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STALCLIM - Multi-proxy climatic and environmental reconstructions from stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India

English title STALCLIM - Multi-proxy climatic and environmental reconstructions from stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India
Applicant Fleitmann Dominik
Number 132646
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Institut für Geologie Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Geochemistry
Start/End 01.01.2011 - 31.12.2013
Approved amount 1'643'023.04
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All Disciplines (5)

Discipline
Geochemistry
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Inorganic Chemistry
Other disciplines of Physics
Geochronology

Keywords (13)

Speleothems; Holocene; Late Pleistocene; Switzerland; Turkey; Oman; Yemen; India; Precipitation; Temperature; Environment; Stalagmites; Vegetation

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Lay summary
Es gibt bislang zu wenig quantitative Klimarekonstrutionen von Niederschlag und Temperatur. Mit Hilfe von Stalagmiten aus der Schweiz, Türkei, Oman, Jemen und Indien sollen Niederschlags- und Temperaturschwankungen während der letzten 130.000 Jahre mit einer sehr hohen Genauigkeit rekonstruiert werden. HINTERGRUNDEin wichtiges Ziel der heutigen Klimaforschung ist es Niederschlags- und Temperaturschwankungen auf regionaler bis zu globaler Ebene besser zu verstehen. Da der Fokus der bisherigen Paläoklimafoschung eher auf der Rekonstruktion von Temperaturschwankungen lag, gibt es nur unzureichende Informationen über Schwankungen im Niederschlag. Das ist erstaunlich, da in vielen Gebieten der Erde gerade das Wasser von grösserer Bedeutung für Ökosysteme und Gesellschaften ist. Die Forschung der letzten 10 Jahre hat gezeigt dass Stalagmiten ein hervorragendes Klimaarchiv sind um Niederschlagsschwankungen während der letzten 650.000 Jahre zu rekonstruieren. Ausserdem können Temperaturschwankungen, Wechsel in der Vegetation und vulkanische Eruptionen rekonstruiert werden. Trotz ihres grossen Potentials sind Stalagmiten bislang noch zu wenig erforscht. ZIELDas Projekt hat zum Ziel, Niederschlags- und Temperaturschwankungen in der Schweiz, Türkei, Oman, Jemen und Indien anhand von Stalagmiten zu rekonstruieren. Ausserdem sollen neu entwickelte Untersuchungsmethoden an Stalagmiten angewendet werden, welche im Rahmen vorheriger SNF-Projekte entwickelt worden sind. Mit Hilfe von sehr genauen Altersdatierungen (Uran-Thorium Datierungsmethode), stabilen Isotopen (Wasserstoff, Kohlenstoff und Sauerstoff), Spurenelementen und Flüssigkeitseinschlüssen sollen Zeitreihen erstellt werden, welche Niederschlags- und Temperaturschwankungen mit einer bislang unerreichten Genauigkeit aufzeigen. BEDEUTUNGDas Projekt soll dazu beitragen das Klima in den Untersuchungsgebieten (Schweiz, Türkei, Oman, Jemen und Indien) wesentlich besser zu verstehen. Die zeitlich hochaufgelösten und quantitativen Zeitreihen von Niederschlag und Temperatur sollen mindestens die letzten 10.500 Jahre abdecken und bis maximal 130.000 Jahre vor heute zurückreichen. Diese Klimarekonstruktionen sind eine wichtige Datengrundlage um Klimamodelle zu verifizieren und, wenn nötig, zu verbessern.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Comparison of 795 nm and 265 nm femtosecond and 193 nm nanosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the quantitative multi-element analysis of glass materials
Ohata (2014), Comparison of 795 nm and 265 nm femtosecond and 193 nm nanosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the quantitative multi-element analysis of glass materials, in J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 29, 1345-1353.
Element Analysis of Small and even Smaller Objects by ICPMS and LA-ICPMS
Borovinskaya (2014), Element Analysis of Small and even Smaller Objects by ICPMS and LA-ICPMS, in CHIMIA, 68(3), 112-118.
New on-line method for water isotope analysis of speleothem fluid inclusions using laser absorption spectroscopy (WS-CRDS)
Affolter (2014), New on-line method for water isotope analysis of speleothem fluid inclusions using laser absorption spectroscopy (WS-CRDS), in Climate of the Past, 10, 429-446.
Nonlinear regime shifts in Holocene Asian monsoon variability: potential impacts on cultural change and migratory patterns
Donges (2014), Nonlinear regime shifts in Holocene Asian monsoon variability: potential impacts on cultural change and migratory patterns, in Climate of the Past Discussions, 10,, 895 -975.
A combined vacuum crushing and sieving (CVCS) system designed to determine noble gas paleotemperatures from stalagmite samples
Vogel (2013), A combined vacuum crushing and sieving (CVCS) system designed to determine noble gas paleotemperatures from stalagmite samples, in Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 14, 2432-2444.
Aerosol entrainment and a large-capacity gas exchange device (Q-GED) for laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in atmospheric pressure air
Tabersky (2013), Aerosol entrainment and a large-capacity gas exchange device (Q-GED) for laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in atmospheric pressure air, in J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 28, 831-842.
Background effects on Faraday collectors in gas-source mass spectrometry and implications for clumped isotopemeasurements
Bernasconi (2013), Background effects on Faraday collectors in gas-source mass spectrometry and implications for clumped isotopemeasurements, in Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom, 27, 603-612.
Biomarkers record environmental changes along an altitudinal transect in the wettest place on Earth
Ernst (2013), Biomarkers record environmental changes along an altitudinal transect in the wettest place on Earth, in Organic Geochemistry, 60, 93-99.
Late Holocene Asian summer monsoon dynamics from small but complex networks of paleoclimate data
Rehfeld (2013), Late Holocene Asian summer monsoon dynamics from small but complex networks of paleoclimate data, in Climate Dynamics, 41, 3-19.
Mid- to late Holocene Indian Ocean Monsoon variability recorded in four speleothems from Socotra Island, Yemen
van Rampelbergh (2013), Mid- to late Holocene Indian Ocean Monsoon variability recorded in four speleothems from Socotra Island, Yemen, in Quaternary Science Reviews, 65, 129-142.
Stalagmite water content as a proxy for drip water supply in tropical and subtropical areas
Vogel (2013), Stalagmite water content as a proxy for drip water supply in tropical and subtropical areas, in Climate of the Past, 9, 1-12.
COnstructing Proxy Records from Age models (COPRA)
Breitenbach (2012), COnstructing Proxy Records from Age models (COPRA), in Climate of the Past, 8, 1765-1779.
Development and Disintegration of Maya Political Systems in Response to Climate Change
Kennett DJ, Breitenbach SFM, Aquino VV, Asmerom Y, Awe J, Baldini JUL, Bartlein P, Culleton BJ, Ebert C, Jazwa C, Macri MJ, Marwan N, Polyak V, Prufer KM, Ridley HE, Sodemann H, Winterhalder B, Haug GH (2012), Development and Disintegration of Maya Political Systems in Response to Climate Change, in SCIENCE, 338(6108), 788-791.
The effect of surface tension on liquid-gas equilibria in isochoric systems and its application to fluid inclusions
Marti D, Kruger Y, Fleitmann D, Frenz M, Ricka J (2012), The effect of surface tension on liquid-gas equilibria in isochoric systems and its application to fluid inclusions, in FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, 314, 13-21.
Carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of small carbonate samples (20 to 100 mu g) with a GasBench II preparation device
Breitenbach SFM, Bernasconi SM (2011), Carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of small carbonate samples (20 to 100 mu g) with a GasBench II preparation device, in RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY, 25(13), 1910-1914.
Holocene and Pleistocene pluvial periods in Yemen, southern Arabia
Fleitmann D, Burns SJ, Pekala M, Mangini A, Al-Subbary A, Al-Aowah M, Kramers J, Matter A (2011), Holocene and Pleistocene pluvial periods in Yemen, southern Arabia, in QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, 30(7-8), 783-787.
Liquid-vapour homogenisation of fluid inclusions in stalagmites: Evaluation of a new thermometer for palaeoclimate research
Kruger Y, Marti D, Staub RH, Fleitmann D, Frenz M (2011), Liquid-vapour homogenisation of fluid inclusions in stalagmites: Evaluation of a new thermometer for palaeoclimate research, in CHEMICAL GEOLOGY, 289(1-2), 39-47.
Pleistocene water intrusions from the Mediterranean and Caspian seas into the Black Sea
Badertscher S, Fleitmann D, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Gokturk OM, Zumbuhl A, Leuenberger M, Tuysuz O (2011), Pleistocene water intrusions from the Mediterranean and Caspian seas into the Black Sea, in NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 4(4), 236-239.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Hacceteppe University Turkey (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Istanbul Technical University Turkey (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Universität Innsbruck Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Minnesota United States of America (North America)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television http://www.srf.ch/sendungen/wissenschaftsmagazin/abstieg-in-die-unterwelt Radio SRF 2 Western Switzerland 2011
Media relations: radio, television Tropfsteine speichern die Klima-Geschichte SF International Western Switzerland 2011

