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Selection at the interfaces

Titel Englisch Selection at the interfaces
Gesuchsteller/in Ihsane Tabea
Nummer 146699
Förderungsinstrument Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
Forschungseinrichtung Département de Linguistique Faculté des lettres Université de Genève
Hochschule Universität Genf - GE
Hauptdisziplin Schwerpunkt Romanistik
Beginn/Ende 01.01.2014 - 31.07.2017
Bewilligter Betrag 398'135.00
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Alle Disziplinen (2)

Disziplin
Schwerpunkt Romanistik
Schwerpunkt Germanistik und Anglistik

Keywords (7)

Selection; Syntax; Lexicon; Interfaces; Clausal complements; Nominal complements; Semantics

Lay Summary (Französisch)

Lead
Les mécanismes de sélection entre un verbe et son complément, que celui-ci soit nominal (dire [un secret]) ou phrasal (dire [que Jean est là]), sont complexes. Dans le cadre de la grammaire générative (Chomsky 1957, 1995), cette question est débattue depuis près d’un demi-siècle (cf. Chomsky 1965, Pesetsky 1982, Grimshaw 1979). L’approche que nous proposons, combinant des aspects syntaxiques, sémantiques et lexicaux, apportera un éclairage nouveau, original et global sur cette problématique.
Lay summary

Le but de la recherche proposée est d’arriver à une compréhension globale du processus de sélection entre un prédicat et son complément. Pour y parvenir, nous allons examiner les compléments nominaux  (dire [un secret]) et phrasaux (dire [que Jean est là]) afin de déterminer (i) leur structure (syntaxe), (ii) la relation de sens qu’ils ont avec d’autres éléments de leur environnement (sémantique), ainsi que (iii) ce qui est encodé dans les mots impliqués (lexique), dans le cadre de la Grammaire Générative (Chomsky 1957, 1965, 1995) et dans une approche trans-langagière.

Dans cette perspective, des éléments tels que ‘that’ (ce, que) sont particulièrement intéressants puisqu’ils apparaissent dans différents types de compléments :

(1)         a.     I like [that].                                    ‘J’aime cela’.

             b.     I like [the things that you do].           ‘J’aime les choses que tu fais’.

             c.     I like [that you are doing this].            ‘J’aime que tu  fasses cela’.

La question est de savoir s’il est possible d’analyser ‘that’ de manière unifiée, notamment en assimilant le pronom relatif (1b) au démonstratif (1a), et les compléments phrasaux (1c) aux relatives illustrées en (1b). Cela implique de déterminer la forme et la structure de ces compléments, le rôle du complémenteur, par rapport à celui des déterminants. En effet, il a été proposé que ces derniers ‘clôturent’ les arguments nominaux (Higginbotham 1985), comme les complémenteurs ‘clôturent’ les arguments phrasaux (Chierchia 1995). De manière générale, ces questions nous conduiront à explorer la suggestion que plus un argument est structurellement ‘petit’ (syntaxe), plus il est sémantiquement proche du prédicat qui le sélectionne (Ihsane 2008).
Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 12.11.2013

