labor market; school-to-work transitions; vacancies; career mobility; job opportunities; structural unemployment; gender; personnel recruitment; skill demand
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This application is a revised version of the one submitted in September 2011 for transforming the Swiss Job Market Monitor (SJMM) into a Scientific Use Survey. In the assessment of our first application the Research Council and reviewers expressly recognize its relevance and high scientific quality. While revising the application against this background, we have concentrated on answering the open questions of the Research Council regarding the holdback period, data use, long-term financing and institutional localization as well as international positioning in order to complete the application accordingly.The high scientific relevance of this project results from the fact that in this way the scientific community gains access for the first time to long-term comparable micro data on the demand-side of the labor market, which makes it possible to close considerable research gaps in important areas of labor market research, as well as in research on social mobility, inequality, and stratification. The evident need for this kind of micro data provided the starting point for developing the SJMM (www.stellenmarktmonitor.uzh.ch), a continuous and representative survey of advertised job openings in the Swiss economy, which we have established at the Department of Sociology at the University of Zurich. The monitoring is built on a retrospective survey of job openings advertised in the press and covers the whole time period from 1950 to 2001 on an annual basis. This survey, carried out in the SNSF’s Priority Program 'Switzerland towards the Future,' continued as from 2001 as an ongoing monitoring of job vacancies advertised online and in the press for the whole of Switzerland. In the course of the monitoring, we have created a unique longitudinal database providing micro data on advertised job openings that are representative of the Swiss economy, comparable across long periods of time, and that can be disaggregated down to the level of individual positions. This new data source opens a host of new research opportunities, as we will exemplify in this proposal for five relevant research areas. To enable use of the SJMM database across disciplines, we seek to make it available to the scientific community as a regularly updated scientific use file (SUF). It is foreseeable that particularly economists, psychologists and sociologists will use the new database intensively for innovative research. Furthermore, with the envisaged transformation of the SJMM into an Associated Institute of the University of Zurich, an ideal institutional framework for the mid- and long-term continuation of the monitoring is being established.With this proposal, we are applying for the necessary funding to further develop the current monitoring instrument into a scientific use survey. Since the SJMM is overwhelmingly financed through third-party funding by business partners and public administration, the envisaged transformation of the monitoring requires only limited co-funding through the SNSF.