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AniMOVE: animated visual analytics of movement

English title AniMOVE: animated visual analytics of movement
Applicant Fabrikant Sara Irina
Number 134646
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.01.2012 - 31.12.2014
Approved amount 170'108.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Psychology
Information Technology

Keywords (5)

space-time; visual analytics; empirical evaluation; animation;

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary

With increasing interest in and use of dynamic depictions to present and explore complex spatiotemporal data, the research community has developed sophisticated visual analytics (VA) tools for experts coupled often with animated displays to mine databases of spatio-temporal patterns. The contended advantage of VA is the combination of computational methods with the outstanding human capabilities for pattern recognition, imagination, association, and analytical reasoning. However, this claim has not yet been supported by empirical evidence. We still know very little on how exactly dynamic and animated displays are understood by users. As VA tools are being created and disseminated, it will be important to specifically consider research on the kind of information that users can get from dynamic and animated displays. The (limited) perceptual and cognitive systems of the users will determine the salience of the patterns, and this will ultimately determine how effective they will be in detecting and reasoning about spatio-temporal phenomena.

The proposed work is firstly aimed at better understanding of how users explore and extract knowledge from dynamic (interactive) and animated visual analytics (VA) displays including moving objects, and secondly, at deriving empirically based design guidelines for the construction of cognitively adequate animations for the effective and efficient depiction and visual analysis of time-referenced spatial data sets at high resolution. We aim at guidelines that are generic enough to be useful for all types of moving entity types, including various geographically relevant application domains (e.g., human trajectories and lifelines tracked with location-based services, habitat analyses with tagged animals in wildlife biology, eye movements analyses in geographic visualization experiments, etc.). Key outputs are expected along three cyclic work phases. First, knowledge integration across complementary research fields is carried out at the theoretical level (event perception, space-time cognition, and animation design). Second, an experimental VA platform is implemented, and thirdly, interaction methods and animated displays are evaluated with users (i.e., empirical evaluation of usefulness and usability).

With the results of this work we hope to provide perceptually salient and cognitively inspired animated displays that enable humans to more effectively and efficiently detect relationships in complex space-time data displays for effective and efficient spatio-temporal decision-making.


