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Musikexpertise und Sprachfunktionen: Ein neurowissenschaftlicher Zugang

English title The relationship between music expertise and language functions: a neuroscientific perspective
Applicant Jäncke Lutz
Number 138668
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Lehrstuhl für Neuropsychologie Psychologisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Neurophysiology and Brain Research
Start/End 01.02.2012 - 30.09.2015
Approved amount 686'432.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Neurophysiology and Brain Research
Psychology

Keywords (6)

Musik; Kognitive Neurowissenshaft; Plastizität; Lernen; Neuroanatomie; Bildgebung

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Lay summary

Musik und Sprache galten lange Zeit als zwei unterschiedliche psychische Funktionen, die wenig miteinander gemeinsam haben. Genährt wurde diese Sicht vor allem durch Studien an neurologischen Patienten, die Hirnverletzungen oder Läsionen in links- oder rechtsseitigen Hirngebieten aufwiesen. Eine typische Erklärung war  zum Beispiel, dass Musikfunktionen eher rechts- während Sprachfunktionen eher linkshemisphärisch verarbeitet würden. Neuere Untersuchungen belegen vielmehr, dass beide Hemisphären in die Verarbeitung Sprache und Musik eingebunden sind. Interessant ist auch, dass beide Hemisphären bei der Verarbeitung von Sprache und Musik miteinander interagieren und jede Hemisphäre ihren eigenen Bearbeitungsteil beiträgt. In diesem Projekt werden die Gemeinsamkeiten der Sprach- und Musikverarbeitung herausgearbeitet. Von besonderem Interesse sind hierbei die neuronalen Grundlagen der Sprach- und Musikverarbeitung. Bislang konnten wir belegen, dass die frühen auditorischen Verarbeitungsprozesse im auditorischen Cortex bei Personen mit Musikexpertise schneller und effizienter verlaufen. Selbst späte auditorische Verarbeitungen in den sekundären auditorischen Arealen weisen Musikexpertise-spezifische Charakteristika auf. Neben den funktionellen Aspekten werden immer wieder anatomische Auffälligkeiten beobachtet. Insbesondere diese sollen in diesen Untersuchungen näher analysiert werden. Hierbei interessiert, inwieweit sich bei Musikexperten die anatomische und funktionelle Netzwerkarchitektur  im auditorischen System verändert hat. Hierzu werden in zukünftigen Studien Netzwerkanalysen auf der Basis der Small-World-Theorie durchgeführt werden. 


