Project

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Opening innovation: Searching, designing and leading

Applicant von Krogh Georg
Number 146439
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Departement Management, Technologie und Ökonomie D-MTEC ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Science of management
Start/End 01.11.2013 - 31.05.2017
Approved amount 466'650.00
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Keywords (5)

Open Innovation; Knowledge; Search; Leadership; Organizational Design

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
'Open Innovation' umschreibt das Phänomen, dass Firmen Ideen von aussen wie von innen aufgreifen, um ihre Technologien weiter zu entwickeln und sich in neuen Märkten zu positionieren. Dieses Phänomen hat grosse Aufmerksamkeit gefunden, sowohl bei Wirtschaftswissenschaftlern als auch bei Praktikern.
Lay summary

Im Herzen von 'Open Innovation' steht die Frage, wie Firmen es schaffen können, Aussenstehende in ihre internen Innovationsprozesse einzubinden. Um externe Interessensvertreter in ihren Dienst zu nehmen, müssten Firmen einige Änderungen vornehmen, wovon Wissensstrategie, Organisationsstruktur und Führungsstil am meisten betroffen sind. Mit diesem Projekt versuchen wir zu ergründen, wie Firmen lernen, offen zu werden, indem sie in diese drei wichtigen Tätigkeitsfelder investieren: Wissenssuche, Organisationsgestaltung und Führen. Zuerst untersuchen wir die Basisbedingungen, wie Firmen 'Open Innovation' einführen, wie Firmen z.B. Beschränkungen bei der Suche nach Wissen und Informationen überwinden, was die Auswirkung von unterstützenden Technologien wie IT ist und wie Firmen lernen, Probleme zu formulieren, für die sie Lösungen suchen können. Dann untersuchen wir ausführlich, wie 'Open Innovation' die Organisationsgestaltung im Sinne von neuen und veränderten Rollen und Prozessen beeinflusst. Während Führung in traditioneller Firmeninnovation einige Aufmerksamkeit erfahren hat, ist viel weniger bekannt über Führung in 'Open Innovation'-Umgebungen. Hier glauben wir, dass Organisationsforschung die Literatur über gesellschaftliche Bewegungen gründlicher untersuchen sollte, um Fragen zu Führung und Ressourcenmobilisierung tiefer zu erkunden. In der heutigen Globalwirtschaft setzen Firmen vermehrt auf externe Wissensquellen als effektiveren und effizienteren Weg, Neuerungen einzubringen. Ungeachtet bereits bestehender Forschung, die die Vorteile von 'Open Innovation' aufzeigt, gibt es dringlichen Bedarf an wissenschaftlicher Recherche zu Themen, wie Firmen sich selbst reorganisieren, Ressourcen nutzen und externe Interessensvertreter in diesen neuen Kontext involvieren. Die Erkenntnisse aus dem Projekt sollen Orientierungshilfen für Firmen sein und diese inspirieren, externes Wissen zu suchen oder neu zu verwenden und 'Open Innovation'-Projekte zu gestalten und zu leiten.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.09.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Demystifying industry–academia collaboration
Gersdorf Thomas, He Vivianna Fang, Schlesinger Ann, Koch Guido, Ehrismann Dominic, Widmer Hans, von Krogh Georg (2019), Demystifying industry–academia collaboration, in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 1-8.
EXTERNAL KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: IMPLICATIONS FOR PROCESS INNOVATION PERFORMANCE
Trantopoulos Konstantinos, von Krogh Georg, Wallin Martin W., Woerter Martin (2017), EXTERNAL KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: IMPLICATIONS FOR PROCESS INNOVATION PERFORMANCE, in MIS QUARTERLY, 41(1), 287-287.
Special Section Introduction—Online Community as Space for Knowledge Flows
Faraj Samer, von Krogh Georg, Monteiro Eric, Lakhani Karim R. (2016), Special Section Introduction—Online Community as Space for Knowledge Flows, in Information Systems Research, 27(4), 668-684.
Coordinating Knowledge Creation in Multidisciplinary Teams: Evidence from Early-Stage Drug Discovery
Ben-Menahem S. M., von Krogh G., Erden Z., Schneider A. (2016), Coordinating Knowledge Creation in Multidisciplinary Teams: Evidence from Early-Stage Drug Discovery, in Academy of Management Journal, 59(4), 1308-1338.
Research Note-Perceived Firm Attributes and Intrinsic Motivation in Sponsored Open Source Software Projects
Spaeth Sebastian, von Krogh Georg, He Fang (2015), Research Note-Perceived Firm Attributes and Intrinsic Motivation in Sponsored Open Source Software Projects, in Information Systems Research, 26(1), 224-237.
Strategic Choices in Converging Industries
Hacklin Fredrik, Battistini Boris, von Krogh Georg (2013), Strategic Choices in Converging Industries, MIT, Cambridge.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Swiss Economic Institute (KOF) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Making Knowledge Work, EURAM 2017 Talk given at a conference Coordinating Knowledge Creation in Multidisciplinary Teams 21.06.2017 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland von Krogh Georg;
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Seminar Individual talk Coordinating knowledge creation in interdisciplinary teams 14.12.2016 Munich, Germany von Krogh Georg;
Hitotsubashi University Seminar Individual talk Coordinating knowledge creation in multidisciplinary teams 06.04.2016 Tokyo, Japan von Krogh Georg;
How Does Teamwork Work? Individual talk Coordinating Knowledge Creation in Multidisciplinary Teams 12.02.2016 Gothenburg, Sweden von Krogh Georg;
User and Open Innovation Workshop Talk given at a conference Perceived firm attributes and intrinsic motivation in sponsored OSS projects 30.07.2014 Boston, United States of America Spaeth Sebastian; von Krogh Georg;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
PwC @12 Workshop 05.10.2016 Zurich, Switzerland von Krogh Georg;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Swiss businesses are good process innovators German-speaking Switzerland International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Das Cluster-Ecosystem im Kanton Zürich und sein Einfluss auf den Innovationsprozess German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Key motivators of the open source community ETH News International German-speaking Switzerland 2015

Abstract

Despite understanding the advantages of open innovation, research as of yet failed to understand how firms have to organize in these settings and we still lack proper processual theorizing as to how firms “learn to become open”. In this proposal we aim to counter this shortcoming by investigating open innovation processes along three dimensions: searching, designing and leading. First, while Laursen and Salter demonstrated the benefits of “open search” (2006), several important questions remain to be answered, e.g. how firms overcome constraints to search, what the impact of enabling technologies such as IT is, and how firms learn to formulate problems for which they subsequently can search for solutions. Second, while leadership in traditional corporate innovation has received some attention much less is known about leadership in open innovation settings. In this regard we believe that organizational research should examine the literature on social movements more carefully (e.g., Clemens, 2005) to explore questions related to leadership and resource mobilization. Third, while the relationship between innovation and organizational design is an established field of inquiry (e.g., Tushman, O’Reilly etc), the question how open innovation affects organizational design in terms of e.g. new and modified organizational roles and processes is still begging an answer. Answering such questions can fruitfully build on recently published work on organizational design, e.g. Miles et al. (2010) on the design and use of collaborative communities, Frost, Osterloh and Weibel (2010) on organizational designs and governance mechanisms for knowledge workers or Harhoff and Mayrhofer (2010) on the design and management or user innovation communities.We plan to research the processes of organizing open innovation in terms of searching/reusing knowledge, leading and designing open projects.The goal of each research project is to use the best research designs available to answer the research questions.
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