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Towards Empirically Verified Cartographic Displays.
Davies C., Fabrikant S. I., Hegarty M. (2015), Towards Empirically Verified Cartographic Displays., in Hoffman R. Hancock P. Scerbo M. Parasuraman R. (ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, Ch. 35.
3D network spatialization: Does it add depth to 2D representations of semantic proximity?
Fabrikant S.I., Maggi S., Montello D.R. (2014), 3D network spatialization: Does it add depth to 2D representations of semantic proximity?, in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and , 8728, 34-47.
Embodied Decision Making with Animations
Maggi S., Fabrikant S.I. (2014), Embodied Decision Making with Animations, in 8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science, Vienna, Austria.
Eye tracking with geographic coordinates: methodology to evaluate interactive cartographic products
Ooms A., Fabrikant S.I., Çöltekin A., De Maeyer P. (2014), Eye tracking with geographic coordinates: methodology to evaluate interactive cartographic products, in 8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science, Vienna, Austria.
GeoViz: interactive maps that help people think
Andrienko Gennady, Fabrikant Sara Irina, Griffin Amy L., Dykes Jason A., Schiewe Jochen (2014), GeoViz: interactive maps that help people think, in International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28(10), 2009-2125.
GeoViz: interactive maps that help people think (Editorial)
Andrienko G., Fabrikant S. I., Dykes J., Griffin A., Schiewe J. (2014), GeoViz: interactive maps that help people think (Editorial), in International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28(2), 2009-2012.
How Do People View Multi- Component Animated Maps?
Opach T. Golebiowska I. Fabrikant S.I. (2014), How Do People View Multi- Component Animated Maps?, in The Cartographic Journal, 51(4), 330-342.
Triangulating eye movement data of animated displays
Maggi Sara, Fabrikant Sara Irina (2014), Triangulating eye movement data of animated displays, in CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 1241, 27-31.
Animated displays of moving objects and spatiotemporal coordinated events
Maggi S., Fabrikant S.I. (2013), Animated displays of moving objects and spatiotemporal coordinated events, in GeoViz Hamburg 2013 , Hamburg, Germany.
Bundled Visualization of Dynamic Graph and Trail Data
Hurter Christophe, Ersoy Ozan, Fabrikant Sara I, Klein Tijmen R, Telea Alexandru C (2013), Bundled Visualization of Dynamic Graph and Trail Data, in IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, PrePrints, 1.
Colorful brains: 14years of display practice in functional neuroimaging
Christen M, Vitacco DA, Huber L, Harboe J, Fabrikant SI, Brugger P (2013), Colorful brains: 14years of display practice in functional neuroimaging, in NeuroImage, 73, 30-39.
Creating perceptually salient animated displays of spatially coordinated events
Shipley T., Fabrikant S.I., Lautenschütz A.-K. (2013), Creating perceptually salient animated displays of spatially coordinated events, in Springer Lecture Notes of Geoinformation and Cartography, Berlin.
How to measure and visualize emotion when using maps
Fabrikant S.I., Christophe S., Papastefanou G., Maggi S. (2013), How to measure and visualize emotion when using maps, in 26th International Cartographic Conference, International Cartographic Association , Dresden, Germany.
How Users Interact With a 3D Geo-Browser under Time Pressure
Wilkening J. and Fabrikant S.I. (2013), How Users Interact With a 3D Geo-Browser under Time Pressure, in Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 40(1), 40-52.
Emotional response to map design aesthetics
Fabrikant S.I. Christophe S. Papastefanou G. and Maggi S. (2012), Emotional response to map design aesthetics, in Proceedings (Extended Abstracts), GIScience 2012, Columbus, OH.
Map readers' assessment of path elements and context to identify movement behaviour in visualisations
Lautenschütz A-K (2012), Map readers' assessment of path elements and context to identify movement behaviour in visualisations, in Cartographic Journal, 49(4), 337-349.
Mobility and social inequality: exploring the nexus by means of sequence analysis and geovisualisation
Tuggener S., Çöltekin A., Fabrikant S.I. (2012), Mobility and social inequality: exploring the nexus by means of sequence analysis and geovisualisation, in International Symposium masculine/Feminine: Geographical Dialogues and Beyond, Grenoble, France.
More Maps, More Users, More Devices Means More Cartographic Challenges
Griffin A.L. Fabrikant S. I. (2012), More Maps, More Users, More Devices Means More Cartographic Challenges, in The Cartographic Journal, 49(4), 298-301.
Special Issue on Spatial Cognition, Behaviour and Representation
The Cartographic Journal (ed.) (2012), Special Issue on Spatial Cognition, Behaviour and Representation, Maney, Leeds.
Combining user logging with eye tracking for interactive and dynamic applications
Ooms K., Coltekin A., De Maeyer P., Dupont L., Fabrikant S., Incoul A., Kuhn M., Slabbinck H., Vansteenkiste P., Van Der Haegen L., Combining user logging with eye tracking for interactive and dynamic applications, in Behavior Research Methods.
How Do Display Design and User Characteristics Matter in Animated Visualizations of Movement Data?
Maggi S., Fabrikant S. I., Hurter C., Imbert J.-P., How Do Display Design and User Characteristics Matter in Animated Visualizations of Movement Data?, in Cartographica.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
ENAC- Ecole Nationale de l’Aviation Civile France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Temple University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Masaryk University, Brno Czech Republic (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
