autism spectrum disorders; emotion ; emotion regulation ; psychophysiology; neural correlates (fMRI)
Samson A.C., Dougherty R. F., Lee I. A., Phillips J. P., Gross J. J., Hardan A. Y. (2016), White matter structure in the uncinate fasciculus: Implications for socio-affective deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder, in PsychiatryResearch:Neuroimaging
, 255, 66-74.
Pehrs Corinna, Samson Andrea C., Gross James J. (2015), The quartet theory: Implications for autism spectrum disorder, in Physics of Life Reviews
, 13, 77-79.
Samson A. C. Phillips J. M. Parker K. J. Shah S. Gross J. J. & Hardan A. Y. (2014), Emotion dysregulation and the core features of Autism Spectrum Disorder, in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Samson A. C., Hardan A. Y., Podell R. W., Phillips J. M., Gross J. J. (2014), Emotion regulation in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder, in Autism Research
Sheppes G., Brady W. J., Samson A. C. (2014), In (visual) search for a new distraction: The efficiency of a novel attentional deployment versus semantic meaning regulation strategies, in Frontiers in Psychology
, 5, 346.
Mueller Sophia, Keeser Daniel, Samson Andrea C., Kirsch Valerie, Blautzik Janusch, Grothe Michel, Erat Okan, Hegenloh Michael, Coates Ute, Reiser Maximilian F., Hennig-Fast Kristina, Meindl Thomas (2013), Convergent Findings of Altered Functional and Structural Brain Connectivity in Individuals with High Functioning Autism: A Multimodal MRI Study, in PLOS ONE
, 8(6), 67329.
Schipper Marc, Kullik Angelika, Samson Andrea C., Koglin Ute, Petermann Franz (2013), Emotion dysregulation in childhood, in PSYCHOLOGISCHE RUNDSCHAU
, 64(4), 228-234.
Schipper M. Kullik A. Samson A. C. Koglin U. & Petermann F. (2013), Emotionsdysregulation im Kindes- und Jugendalter, in Psychologische Rundschau
, 64(4), 228-234.
Weiss Elisabeth M., Gschaidbauer Bianca C., Samson Andrea C., Steinbaecker Krista, Fink Andreas, Papousek Ilona (2013), From Ice Age to Madagascar: Appreciation of slapstick humor in children with Asperger's syndrome, in HUMOR-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMOR RESEARCH
, 26(3), 423-440.
Papousek Ilona, Schulter Guenter, Weiss Elisabeth M., Samson Andrea C., Freudenthaler H. Harald, Lackner Helmut K. (2013), Frontal brain asymmetry and transient cardiovascular responses to the perception of humor, in BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
, 93(1), 114-121.
Samson Andrea C., Antonelli Yovanni (2013), Humor as character strength and its relation to life satisfaction and happiness in Autism Spectrum Disorders, in HUMOR-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMOR RESEARCH
, 26(3), 477-491.
Samson A. C. (2013), Humor(lessness) elucidated - sense of humor in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Review and introduction., in Humor: International Journal of Humor Research
, 26(3), 393-409.
Lackner Helmut K., Weiss Elisabeth M., Schulter Guenter, Hinghofer-Szalkay Helmut, Samson Andrea C., Papousek Ilona (2013), I got it! Transient cardiovascular response to the perception of humor, in BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
, 93(1), 33-40.
Samson Andrea C., Huber Oswald, Ruch Willibald (2013), Seven decades after Hans Asperger's observations: A comprehensive study of humor in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders, in HUMOR-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMOR RESEARCH
, 26(3), 441-460.
Papousek Ilona, Reiser Eva M., Weiss Elisabeth M., Fink Andreas, Samson Andrea C., Lackner Helmut K., Schulter Guenter (2013), State-dependent changes of prefrontal-posterior coupling in the context of affective processing: Susceptibility to humor, in COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE
, 13(2), 252-261.
Samson Andrea C., Lackner Helmut Karl, Weiss Elisabeth M., Papousek Ilona (2012), Perception of other people's mental states affects humor in social anxiety, in JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY
, 43(1), 625-631.
Samson Andrea C. (2012), The influence of empathizing and systemizing on humor processing: Theory of Mind and humor, in HUMOR-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMOR RESEARCH
, 25(1), 75-98.
