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Age-related prospective memory performance: Testing the Multiprocess Theory

English title Age-related prospective memory performance: Testing the Multiprocess Theory
Applicant Kliegel Matthias
Number 146134
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Section de Psychologie Faculté Psychologie et Sciences éducation Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.07.2013 - 30.06.2016
Approved amount 204'112.00
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Keywords (2)

Aging; Gerontology

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Warum vergessen wir oft, unsere Absichten in die Tat umzusetzen? Welche Faktoren tragen dazu bei, dass ältere Personen mehr oder weniger Probleme beim Erinnern von Absichten haben? Dies sind zentrale Fragen des Projekts.
Lay summary
Das prospektive Gedächtnis (PM) bezeichnet das Zusammenspiel jener geistigen Prozesse, die daran beteiligt sind, beabsichtigte Handlungen zu planen und sich daran zu erinnern, sie zur geplanten Gelegenheit selbstständig auch auszuführen (z.B. daran zu denken, seine Medikamente rechtzeitig zu nehmen, einen Arzttermin einzuhalten, einem Freund zum Geburtstag zu gratulieren oder ein Dokument an eine E-Mail anzuhängen, bevor man sie verschickt). Das Vergessen von Absichten ist eines der häufigsten Gedächtnisprobleme im Alltag und von hoher Relevanz für ein selbstständiges Leben. Erste Ergebnisse deuten auf einen altersbezogenen Rückgang in der PM-Leistung hin. Jedoch variieren die Ergebnisse verschiedener Studien beträchtlich. Die Aufklärung dieser unklaren Befundlage ist ein aktuelles, bislang ungelöstes Problem in der kognitiven Alternsforschung. Daher werden im vorliegenden Projekt verschiedene Mechanismen als mögliche Einflussfaktoren auf Alterseffekte systematisch untersucht. Diese Faktoren leiten sich konzeptionell direkt von einer aktuellen Theorie zum PM (dem sog. „Multiprocess Framework“) ab. Insbesondere sollen in verschiedenen Experimenten die Auswirkungen der Aktivitäten untersucht werden, in die man zum Zeitpunkt der geplanten Erinnerung involviert ist. Desweiteren wird untersucht, inwieweit die Eigenschaften des Hinweisreizes und dessen Beziehung mit der geplanten Handlung bzw. den laufenden Hintergrundaktivitäten eine Rolle dabei spielen, ob ältere Personen mehr oder weniger Schwierigkeiten mit dieser Art Aufgaben haben. Als erste Studie, die die Vorhersagen des Multiprocess Framework bei jüngeren und älteren Erwachsenen systematisch testet, wird das Forschungsprojekt nicht nur den Kenntnisstand bezüglich der zugrunde liegenden Mechanismen von Altersunterschieden beim Erinnern von Absichten erweitern, sondern auch wesentliche Grundlagen für mögliche Trainingsprogramme in dieser alltagsrelevanten Gedächtnissituation liefern.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 10.05.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
The interplay of intention maintenance and cue monitoring in younger and older adults’ prospective memory
Ballhausen Nicola, Schnitzspahn Katharina M., Horn Sebastian S., Kliegel Matthias (2017), The interplay of intention maintenance and cue monitoring in younger and older adults’ prospective memory, in Memory & Cognition, 45(7), 1113-1125.
An individual difference perspective on focal versus nonfocal prospective memory.
Zuber Sascha, Kliegel Matthias, Ihle Andreas (2016), An individual difference perspective on focal versus nonfocal prospective memory., in Memory & cognition, (8), 1192-1203.
Intraindividual reaction time variability predicts prospective memory failures in older adults.
Haynes B I, Kliegel M, Zimprich D, Bunce D (2016), Intraindividual reaction time variability predicts prospective memory failures in older adults., in Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition, 1-14.
Prospective memory and intraindividual variability in ongoing task response times in an adult lifespan sample: the role of cue focality.
Ihle Andreas, Ghisletta Paolo, Kliegel Matthias (2016), Prospective memory and intraindividual variability in ongoing task response times in an adult lifespan sample: the role of cue focality., in Memory (Hove, England), 1-7.
Prospective Memory in Older Adults: Where We Are Now and What Is Next.
Kliegel Matthias, Ballhausen Nicola, Hering Alexandra, Ihle Andreas, Schnitzspahn Katharina M, Zuber Sascha (2016), Prospective Memory in Older Adults: Where We Are Now and What Is Next., in Gerontology, (4), 459-66.
Emotional valence differentially affects encoding and retrieval of prospective memory in older adults.
Ballhausen Nicola, Rendell Peter G, Henry Julie D, Joeffry Sebastian, Kliegel Matthias (2015), Emotional valence differentially affects encoding and retrieval of prospective memory in older adults., in Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition, (5), 544-59.
Importance effects on age differences in performance in event-based prospective memory.
Hering Alexandra, Phillips Louise H, Kliegel Matthias (2014), Importance effects on age differences in performance in event-based prospective memory., in Gerontology, (1), 73-8.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Paolo Ghisletta, University of Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Louise Phillips, University of Aberdeen Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Bayen (University of Düsseldorf) Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Dr. Sebastian Horn, MPI Berlin (ehemals Gruppe von Prof. Bayen, University of Düsseldorf) Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Peter Rendell, Australian Catholic University Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. David Bunce, University of Leeds Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Prospective Memory in Normal and Abnormal Ageing. Symposium conducted at the International Conference on Memory (ICOM) Talk given at a conference Do focality and maintenance load differently impact prospective memory performance in young and older adults? 17.07.2016 Budapest, Hungary Kliegel Matthias; Ballhausen Nicola; Schnitzspahn Katharina;
PM workshop 2016 Individual talk Prospective memory and aging: The role of task switching. 13.07.2016 Saint-Légier, Switzerland Ballhausen Nicola; Kliegel Matthias; Schnitzspahn Katharina;
Invited talk at University of Tennessee about Prospective Memory Individual talk Prospective memory: A research tour around remembering intentions 18.04.2016 Chattannooga, United States of America Kliegel Matthias; Schnitzspahn Katharina; Ballhausen Nicola;
Cognitive Aging Conference 2016 Poster The interplay of intention maintenance and cue detection in younger and older adults’ prospective memory 14.04.2016 Atlanta, United States of America Ballhausen Nicola; Kliegel Matthias; Schnitzspahn Katharina;
Prospective memory: Psychology of the future. Symposium conducted at the 14. biannual congress of the Swiss psychological society Talk given at a conference Relative influence of cue distinctiveness and focality on prospective memory performance in age. 08.09.2015 Genf, Switzerland Ballhausen Nicola; Kliegel Matthias; Schnitzspahn Katharina;
Geneva Aging Series 2015 Poster The different influence of cue-action association and focality on prospective memory performance 29.07.2015 Saint-Légier, Switzerland Kliegel Matthias; Schnitzspahn Katharina; Ballhausen Nicola;
Prospective memory and aging. Symposium conducted at the Third International Conference on Aging & Cognition Talk given at a conference Relative influence of cue distinctiveness and focality on prospective memory performance in age 23.04.2015 Dortmund, Germany Kliegel Matthias; Ballhausen Nicola; Schnitzspahn Katharina;
4th International Conference on Prospective Memory Poster Relative influence of cue distinctiveness and focality on Prospective Memory performance in age. 26.05.2014 Neapel, Italy Schnitzspahn Katharina; Ballhausen Nicola; Kliegel Matthias;
Cognitive Aging Conference 2014 Poster Emotional valence differentially affects encoding and retrieval of prospective memory in older adults. 03.04.2014 Atlanta, United States of America Schnitzspahn Katharina; Kliegel Matthias; Ballhausen Nicola;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Geneva Aging Series 2016 14.09.2016 Saint-Légier, Switzerland
PM Workshop 2016 13.07.2016 Sain-Légier, Switzerland
14th biannual congress of the Swiss Psychological Society (SGP/SSP) 08.09.2015 Genf, Switzerland
Geneva Aging Series 2015 29.07.2015 Saint-Légier, Switzerland
Geneva Aging Series 2014 03.09.2014 Genf, Switzerland
Geneva Aging Series 2013 08.11.2013 Genf, Switzerland