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Interhemispheric transcallosal connectivity between the left and right planum temporale predicts musicianship, performance in temporal speech processing, and functional specialization.
Elmer S, Hänggi J, Jäncke L (2016), Interhemispheric transcallosal connectivity between the left and right planum temporale predicts musicianship, performance in temporal speech processing, and functional specialization., in Brain Struct Funct, 221(1), 331-44.
Interhemispheric transcallosal connectivity between the left and right planum temporale predicts musicianship, performance in temporal speech processing, and functional specialization.
Elmer S, Hanggi J, Jancke L (2016), Interhemispheric transcallosal connectivity between the left and right planum temporale predicts musicianship, performance in temporal speech processing, and functional specialization., in Brain Struct Funct, 221(1), 331-344.
The Influence of Pre-stimulus EEG Activity on Reaction Time During a Verbal Sternberg Task is Related to Musical Expertise.
Klein C, Diaz Hernandez L, Koenig T, Kottlow M, Elmer S, Jäncke L (2016), The Influence of Pre-stimulus EEG Activity on Reaction Time During a Verbal Sternberg Task is Related to Musical Expertise., in Brain Topography, 29, 67-81.
Music and the heart
Koelsch S, Jäncke L (2015), Music and the heart, in Eur Heart J, 36, 3043-3048.
Structural Brain Correlates Associated with Professional Handball Playing.
Hänggi J, Langer N, Lutz K, Birrer K, Mérillat S, Jäncke L (2015), Structural Brain Correlates Associated with Professional Handball Playing., in PLoS One, 10(4), 0124222-0124222.
Time course of EEG oscillations during repeated listening of a well-known aria.
Jäncke L, Kühnis J, Rogenmoser L, Elmer S (2015), Time course of EEG oscillations during repeated listening of a well-known aria., in Front Hum Neurosci, 9, 401-401.
Absolute Pitch: Evidence for Early Cognitive Facilitation during Passive Listening as Revealed by Reduced P3a Amplitudes.
Rogenmoser L, Elmer S, Jancke L (2014), Absolute Pitch: Evidence for Early Cognitive Facilitation during Passive Listening as Revealed by Reduced P3a Amplitudes., in J Cogn Neurosci, 27(3), 1-15.
Auditory Evoked Responses in Musicians during Passive Vowel Listening Are Modulated by Functional Connectivity between Bilateral Auditory-related Brain Regions.
Kuhnis J, Elmer S, Jancke L (2014), Auditory Evoked Responses in Musicians during Passive Vowel Listening Are Modulated by Functional Connectivity between Bilateral Auditory-related Brain Regions., in J Cogn Neurosci, 26(12), 1-12.
Intracerebral functional connectivity-guided neurofeedback as a putative rehabilitative intervention for ameliorating auditory-related dysfunctions.
Elmer S, Jancke L (2014), Intracerebral functional connectivity-guided neurofeedback as a putative rehabilitative intervention for ameliorating auditory-related dysfunctions., in Front Psychol, 5, 1227-1227.
Music and Language Expertise Influence the Categorization of Speech and Musical Sounds: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Measurements.
Elmer S, Klein C, Kuhnis J, Liem F, Meyer M, Jancke L (2014), Music and Language Expertise Influence the Categorization of Speech and Musical Sounds: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Measurements., in J Cogn Neurosci, 26(10), 2356-2369.
Processing demands upon cognitive, linguistic, and articulatory functions promote grey matter plasticity in the adult multilingual brain: Insights from simultaneous interpreters.
Elmer S, Hanggi J, Jancke L (2014), Processing demands upon cognitive, linguistic, and articulatory functions promote grey matter plasticity in the adult multilingual brain: Insights from simultaneous interpreters., in Cortex, 54, 179-189.
The architecture of the chess players brain.
Hanggi J, Brutsch K, Siegel AM, Jancke L (2014), The architecture of the chess players brain., in Neuropsychologia, 62, 152-162.
The brain of synesthetes
Jäncke Lutz (2014), The brain of synesthetes, in Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei, 25(3), 309-316.
The hypothesis of neuronal interconnectivity as a function of brain size-a general organization principle of the human connectome.
Hanggi J, Fovenyi L, Liem F, Meyer M, Jancke L (2014), The hypothesis of neuronal interconnectivity as a function of brain size-a general organization principle of the human connectome., in Front Hum Neurosci, 8, 915-915.
Verbal learning in the context of background music: no influence of vocals and instrumentals on verbal learning.
Jancke L, Brugger E, Brummer M, Scherrer S, Alahmadi N (2014), Verbal learning in the context of background music: no influence of vocals and instrumentals on verbal learning., in Behav Brain Funct, 10, 10-15.
An empirical reevaluation of absolute pitch: behavioral and electrophysiological measurements.
Elmer S, Sollberger S, Meyer M, Jancke L (2013), An empirical reevaluation of absolute pitch: behavioral and electrophysiological measurements., in J Cogn Neurosci, 25(10), 1736-53.
