Project

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Experience of Space and time

English title Experience of Space and time
Applicant Soldati Gianfranco
Number 132728
Funding scheme ProDoc
Research institution Département de Philosophie Faculté des Lettres Université de Fribourg
Institution of higher education University of Fribourg - FR
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.03.2011 - 30.04.2014
Approved amount 307'594.00
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Keywords (6)

experience; time; space; aesthetics; epistemology; metaphysics

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The project has two subparts, A and B. The starting questions of subproject A are metaphysical: how should time be thought of, what is the relation between change and time and what does it mean for an object to persist in time. Different, opposing views have recently been formulated on these issues. The main question for the project would now be to understand how our experience of time, and of object extended in time, is related to and impinges on our metaphysics of time. There surely is a metaphysical question concerning the nature of experience and of its extension in time. But this question cannot be addressed without bearing in mind the fact that experiences are precisely about objects extended in time and in some sense even simply about time (awareness of the passage of time). The question then is not simply how experiences are extended in time, but how does their way of being temporally extended impinge on the way we experience objects as extended in time. Depiction, as used in art, may prove useful in this respect.
If subproject A moves from a metaphysical perspective, subproject B moves rather from an epistemological one. This is rather unsurprising, since experiences are generally not considered to be extended in space as much as they are in time. The central question might thus be formulated in broadly kantian terms: what features of perceptual experience of spatially extended, orientated and distributed objects allows for an objective conception of space? Contrary to dominant kantian orthodoxy, and in line with a rather phenomenological approach, the project intends to insist on the feature of perceptual experience that do not depend essentially on judgement and yet contribute to its rational foundation in the quest of knowledge. Issues at the centre of such an approach concern perceptual constancy, the relation between perception and imagination and, most prominently, the integration of different sensory modalities, mainly visual, tactile and auditory. Just as much as in subproject A, the questions raised in subproject B can profit from considerations concerning the pictorial representation of space and spatial properties. and so one cannot simply apply the results from one side to the other one. In fact, we expect very different results and we hope that our research will contribute to a better understanding of the nature of that difference and on the way that difference is to be accounted for in a unified theory of perceptual experience.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Entitlement and Public Accessibility of Epistemic Status
Hannes Ole Matthiessen (2013), Entitlement and Public Accessibility of Epistemic Status, in Grazer Philosophische Studien , vol. 87, 75.
Disjunktivismus – die Überwindung des Dualismus von Anschauung und Welt
Hannes Ole Matthiessen, Disjunktivismus – die Überwindung des Dualismus von Anschauung und Welt, in Christian Barth and David Lauer (eds.) (ed.), Paderborn, Paderborn, 51.

Scientific events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Experience and reality workshop 19.06.2014 Ovronnaz, Switzerland
Experience and reality seminar 20.02.2014 Fribourg, Switzerland
Philosophy of Time : When metaphysics, aesthetics, and epistemology meet 10.07.2012 Ovronnaz, Switzerland
Time, temporal experience, and representation of time 10.07.2011 Ovronnaz, Switzerland

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
127176 Nichtpropositionalität und Kunstgehalt - Ein interdisziplinäres Forschungsprojekt zur Begrifflichkeit einer ästhetischen Debatte 01.12.2009 Interdisciplinary projects

Abstract

The present project is composed of two sub-projects. The starting questions of subproject A are metaphysical: how should time be thought of, what is the relation between change and time and what does it mean for an object to persist in time. Different, opposing views have recently been formulated on these issues. The main question for the project would now be to understand how our experience of time, and of object extended in time, is related to and impinges on our metaphysics of time. There surely is a metaphysical question concerning the nature of experience and of its extension in time. But this question cannot be addressed without bearing in mind the fact that experiences are precisely about objects extended in time and in some sense even simply about time (awareness of the passage of time). The question then is not simply how experiences are extended in time, but how does their way of being temporally extended impinge on the way we experience objects as extended in time. Depiction, as used in art, may prove useful in this respect. As it is often noticed, pictorial representations are constrained both, by our conception of the features of the depicted scene (here mainly temporal), and by our conception of the experience, (e.g. visual) we could have of it. Still (e.g. photographs) and moving depiction (movie) might be relevant in this respect.If subproject A moves from a metaphysical perspective, subproject B moves rather from an epistemological one. This is rather unsurprising, since experiences are generally not considered to be extended in space as much as they are in time. The central question might thus be formulated in broadly kantian terms: what features of perceptual experience of spatially extended, orientated and distributed objects allows for an objective conception of space? Contrary to dominant kantian orthodoxy, and in line with a rather phenomenological approach, the project intends to insist on the feature of perceptual experience that do not depend essentially on judgement and yet contribute to its rational foundation in the quest of knowledge. Issues at the centre of such an approach concern perceptual constancy, the relation between perception and imagination and, most prominently, the integration of different sensory modalities, mainly visual, tactile and auditory. Just as much as in subproject A, the questions raised in subproject B can profit from considerations concerning the pictorial representation of space and spatial properties.Both subprojects concern the analysis of experience. If the first intends to elucidate the nature of temporal awareness, the second concentrates on spatial awareness. But space and time and very different dimension of reality and of experience, and so one cannot simply apply the results from one side to the other one. In fact, we expect very different results and we hope that our research will contribute to a better understanding of the nature of that difference and on the way that difference is to be accounted for in a unified theory of perceptual experience.The two subprojects also move from a different methodological perspectives. The first one starts from a metaphysical perspective and asks how issues related to the analysis of experience impinge on it. The second one moves from an epistemological perspective and inquires into it’s the ontological commitments. The applicant hopes that by including these different methodological perspectives the project will offer a contribution to a better understanding of the kind of elements that should be taken into consideration in the choice of one’s methodology.
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