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Individual Trajectories of Working Life in Switzerland

English title Individual Trajectories of Working Life in Switzerland
Applicant Elfering Achim
Number 144057
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie Institut für Psychologie Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.10.2012 - 30.09.2015
Approved amount 131'384.00
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Keywords (6)

work success; growth curve analysis; longitudinal research; well-being; personal resources; job resources

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary

Background

Favorable job characteristics (e.g., presence of job resources such as autonomy and skill variety) are considered to be beneficial for workers motivation, well-being, and personal development. On the other side, poor work quality negatively affects employee well-being, organizational costs and performance, private life, and society. Occupational health psychology has established theoretical models and empirical knowledge on various aspects of the relationship between people and their work but the majority of research focuses on negative variables (e.g., stressor-strain relationship) and is cross-sectional. Longitudinal studies are important for several reasons, for example some effects may occur with longer exposure time. Thus, with this project we will focus on longitudinal effects of positive variables, i.e. resources at work for young workers in Switzerland.

 

Goals

Our two main goals of this project are 1) Strengthen occupational health psychology's knowledge on positive job characteristics, and 2) extend knowledge on (individual) development processes over time (e.g. reciprocal effects and parallel development). Quantitative analyses are based on the two largest longitudinal data samples within Switzerland; the Work Experience and Quality of Life in Switzerland (AEQUAS) and Transition from Education to Employment (TREE) longitudinal studies on quality of working live. Both studies allow us to follow occupational and personal pathways of young workers in Switzerland.

 

Significance

The scientific significance of this project is to gain a better understanding of relationships between positive aspects of work and worker’s personal resources over time. Also study results will extend knowledge in occupational health psychology to young workers and positive aspects of work. Employers will learn more about long-term effects of job characteristics and job design.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Taking the chance: Core Self-Evaluations predict relative gain in job resources following turnover
Elfering A. Keller A. Meier L. L. Kälin W. Berset M. Grebner S. Tschan F. Monnerat F. (2016), Taking the chance: Core Self-Evaluations predict relative gain in job resources following turnover, in SpringerPlus, 5, 1702.
Who gets the high quality jobs ten years after compulsory school?
Keller Anita C., Stalder Barbara E., Igic Ivana, Semmer Norbert K., Elfering Achim (2016), Who gets the high quality jobs ten years after compulsory school?, in Scharenberg Katja (ed.), Seismo, Zurich, 231-251.
Gender differences in the association of a high quality job and self-esteem over time: A multiwave study
Keller Anita C., Meier Laurenz L., Gross Sven, Semmer Norbert K. (2015), Gender differences in the association of a high quality job and self-esteem over time: A multiwave study, in European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(1), 113-125.
Work or family or both? Value trajectories and their prediction over ten years
Tschopp Cécile, Keller Anita C., Stalder Barbara E. (2015), Work or family or both? Value trajectories and their prediction over ten years, in Journal of Adolescence, 42, 20-30.
The meaning and measurement of well-being as an indicator of success
Keller Anita C., Semmer Norbert K., Samuel Robin, Bergman Manfred Max (2014), The meaning and measurement of well-being as an indicator of success, in Keller Anita (ed.), Springer, Dordrecht, 171-193.
Work experiences and well-being in the first years of professional work in Switzerland: A ten-year follow-up study
Kälin Wolfgang, Keller Anita C., Tschan Franziska, Elfering Achim, Semmer Norbert K. (2014), Work experiences and well-being in the first years of professional work in Switzerland: A ten-year follow-up study, in Keller Anita (ed.), Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 151-170.
Changes in situational and dispositional factors as predictors of job satisfaction
Keller Anita C., Semmer Norbert K. (2013), Changes in situational and dispositional factors as predictors of job satisfaction, in Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83(1), 88-98.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
17th Conference of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Talk given at a conference Autonomy, variety, and self-esteem over time: Benefits for men, not for women. 01.05.2015 Oslo, Norway Keller Anita; Semmer Norbert Karl;
17th Conference of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Talk given at a conference Work interruptions: their longitudinal relationship with job satisfaction and psychosomatic complaints. 01.05.2015 Oslo, Norway Semmer Norbert Karl; Keller Anita; Elfering Achim;
11th Conference of the European Association of Occupational Health Psychology Talk given at a conference Impact of development of job control and task-related stressors on resigned job attitude. 01.04.2014 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Elfering Achim; Keller Anita; Semmer Norbert Karl;
16th Conference of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology Talk given at a conference Changes in skill variety predict job satisfaction and psychosomatic complaints. 01.05.2013 Munster, Germany Semmer Norbert Karl; Keller Anita;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Emotionale Faktoren am Arbeitsplatz - ReGo-Work SYMPOSIUM 2016. Die Sicht der Arbeitgeber Talk 23.01.2016 Zunfthaus zur Saffran, Zürich, Switzerland
Die digitale Revolution und unsere Arbeitswelt Talk 07.04.2014 Buchhandlung Thalia, Bern, Switzerland


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
58450 Umbrella project: Work experience and quality of life in Switzerland: work, stress, and personality development 01.01.2000 Swiss Priority Programmes (SPPs)
173111 Modeling Constellations of Cumulative Experience of Psychosocial Risk Factors and Job Resources across Work-Life and Exploring their Link to Life Trajectories of Health and Well-being 01.12.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)
120796 TREE - Transitionen von der Erstausbildung ins Erwerbsleben 01.04.2008 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

Individual characteristics and working conditions consistently show associations in cross-sectional research. However, the complex reciprocal relationship can only be disclosed by following people across (at least parts of) their working lives, repeatedly assessing both work characteristics and individual factors. The first goal of the current research proposal is to study reciprocal relationships between resourceful work design and personal resources. The second goal is to study the long-term antecedents of and consequences of work success, focusing on growth rates in resourceful job design and personal aspects, their intercorrelations, and their capability to predict work success in a latent growth model. Analyses are based on the two largest longitudinal data samples within Switzerland; the Work Experience and Quality of Life in Switzerland (AEQUAS) and Transition from Education to Employment (TREE) longitudinal studies on quality of working live.
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