Development of ERN together with an internal model of audio-motor associations
Lutz Kai, Puorger Roman, Cheetham Marcus, Jancke Lutz (2013), Development of ERN together with an internal model of audio-motor associations, in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 471.
Increased cortical surface area of the left planum temporale in musicians facilitates the categorization of phonetic and temporal speech sounds.
Elmer Stefan, Hänggi Jürgen, Meyer Martin, Jäncke Lutz (2013), Increased cortical surface area of the left planum temporale in musicians facilitates the categorization of phonetic and temporal speech sounds., in Cortex, 49(10), 2812-21.
Music Making and the Aging Brain
Jäncke L (2013), Music Making and the Aging Brain, in Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, 24, 113-121.
Musical expertise affects attention as reflected by auditory-evoked gamma-band activity in human EEG.
Ott CG, Stier C, Herrmann CS, Jancke L (2013), Musical expertise affects attention as reflected by auditory-evoked gamma-band activity in human EEG., in Neuroreport, 24(9), 445-50.
Musicianship boosts perceptual learning of pseudoword-chimeras: an electrophysiological approach.
Kuhnis J, Elmer S, Meyer M, Jancke L (2013), Musicianship boosts perceptual learning of pseudoword-chimeras: an electrophysiological approach., in Brain Topogr, 26(1), 110-25.
Processing of self-initiated speech-sounds is different in musicians.
Ott CG, Jancke L (2013), Processing of self-initiated speech-sounds is different in musicians., in Front Hum Neurosci, 7, 41-41.
The effects of working memory training on functional brain network efficiency.
Langer Nicolas, von Bastian Claudia C, Wirz Helen, Oberauer Klaus, Jäncke Lutz (2013), The effects of working memory training on functional brain network efficiency., in Cortex, 49(9), 2424-2438.
The encoding of vowels and temporal speech cues in the auditory cortex of professional musicians: an EEG study.
Kühnis Jürg, Elmer Stefan, Meyer Martin, Jäncke Lutz (2013), The encoding of vowels and temporal speech cues in the auditory cortex of professional musicians: an EEG study., in Neuropsychologia, 51(8), 1608-1618.
The problem of thresholding in small-world network analysis.
Langer N, Pedroni A, Jancke L (2013), The problem of thresholding in small-world network analysis., in PLoS One, 8(1), 53199-53199.
Diminished Whole-brain but Enhanced Peri-sylvian Connectivity in Absolute Pitch Musicians.
Jäncke Lutz, Langer Nicolas, Hänggi Jürgen (2012), Diminished Whole-brain but Enhanced Peri-sylvian Connectivity in Absolute Pitch Musicians., in J Cogn Neurosci, 24(6), 1447-61.
Effects of limb immobilization on brain plasticity.
Langer N, Hanggi J, Muller N A, Simmen H P, Jancke L (2012), Effects of limb immobilization on brain plasticity., in Neurology, 78(3), 182-188.
Functional brain network efficiency predicts intelligence.
Langer Nicolas, Pedroni Andreas, Gianotti Lorena R R, Hänggi Jürgen, Knoch Daria, Jäncke Lutz (2012), Functional brain network efficiency predicts intelligence., in Human brain mapping, 33, 1393-1406.
Motor Training-Induced Neuroplasticity
Bezzola Ladina, Mérillat Susan, Jäncke Lutz (2012), Motor Training-Induced Neuroplasticity, in GeroPsych, 25(4), 189-197.
Musical expertise induces neuroplasticity of the planum temporale
Meyer Martin, Elmer Stefan, Jäncke Lutz (2012), Musical expertise induces neuroplasticity of the planum temporale, in Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1252, 116-123.
Neurofunctional and behavioral correlates of phonetic and temporal categorization in musically trained and untrained subjects.
Elmer Stefan, Meyer Martin, Jäncke Lutz (2012), Neurofunctional and behavioral correlates of phonetic and temporal categorization in musically trained and untrained subjects., in Cereb Cortex, 22(3), 650-658.
Pre-attentive modulation of brain responses to tones in coloured-hearing synesthetes
Jäncke Lutz, Rogenmoser Lars, Meyer Martin, Elmer Stefan (2012), Pre-attentive modulation of brain responses to tones in coloured-hearing synesthetes, in BMC Neuroscience, 13, 151-151.
The dynamic audio-motor system in pianists.
Jancke L (2012), The dynamic audio-motor system in pianists., in Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1252, 246-252.
The effect of leisure activity golf practice on motor imagery: an fMRI study in middle adulthood.
Bezzola Ladina, Mérillat Susan, Jancke Lutz (2012), The effect of leisure activity golf practice on motor imagery: an fMRI study in middle adulthood., in Front. Hum. Neurosci., 6, 67-67.
The Relationship between Music and Language.
Jancke L (2012), The Relationship between Music and Language., in Front Psychol, 3, 123-123.
The spatiotemporal characteristics of elementary audiovisual speech and music processing in musically untrained subjects.
Elmer S, Meyer M, Jä (2012), The spatiotemporal characteristics of elementary audiovisual speech and music processing in musically untrained subjects., in Int J Psychophysiol, 83(3), 259-268.