Kreibig Sylvia D., Samson Andrea C., Gross James J. (2012), THE PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF MIXED EMOTIONS, in PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
, 49, 40-40.
Samson A.C., Huber O., Gross J.J., Emotion Regulation in Asperger's Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism, in Emotion
Samson A. C., Wells W. M., Phillips J. M., Hardan A. Y., Gross J. J., Emotion regulation in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence from parent interviews and children’s daily diaries, in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Samson A.C., Gross J.J., Humor as emotion regulation: The differential consequences of negative versus positive humour, in Cognition & Emotion
, 26(2), 375-384.
Samson A. C., Hardan A. Y., Lee I. A., Phillips J. M., Gross J. J., Maladaptive behaviour in autism spectrum disorder: The role of emotion experience and emotion regulation., in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Samson A.C., Gross J.J., The dark and light sides of humor: an emotion regulation perspective, in J. Gruber & J. Moskowitz (ed.), xx, xx.
Kreibig S. D., Samson A. C., Gross J. J., The Psychophysiology of Mixed Emotional States: Internal and External Replicability Analysis of a Direct Replication Study, in Psychophysiology
The broad, long-term objective of the proposed project is to understand the role of emotion reactivity and regulation in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Emotions play a key role in healthy adaptation, and disordered patterns of emotion reactivity and regulation are evident in many psychopathologies (Campbell-Sills & Barlow, 2007; Gross, 1998). Traditionally, ASD has been defined by impairments in the domains of sensation (hyper- and hyposensitivities to pain, visual, auditory information), social cognition (lack of perspective taking abilities), behavior (hand flapping, body rocking), and language (comprehension difficulties, late onset) (Happé, Ronald, & Plomin, 2006). Difficulties with emotion reactivity and regulation have not been part of traditional definitions of ASD. However, clinical accounts indicate that individuals with ASD have severe impairments in emotion reactivity and regulation (e.g., Geller, 2005). These clinical reports have now generated a small but growing body of literature that has documented irregularities in emotion processing and significant impairments in emotion regulation in children with ASD (Konstantareas & Stewart, 2006; Laurent & Rubin, 2004). Whereas the literature is developing regarding emotion reactivity, limited progress has been made identifying emotion regulation in ASD from adolescence to adulthood, and no systematic research has linked emotion reactivity and regulation to symptom severity in the core-features of sensory processing, social cognition, repetitive behavior and language skills. For the first time, this study aims to systematically assess emotion reactivity and regulation in adolescents and adults with ASD. To achieve this goal, I propose to draw upon the latest methods of affective science, and use a multi-method approach to examine emotion reactivity and regulation in adolescent and adult ASD vs. typically developing (TD) individuals. As an emotional response consists of several components such as subjective experience, emotional expression, psychophysiological and neural correlates, I propose a project in three parts, focusing on (1) behavioral, self-report, and peer/parent-report, (2) behavioral, experiential, autonomic, and (3) behavioral and neural measures of emotion reactivity and regulation. With such diverse methods it is possible to assess multiple components of the emotional response that play out in different time scales, which makes it possible to gain deep insight into the emotional world of individuals with ASD. I expect to find in each part of the study comparable reactivity in single emotions in individuals with ASD and TD individuals, but crucial differences in more complex (mixed) emotions and emotion regulation. For example, individuals with ASD are expected to use fewer adaptive emotion regulation strategies than TD individuals. It is expected that symptom severity in the core-features of ASD will be related to emotion reactivity and regulation. The proposed research will help to better understand the psychopathology of ASD by systematically examining multiple indices of emotion reactivity and regulation with extensive and well-validated methods from the affective sciences, and by carefully taking differences in symptom type and severity into account. The results will provide a robust foundation for investigating the developmental components of emotion reactivity and regulation in a longitudinal design, and examining candidate prognostic factors of adaptive emotion regulation. Furthermore, it will have implications for innovative treatment methods aiming to improve adaptive emotional behavior and thus reduce symptom severity and psychological strain in individuals with ASD. In addition to shedding new light on ASD, this research is significant because it will expand the knowledge about fundamental aspects of emotion reactivity and regulation in general.