The Pennsylvania State University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience) Talk given at a conference 3D network spatialization: Does it add depth to 2D representations of semantic proximity? 23.09.2014 Wien, Austria Maggi Sara; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience) Talk given at a conference Eye tracking with geographic coordinates: methodology to evaluate interactive cartographic products 23.09.2014 Wien, Austria Fabrikant Sara Irina;
8th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience) Talk given at a conference Embodied decision making with animations 23.09.2014 Wien, Austria Maggi Sara; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
2nd International Workshop on Eye Tracking for Spatial Research Talk given at a conference Triangulating Eye Movement Data of Animated Displays 15.09.2014 Wien, Austria Maggi Sara; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Applying principles of cognitive psychology in practice Talk given at a conference Emotional and cognitive responses to animated displays of movement data 15.05.2014 Brno, Czech Republic Maggi Sara; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Applying principles of cognitive psychology in practice Talk given at a conference Geographic Information Visualization 15.05.2014 Brno, Czech Republic Maggi Sara; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
E-motive map displays Talk given at a conference Annual Meeting of the American Geographers 08.04.2014 Tampa, FL, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
CARTOCON Talk given at a conference Assessing Animated Air Traffic Control Displays 25.02.2014 Olomouc, Czech Republic Maggi Sara; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Anthropology Forum 2013, California State University Individual talk Invited talk: Emotive map displays 12.12.2013 Chico, CA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
UCSB Center for Spatial Studies, University of California Individual talk Invited talk: Mapping emotions to reason with visual displays 03.12.2013 Santa Barbara, CA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Center for Geographic Analaysis, Harvard University Individual talk Invited talk: Affective and effective geographic information visualization 16.10.2013 Cambridge, MA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
MIT Perceptual Science Group, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab Individual talk Invited talk: Geographic Information Visualization 11.10.2013 Cambridge, MA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
MIT SENSEable City Lab, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab Individual talk Invited talk: Geographic Information Visualization 06.10.2013 Cambridge, MA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
International Spatial Cognition Summer Institute (ISCSI) 2013, University of California Santa Barbara Talk given at a conference Invited Instructor 11.08.2013 Santa Barbara, CA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Gordon Research Conference: Visualization in Science & Education Talk given at a conference Invited keynote: The complexity of design: creating effective and efficient displays 22.07.2013 Bryant University, Smithfield, RI, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Visualizing Biological Data (VIZBI) 2013 Conference Series by EMBO / NIH. Broad Institute of Harvard University and MIT Talk given at a conference Invited keynote: Geographic Information Visualization: Cognitively Inspired Display Design 20.03.2013 Cambridge, MA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Geography Department, colloquium series, University of California Santa Barbara Individual talk Invited talk: Cognitive Visualization: Displays that help people think spatially 12.02.2013 Santa Barbara, CA, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
InDOG doctoral conference 2012, Department of Geoinformatics, Palacky University Talk given at a conference Invited talks: Design Intuition Meets Science: Well Designed Map Displays”, and “Cartography of Emotion: Color Choices in Maps” 29.10.2012 Olomouc, Czech Republic Fabrikant Sara Irina;
AutoCarto International Research Symposium 2012 Talk given at a conference Invited keynote: How we know that maps work 18.09.2012 Columbus, OH, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
GIScience 2012 Talk given at a conference Emotional response to map design aesthetics 18.09.2012 Columbus, OH, United States of America Fabrikant Sara Irina;
EARLI 2012: SIG 2 Comprehension of Text and Graphics Talk given at a conference Invited keynote: Of metaphors, maps and methods: Cognitively inspired and perceptually salient graphic displays 29.08.2012 Grenoble, France Fabrikant Sara Irina;
GI_Forum Symposium & Fachmesse Angewandte Geoinformatik (AGIT) 2012, Talk given at a conference Invited keynote: Creating geovisual analytics displays that work 04.07.2012 Salzburg, Austria, Austria Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Dagstuhl Seminar 12261 (2012): Putting Data on the Map. Talk given at a conference Invited talk: Connecting the dots: network maps and graphs 25.06.2012 Wadern, Germany Fabrikant Sara Irina;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Cartocon 2014 25.01.2014 Olomouc, Czech Republic
GeoViz Hamburg 2013 06.03.2013 Hamburg, Germany
Panel Session on GIScience and Cartography, GIScience 2012 18.09.2012 Columbus, OH, United States of America
Pre-conference workshop on Experimental Methods at AutoCarto 2012 16.09.2012 Columbus, OH, United States of America

