and media actors. In particular, media dialogue workshops and multi-stakeholder briefings will be used as a means to facilitate the dissemination of findings through various communication channels and to strengthen public awareness about existing uncertainties or tolerance, and the malleability of social norms themselves.
-