Project

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Dynamic public perceptions of emerging infectious diseases: A longitudinal study of the H1N1 pandemic

English title Dynamic public perceptions of emerging infectious diseases: A longitudinal study of the H1N1 pandemic
Applicant Bangerter Adrian
Number 132023
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution IPTO - Institut de Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations Université de Neuchâtel
Institution of higher education University of Neuchatel - NE
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.02.2011 - 31.01.2012
Approved amount 55'240.00
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Keywords (8)

emerging infectious diseases; pandemic influenza; social representations; threat; intergroup relations; public opinion; H1N1; lay knowledge

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
Understanding how the public reacts to novel threats like suddenly emerging infectious diseases is crucial from a practical point of view of public health management. In 2009, the world unexpectedly experienced an outbreak of a new strain of influenza, H1N1. This outbreak was subsequently declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), and unfolded in a much-publicized manner between May and December 2009. During this time, in the context of an ongoing project focused on avian influenza (focusing on the origins, transmission, and protective measures related to the disease) we also collected several data sets of qualitative (interviews) and quantitative (surveys) data on H1N1. The goal of the project is to analyze the data and publish it.The planned research will consist of three sets of analyses. First (Study 1), we will analyze two waves of surveys (total n = 302) on perceptions of H1N1 collected in May and December 2009. Next (Study 2) we will analyze two waves of interviews (total n = 75) on perceptions of H1N1 collected in May and December 2009. Finally (Study 3), we will analyze results from a survey on H1N1 that will be conducted in March 2010 (planned n = 300). These data will allow us to study the evolution of the H1N1 pandemic from its outbreak to its aftermath using multiple methods.The planned analyses on the unprecedented H1N1 outbreak have the potential to create unique scientific knowledge about how the public perceives the salience, origins, transmission and prevention of H1N1, especially from a temporal perspective. The analyses may also augment the validity and generalizability of our avian flu results, thereby strengthening potential implications for managing the risks posed by EIDs in general. Moreover, our analyses may contribute important insights to ongoing research in social psychology of disease threat. The research will also hold important implications for the future management of suddenly emerging public health threats like diseases.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Longitudinal investigation of public trust in institutions relative to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in Switzerland
Bangerter Adrian, Krings Franciska, Mouton Audrey, Gilles Ingrid, Green Eva, Clémence Alain (2013), Longitudinal investigation of public trust in institutions relative to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in Switzerland, in PLOS ONE, 7(11), e49806.
The Role of a Cultural Immune System in Resisting Expert Explanations of Infectious Disease
Bangerter Adrian, Eicher Véronique (2013), The Role of a Cultural Immune System in Resisting Expert Explanations of Infectious Disease, in Martin W. Bauer Rom Harré and Carl Jensen (ed.), 101.
Dynamic social representations of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic: shifting patterns of sense-making and blame
Mayor Eric, Eicher Véronique, Bangerter Adrian, Gilles Ingrid, Clémence Alain, Green Eva, Dynamic social representations of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic: shifting patterns of sense-making and blame, in Public Understanding of Science.
Social representations of infectious diseases
Eicher Véronique, Bangerter Adrian, Social representations of infectious diseases, in Sammut G. Andreouli E. & Gaskell G. (ed.), 0.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
9éme Colloque International de Psychologie Sociale de Langue Française (CIPSLF) 01.07.2012 Porto
Congrès de la Société Suisse de Psychologie 12.09.2011 Université de Fribourg
Rencontres Interlaboratoires 05.09.2011 Université de Genève


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
13 La construction de nouveautés au sein des morphismes et des inférences 01.10.1975 Project funding (Div. I-III)
122366 Dynamic public perceptions of emerging infectious diseases: A longitudinal study of avian flu 01.01.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)
122366 Dynamic public perceptions of emerging infectious diseases: A longitudinal study of avian flu 01.01.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

In a currently funded SNSF research project, we are investigating public perceptions of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in the Swiss population, focusing on the origins, transmission, and protective measures related to the case of avian influenza. During the initial data collection phase of the project (a large-scale survey), the world unexpectedly experienced an outbreak of a new strain of influenza, H1N1. This outbreak was subsequently declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), and unfolded in a much-publicized manner between May and December 2009. We seized this unique opportunity to collect additional data on H1N1. We collected or plan to collect several sets of data at different points in time. We apply for a 12-month extension of the original project to analyze and publish these additional data sets. In the proposal, we recapitulate our original research questions and show that the planned analysis of the additional H1N1 data contributes to answering those questions. We describe progress in our own current research and publications and manuscripts that have been produced. The planned research will consist of three sets of analyses. First (Study 1), we will analyze two waves of surveys (total n = 302) on perceptions of H1N1 collected in May and December 2009. Next (Study 2) we will analyze two waves of interviews (total n = 75) on perceptions of H1N1 collected in May and December 2009. Finally (Study 3), we will analyze results from a survey on H1N1 that will be conducted in March 2010 (planned n = 300). These data will allow us to study the evolution of the H1N1 pandemic from its outbreak to its aftermath using multiple methods.The planned analyses on the unprecedented H1N1 outbreak have the potential to create unique scientific knowledge about how the public perceives the salience, origins, transmission and prevention of H1N1, especially from a temporal perspective. The analyses may also augment the validity and generalizability of our avian flu results, thereby strengthening potential implications for managing the risks posed by EIDs in general. Moreover, our analyses may contribute important insights to ongoing research in social psychology of disease threat. The research group will seek publication of findings in peer-reviewed international journals in the fields of social psychology and public health. Study results will also be made available to interested organizations, the media and the public.
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