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SPARC International Project office

Applicant Staehelin Johannes
Number 138017
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Start/End 01.02.2012 - 31.01.2014
Approved amount 198'512.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Keywords (5)

stratosphere; climate; ozone; atmospheric chemistry; stratosphere-troposphere coupling

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Ozone is of concern to all life on earth. In the upper atmosphere it absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation, thus protecting biota at the surface. Monitoring ozone throughout the atmosphere is therefore of great importance. The main aim of the SPARC ‘Ozone Profile Trends Activity’ is to assess the anthropogenic impacts on upper atmospheric ozone and, in particular, to determine ozone trends over the past decades.
Lay summary
The work of the scientific coworker is devoted to support the project office of SPARC (Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate). SPARC (http//:www.sparc-climate.org) is one of the core projects of the World Climate Research Project (WCRP). The SPARC Office is responsible for production of SPARC Newsletters and editing and production of SPARC reports; these documents used to be very relevant in the context of writing of the Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion of WMO (World Meteorological Organization) and UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) for the parties that signed the United Nations Montreal Protocol. In addition the scientist will be involved in selected scientific activities of SPARC.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Attribution of extreme weather to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions: Sensitivity to spatial and temporal scales
Angelil O. Stone. D.A. Tadross. M. Tummon F. Wehner M. Knutti. R. (2014), Attribution of extreme weather to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions: Sensitivity to spatial and temporal scales, in Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 2150-2155.
Trajectory matching of ozonesondes and MOZAIC measurements in the UTLS – Part 2: Application to the global ozonesonde network
Staufer Johannes (2014), Trajectory matching of ozonesondes and MOZAIC measurements in the UTLS – Part 2: Application to the global ozonesonde network, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 7, 241-266.
Model estiamtes of Liftimes, Chapt 5
Tummon Fiona (co-author) (2013), Model estiamtes of Liftimes, Chapt 5, in Ko M.K. Newmann P.A. and Reimann S. (ed.), SPARC Report No 6, Zürich, Switzerland, 5-1-5-61.
Trajectory matching of ozonesondes and MOZAIC measurements in the UTLS – Part 1: Method description and application at Payerne, Switzerland
Staufer Johannes (2013), Trajectory matching of ozonesondes and MOZAIC measurements in the UTLS – Part 1: Method description and application at Payerne, Switzerland, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 3393-3406.
Multi-model estimates of atmospheric lifetimes of long-lived Ozone-Depleting Substances: Present and future
Chipperfield Martyn P., Multi-model estimates of atmospheric lifetimes of long-lived Ozone-Depleting Substances: Present and future, in Journal of Geophysical Research, in press(in press), in press-in press.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Bodeker, Scientific New Zealand (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
NOAA United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
SPARC Scientific Steering Group Meeting (SSG) Talk given at a conference Results of Lifetime activity 20.01.2014 Queenstown, NZ, New Zealand Tummon Fiona;
General Assembly of SPARC Talk given at a conference Future ODS Liftimes: Effect of the Montreal Protocol and Climate Change 13.01.2014 Queesnstown, NZ, New Zealand Peter Thomas; Staehelin Johannes; Tummon Fiona;
Second SPARC/IO3C/IGACO-O3/NDACC workshop on Past Changes in the Vertical Distribution of Ozone Talk given at a conference Paper Disucssion 19.09.2013 Helsinki, Finnlad, Finland Tummon Fiona;
IGAC/SPARC Global Chensitry Climate Modeling and Evaluation Workshop Poster Separating the effects of chemistry and climate on future lifetimes of ODS species 15.05.2013 Boulder, Colorado, United States of America Tummon Fiona; Peter Thomas; Staehelin Johannes;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
SPARC Scientific Steering Group meeting (SSG) 26.11.2012 Buenos Aires, Argentina, Argentina

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
117626 NOy at the interface of the planetary boundary layer and the free troposphere from measurements at Jungfraujoch 01.12.2007 Project funding (Div. I-III)
149806 SPARC International Project office 01.02.2014 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

SPARC (Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate) is a core project of the World Climate Re-search Programme (WCRP). For almost two decades, SPARC has coordinated high-level research activities of increasing relevance for understanding Earth system processes. SPARC research out-comes contributed significantly to international assessments, such as the assessments of ozone deple-tion by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the climate assessments by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). SPARC concentrates on bottom-up driven research, providing coordination and support, which lead to bite-sized deliverables of significant added scientific value. SPARC accomplishments are internationally well recognized, as evidenced by the high citation record of SPARC publications and by the growing interest in - and support of - SPARC activities by the scientific community and renowned organization such as NASA, ESA, CSA, CNRS, and many others. The SPARC International Project Office is essential in assisting basically all of SPARC’s scientific activities. In addition to science coordination the main tasks of the Office include organization and financial support of international workshops and conferences and of the quadrennial SPARC General Assembly, the production of the semi-annual SPARC Newsletters and of the SPARC Assessments and Reports, the maintenance of SPARC’s website and the organization of the deliberations of the SPARC Scientific Steering Group. The SPARC Office is in the process of moving from Toronto to Zurich, with the year 2011 being the transition year. The SPARC Office in Zurich will be sponsored by ETH Zurich, FOEN (Federal Office for the Environment), MeteoSwiss, and WCRP, who support the Office with 1.6 FTE. However, due to budget constraints these financial resources allow to cover only the basic organisation of the Office. For comparison, the Toronto Office crew was operating on average with 2.5 FTE and at times even with 3.3 FTE. In order to maintain the high level of science coordination, the Swiss SPARC Office requests resources for employing a highly qualified Postdoctoral Fellow. This Postdoc will focus on international science coordination, staying himself/herself abreast of the science underpinning SPARC, organizing and participating in scientific meetings, and contributing to the writing and editing of SPARC Reports, Newsletters and scientific review papers. This is particularly important as the man-date of SPARC is just being extended to include tropospheric activities, which will result in an increas-ing demand for scientific coordination and hence, workload for the SPARC Office.
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