Visual activation of auditory cortex reflects maladaptive plasticity in cochlear implant users.
Sandmann P, Dillier N, Eichele T, Meyer M, Kegel A, Pascual-Marqui RD, Marcar VL, Jancke L, Debener S (2012), Visual activation of auditory cortex reflects maladaptive plasticity in cochlear implant users., in Brain, 135(2), 555-568.
Independent component processes underlying emotions during natural music listening.
Rogenmoser L, Zollinger N, Elmer S, Jäncke L, Independent component processes underlying emotions during natural music listening., in Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci.
Independent component processes underlying emotions during natural music listening.
Rogenmoser L., Zollinger N., Elmer S., Jäncke L., Independent component processes underlying emotions during natural music listening., in Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci.
Professional Music Training and Novel Word Learning: From Faster Semantic Encoding to Longer-lasting Word Representations.
Dittinger E, Barbaroux M, D'Imperio M, Jäncke L, Elmer S, Besson M, Professional Music Training and Novel Word Learning: From Faster Semantic Encoding to Longer-lasting Word Representations., in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1-19.
The "silent" imprint of musical training.
Klein C, Liem F, Hänggi J, Elmer S, Jäncke L, The "silent" imprint of musical training., in Hum Brain Mapp.
The Influence of Pre-stimulus EEG Activity on Reaction Time During a Verbal Sternberg Task is Related to Musical Expertise.
Klein C, Diaz Hernandez L, Koenig T, Kottlow M, Elmer S, Jäncke L, The Influence of Pre-stimulus EEG Activity on Reaction Time During a Verbal Sternberg Task is Related to Musical Expertise., in Brain Topogr.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Music Lab, Beth Israel Hospital Harvard Medical School United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
1st Neuromusic Research Conference Talk given at a conference Music drives brain plasticity 03.06.2016 Vitznau, Switzerland Jäncke Lutz;
Neural control of movement Talk given at a conference Specialisation of the specialists 24.04.2016 Montego Bay, Jamaica Jäncke Lutz;
Zurich Minds Talk given at a conference Music and the brain 01.12.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Jäncke Lutz;
The Athlete's Brain: Neuronale Aspekte motorischer Kontrolle im Sport" Talk given at a conference The plastic human brain 06.03.2015 Munich, Germany Jäncke Lutz;
Akustik Talk given at a conference Synästhesie – Wenn Töne sauer schmecken 27.06.2014 Olten, Switzerland Jäncke Lutz;
9. Bamberger Neuropsychologie-Tag Talk given at a conference Macht Musik schlau? 13.06.2014 Bamberg, Germany Jäncke Lutz;
Lustrum congress - neurorehabilitation Talk given at a conference Music and the brain 23.11.2013 Amsterdam, Netherlands Jäncke Lutz;
MUSIC, POETRY AND THE BRAIN . Celebrating Wagner’s Bicentennial Talk given at a conference Musical training and brain plasticity 23.05.2013 Lissabon, Portugal Jäncke Lutz;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Warum Musikunseren Gehirn gut tut Die Welt German-speaking Switzerland International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media http://www.tagesanzeiger.ch/zeitungen/Hintergrundhoeren-hat-zugenommen/story/25593073 Tagesanzeiger International German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television Macht Musik schlau? SRF German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Der Zauber der Musik NZZ German-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Macht Musik schlau 3sat.de German-speaking Switzerland International 2014
Other activities Zauber der Musik - Lucerne festival - Eröffnungsrede International German-speaking Switzerland 2014
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Das Gehirn von Pianisten German-speaking Switzerland 2013

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
163149 Die neuronalen Grundlagen des absoluten Gehörs und der Ton-Farbsynästhesie: Zwei Seiten einer Medaille? 01.11.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
158642 Auditory aversion in subjects with absolute pitch 01.03.2015 Doc.Mobility
121927 Musikexpertise und Sprachfunktionen 01.02.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Im Rahmen dieses Projektes sollen vier Teilarbeiten durchgeführt, die alle dazu dienen, die neuropsychologischen bzw. neurowissenschaftlichen Grundlagen des Zusammenhangs zwischen Musikexpertise und Sprachfunktionen herauszuarbeiten. Konkret geht es um folgende Projekte: (1) Bearbeitung subkortikaler Mechanismen der Musik- und Sprachwahrnehmung; (2) Berechnung von anatomischen und funktionellen Small-World-Netzwerkwerken bei Musikern (anderen Experten) und Nicht-Experten; (3) elektrische Oszillationen bei der Sprach- und Musikverarbeitung im links- und rechtsseitigen kortikalen Sprachsystem und (4) Identifizierung neurophysiologischer Mechanismen von Rekollektion und Vertrautheit beim verbalen Lernen in Abhängigkeit von Musikexpertise und simultan präsentierter Musik.
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