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Manufacturing synthetic rocks in the Rock Deformation Laboratory, ETH: Hot Isostatic Press Upgrade (HIP UP)

English title Manufacturing synthetic rocks in the Rock Deformation Laboratory, ETH: Hot Isostatic Press Upgrade (HIP UP)
Applicant Burg Jean-Pierre
Number 144980
Funding scheme R'EQUIP
Research institution Departement Erdwissenschaften ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Geology
Start/End 01.12.2012 - 31.03.2014
Approved amount 145'000.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Geology
Geophysics
Geochemistry
Mineralogy

Keywords (3)

High pressure-temperature; Synthetic mineral aggreagates; Rock deformation

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
La presse haute température (HIP) est un instrument destiné à élaborer et déformer des agrégats polycristallins. Les échantillons produits sont nécessaires pour contraindre expérimentalement la rhéologie des matériaux, en particulier les géomatériaux.
Lay summary

La presse haute température (HIP) est un instrument destiné à élaborer et déformer des agrégats polycristallins. Les échantillons produits sont nécessaires pour contraindre expérimentalement la rhéologie des matériaux, en particulier les géomatériaux. Les roches synthétiques sont utilisés pour mesurer les propriétés physiques (par exemple élasticité, viscosité, propriétés magnétiques, thermiques et électriques) des roches dans des conditions de pression et de températures simulant les conditions naturelles, dans la croûte terrestre..

La compréhension théorique des agrégats exige de tels échantillons simplifiées, contrôlés et bien caractérisés. Les roches synthétiques ont un large champ d’application  en géologie, géophysique et en sciences des matériaux. L'ETHZ-HIP est apte à la préparation de larges échantillons sous des conditions équivalentes au 8 km supérieurs de la croûte terrestre.

Le projet financé par le programme NSF R'equip permettra une mise à niveau de la presse existante. Cette modernisation instrumentale concerne:

1. Remplacement des tubes à haute pression et des connecteurs.

2. Remplacement de l’unité de contrôle.

3. Numérisation de l’enregistrement des données.

4. Rénovation des compresseurs et des pompes à haute pression.

5. Mise en place d’un four assurant des températures plus élevées.

6. Remplacement du système de refroidissement.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.12.2012

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Hot Isostatic Press (HIP) is required to prepare synthetic, polymineralic aggregate, which are used to define rheological properties.
Lay summary

Manufacturing synthetic rocks in the Rock Deformation Laboratory, ETH: Hot Isostatic Press UPgrade (HIP UP)

The Hot Isostatic Press (HIP) is an experimental setup required to prepare and deform polymineralic aggregates at given conditions. The goal is to constrain experimentally the rheology of earth materials. Synthetically manufactured rocks are used to provide fundamental physical properties in natural rocks (e.g., elastic, viscous, magnetic, thermal and electrical properties).

Beyond the statistics and general measured trends, the theoretical understanding of aggregates requires simplified, controlled and well characterized samples. Synthetic rocks have wide applicability in areas of experimental geology, geophysics and material sciences. The ETHZ-HIP performs synthesis of large sample volumes at effectively upper crustal conditions (i.e., up to 8 km depth).

The successful NSF R'equip proposal will allow to upgrade the existing HIP and preserve its established worldwide leadership. Addressed maintenance and upgrades for this proposal consider:

  1. Replacement of high pressure tubes and connectors.
  2. Upgrade to a state-of-the-art control unit.
  3. Digitalization of data record.
  4. Upgrade to better controlled high pressure pump and compressor.
  5. Upgrade to higher temperature furnace.
  6. Replacement of the cooling system.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.12.2012

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Effects of crystallization and bubble nucleation on the seismic properties of magmas.
Tripoli B. A. Cordonnier B. Zappone A. & Ulmer P. (2016), Effects of crystallization and bubble nucleation on the seismic properties of magmas., in Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17(2), 602-615.
Textural and chemical consequences of interaction between hydrous mafic and felsic magmas: an experimental study.
Pistone M. Blundy J. D. Brooker R. A. EIMF. (2016), Textural and chemical consequences of interaction between hydrous mafic and felsic magmas: an experimental study., in Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 171(8), 1-21.
Several in progress, which will have benefited from the technical improvements
Burg, Several in progress, which will have benefited from the technical improvements, ETH interne, Zurich.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Institute of Geophysics, ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Climate Geology, Geological Institute, ETH Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
University of Manchester Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Berkeley United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
University of Montpellier2 France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
University of Portsmouth Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
NONE 03.02.2014 Zurich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Tectonomechanics Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 03.02.2014 Zurich, Switzerland Burg Jean-Pierre;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
143300 Laboratory low-frequency seismic attenuation measurements of reservoir rocks 01.01.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
137867 Hydrofracture propagation and arrest in active geological settings: understanding high temperature / high pressure coupled processes through new laboratory rock-physics simulations 01.12.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

This R'Equip/SNF proposal requests funding to upgrade the current Hot Isostatic Press (HIP), a unique experimental setup installed in the Experimental Rock Deformation Laboratory of ETH Zurich. Understanding Earth dynamics requires an absolute knowledge of the stress required to deform a specific material or polymineralic aggregate at given conditions. The goal of experimental rock deformation is to constrain the rheology of earth materials, which is a key property in geodynamic processes. The large variability of materials and conditions has generated a genuine community dedicated on experimental deformation of both natural and synthetic rocks. Synthetically manufactured rocks are used to provide fundamental physical properties in natural rocks (e.g., elastic, viscous, magnetic, thermal and electrical properties).Natural sciences tackle fields controlled by a large number of source parameters. Beyond the statistics and general measured trends, the theoretical understanding of the studied systems requires simplified, controlled and well characterized samples. The synthetic proxies of natural rocks have wide applicability in areas of experimental geology, geophysics and material sciences. ETH Zurich (ETHZ) offers a unique place to perform synthesis of large sample volumes at effectively upper crustal conditions (i.e., up to 8 km depth) while synthesis elsewhere is commonly made in small volumes or under atmospheric pressure. The Rock Deformation Laboratory (RDL-ETHZ, Structural Geology and Tectonics group), together with the Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology (IGP-ETHZ), is currently engaged in several collaborations that encompass volcanology, magmatic flows, oil reservoir detection and crustal/upper mantle deformation. These projects and the potential to provide large synthetic samples (which is essential to carry out a set of experiments on the same material) have generated a widespread interest for the use of the Hot Isostatic Press (HIP) both within Switzerland and internationally. In effect, we already produced samples for other institutions.
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