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
A New Outlook of Complementizers
Shim Ji Young, Ihsane Tabea (2017), A New Outlook of Complementizers, in Languages, 2, 1-18.
Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars
Parafita Couto M. Carmen, Shi Ji Young, Ihsane Tabea (ed.) (2017), Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars, MDPI, Basel.
English Overt and Null Complementizers
Shim Ji Young, Ihsane Tabea (2017), English Overt and Null Complementizers, in Studies in Generative Grammar, 27.3, 515-534.
Introducing the Special Issue: Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars
Shim Ji Young, Ihsane Tabea, Parafita Couto M. Carmen (2017), Introducing the Special Issue: Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammars, in Languages, 2, 1.
On the Category of Tunisian Object Marking FI
PallottinoMargherita (2017), On the Category of Tunisian Object Marking FI, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
Facts: The interplay between the Matrix Predicate and its Clausal Complement.
Shim Ji Young, Ihsane Tabea (2015), Facts: The interplay between the Matrix Predicate and its Clausal Complement., in Newcastle and Northumbria Working Papers in Linguistics, 21(1), 130-144.
“feš taqra?” What are you reading? Prepositional objects in Tunisian Arabic
Pallottino Margherita, “feš taqra?” What are you reading? Prepositional objects in Tunisian Arabic, in Brill’s Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics, 8(2), 286-312.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Formen der Zusammenarbeit
University of Leiden, Maria del Carmen Parafita Couto Niederlande (Europa)
- Publikation
CUNY Graduate Center, Prof. Marcel den Dikken Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Ghent University, Prof. Liliane Haegeman Belgien (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
Séminaire de Recherche de l UMR 7023 SFL, Université Paris VIII Einzelvortrag Tunisian Objects: differentially marked or differently marked? 18.09.2017 Université Paris VIII, Frankreich Pallottino Margherita;
Deuxième journée du Réseau thématique Langage et Communication Poster DOM in Tunisian Arabic 14.09.2017 Université de Genève, Schweiz Pallottino Margherita;
27 Colloquium on Generative Grammar Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Reanalysis of Overt and Null Complementizers 17.05.2017 Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid, Spanien Ihsane Tabea; Shim Ji Young;
Research Seminar in Linguistics Einzelvortrag “feš taqra?” What are you reading? Prepositional objects in Tunisian Arabic 04.10.2016 University of Geneva, Schweiz Pallottino Margherita;
9th Days of Swiss Linguistics (9DSL) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Where is my complementizer? 29.06.2016 University of Geneva, Schweiz Ihsane Tabea; Shim Ji Young;
Clausal and Nominal Complements in Monolingual and Bilingual Grammar Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung The Unbearable Lightness of Being a ɸ-incomplete D 27.06.2016 University of Geneva, Schweiz Shim Ji Young; Ihsane Tabea;
Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE), Workshop 'Aspect vs. verbal and nominal valency' Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Genericity and aspect in Italian 02.09.2015 Leiden, Niederlande Ihsane Tabea; Pallottino Margherita;
Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE), Main Session Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Clausal Complements in Verbal and Nominal Domains 02.09.2015 Leiden, Niederlande Ihsane Tabea; Shim Ji Young;
The Syntax of the Arabics Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung feš taqra?” What are your reading? Prepositional progressive in Tunisian Arabic 28.08.2015 Genève, Schweiz Pallottino Margherita;
ACED 17 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Characterising Genericity: how bare plural objects affect the generic interpretation 04.06.2015 Bucarest, Rumänien Pallottino Margherita; Ihsane Tabea;
ACED 17 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung From Complementizer Deletion to Subject Extraction: a cross-linguistic perspective 04.06.2015 Bucarest, Rumänien Ihsane Tabea; Shim Ji Young;
Workshop on Altaic Formal Linguistics 11 (WAFL11) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Complementizer Deletion, Subject Extraction, and Beyond 04.06.2015 York, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Shim Ji Young; Ihsane Tabea;
41st Incontro di Grammatica Generativa Poster Characterizing habituality: direct objects effects on the generic interpretation 26.02.2015 Perugia, Italien Pallottino Margherita;
The Asian and European Linguistic Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Facts: The Interplay Between the Matrix Predicate and Its Clausal Complement 05.12.2014 Newcastle, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Shim Ji Young; Ihsane Tabea;


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort

Verbundene Projekte

Nummer Titel Start Förderungsinstrument
126861 Une étude comparative des propriétés syntaxiques du subjonctif 01.02.2010 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
167034 Clausal and nominal complements in monolingual and bilingual grammars 01.06.2016 Wissenschaftliche Tagungen

Abstract

The aim of the project is to examine nominal (say [a word]) and clausal complements (say [that John is happy]) in order to determine (i) their structure (syntax), (ii) the meaningful link between these constituents and their structural environment (semantics) and (iii) what is encoded in the lexical items involved (lexicon). The proposed research will be realised in the framework of Generative Grammar (Chomsky 1957, 1965, 1981, 1995). It focuses on selection, a question debated in the literature for nearly half a century (c.f. e.g. Chomsky 1965, Pesetsky 1982, Grimshaw 1979). However, the strength and originality of the project is that it tackles this phenomenon from three perspectives, an interface approach which will allow us to identify what sentential and nominal complements have in common and what differentiates them. What we will explore is the claim that selection is semantically determined (Rochette 1988) and that it is lexical semantics which determines the complement which is available. This means that selection has to be closely related to the interpretation of the matrix predicate and to the characteristics of the matrix clause in general (sometimes tense, presence of negation…). For example, the factive reading of clausal complements (i.e. the assertion of the truth of the selected clause) cannot always be attributed to the complementiser or/and the matrix predicate only. Other clausal elements might be involved. This is the case of Greek.Another line of analysis we will develop concerns elements like that in English. What we will do is determine whether the examples below can be unified at least to some extent.(1)a. I like [that].b.I like [the things that you do].c.I like [that you are doing this].What we will investigate is whether that-complement clauses can be assimilated to relative clauses associated with a null head. More generally, the form and the structure of complements, the role of complementisers and determiners will be studied. Indeed, determiners have been claimed to ‘close off’ nominal arguments (Higginbotham (1985) and so have complementisers for the clause (Chierchia 1995). More generally, what we will explore is the suggestion that the ‘smaller’ the argument (syntax), the closer it is semantically to the predicate selecting it (Ihsane 2008). The planned research will contribute to the understanding of selection, of both nominal and clausal complements, as we will address important semantic issues (what is the meaningful link between these complements and their structural environment?), as well as questions related to the lexicon (what is encoded in the lexical items involved?). It will thus allow us to reach a global understanding of the mechanisms involved in selection.
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