Abstract

One important issue in cognitive aging research is the question of why memory declines in old age. Amongst the many memory sub-domains, prospective memory - memory for future intentions - has recently become of interest. While there is meta-analytic evidence of age-related decline in prospective memory performance, results on age-related differences vary considerably across studies. The “puzzle of inconsistent age-related declines in prospective memory” is a pressing issue in current gerontology and has not been resolved satisfactorily by previous research. Earlier studies have examined the role of cue focality in age-related differences in prospective memory performance. However, cue focality seems to explain only part of the age-related variance in prospective memory performance. Therefore, the present proposal systematically examines the additional influence of three alternative mechanisms possibly underlying adult age differences in prospective memory performance. Conceptually, predictions are derived from the multiprocess theory of prospective memory in which cue focality was initially introduced as only one of four prospective memory and ongoing task-related aspects potentially influencing prospective memory performance in general. Specifically, in three experiments on young and older adults using the same general empirical paradigm, besides the role of cue focality, the effects of ongoing task absorption, prospective memory cue distinctiveness, and cue-action associativity on age-related prospective memory performance will be investigated. Furthermore, besides specifying the relative importance of these different factors, for the first time possible interaction effects of the factors will be tested. By additionally examining ongoing task performance, it will be explored if the different factors affect prospective memory performance in the same or in different ways. Being the first study to systematically test the full set of predictors proposed by the multiprocess theory in young and older adults, the proposed research will not only enhance our understanding of mechanisms underlying age differences in the delayed realization of intentions but also substantially contribute to the conceptual knowledge in the field of cognitive aging.
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