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La griffe de l'État érythréen : surveillance et mobilisation des migrants érythréens en Suisse et auxPays-Bas

Applicant Bozzini David
Number 137456
Funding scheme Fellowships for prospective researchers
Research institution University of Leiden
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Ethnology
Start/End 01.10.2011 - 30.09.2012
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Ethnology
Political science

Keywords (5)

Eritrea; State; Surveillance; Diaspora; Europe

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
This research is at the cross-road of three fields of study: anthropology of the state, transnational studies, and surveillance studies. It examines the processes of surveillance and governance that the current Eritrean state and its unique party exercise on Eritrean communities in two countries in Europe (Switzerland and The Netherlands). In particular, it focuses on the articulation and the limits of social and political logics of these processes, on their transnational and historical dimensions and on the consequences these have on social relationships. Ethnographic study will be conducted in Eritrean communities in the two countries mentioned above.

The research is structured in two analytical sections. The first analyses governance techniques and transnational schemes that the Eritrean state applies on Eritrean citizens residing in Europe. Critical emphasis is made on the transnational political institutions of the Eritrean state that aim at mobilising resources for the country and at controlling political activities of Eritreans in Europe. The second part discusses believes, representations and feelings that Eritreans have regarding the Eritrean state and the ruling party. This section analyses political figures such as the 'traitor' or the 'spy' and political rationales and moral reasoning - revealing tensions among the communities in Europe.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Martyrs, Traitors, and Exiles. Politcal Conflict in Eritrea and the Diaspora.
Bozzini David (2012), Martyrs, Traitors, and Exiles. Politcal Conflict in Eritrea and the Diaspora., in Northeast African Studies, 12(2), 141-147.
Fuir l'apocalypse
Bozzini David (2012), Fuir l'apocalypse, in Marc-Olivier Gonseth Bernard Knodel Yann Laville & Grégoire Mayor (éds.) (ed.), MEN, Neuchâtel, 88-93.
Low-tech surveillance and the despotic state in Eritrea
Bozzini David (2011), Low-tech surveillance and the despotic state in Eritrea, in Surveillance and Society, 9(2), 93-113.
Contraintes et marges de manœuvre autour de la procédure d'asile en Suisse Romande
Bozzini David, Fresia Marion, Sala Alice (ed.), Contraintes et marges de manœuvre autour de la procédure d'asile en Suisse Romande, Forum Suisse des Migrations, Neuchâtel.
Les spirales de l'incertitude ou la construction collective de l'insécurité des conscrits érythréens.
Bozzini David, Les spirales de l'incertitude ou la construction collective de l'insécurité des conscrits érythréens., in Journal des africanistes.
The Catch 22 of Resistance: Jokes and the Political Imagination of Eritrean Conscripts
Bozzini David, The Catch 22 of Resistance: Jokes and the Political Imagination of Eritrean Conscripts, in Africa Today.
The Fines and the Spies: Fear of State Surveillance in Eritrea and in the Diaspora.
Bozzini David, The Fines and the Spies: Fear of State Surveillance in Eritrea and in the Diaspora., in Social Analysis.
thnographier la fabrique de l'asile en Suisse Romande: introduction
Bozzini David, Fresia Marion, Sala Alice, thnographier la fabrique de l'asile en Suisse Romande: introduction, in Bozzini David, Fresia Marion, Sala Alice (ed.), Forum Suisse des Migrations, Nuechâtel.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
BFM Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
OFPRA France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
IAGCI, UK Border Agency Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
University of Manchester Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Tilburg University Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Universität Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
University of Tennessee, Knoxville United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Chapman University United States of America (North America)
- Publication
London South Bank Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
African Studies Centre Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Les émotions politiques: le cas de la peur du régime et la réflexivité des jeunes dissidents érythréens en Suisse 23.10.2012 Neuchâtel, Suisse
EASA: Shall we continue to fear the regime? Anxiety and reflexivity among Eritrean migrants in Switzerland 11.07.2012 Paris, France
Affective States: Exploring Emotion in Political Life: Of Fines and Spies: fear of surveillance and the reshaping of affective economies in Eritrea and in exile 17.05.2012 Manchester, UK
The Reach of the Eritrean State: Despotism, Surveillance and Exile 18.04.2012 Luzern, Switzerland
The Reach of the Eritrean State: Despotism, Surveillance and Exile 10.04.2012 Leiden, The Netherlands
La fabrique institutionnelle de l’asile: Normes de production et circulation des informations sur les pays d'origine en Suisse 16.12.2011 Neuchâtel, Suisse
The reach of the Eritrean state: surveillance, despotism and exile 10.10.2011 Bern, Switzerland


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Journée d'information pays d'origine: Erythrée 11.10.2012 OFPRA, Paris, France
Eritrea Überwachungsstaat, Nationaldienst, Eritreer im Sudan 16.02.2012 BFM, Bern-Wabern
Tagung zur eritreischen Diaspora in der Schweiz 01.12.2011 BFM, Bern-Wabern


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Erythrée: Pourquoi le pouvoir offre des kalachnikovs aux civils Slate-Afrique International 24.10.2012
Media relations: print media, online media La peur est très présente chez les Erythréens de Suisse Le Temps International Western Switzerland 01.02.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Le calvaire des conscrits Erythréens La liberté Western Switzerland 11.09.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Les rescapés du goulag érythréen Le Temps International Western Switzerland 28.02.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Recrutement forcé pour le service national Magazine Amnesty Western Switzerland 15.08.2012
Media relations: radio, television Switzerland: Eritreans complain of intimidation World Radio Switzerland International 01.02.2012
Media relations: print media, online media Zunehmende Spannungen unter Eritreern Tages Anzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 09.05.2012

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
140484 A Global History of Export Processing Zones (1947-2007), continued 01.08.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)
164564 Surveillance, Despotisme et Resistance en Erythrée et en Exil 01.02.2016 Return CH Advanced Postdoc.Mobility

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