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
134861 Determination of paleo-temperatures using fluid inclusion liquid-vapour homogenization in speleothems: Correction of the measured temperature data 01.04.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)
119966 Determination of paleotemperatures from fluid inclusion liquid-vapour homogenization in speleothems 01.04.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)
144255 Alpine Jahrringisotopen Zeitreihen im Holozän 01.05.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
147674 STALCLIM II - Multi-proxy climatic and environmental reconstructions from stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India 01.01.2014 Sinergia
110554 Holocene to Late-Pleistocene Paleoclimatic Changes in Turkey and the Eastern Mediterranean Recorded in Speleothems 01.10.2006 SNSF Professorships
134987 Multidisciplinary study Of Continental/ocean Climate dynamics using High-resolution records from the eastern mediterraneAn (MOCCHA): Part 2 01.04.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)
130450 Holocene to Late-Pleistocene Paleoclimatic Changes in Turkey and the Eastern Mediterranean Recorded in Speleothems 01.10.2010 SNSF Professorships
155891 Noble gas temperature reconstructions in stalagmites and new paleoclimate archives 01.05.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
147174 Climate and Environmental Physics 01.04.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Near-instrumental proxy records of precipitation and temperature play a key role for benchmarking climate models that are also used for climate predictions. As high-quality climate proxy records are required for a meaningful data-model comparison, there is now an increasing demand for well-dated, highly-resolved and continuous terrestrial time series of temperature and precipitation. To date, tree rings and lakes sediments represent the most frequently used terrestrial climate records. However, both archives have weaknesses, such that tree ring records are short and seasonally biased and lake records often lack dating accuracy and temporal resolution. It is thus evident that other potential sources for paleoclimate information must be explored in order to fill methodological and also spatial and temporal gaps of paleoclimate records. Such records can be potentially delivered from speleothems (stalagmites, stalactites, flowstones). However, research on speleothems is still in its infancy, particularly if compared to other climate archives, such as trees or lake sediments. Thus the full potential of speleothems for delivering near-instrumental records of precipitation and temperature is still not fully explored yet. To further establish speleothems as a key-climate archive and to provide true multi-proxy records of climatic and environmental changes during the Holocene and Pleistocene, we request funds for coordinated research on speleothems from Switzerland, Turkey, Oman/Yemen and India.
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