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Die wunderbare Welt der digitalen Karten? SRF German-speaking Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Ferngesteuert ADAC Motorwelt International 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) GIVA@UZH Twitter Feed International 2014
Media relations: print media, online media How to Make a Better Map—Using Neuroscience The Atlantic's City Lab International 2014
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) ICA Commission on Cognitive Visualization International Cartogarphic Association International 2012

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
175977 EMOtive II: Affective and effective visual analytics displays 01.10.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)
156072 EMOtive: Affective and effective visual analytics displays 01.01.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
156072 EMOtive: Affective and effective visual analytics displays 01.01.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
126657 POPEye II: Visual Analytic of spatio-temporal gaze Point Patterns Eye movements 01.10.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)
113745 POPEye: Visual Analytics of spatio-temporal gaze Point Patterns in Eye movements 01.03.2007 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Synopsis: We request funding for two PhD students during 4 years to extend previous consecutive SNF projects PopEye (200021-113745) and PopEye II (200020_126657). This new project extends prior work by focusing specifically on creating perceptually salient and cognitively adequate animated displays including speed, direction, and attribute changes of moving entities.Motivation: There is a need for perceptually salient and cognitively inspired animated displays that enable humans to more effectively and efficiently detect relationships in complex space-time data displays for effective and efficient spatio-temporal decision-making. With increasing interest in and use of dynamic depictions to present and explore complex spatiotemporal data, the research community has developed sophisticated visual analytics (VA) tools for experts coupled often with animated displays to mine databases of spatio-temporal patterns. The contended advantage of VA is the combination of computational methods with the outstanding human capabilities for pattern recognition, imagination, association, and analytical reasoning. However, this claim has not yet been supported by empirical evidence. We still know very little on how exactly dynamic and animated displays are understood by users. As VA tools are being created and disseminated, it will be important to specifically consider research on the kind of information that users can get from dynamic and animated displays. The (limited) perceptual and cognitive systems of the users will determine the salience of the patterns, and this will ultimately determine how effective they will be in detecting and reasoning about spatio-temporal phenomena. Research objective: The proposed work is firstly aimed at better understanding of how users explore and extract knowledge from dynamic (interactive) and animated VA displays including moving objects, and secondly, at deriving empirically based design guidelines for the construction of cognitively adequate animations for the effective and efficient depiction and visual analysis of time-referenced spatial data sets at high resolution. We aim at guidelines that are generic enough to be useful for all types of moving entity types, including various geographically relevant application domains (e.g., human trajectories and lifelines tracked with location-based services, habitat analyses with tagged animals in wildlife biology, eye movements analyses in geographic visualization experiments, etc.). This four-year project will be run by an international collaboration including researchers at the Geography Departments of the University of Zurich, and The Pennsylvania State University (USA) and the Psychology Department at Temple University (USA). Resources are requested for two PhD students, to enable collaborative visits by the students and the external collaborators, and to support conference and workshop attendances to disseminate research findings.The research project is organized along two interleaved empirical subprojects, including the requested PhD student positions: Subproject A (interaction) emphasizes the development and evaluation of cognitively adequate interaction methods, while Subproject B (animation) focuses on the empirically validated designs of cognitively adequate and perceptually salient animations. The research goals leading the two tracks are as follows:•To identify the characteristics of how coordinated spatio-temporal events are perceived and understood by humans in dynamic and animated graphical displays of movement data, and •To develop empirically based design guidelines for the construction of perceptually salient and cognitively adequate dynamic and animated displays of movement data, for more effective and efficient spatio-temporal inference and decision-making. Key outputs are expected along three cyclic work phases. First, knowledge integration across complementary research fields (as mentioned above) is carried out at the theoretical level (event perception, animation design). Second, an experimental VA platform is implemented, and thirdly, interaction methods and animated displays are evaluated with users (i.e., empirical evaluation of usefulness and usability).
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